The University may confer the following degrees upon persons whose qualifications and record are approved for that purpose:

  • Doctor of Laws     (honoris causa)    LL.D.
  • Doctor of Letters   (honoris causa)    D.Litt.
  • Doctor of Science (honoris causa)    D.Sc.

Honorary degrees are awarded on the basis of the following criteria:

  1. Distinguished achievement in scholarship, the arts, or public service. Distinguished achievement is achievement widely recognized by peers in the field of endeavour and the public.
  2. Both the recipient and the University should be honoured in the granting of a degree honoris causa.

Past and Current Recipients

View Recipients on this page by year:


Freda Ahenakew

Freda Ahenakew, LL.D., May 27, 2009
Freda Ahenakew
C.M., S.C.M.; B.Ed., LL.D.(Sask.); M.A.(Man.)

On behalf of the Senate of the University of Manitoba it is my honour to present to you, Freda Ahenakew - linguist, author, language teacher, story-teller and grandmother. Freda Ahenakew is a native speaker of Plains Cree, and is a member of Atahkakohp First Nation. She was already the mother of 12 children when she decided to finish her high school education, and then went on to earn her Bachelor's degree from the University of Saskatchewan. Her interest in language and literacy, however, brought her to the University of Manitoba, where she earned a Master of Arts in Cree linguistics. Her Master's thesis was subsequently published as a book called, Cree Language Structures, and it has been printed not just once, but 17 times.

Freda Ahenakew's graduate work launched a career that has been stellar regarding her advancement of linguistic knowledge and Cree literacy and culture. She believes that literary texts can be used to teach indigenous languages hence she set about with her co-workers, to produce the needed books in the Cree language that reflect the experiences and stories of her people. Her scholarly contributions have included recording of oral histories in Cree and English, myths and stories for children, and vocabularies for physicians. Works such as Kohkominawak otâcimowinawâwa (Our Grandmothers' Lives as Told in Their Own Words), and Kwayask ê-ki-pê-kiskinowâpahtihicik (Their Example Showed Me the Way: A Cree Woman's Life Shaped by Two Cultures) rank high on a long list of books that document how Cree women's life experiences have moulded their characters. Children also need to read their stories, and become aware and comfortable with their written form, hence she wrote books like Wisahkecahk Flies to the Moon that is used in the primary grades. Physicians need to know Cree terminology so that they can deliver more effective health care, so she edited a collection of Cree medical terms for their use.

In addition to her scholarly, literary and pedagogical contributions at the primary and secondary levels, Freda Ahenakew has taught and developed native literacy curricula at several institutions in Saskatchewan, as well as at the University of Manitoba. Our university was particularly fortunate to have her work as a professor between 1989-1995 in the Department of Native Studies, where she also served as departmental Head over a five year period that culminated in her retirement.

Freda Ahenakew's achievements have brought her many honours, which include recognition by her own people, an Honorary Doctor of Laws degree from the University of Saskatchewan, and her appointment to the Order of Canada. She is an inspiring Elder and an internationally respected scholar. Thanks to her transcription, translation and analysis of stories and oral histories, she has ensured that Cree culture and language will be transmitted in written form to the next generation, and the literature of the Cree people has become available to the world. For these contributions, we thank her and honour her.

Mr. Chancellor, it is an honour for me to ask on behalf of the Senate of the University of Manitoba, that you confer upon Freda Ahenakew, the degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa.

-citation delivered by mentor, Emőke Szathmáry, President Emeritus, University of Manitoba

Andrew Bjerring

Andrew K. Bjerring, D.Sc., October 22, 2009
Andrew K. Bjerring
B.A.Sc.(UBC); M.A.Sc.(Tor.); Ph.D.(W.Ont.)

