Faculty of Law, Class of 1914

Our History

On this page

Preface

  • The a photography for the original building for the Faculty of Law
  • Legal education in Manitoba started in 1877, when the Law Society of Manitoba introduced an articling system and examinations protocols aimed at encouraging local Manitoba residents to pursue legal careers. Prior to that date, most lawyers in Manitoba had trained at Osgoode Hall Law School in Toronto, or in Europe. In 1914, Hugh Amos Robson, then a judge on the Court of King's Bench and Esten Kenneth Williams, a young lawyer at the time, worked together to create the Manitoba Law School, with the intention of modelling it after Osgoode Hall, from which Williams had recently graduated. Sponsored by the Law Society of Manitoba and the University of Manitoba, the Manitoba Law School was formally created in the summer of 1914.

Historical Manitoba Law Journal articles

The Manitoba Law Journal is an exceptional resource for learning more about the history of the law school and our commitment to legal education in Manitoba for over a century. The following articles provide a precise view into our history.

 

Volume 39, Issue 1: A Review of the Current Legal Landscape (2016)

Volume 42, Issue 2: (Special Issue): Chief Justice Robson: A Selection of His Original Works and Contemporary Reflections on Them (2019)

Centennial

Our founders

Chief Justice H.A. Robson was born in England in 1871, and came with his parents to Regina in 1882. He was called to the bar in 1899, and moved to Winnipeg three years later.

H.A. Robson fulfilled many important public functions during his career, including service as Manitoba's first Public Utilities Commissioner (1912-15), as leader of the Manitoba Liberal Party (1927-30), as commissioner of inquiry into the Winnipeg General Strike (1919), and as judge of the Manitoba Court of King's Bench (1910-12) and the Manitoba Court of Appeal (1930-44), and Chief Justice of the former Court (1944).

Surprisingly, in view of his other commitments, Mr. Robson found time for considerable writing, authoring several articles, a casebook on Company Law, and a textbook on Municipal Law.

It was H.A. Robson who first recognized the need for the law school in Manitoba. He persuaded the Law Society and the University to found the Manitoba Law School in 1914, and he served as Chairman of the Board from then until his death in 1944. By naming  our building "Robson Hall", the University honours the memory of the father of formal legal education in Manitoba.

Chief Justice E.K. Williams was born in Park-hill, Ontario, in 1889. He was called to the Ontario bar in 1911, but ill health decreed that he leave the province the following year, and the toss of a coin chose Winnipeg over Barbados.

Mr. Williams' remarkable forensic talents soon won him a wide reputation and involved him in many of the most important cases that arose during his career at the bar. Always active in the affairs of his profession, he served the Law Society as Bencher from 1931 until his retirement and as President from 1941 to 1943. He was elected President of the Canadian Bar Association for 1945-6. In 1946 he was appointed Chief Justice of the Manitoba Court of King's Bench.

Scholarship was one of Mr. Williams' life-long interests. He built a large personal library (which he graciously presented to the Faculty of Law) and was the author of several articles, and two legal text books.

E.K. Williams began to teach at the Manitoba Law School in 1915, and he maintained his association with the school, as Trustee from 1937, and as Chairman from 1947, until it ceased to exist in 1966. The E.K. Williams Library is named in honour of his devotion to legal education in Manitoba for over half a century. 

The beginning (1877-1944)

    • 1877
      Law Society of Manitoba introduces system of articling and examinations.
       
    • 1886
      James A. Miller is the first person to receive a LL.B. degree from the University, awarded ad eundem (in recognition of being earned elsewhere)
       
    • 1887
      Andrew W. Thompson is the first person to complete the LL.B. program.
       
    • 1914
      University of Manitoba and Law Society of Manitoba found the Manitoba Law School together. The first location of the Manitoba Law School was the Vaughan Street YMCA in Winnipeg's downtown.
       
    • 1916
      Manitoba Law School relocates to the newly constructed law courts building.
       
    • 1916
      Isabel Maclean Hunt became the first woman in Manitoba to receive an LL.B. degree. Maclean Hunt was also the first woman in Manitoba to be named Queen’s Council, receiving that honour in 1953.
    • 1918
      Manitoba Law School develops a “mail-in” course option to combat the deadly influenza outbreak.
       
    • 1938
      Brian Dickson graduates with a LL.B. He will later go on to become the 15th Chief Justice of Canada.
       
    • 1938
      The law school moves to the old law courts building at the corner of Broadway and York.
       
    • 1939-1945
      Many of the faculty and a high percentage of the students leave school to enlist in the war effort.
       
    • 1949
      the first LL.M. programme was established.

Years of growth and transition (1945 - 1978)

    • 1945-1948
      Enrolment drastically increases. Without room for all students to article at local firms, special practice classes are developed to provide students articling experience.
       
    • 1949 
      The law school creates a course of graduate study leading to an LL.M. degree.
       
    • 1950
      The law school moves back to the law courts at the corner of Broadway and Kennedy for more space.
       
    • 1950
      Law society allows veteran students to substitute their service in lieu of articling experience.
       
    • 1953
      Board of trustees decides to forgo annual financial contributions from the law society and the university.
       
    • 1962
      The the Manitoba Law School Journal, later to be named the Manitoba law journal publishes it’s first volume.
       
    • 1965
      The law society creates a bar admission course.
    • 1966
      On august 22nd, the board of trustees approves an agreement to terminate their 52 year old agreement between the law society and the university of Manitoba, creating the University of Manitoba’s Faculty of Law.
       
    • 1968
      Legal Research Institute was created in order to create, preserve and communicate legal knowledge.
       
    • 1968
      the Faculty pioneered an avenue of entry for the mature student. This allowed students 26 years old or over, who have proven themselves academically or otherwise to enroll without having completed any pre-law University courses.
       
    • 1969
      The law school moves to the fort garry campus of the University of Manitoba, to it’s new home in the Robson Hall Building. Named for Co-founder and acting Dean Hugh Amos Robson.
       
    • 1970 
      The faculty introduces a legal aid service to help expose law students to real legal situations.
       
    • 1970-present
      The school develops one of the most comprehensive moot court programs in western Canada.

Our school today (1979 - present day)

    • 1973
      Ken Young is the first Aboriginal Law Graduate.
       
    • 1974
      A course entitled “lawyering process” is introduced, exposing law students to real clients and cases.
       
    • 1998
      Asper chair in international business and trade law is created honoring Israel Asper.
       
    • 2006
      Marcel A Desautels Centre for Private Enterprise and the Law is founded.
       
    • 2001
      The Manitoba law journal expands to include Underneath the Golden Boy.
       
    • 2001 
      The Asper Review for International Business and Trade Law publishes it’s first volume.
    • 2006
      L Kerry Vickar Business Law Clinic is founded.
       
    • 2011
      The LL.B. degree is changed to a Juris Doctor degree.
       
    • 2012 
      Centre for Human Rights Research is founded.
       
    • 2012
      The Canadian Journal of Human Rights publishes it’s first volume.
       
    • 2019
      The Master of Human Rights Program is founded in collaboration with the Faculties of Arts, Education, and Social Work, as well as the Centre for Human Rights Research, the Arthur v. Mauro Centre for Peace and Justice and the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation.

Deans

Special thanks

Cam Harvey (Manitoba & Other Legal Trivia)
Dale & Lee Gibson (Substantial Justice)
Matthew Renaud (Robson Hall - 100 Years)
Manitoba Historical Society