On its face, academic scholars are asked to meet seemingly competing demands: make a publishing choice that offers maximal recognition in your field and meet publisher and/or funder mandates. These do not have to be irreconcilable so long as you know your rights, make choices that retain your rights or negotiate for them when necessary.
Publisher and/or funder mandates
Most funders, including the Canadian funder Tri-Agency (CIHR/NSERC/SSHRC), demand deposit in an open repository. This obligation may be qualified by a specified time period. You may or may not maintain these rights to self-publish and/or deposit depending on the agreement you sign.
Retain your rights
In your dissemination plan, you have assessed which journal with its publishing options (if there is more than one available) that most meets your needs. As an author, you always have the option to negotiate. See the Resources sections for negotiation tools to assist you. The UML Author Rights Guide provides sample addendums to ensure rights for funder compliance, including from the Tri-Agency.
Terms to Know:
Manuscript Versions throughout Publishing Lifecycle – see Author assistance for self-archiving, publishing versions and permissions
- Assigning is the transfer of some or all of your rights to another party (e.g., a publisher). This assignment can last for the entire term of the copyright or for a specified time period; ‘assignment’ is synonymous with ‘copyright transfer agreement.' For considerations on how to terminate or prevent transfer, see the Termination of Transfer tool.
- Licensing gives permission to another party to use your work under certain conditions while you retain ownership of your copyright and related rights. This can also work in the reverse; in many publishing agreements, you will transfer copyright to the publisher, but the publisher will license certain rights back to you.
How we can help you
In consultation, the Research Services librarian can assist you to navigate the complexities of author rights and publisher agreements including:
- Review publisher agreements
- Interpret publisher versions and reuse rights
- Understand implications of Creative Commons and other open licenses
- Refer to Copyright Office for more complex rights questions on a case by case basis