Dr. Bjerring is regarded as a pioneer and visionary whose work has resulted in a Canadian research and education network which is recognized as one of the world's best. As President and Chief Executive Officer of CANARIE Incorporated, Dr. Bjerring was instrumental in developing and providing world-class networking to every Canadian university and research organization in the country. CANARIE is a not-for-profit corporation funded primarily by Industry Canada that facilitates the development and use of next-generation research networks and the applications and services that run on them. In less than 15 years, this network has increased in speed by a factor of nearly one million. This network has become an essential tool in Canadian research, and underpins the development and utilization of national research infrastructure. Under Dr. Bjerring's leadership, the CANARIE organization has designed, developed, implemented and successfully operated five distinct generations of national research and education networks. Today, CANARIE connects all Canadian universities, a host of research institutes, federal laboratories, and related organizations in every Canadian province, the Yukon and the Northwest Territories. The CANARIE network is frequently cited by organizations in the United States, Europe, Asia and Australia as world leading in technology, architecture and vision. CANARIE has been recognized as a nation builder. Its early iteration, CAnet, was a critical entry in the early stages of the Canadian Internet, because it ensured east-west connectivity when it would have been simpler and less expensive for universities to connect south to the closest American city. By supporting and building a national backbone, Canadians were assured connectivity from coast to coast and to northern cities including Yellowknife and Whitehorse. For several years, CAnet was the only Internet backbone in the country. Dr. Bjerring has been recognized as playing a critical role in this development and growth. From the early days of parallel and competing initiatives, to today's world of partnering and collaboration, Dr. Bjerring has led the development of one of the finest networks in the world.

-citation delivered by mentor Dr. Mark Whitmore, Dean, Faculty of Science

Martin Brotman

Martin Brotman, D.Sc., May 15, 2009
Martin Brotman
B.Sc.(Man.); M.Sc.(Minnesota); M.D.(Man.); F.A.C.P.; A.G.A.F.

Today, we honour Dr. Martin Brotman, a distinguished alumnus of the University of Manitoba, Faculty of Medicine.

Dr. Brotman received his Bachelor of Science (Medicine) and his Doctorate of Medicine (Honors) in 1962 from the University of Manitoba, receiving prizes and medals throughout his university career, including the University Gold Medal and several other awards upon graduation.

Following an internship with the Winnipeg General Hospital, Dr. Brotman completed his Residency in Internal Medicine at the Mayo Graduate School of Medicine in Rochester, Minnesota; and he held a Fellowship in Gastroenterology from the Mayo Clinic from 1965 to 1967. Additionally, he was a National Institutes of Health Post-Doctoral Trainee in Gastroenterology and Senior Resident Associate in the Mayo Clinic's Gastrointestinal Research Unit.

Dr. Brotman received his Master of Science in Medicine and Physiology from the University of Minnesota in 1967.

Dr. Brotman is currently the President of the West Bay Region of Sutter Health, headquartered in San Francisco. He is the former President and CEO of the California Pacific Medical Center (CPMC) and he is a member of that hospital foundation's Board of Trustees and its Physicians Foundation Board of Directors. He is a Clinical Professor of Medicine at the University of California, San Francisco and maintains a small private practice in Gastroenterology and Internal Medicine.

He is often called the "gastroenterologist's gastroenterologist", a superb diagnostician and clinician, and he has been hailed as a superior hospital administrator, especially for his leadership at the California Pacific Medical Center - one of the largest private and not-for-profit academic medical centres in California. As CEO, Dr. Brotman rebuilt the CPMC through significant reorganization, strengthened care programs and clinical delivery systems, strategic planning and cost management; and it has since been named the "Healthiest Hospital in America" several times.

Previous to that, Dr. Brotman served in a number of roles including Chairman of the Department of Medicine, Director of the Division of Education, Chief of the Division of Gastroenterology, and Medical Director of the Gastrointestinal Laboratory.

Dr. Martin Brotman is a Fellow of the American College of Physicians and has served as President and Treasurer of the American Gastroenterological Association. He is past Chairman of the Subspecialty Board on Gastroenterology of the American Board of Internal Medicine, and a past member of its Board of Governors.

He has also served as an officer or board member for a number of other professional and advisory groups, including the Association of American Medical Colleges, the American Board of Internal Medicine, the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, and the Association of American Medical Colleges; and he has served on a number of advisory groups.

