If you require a document on this page in an alternate format, please submit a request to cdss@umanitoba.ca. Please note that documents owned or created by external partners outside of the University of Manitoba are the responsibility of the external individual or organization.

CDSS Publications





2019 - 2016





Bison Paper Series

Globalism and Regionalism: The Evolving International System

Edited by Lasha Tchantouridze

This volume is a product of a conference on regionalism and globalism held at the University of Manitoba in January-February 2002. The question of convergence of world economy, and security issues is one of the most pressing on the agenda of contemporary international relations. Nations become more and more interdependent both in terms of security and economic well-being. Interdependency is eminent on both global and regional levels. The papers in this volume contribute to the ongoing debate on globalism and regionalism especially with regard to such areas as the Americas, East Asia, and Europe.

This Paper is available by contacting the Centre.
CDN $20.00


Pluralistic Multilateralism and the New Regionalism in the Americas

Tony Porter

Tony Porter's account of the "new regiionalism" in the Americas is essential reading for anyone who cares about integration in the hemisphere, the future of Canadian trade relations, or the process of regionalism more generally. Adopting the conceptual model of "pluralistic multilateralism," Porter argues that integration in the region is representative of real multilaterism in the world today. Unsatisfied with debates that focus on simple arguments of power politics and domination, on the one hand, or the benefits of global free trade and liberalism on the other, Porter suggests that hemispheric integration in the Americas illustrates the complex nature of initiatives and goals in contemporary regionalism.

This Paper is available by contacting the Centre.
CDN $15.00


Organized Anarchy: The New World We Live In

Wendelin Ettmayer

The world has changed considerably since the end of the Cold War. These changes have resulted not only from an obvious redistribution of power in the international system, but also from technological advancements in international communications, acceleration in the concentation of global financial capital, mergers among large corporations, and the increased role of NGOs. State sovereignty, the corenerstone of the the Westphalian international system, has been been infringed upon from many different directions. Large multinational corporations affect state employment and welfare policies, international television corporations influence governments' decision-making processes by appealing to the emotions of their viewers, and influential non-governmental organizations claim legitimacy in many areas such as development, democratization, environmental protection, and others.

This Paper is available by contacting the Centre.
CDN $15.00


Geopolitics: Global Problems and Regional Concerns

Edited by Lasha Tchantouridze

This volume is dedicated to geopolitics, and to the understanding of this concept in contemporary scholarship. It explores the three essential components of geopolitics: geographical characteristics, historical continuity, and identity that play roles in international politics. The twelve chapters of this volume deal with a combination of these components as they relate to various global problems, and concerns of regional significance. The authors of these chapters do not engage in definitions, predictions, and similar scholastic exercises. Instead, they assume that, indeed, geopolitics is about the relationship between geographical space and politics. These two very broard phenomena affect each other or at least they are perceived to affect each other in some way. Starting from this point, the authors analyze and explain how this relationship between things political and spatial plays out globally or in specific geographical areas of the world.

This Paper is available by contacting the Centre.
CDN $20.00


Canadian Expeditionary Air Forces

Edited by Allan D. English

This volume represents the proceedings of the fifth in a series of Air Symposia held by the Canadian Forces College. The main purpose of the Symposia is to direct Command and Staff Course Air Force students to research, analyze, and present their perspectives on important issues to the future of the Canadian Air Force. A secondary aim of the Symposia is to contribute to the professional development of the Air Force. The present volume examines in detail the concept of expeditionary air forces from a Canadian perspective. While the term "expeditionary" is widely used, there is little detailed explanation of this term in either Canadian Forces or Canadian Air Force doctrine. Thus, the essays collected in Canadian Expeditionary Air Forces address this shortcoming and explore a variety of questions, both theoretical and practical, that are relevant to fuller understanding of the concept, and its implications for Canada and the CAF.

This Paper is available by contacting the Centre.
CDN $15.00


Transformation of War in the 21st Century: Old Lessons and New Trends

Edited by Tami Amanda Jacoby

This is a publication based on selected papers given at the 20th Annual Political Studies Students' Conference at the University of Manitoba in 2004. The volume explores the subject of war in relation to military capabilities, the role of institutions, social implications, technological innovations, collective identity structures and lessons to be learnt from contemporary case studies. Together the volume demonstrates that warfare remains a contested and controversial subject both in theory and in practice.

