Income levels

  • Shown are income levels from no income to $80,000 and over for select age groups of 45-54 up to age 65 years and over for Manitobans in 2015.

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Select income levels (PowerPoint)

*Median income divides the income distribution in half.    
Source: Statistics Canada. 2017. Total Income Groups (24) in Constant (2015) Dollars, Age (11), Sex (3) and Year (2) for the Population Aged 15 Years and Over in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data and 2016 Census - 100% Data. 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada catalogue no. 98-400-X2016110. Released September 13, 2017.  

  • Identified in this vertical bar chart are income groups of older Manitobans age 65 years and over in 2015.

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Income older Manitobans (PowerPoint)  |  Income older Manitobans (Excel)

Random rounding has been applied to the data by Statistics Canada 

Source: Statistics Canada. 2017. Total Income Groups (24) in Constant (2015) Dollars, Age (11), Sex (3) and Year (2) for the Population Aged 15 Years and Over in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data and 2016 Census - 100% Data. 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada catalogue no. 98-400-X2016110. Released September 13, 2017. 

  • A table shows the percentage of older adults' income levels by household type for a single person or as head of a census family.

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Older adults income level (PowerPoint)

Source: Statistics Canada. 2018. Canadian Community Health Survey, Public Use Microdata File.

  • A vertical bar graph compares the income group of Manitobans age 65 years and over who are living alone.

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Income older Manitobans living alone (PowerPoint)  |  Income older Manitobans living alone (Excel)

Source: Statistics Canada. 2018. Canadian Community Health Survey, Public Use Microdata File.

Low income older adults

  • The proportion of Manitobans 65 years and over living below the after-tax low income cut-off by household type is shown in this table.

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Low income cut off (PowerPoint)

E: Use data with caution
*The low income cut-offs after tax (LICO-AT) are income thresholds below which a family will likely devote a larger share of its after-tax income on the necessities of food, shelter and clothing than the average family. The approach is essentially to estimate an income threshold at which families are expected to spend 20 percentage points more than the average family on food, shelter and clothing, based on the 1992 Family Expenditures Survey. LICOs are calculated in this manner for seven family sizes and five community sizes.

**An economic family refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship.

Source: Statistics Canada. 2018. Table 11-10-0135-01-  Low income statistics by age, sex and economic family type, Canada, Census metropolitan area, geographical region of Canada, province or territory, annual.    

  • Shown in this table is the number of junior and senior participants by quarter of the 55 PLUS Manitoba Income Supplement from 2017-2019.

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Income supplement 55 plus(PowerPoint)

* 55 PLUS is a Manitoba Income Supplement that provides quarterly supplements to low-income persons 55 years of age and over. The 55 PLUS program has two components. The Senior Component is for persons who are eligible to receive certain levels of benefits under the federal Old Age Security programs. The Junior Component is for low-income persons 55 years of age and over who are not eligible for federal Old Age Security benefits. Eligibility for the Senior Component is determined from a person’s application for the federal Guaranteed Income Supplement. An annual application is necessary for the Junior Component.

Source: Government of Manitoba, 2019. Manitoba Families 2018-2019 Annual Report (p. 81).   

Sources of income

  • Outlined in this table are the number of Canadian and Manitoban recipients of the Old Age Security pension and the Guaranteed Income Supplement by gender for 2017.

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Pension supplement (PowerPoint)

Sources: Employment and Social Development Canada, June 2020. Old Age Security (OAS) - Number of Persons Receiving OAS Benefits, by Province and by Type. Record ID: 77381606-95c0-411a-a7cd-eba5d038c1c4.    

Employment and Social Development Canada, June 2017. Old Age Security Program (OAS) - Number of OAS recipients by type and gender. Record ID: 6268b894-5ae7-4203-9ded-131fc872313f.

  • A table shows the sources of income: government tranfer payment, investments, wages and salaries, other income, self-employment for Manitobans in select age groups of 45-54 up  to age 65 years and over for 2011.

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Income source age 45 and over (PowerPoint)

*Government Transfer Payments includes provincial, territorial or municipal social assistance, benefits from Canada Pension Plan (CPP) or Quebec Pension Plan (QPP), Guaranteed Income Supplement (GIS), Old Age Security (OAS) and Employment Insurance (EI)

Note: Due to a small sample size Government Transfer Payments for men do not include Guaranteed Income Supplement (GIS)

Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 Census of Canada

Percentage with an Amount (%)
Source: Statistics Canada. 2011. Selected Demographic, Income and Sociocultural Characteristics (109), Income Statistics in 2010 (3) and Income Sources (16) for the Population Aged 15 Years and Over in Private Households of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2011 National Household Survey. 2011 Census of Canada. Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011032. Released September 11, 2013.

  • For Manitobans in select age groups of 45-54 upwards to 75 years and over, this table shows the major source of recipients household income from government transfer payments, pensions, other income, investment, and paid employment for 2012.