Dr. Brotman has been an enthusiastic and exemplary advocate for the California Pacific Medical Center Foundation, serving in various capacities to raise funds for the centre and as a co-chair of the Cancer Center Capital Campaign. He has also provided fundraising leadership as Chairman of the American Digestive Health Foundation and the American Gastroenterological Association Foundation. He is currently Chairman of the Development Council of Sutter Health.

He was recently awarded the Julius Friedenwald Medal for Distinguished Service from the AGA - the highest honor that the association bestows on a member- in recognition of his lifelong contributions to the field of gastroenterology. He was also honoured with the Medal of Distinction by the Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry at the University of the Pacific.

Dr. Brotman is admired and respected by his colleagues for his diplomatic, charismatic and visionary leadership style - listening, communicating, and building consensus - and his immense respect for the views of others.

Mr. Chancellor, it is my honour and privilege to ask in the name of the Senate of the University of Manitoba, that you confer upon Dr. Martin Brotman, the degree of Doctor of Science, honoris causa.

-citation delivered by mentor, Dr. Gerald Minuk

Sr. Elizabeth Davis

Sr. Elizabeth Davis, LL.D., May 15, 2009
Sister Elizabeth Davis
C.M.; B.A., B.Ed.(Memorial); M.A.(Notre Dame); M.Hlth.Sc.(Tor.); LL.D.(Memorial)

Sister Elizabeth M. Davis was born in Fox Harbour, Placentia Bay, Newfoundland. She entered the congregation of the Sisters of Mercy, Newfoundland and Labrador in 1966. During her higher education, she earned a B.A. and B.Ed. (Memorial University 1975); and M.A. (Theology) (Notre Dame 1982) and an M.H.Sc. (Administration) (Toronto 1985). She taught high school from 1969 to 1982. In the period 1985 to 1994 she served as Assistant Medical Director, Assistant Executive Director and Executive Director at St. Clare's Mercy Hospital in St. John's, Newfoundland, and from 1994 to 2000 she was the President and CEO of the Health Corporation of St. John's. She is currently pursuing studies leading to a doctorate in Theology (Biblical Sources) at the Toronto School of Theology where she is also a Sessional Instructor in Introduction to the Old Testament.

Sister Elizabeth has served with great distinction on many national and international bodies including the Council of Licensed Practical Nurses, the Association of Canadian Teaching Hospitals, the Canadian Institute of Health Information, the National Board of Medical Examiners (USA), the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, the Royal Commission on Renewing and Strengthening Newfoundland Labrador's Place in Canada, the Catholic Biblical Association of Canada, the Trudeau Foundation and the Mercy International Association. She is a much sought after speaker, leader of workshops and facilitator of strategic planning retreats, an editor of journals and a popular and inspirational instructor. Her areas of expertise span a wide range of subjects - from those related to her religious studies to work on patient- focused care, healthcare leadership, quality of care, patient safety, professionalism, health services research, and change management.

Sister Davis' outstanding contributions and the depth of her influence on leaders in health care is evidenced by the many honours and awards bestowed on her, including: Honorary Fellowship Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, Alumna of the Year Memorial University of Newfoundland, Member Order of Canada, Doctor of Laws (honoris causa) Memorial University, Award for Excellence in Health Care Administration Canadian Healthcare Association, Performance Citation Award Catholic Health Association of Canada, Humanitarian oftheYearAward Canadian Red Cross Newfoundland and Labrador Chapter, Woman of Distinction Award YM/YWCA St. John's Newfoundland, and Citizen of the Year, Knights of Columbus of Newfoundland and Labrador.

-citation delivered by mentor, Dr. Arnold Naimark

Jim Derksen

Jim Derksen, LL.D., May 26, 2009
Jim Derksen
B.A. (Wpg)

Today we honour Jim Derksen, a founder and leader of local provincial national and international disability movements for the past three decades. He has shaped how the rights of disabled people are recognized in and by the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and how the governments of Canada and Manitoba as well as the United Nations, include people with disabilities in their policies and programs. His contributions have improved the lives of people with disabilities in Canada and changed all of us as a result.