This Paper is available by contacting the Centre.
CDN $15.00


Canada and the United States: A Relationship at a Crossroads

Edited by George A. MacLean

Many would argue today that Canada-United States relations have not been so cool in a very long time. Students of political science, at least in Canada if not in the United States, cut their teeth on the subject matter of bilateral relations And while it is fashionable for each generation to view corss-border relations as different from what had gone before, a more long-term historical view shows that plus ca change, plus c'set la meme chose.
There are, however, exceptional factors that mark the current state of relations between the United States and Canada. This is not to suggest that the exceptions are unparalleled, or will never again occur, but rather that the condition and context of the bilateral relationship is vital. The papers in this volume were written in the post-9/11 environment when it is fair to say that both countries experienced a vulnerability that had not been felt before. In the United States, the world view of the Bush administration shifted on the spot with the terrorist attacks in 2001, and the same events have affected priorities if not the world view of decision makers in Canada.

This Paper is available by contacting the Centre.
CDN $20.00


Old Conflict, New Challenges: Peace-building in Israeli-Palestinian Relations

Edited by Sean Byrne, James Fergusson, Eyal Ben-Ari and Kobi Michael 

Canadian and Israeli academics and practitioners, both civilian and military, met at the University of Manitoba to bring their unique experiences and knowledge together in the first of a series of academic workshops and subsequent publications to understand peace missions and to develop models for implementation in protracted ethno-political conflicts, with direct attention being paid to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The publication is a joint collaboration of the Arthur V. Mauro Centre for Peace and Justice (AMCPJ) and the Centre for Defence and Security Studies (CDSS) of the University of Manitoba, and the Harry S. Truman Rsearch Institute for the Advancement of Peace (HSTRIAE) of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel. The phase of the project seeks to develop a third party peace intervention model, and to highlight the myriad of concrete problems manifest in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, including regional factors that must be address in developing and implementing such a mission.

This Paper is available by contacting the Centre.
CDN $20.00


The State of the State: Business as Usual?

Edited by Elliott J. Brown

The State has been the dominant mode of global political organization for at least three centuries. However, several recent developments in international relations, including globalization, European integration, the reassertion of ethnic identity, and the phenomenon of state failure, have highlighted the emergence of other actors and, arguably, the diminution of the power and role of the state in world affairs. The contributors of this volume try to answer questions like: of what significance are these changes? Could they augur death of the state? The papers collected here illustrate that the state is a fundamental concept in political studies, economics, sociology,and law, and new challenges to the form and function of the state have implications which transcend traditional disciplinary barriers within and between the social sciences.

This Paper is available by contacting the Centre.
CDN $20.00


Maple Sands: Canada-Middle East Relations during the Cretien Era

Edited by Tami Amanda Jacoby and Ayla H. Kilic

Maple Sands explores Canada-Middle East relations during the Chretien era, with particular focus on Canadan foreign policy vis-a-vis the Arab-Israeli Conflict and the War on Iraq. The book is a product of collaboration among contributors from different political backgrounds using a variety of interdisciplinary lenses to generate debate about Canadian priorities in the Middle Easter region.

Out of Print.


Adaptation of NATO: From the North Atlantic Treaty to Security in Pakistan

Edited by Natalie Mychajlyszyn

The new post-Cold War security environment posed questions about the viability and sustainability of NATO, and some have even called into question the continued existence of the Atlantic alliance and whether its mandate was even compatible with current security realities. NATO has, no doubt, endured some aches and pains through its evolution beginning with adapting to the peace dividend to operations in Bosnia, Kosovo, and Afghanistan, and its new European partnerships. Despite these growing pains and regardless if one condemns or concurs with the ongoing operations, it appears NATO has found a new purpose, and events in the Balkans and Afghanistan suggest what this purpose is. It is just a question of time whether this new purpose is sustainable in the years to come.

This Paper is available by contacting the Centre.
CDN $20.00


Thawing Ice - Cold War: Canada's Security, Soveriegnty, and Environmental Concerns in the Artic

Edited by Rob Huebert

Over the past few years, circumpolar governments such as Canada, the United States, Russia, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Iceland, and Finland, have all begun expressing interest in territorial claims over the Arctic region. There has been a renewed interest and sense of importance placed on the Arctic since global warming has begun international claims of historically impassable shipping routes through disputed Canadian waters. The Northwest Passage (NWP) has always been an inaccessible shipping route, mainly due to unpredictable weather conditions and lack of proper navigation routes. However, because of the shift in global weather patterns, the passage has widened, allowing international claims that could potentially affect Canadian sovereignty in the North. This volume is providing a well rounded perspective on the current issues surrounding the expansion of the NWP, promotion of human development and sustainability of the Inuit and northern First Nations, the on-going and essential role of the Canadian Arctic Rangers, and the different perspectives held by both Canadian and American governments on the development of the Arctic. 
This Paper is available by contacting the Centre.
CDN $20.00