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Major source of income (PowerPoint)

*Government Transfer Payments includes provincial, territorial or municipal social assistance, benefits from Canada Pension Plan (CPP) or Quebec Pension Plan (QPP), Guaranteed Income Supplement (GIS), Old Age Security (OAS) and Employment Insurance (EI)

Note: Due to a small sample size Government Transfer Payments for men do not include Guaranteed Income Supplement (GIS)

Source: Statistics Canada, 2012. General Social Survey - Caregiving and Care Receiving, Public Use Microdata File.

Home ownership

  • Identified in this table is household heads tenure (owned with mortgage, owned without mortgage, rented) by selected age groupings of 40 to 75 years and over in Manitoba for 2017.

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Home ownership (PowerPoint)

Source: Statistics Canada, 2017. Survey of Household Spending, Public Use Microdata File.

  • Shown in this vertical bar chart, the household heads housing tenure among men and women in selected age groupings of 65–74 and 75 and over for 2017.

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Household head housing tenure (PowerPoint)  |  Household head housing tenure (Excel)

Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 National Household Survey, Public Use Microdata File.

Manitoba Government assistance

  • Shown in this table are rent assist recipients from 2016-17 to 2018-2019.

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Rent assistance to 2019 (PowerPoint)

*Rent Assist provides financial help with shelter-related costs for Manitobans living in eligible accommodations. For EIA program participants, this assistance is included as part of the EIA households’ total monthly income assistance. 
The following information is specific to the non-EIA Rent Assist program that supports low-income Manitobans residing in the private rental market and not receiving EIA assistance.                        
** Averages for 2017/18 calculated with data from May to March due to a batching issue in April.                        
*** Averages for 2018/19 calculated excluding June due to a batching issue.

Source: Government of Manitoba. 2019. Annual Report for Jobs and the Economy. Data for this table was extracted from the Government of Manitoba’s Annual Report for Jobs and the Economy, Fiscal Year Ending March 31, 2019. Retrieved Sept 9, 2020 from www.gov.mb.ca/fs/about/pubs/fsar_2018-2019.pdf

  • For the period between 2014-2016, outlined in this table is the number of recipients for the School Tax Assistance for Tenants 55 Plus in Manitoba.
  • For the period between 2017-2019, this table shows the number of Social Rent Supplement* program recipients in Manitoba.

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Rent supplement 2017-2019 (PowerPoint)

* The Rent Supplement helps low-income families, older adults, and special needs households obtain affordable, adequate and suitable housing in the private rental sector and in non-profit affordable housing initiatives. The provincial government entered into agreements with private landlords, non-profit and cooperative housing projects to deliver both the Social and Affordable Rent Supplement Programs, so that eligible households are provided a rental benefit based upon their income.    

Source: Government of Manitoba. 2019. Manitoba Families 2018–2019 Annual Report (p. 107).

Spending patterns

  • For older Canadians age 65 years and over, a bar chart outlines their spending patterns on various expenditures for 2016.

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Spending patterns (PowerPoint)  |  Spending patterns (Excel)

*All Other includes education, reading materials, tobacco and alcohol, games of chance, personals insurance and pension, gifts and charity, personal care, household furnishings and equipment, clothes and accessories and other miscellaneous expenditures.    
Source: Statistics Canada. 2016. Table: 11-10-0227-01- Household spending by age of reference person, Canada, annual. 

Housing

  • A Vertical bar chart compares a one person to a multiple person household of Manitobans with 'not affordable' housing costs for both owners and renters in Manitoba age 65-74 and 75 years and over in 2011.

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Not affordable housing (PowerPoint)  |  Not affordable housing (Excel)

Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011028.

Core housing

  • This table shows Manitoba senior households, owners,and renters in core housing needs for 2011.

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Core housing needs (PowerPoint)

*A Household is in Core Housing Need if its housing does not meet one or more of the adequacy, suitability or affordability standards, and it would have to spend 30% or more of its before-tax income to access acceptable local housing. Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation, 2016 Retrieved from www.cmhc-schl.gc.ca/en/hoficlincl/observer/observer_044.cfm 
Source: Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC), 2011

Source: Data for this table was extracted from the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) Beyond 20/20 Web Data Server. Retrieved August 4, 2016 

  • A line graph compares the incident rate of Manitoban senior households, owners, and renters in core housing needs from 1991-2011.

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Incident rate core housing (PowerPoint)  |  Incident rate core housing (Excel)

*A Household is in Core Housing Need if its housing does not meet one or more of the adequacy, suitability or affordability standards, and it would have to spend 30% or more of its before-tax income to access acceptable local housing. Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation, 2016 Retrieved from www.cmhc-schl.gc.ca/en/hoficlincl/observer/observer_044.cfm 
Source: Canada Mortgage and Housing (CMHC), 2011

Source: Data for this table was extracted from the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) Housing Market Information Portal. Retrieved August 4, 2016 from www03.cmhc-schl.gc.ca/hmip-pimh/en#Profile/46/2/Manitoba