Mr Derksen graduated from the University of Winnipeg. There he met other students with disabilities and learned about the barriers they encountered. Always a problem solver, he began a service transcribing books onto audiotape, providing visually impaired students and others access to print material.

Since the early 1970s, Mr. Derksen worked to develop the capacity of community-based organizations, especially those of people with disabilities. He took a lead in creating and sustaining organizations including the Manitoba League of Persons with Disabilities, the Council of Canadians with Disabilities, Disabled Peoples' International and the Canadian Disability Rights Council. In this work, he became an expert on disability public policy including human rights, employment, transportation and international development.

The Special Parliamentary Committee on the Disabled and the Handicapped used his expertise to draft the widely recognized Obstacles report in 1980. This report changed how Canadians and their governments understand the lives of people with disabilities. Mr Derksen was hired by the United Nations Secretariat on the International Year of Disabled Persons in 1982 to develop within the United Nations organizations an understanding of the full participation of disabled persons. More recently he drafted the provincial strategy on disability and was the founding Director of the Government of Manitoba's Disabilities Issues Office.

One of his greatest achievements was the inclusion of disability rights in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms Some of those involved in that process remember how persistently Jim and others lobbied them including following Jean Chretien, who was then Minister of Justice, to the washroom to make their point

Jim Derksen not only works on having the rights of disabled people enshrined in the highest public documents but on ensuring these rights are experienced in practical ways in day-to-day life. For example, while he chaired the Winnipeg Taxi-cab Board, he brought in metered wheelchair accessible taxis, making sure that those who needed wheelchair cabs would pay the same fares as those who didn't.

Since the equality rights section of the Charter came into effect in 1986, he contributed to cases of discrimination based in disability taken to the Supreme Court of Canada. Two recent Supreme Court rulings, on Via Rail in 2007 and on the airlines' fares for additional seating required as a result of disability in 2008, applied the recognition of Charter disability rights to concrete issues.

Jim Derksen embodies a model for public service. He listens, is thoughtful and reflective, uses creativity and wisdom to address challenges and works to find reasons and ways to include rather than exclude. It is this wise leadership that provides an excellent example to emulate in our lives and careers. Jim Derksen's life and work teaches of the possibilities of all people, the need for openness to a variety of ways of living and doing, and the learning that can be gained from listening rather than assuming.

Mr. Chancellor, it is an honour for me to ask on behalf of the Senate of the University of Manitoba, that you confer upon Jim Derksen the degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa.

-citation delivered by mentor, Prof. Deborah Steinstra, Disability Studies, University of Manitoba

John Herbert Dirks

John Herbert Dirks, D.Sc., May 15, 2009
John H. Dirks
CM.; B.Sc.(Med.), M.D.(Man.); F.R.C.P.C.; F.R.S.C.

Dr. John Dirks is President and Scientific Director of the Gairdner Foundation, Senior Fellow of Massey College and Professor Emeritus of Medicine at the University of Toronto. He received his B.Sc. (Med) and MD from the University of Manitoba in 1957, a Fellowship in Medicine in 1963 from the Royal College of Physicians and is a Fellow of The Royal Society of Canada (1982).

He trained in nephrology research at the National Institutes of Health from 1963 to1965, was a Medical Research Council Canada grantee from 1965 to1987 for his work in renal pathophysiology and has published 155 peer-reviewed papers. He trained numerous postdoctoral fellows many of whom subsequently went on to become academic leaders across Canada. He has held a number of major Professorships at McGill University, UBC, and the University of Toronto, and has held major academic administrative positions as Director of Nephrology at McGill (1965-1976), Head Department of Medicine at UBC (1976- 1987), Dean of Medicine University of Toronto (1987-1 991) and Dean- Rector of Aga Khan University in Pakistan (1994-1 996). He Chaired the International Society of Nephrology Commission for the Global Advancement of Nephrology (COMGAN) from 1994 to 2005. A major educational-clinical outreach program in over 100 countries, ISN COMGAN sponsors 50 - 55 postgraduate programs each year, attended by over 15,000 physicians worldwide.