Fighting the Simba Rebellion - Cultural, Technological, and Strategic Determinants of Military Performance in Asymmetrical Conflicts

Scott Fitzsimmons

Since the end of the Second World War, mercenary groups have played significant roles in wars throughout the developing world. However, despite being consistently outnumbered by their opponents, these groups have a highly uneven record of military performance. Indeed, some modern mercenary groups have managed to defeat far larger state and insurgent militaries while similar sized groups of private soldiers have experienced crushing defeats at the hands of more numerous adversaries. This volume examined the performance of the mercenary group in the Simba Rebellion, which lasted from January 1964 to November 1965, and tests the case against various theories.

This Paper is available by contacting the Centre.
CDN $20.00


Actors and Identity in the Middle East

Edited by Brent E. Sasley

Middle Eastern conflicts are not simply reducible to the quest for the dominance of oil by regional or global powers. The Middle East overall, is one major area that while in constant conflict and in some instances containing the same prolonged conflicts; nonetheless oscillates between differing problems between different states. This publication, discusses several issues within the Middle East, that span across a spectrum of historical, economic, political, and social concerns. Taken altogether, conflicts in the Middle East pose a serious threat not only to the stability of the region, leaving many people’s lives seriously affected, but also, surrounding nations that have vested interests in humanitarian, economic, and strategic undertakings.

This Paper is available by contacting the Centre.
CDN $15.00

Occasional Paper Series

  • Rountree, Marina (editor). January 2002. Canada's Security and Defence Policy: Continentalism and Internationalism.
  • Wise, Allan A. (editor). January 2002. C2K: Canada's External Relations into the 21st Century.
  • Maclean, George with Dr. James Fergusson. September 2002. Lessons Learned and Lessons Shared: A Comparative Analysis of Verification Costs and NACD Agreements.
  • Fergusson, James. November 1999. Deja Vu: Canada, NORAD, and Ballistic Missile Defence.
  • Fergusson, James. November 1998. Canada and Ballistic Missile Defence. November 1998.
  • Dick, Robert and Jobin, Kari (editors). January 1998. Between East and West: Atlantic and Pacific Dimensions of Canadian Foreign Policy.
  • Chestnut, Tricia and Kohut, Ken (editors). February 1997. International Intervention: A Challenge to World Order?
  • St. John, Peter. April 1996 Insurgency, Legitimacy, and Intervention in Algeria 1954-1955.
  • Bronstone, Adam. March 1996. Explaining European Political Cooperation and the Common Foreign and Security Policy: The Case for a Different Approach.
  • Maclean, George. February 1996. Atoms for Peace Redux: Prospects for Military Fissile Material Conversion.
  • Christianson, Shawna and Dick, Robert (editors). January 1996. Order and Disorder: Domestic Sources of Regional Instability.
  • Rempel, Roy. October 1995. The European Security and Defence Identity and Nuclear Weapons.
  • Pennie, Ken. September 1995. The Role of Nuclear Weapons and The Ambiguous Nuclear Forces.
  • Kapur, Ashok. August 1995. India and Pakistan: Nature and Elements of Nuclear Deterrence Between Two Regional Rivals.
  • Fulop, Imre and Stefanowicz, Janusz. July 1995. "TWO VIEWS FROM CENTRAL EUROPE": The Development of Russian Views Regarding Nuclear Weapons and Nuclear Deterrence (Fulop) and Nuclear Deterrence and Non-Nuclear Powers (Stefanowicz).
  • Fergusson, James. February 1995. Structure and Technology: Nuclear and Deterrence After Bipolarity.
  • Garnett, J.C. January 1995. Deterrence - Dead But It Won't Lie Down?
  • Gillon, Thomas (editor). February 1994. Security and Survival.
  • Rempel, Roy. August 1994. Alternatives to Nuclear Deterrence After the Cold War: The Implications For Europe.
  • Pennie, Ken. April 1994. Rethinking Nuclear Strategy.
  • Wittman, Karen (editor). February 1993. Canada and the New Europe.
  • Rempel, Roy. October 1993. The Meaning of the German Question in the New Europe.
  • Lindberg, Michael. September 1993. The Persian Gulf Naval Arms Race: Myth or Reality?
  • Latham, Andrew. July 1993. The Origins and Nature of "Military Fordism".
  • Young, Christopher (editor). February 1992. Canada, the United States and New Challenges to Security.
  • Lombardi, Ben. August 1992. The Idea of the Decisive Battle and Its Role in War.
  • Finan, J.F. June 1992. The Republic of South Africa: Nonoffensive Defence.
  • Tychonick, Russ P. February 1991. (editor) In Defence of Canada: Constitutional, Economic and Security Dimensions.
  • Latham, Andrew. December 1990. The European Armaments Market: Developments in Europe's "Excluded" Industrial Sector.
  • McLeod, J. David (editor). September 1990. The End of the Cold War? Prospects for East-West Security in the 1990s.
  • Fergusson, James and Keenes, Ernie. August 1990. Canada's Defence Industries and Europe 1992: A Preliminary Investigation.
  • Buteux, Paul. July 1990. The Role of European Institutions in the "Europeanization" of European Defence: The Case of Armaments Collaboration.
  • Arsenio, Jose. July 1990. The Western European Union Historic Synopsis and Evolving Perspectives.
  • Allbutt, Lisa (editor). November 1989. Perestroika, Glasnost and International Security. Papers.
  • Fergusson, James. July 1989. Opening Pandora's Box: From Nuclear Deterrence to Conventional Defence.
  • Buteux, Paul. June 1989. Regimes, Incipient Regimes & The Future of NATO Strategy.
  • Daycock, Davis. June 1989. The Pattern of Soviet Leadership Politics: Perestroika, De-Stalinisation and the Cartel of Anxiety.
  • Macintosh, James. June 1989. Non-Offensive Defence Regimes.
  • Daycock, Davis W. July 1988. The Political Uses of History: The Case of the German Democratic Republic.
  • Buteux, Paul. June 1988. The Political and Strategic Implications of the INF Treaty for NATO.
  • Rempel, Roy. May 1988. Strategic Change on NATO's Northern Flank: The Dilemma for the Nordic States and NATO.

