Currently accepting graduate students - Yes

  • Master's
  • PhD


I was born in Burlington, Ontario, Canada. I received my PhD in Physical Anthropology from the Department of Anthropology, McMaster University in 1996 under the supervision of Dr. Shelley Saunders. My doctoral research focused on issues of bias in palaeodemographic estimates. Following my doctoral research, I undertook a two-year postdoctoral fellowship in historical demography and epidemiology of a 19th century subarctic Indigenous community during the decline of the fur trade. In 1998, I joined the Laboratory of Survival and Longevity at the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research in Rostock, Germany as part of a multidisciplinary team examining the social and biological determinants of aging. In July 1999, I joined the Department of Anthropology at the University of Manitoba.


  • PhD (Physical Anthropology), McMaster University, 1996
  • MSc (Osteology, Palaeopathology and Funerary Archaeology), University of Sheffield/University of Bradford, 1991
  • BSc (Physical Anthropology), University of Toronto, 1990


Research interests

  • Osteology
  • Skeletal growth & development
  • Palaeodemography
  • Age estimation and sex determination from the Skeleton
  • 3D Imaging in Bioarchaeology
  • Childhood in the Past
  • Historical Demography
  • Anthropometry

Selected publications

  • Parker K, Larcombe LA, Stock J, Boldsen JL, Marx H and Hoppa RD. (2022) "Bone Strength in Medieval Denmark: Robusticity Analysis from a Rural and Urban Sample." Bioarchaeology International 6(3): 175-89. MSPACE OPEN ACCESS 
  • Spake L, Hoppa RD, Blau S and Cardoso HFV (2022) "Biological Mortality Bias in Diaphyseal Growth of Contemporary Children: Implications for Paleoauxology." American Journal of Physical Anthropology 178:89-107 OPEN ACCESS 
  • Spake L, Hoppa RD, Blau S and Cardoso HFV (2021) "Lack of Biological Mortality Bias in the Timing of Dental Formation in Contemporary Children: Implications for the Study of Past Populations." American Journal of Physical Anthropology 174(4): 646-660.
  • Scott AB and Hoppa RD (2019) "The Ice Age With Little Effect? Exploring Stress in the Danish Black Friars Cemetery Before and After the Turn of the 14th Century." International Journal of Palaeopathology 26: 157-163. MSPACE OPEN ACCESS
  • Scott AB and Hoppa RD (2018) "The Subtleties of Stress: Using Skeletal Lesions to Explore the Stress Response in Bone in The Black Friars Cemetery Population (13th to 17th Centuries)." International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 28(6): 695-702 MSPACE OPEN ACCESS
  • Shabaga B, Gough H, Fayek M and Hoppa RD (2018) "A Simplified Silver Phosphate Extraction Method for Oxygen Isotope Analysis of Bioapatite." Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 32(15): 1237-1242. MSPACE OPEN ACCESS
  • Gamble JA, Boldsen JL and Hoppa RD (2017) "Stressing Out in Medieval Denmark: An Investigation of Dental Enamel Defects and Age at Death in Two Medieval Danish Cemeteries." International Journal of Paleopathology 17:52-66. OPEN ACCESS
  • Scott AB, Choi KY, Mookherjee N, Hoppa RD and Larcombe LA (2016) "The Biochemical Signatures of Stress: A Preliminary Analysis of Osteocalcin Fluctuations and Macroscopic Skeletal Changes Associated with Poor Health in the Black Friars (13th-17th Centuries) Population." American Journal of Physical Anthropology 159: 596-606.
  • Hoppa RD and Vaupel JW, editors (2002) "Paleodemography: Age Distributions from Skeletal Samples." Cambridge Studies in Biological and Evolutionary Anthropology 31. Cambridge University Press. 
  • Hoppa RD and FitzGerald CM, editors (1999) "Human Growth in the Past: Studies from Bones and Teeth." Cambridge Studies in Biological and Evolutionary Anthropology 25. Cambridge University Press.

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