Since 1993, Dr. Dirks has been President of the Gairdner Foundation in Toronto, which awards major international prizes in biomedicine. He expanded the two tier prize selection advisory committee to become a more national and international committee populating it with the world's top flight scientists. During the last 15 years, the Gairdner Awards have received increasing international recognition and today is one of the top three prizes in the world for medical research. He greatly expanded the National Program, whereby Gairdner Award winners visit Canadian Universities and he initiated the High School Lectures in 1999 to ensure greater interaction of the world's most creative scientists with Canadian colleagues and students. He transformed the Gairdner Foundation Board into a high profile public board. His effort to brand Canada's commitment to scientific excellence was supported by the Government of Canada in 2008 with a 20 million dollar contribution to the Foundation's endowment. Next year, the first international prize in global health will be launched by the Foundation.

In 2005 Dr. Dirks was awarded the NFK International Medal by the National Kidney Foundation (USA) and the Roscoe Robinson Award by the International Society of Nephrology for his contribution to nephrology education. He was appointed to the Order of Canada in 2006 and was made a member of the American Academy of Arts and Science in 2008.

-citation delivered by mentor, Dr. Henry Friesen, Faculty of Medicine, Univeristy of Manitoba

Richard L. Frost

Richard L. Frost, LL.D., October 22, 2009

Richard L. Frost
B.A.(Hons.), M.A.(McM.); M.P.A.(Queen's)

Leading Canada's first community foundation, Mr. Frost has helped promote the growth and sustainability of countless local charities and organizations. Currently the Chief Executive Officer of the Winnipeg Foundation, Mr. Frost is also recognized as an active volunteer and philanthropist. In 2008, the Winnipeg Foundation, with Mr. Frost at the helm, approved over $19 million in grants supporting over 650 charitable organizations. Prior to assuming his position at the Winnipeg Foundation in 1997, Mr. Frost undertook a career in public administration, working for the City of Burlington, the Region of Hamilton Wentworth and the Region of Peel in Ontario. After that, Mr. Frost came to Winnipeg to work as the City Commissioner under the leadership of two mayors - Bill Norrie and Susan Thompson. Since 1997, Mr. Frost has led the Winnipeg Foundation with remarkable success. Founded in 1921, the Winnipeg Foundation has supported Manitobans and Winnipeggers in need for 87 years. Under Mr. Frost's tenure, two gifts made to the foundation in 2001 stand out as significant investments in Winnipeg's future. First, a $10 million gift from Israel Asper, and later a $100 million gift from the Moffat family. These gifts, along with the thousands made every year to the Winnipeg Foundation, resound as votes of confidence in the foundation's direction, administration and its ability to make a difference for all members of the community. During Mr. Frost's tenure as CEO, the Winnipeg Foundation's assets have grown from $150 million in 1997 to $440 million in 2008. The Foundation currently holds more than 1,900 endowment funds and supports over 650 different charitable organizations across the spectrum of Winnipeg's voluntary sector including community service, education, health, environment, heritage, arts and culture and recreation. Along with his leadership of the Foundation, Mr. Frost is also an active community volunteer. He has served on a number of regional, national and international boards including the CancerCare Manitoba Foundation, Community Foundations of Canada, the Winnipeg Economic Development Board and others. He has also served as a member of the Premier's Economic Advisory Council. He was named by the Winnipeg Free Press as one of Manitoba's most influential people in 2005 in the newspaper's annual "Manitoba's Power 30" ranking.