Prairies Working Papers

Prairie Working Papers (PWPs) reflect Centre for Defence and Security Studies’ (CDSS) ongoing work on its research priorities that evolve around international defence and security issues. PWPs profile innovative and original perspectives, and highlight areas for follow-up action.

PWPs are intended for a broad audience including students, journalists, civil servants, professionals working in the non-government sector, military, and academics. Leading experts in various issues of international defence and security are often invited to guest author papers.

PWPs form part of CDSS’s research publication series, which also include Bison Paper series, BISON Defence & Security Reports, Silver Canadian Aerospace Studies series, and Silver Dart Special Report

Prairie Working Paper No 1, September 2010

Prairie Working Paper No 2, October 2010

Silver Dart Canadian Aerospace Studies Series

Aerospace Power: Beyond 100 Years of Theory and Practice (Volume I)

Edited by James G. Fergusson

This book examines evolution of aerospace power in the 20th century, and outlines a way ahead in its future development. In World War I, air power was viewed chiefly in terms of its strategic use; however, alongside this initial dominant idea quickly grew another - air power as a control instrument. Since its inception, states have used air power to achieve certain foreign policy goals, mostly in war times. In the second half of the 20th century this domain was extended to the outer space. Therefore, sutdy of the unique domain of aerospace power also merits its own research and analysis. Today aerospace power also represents a public good instrument - a point sometimes overlooked by students and critics of aerospace power. The first volume of Silver Dart Canadian Aersopace Studies series addresses all five instruments of aerospace power: struggle, control, foreign policy, domain, and public good.

This book is available by contacting the Centre.
CDN $20.00


Air Campaigns in the New World Order (Volume II)

Edited by Allan D. English

The volume approaches the subject of air campaigns from the principle of the usefulness of them in current and future military conflicts, both large and small, and in peaceful times. The nature of air operations has changed since the end of the Cold War, but new trends are not without historical precedents. The ongoing changes that take place in Western air forces also include the formal adoption of campaign planning and operational art to condcut air operations. In the Canadian context there is a new focus on the difference between domestic and overseas operations as well. Among the contributors to the volume are Lieutenant-General Ken Pennie, Major-General Marc Dumais, James S. Corum, Thomas Keany, Robert Martyn, T.F.J. Leversedge, and others.

This book is available by contacting the Centre.
CDN $20.00


Weapons in Space: Strategic and Policy Implications (Volume III)

Wilson Wong

The importance of space to Western security and prosperity has brought about a clear need to protect Western space assets. The best means to providing such protection is somewhat less clear. Safeguarding the satellites that provide critical services to consumers and warfighters on Earth leads to the issue, but not necessarily the reality, of "weaponizing" space. In the debate over the future military use of space, the technical and political distinctions between militarization and space weaponization can be best described only as being "fuzzy." Indeed, depending on ones point of view, current and near-term military space endeavours have already crossed the threshold for weaponzizing space.

This book is available by contacting the Centre.
CDN $20.00


No Clear Flight Plan: Counterinsurgency and Aerospace Power (Volume IV)

Edited by James Fergusson and William March

In the fall of 2001 following the terrorist attacks on the Twin Towers in New York, and the Pentagon in Washington, DC, US aerospace power played a critical role in the destruction of the Taliban Regime in Afghanistan. US air strikes employing space-based targeting sensors, cued by forward deployed US special forces attached to the Northern Alliance quickly routed the Taliban. In the campaign that followed in the south-eastern mountains of Afghanistan, aerospace power continued to play a crucial role. However, as the initial campaign came to an ostensible conclusion, the violence ebbed, and then began to escalate in a somewhat different form, the significance of aerospace power faded into memory. Instead, attention became focused almost exclusively on ground forces. A similar pattern also occurred in Iraq – aerospace power transitioning from a major or crucial role to a forgotten one.

This book is available by contacting the Centre.
CDN $20.00


The International System, Canada, Armed Forces and Aerospace Power: 2018 and Beyond (Volume V)

Edited by James G. Fergusson

Canadian foreign policy fundamentals established during the Cold War have demonstrated remarkable resilience despite the transformation of the international system with the end of the Cold War, notwithstanding all the difficulties faced by the Canadian Forces (CF) in transforming from the static environment of Cold War deterrence to the dynamic environment of Peace Support Operations from the Gulf War, through Somalia and the Former Yugoslavia to Afghanistan. Not surprisingly, few, if any senior National Defence and CF officials wish to face another sudden and costly transformation, especially having finally achieved some formal Government assurances for a stable and predictable future with a twenty-year planning process now tentatively in-place. As the immediate past is reference for the future, so is the distant past drawn upon to identify alternatives. In this regard, the Cold War continues to resonate beneath the surface, having been re-awakened most prominently by the recent Russian conflict with Georgia. While a resurgent Russia is not the Soviet Union, such that the global ideological characteristic of the Cold War is absent, and renewed Russian strength is largely dependent on petro-rubles, the notion of an approaching Cold War is essentially the idea of the return of Great Power conflict as the defining feature of the future international system. Even more, from a broader historical perspective, there exists a strange parallel between the past and the present. Following the limited wars of German unification in the Nineteenth Century, European Great Power attention was drawn to the colonial world. Like the past fifteen years, Europe faced violent nation-building exercises in the Balkans, the ‘Great Game’ in Asia centered upon Afghanistan, and the ‘carving up’ of Africa. This, in turn, gave way to renewed Great Power rivalry on the European continent leading to the disaster of World War One.

This book is available by contacting the Centre.
CDN $20.00

Silver Dart Special Report

Silver Dart Special Report

Joint Agile Basing Airpower Seminar (JABAS) Series

The Joint Agile Basing Airpower Seminar Series is a place to exchange ideas, practical applications, and build relationships that enhance airpower projection and domain awareness in the high north.

The quarterly series sits between the strategic and tactical levels, examining operational-level challenges associated with agile basing. Each seminar is dedicated to a deep investigation of a specific element associated with planning, executing and sustaining agile basing solutions in a rapidly changing environment.

One key difference between JABAS and other defence fora is that defence and security objectives are viewed through an integrated lens that considers non-defence factors, such as the concerns of indigenous communities, climate science realities, and commercial and economic development. This report summarizes the seminar held on September 22, 2020 that concentrated on hearing from new voices, especially indigenous leaders, airpower practitioners, academics, engineers, and scientists to understand their perspectives on the challenges and possibilities associated with agile basing.

Dr. Daniel Taukie's PowerPoint presentation outlines the Inuit Marine Monitoring Program 2020 (PDF), and processes for implementing an ecosystem approach to management of shipping, tourism, and exploration for the Nunavut region.

CANR Arctic Air Power Seminar Series

The goal of the Arctic Air Power Seminars is to exchange ideas, practical applications and build relationships that enhance airpower projection and domain awareness in the high north. The quarterly series sits between the strategic and tactical levels, examining operational-level challenges associated with agile basing. Each seminar is dedicated to a deep investigation of a specific element associated with planning, executing and sustaining agile basing solutions in a rapidly changing environment. One key difference between the Arctic Air Power seminars and other defense fora is that defense and security objectives are viewed through an integrated lens that considers non-defense factors, such as the concerns of indigenous communities, climate science realities, and commercial/economic development.

NORAD Reports

NORAD Document Collection

Visit the NORAD Document Collection to view all NORAD files.