-citation delivered by mentor Ms. Elaine Goldie, Vice-President (External)

Mark I. Greene

Mark I. Greene, D.Sc., May 15, 2009
Mark I. Greene
M.D., Ph.D.(Man.); F.R.C.R

Dr. Mark Greene graduated in Medicine in 1972 and later earned a PhD in Immunology from the University of Manitoba while also undertaking postgraduate clinical training leading to certification and Fellowship in the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. From 1973 to 1977 he held a Medical Research Council Fellowship at Manitoba and Harvard; and, from 1978 to 1986 he served consecutively as a Professor of Pathology at Harvard and Professor of Medicine and Head of Rheumatology/Immunology at Tufts University. Dr. Green also served as a clinical consultant in Medicine at the Dana Farber Cancer Centre from 1980 to 1986. In 1986 he moved to the University of Pennsylvania as a Professor of Pathology where he headed the basic research unit in immunology. He headed fundamental research at the University of Pennsylvania Cancer Center. Dr. Greene currently serves as director of the Division of immunology, the John Eckman Professor of Medical Sciences and Vice-Chair of Pathology.

Mark Greene's outstanding talents and creativity as a scientist were clearly evident in his early years as a student and in postdoctoral studies when he worked with Nobel Laureate Baruj Benacerraf. His early potential has been fully realized throughout a brilliant career at the forefront of biomedical science. He is a pre-eminent leader in the field of cancer biology un general and in the molecular mechanisms underlying the immunological aspects of cancer pathogenesis in particular. His work on defining the principles of cellular receptor function includes seminal contributions to our understanding of how cancer genes lead breast cells to become malignant. His discoveries led to the identification of novel approaches to both radiotherapy and chemotherapy. They formed the basis for the development of specific therapeutic agents such as the anti-cancer drug Erbutux, for improved techniques for radiation therapy in head and neck cancers, and for the development of Herceptin for the treatment of breast cancer. In each of the areas he has worked, his discoveries have changed the way the field has evolved.

Mark Greene has authored or co-authored over 400 publications and has served as a reviewer and editor of the most prestigious journals in his field. His energy and productivity continue unabated as evidenced by his recent publications on epi-genetics and immune regulation. The large number of fellows trained in his laboratory includes many who have achieved distinction in their own right.

His stature as a scientist and his service on major committees and boards and as an advisor to leading cancer centres have garnered Dr. Greene many awards and distinctions including appointment as the Newton Abraham Professor, the award of a Master of Arts (Hon) and appointment as Trustee, Dunn School, Lincoln College Trust (all of Oxford University); and latterly the Allyn Taylor Prize and the Cotlove Award.

-citation delivered by mentor, Dr. Kent HayGlass, Faculty of Medicine, University of Manitoba

Wanda Koop

Wanda Koop, LL.D., May 28, 2009
Wanda Koop
CM.; Dip.Art(Man.); D.Litt.(Wpg., Emily Carr); R.C.A.

An artist may stare at the world like any other individual, and like most people, appreciate the attractiveness of light and atmosphere, the curve of the landscape, or the solidity of the built environment. The constantly shifting image of the world plays continually in front of our eyes. It may offer peace and serenity, or perhaps calls forth emotions and feelings, fears and for some, a desire or demand to respond to this stimulus in particular ways.

Successful art brings two conditions into existence - the transformation of a base material into a readable form, and an ability to demand from an audience that we focus our attention on a particular experience: In other words, a picture and a subject. Today, we are pleased to have one of Canada's most distinguished artists in our midst.

It is my very special privilege to honour Wanda Koop. Wanda is one of our own. A graduate of the University of Manitoba School of Art, Ms. Koop is to be recognized as one of Canada's most prolific and enduring artists. Wanda Koop has received numerous accolades for her work and community dedication. A partial list includes the Canada Council "A" Grant, the Paris Studio, the Japan Fund Award and the Manitoba Arts Council "A" Grant. In 2002, she was honoured with the Queen's Jubilee Medal. In 2006, Ms. Koop was named a Member of the Order of Canada.

She remains a resident of Winnipeg, yet her reputation extends across Europe, South America, Asia and Japan. Named by TIME Magazine as one of our country's best artists, her work and career includes over fifty solo exhibitions regularly exhibited nationally, internationally and installed in many private and museum collections including the National Gallery of Canada and residencies in Canada and abroad.

She has a restless eye. Over the decades it has constantly scanned the country from prairie to coast. Looking at her paintings we discover the magical qualities of colour. We find animals, bodies and landscapes and things we may not understand, all inhabiting a space familiar and yet unfamiliar. We approach this world with emotions and feelings, thoughts and fears. Her vision is intense and demanding. We are made conscious of our personal knowledge of the external world, our own act of looking, and a painted world that is unusually restricted, offering us curiosity and unease. In her recent project Green Zone she has developed an extended examination of the Iraq War, or rather, the problem of how to represent a conflict that cannot be seen by seizing on the vocabulary of the fragment as-object and subject. This work is currently touring.

Ms. Koop is a champion of the role art and creativity can play in community building, notably in Winnipeg's West Broadway and South Point Douglas neighbourhoods. She is also to be recognized for her tireless efforts to give inner-city youth a creative voice in their community. In 1988, she founded the successful Art City Project - an art centre in Winnipeg that continues to provide opportunities for people of all ages, especially inner-city youth, to work with contemporary visual artists to find their own creative vision.

Mr. Chancellor, it is an honour for me to ask on behalf of the Senate of the University of Manitoba that you confer upon Wanda Koop, the degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa.

-citation delivered by mentor, Prof. Paul Hess, Director of the School of Art, University of Manitoba

John C.S. Lau

John C.S. Lau, LL.D., October 21, 2009
John C. S. Lau
B.Econ., B.Com.(Queensland); F.M.C.A.

A prominent executive who engineered one of the most remarkable turnarounds in Canadian corporate history, Mr. Lau is a committed philanthropist dedicated to advancing the cause of education, promoting health and wellness, and establishing mutually beneficial relationships with Canada's First Nations people. President and Chief Executive Officer of Husky Energy Inc., one of Canada's largest energy companies, Mr. Lau is responsible for Husky's performance, strategic planning, and corporate policies. Under Mr. Lau's leadership, Husky has become Western Canada's largest producer of alternative fuel, manufacturing ethanol for blending with gasoline and other fuels. Mr. Lau is also recognized for his long-term commitment to Canada's First Nations people. He has been bestowed Honorary Chief, "Chief Earth Child," by the Frog Lake First Nation, Honorary Chief, "Chief Wolf Dog," by the Blood Nation (Blackfoot), Honorary Chief, "Chief Black Bull" by the Tsuu T'ina Nation and Honorary Chief, "Eagle Overlooking the Land" by the Kehewin Cree Nation. Mr. Lau has served on the Board of Governors of the University of Calgary and held positions on a number of related committees within the board. He has been a Board member of the Alberta Economic Development Authority and has been appointed a Guest Professor and an Honorary Director of the Potential Gas Appraisal Centre at the University of Petroleum, Beijing. In addition, Mr. Lau has been highly involved in charitable events, including Honorary Patron of the Canadian Cancer Society, Honorary Patron of the Banff Centre, and Honorary Patron of the Alberta Children's Hospital in Calgary. He is a member of the University of Ottawa's National Campaign Cabinet for the Campaign for Canada's Universities. Mr. Lau is a recipient of the Queen's Golden Jubilee medal recognizing his contributions to the Canadian community. He has received Centennial medals from the Province of Alberta and the Province of Saskatchewan. Mr. Lau has been honoured with the Saskatchewan Distinguished Service Award for his contribution to the development of the Province of Saskatchewan and its people through leadership and personal activity. In recognition of outstanding service and commitment to post-secondary education, Mr. Lau received the Clearsight Wealth Management Friend of Education Award from the Canadian Council for the Advancement of Education, and a Champion of Public Education in Canada Award by the Learning Partnership.

-citation delivered by mentor, Dr. Dean Sandham, Dean, Faculty of Medicine

David Naylor

David Naylor, D.Sc., May 15, 2009
David Naylor
O.C.; B.A., B.Sc., M.D.(Tor.); D.PhiL(Oxford); F.R.C.P.C., F.R.S.C.

David Naylor was born in Woodstock Ontario and, following studies in Arts and Science, graduated with honors in Medicine at the University of Toronto in 1978. A Rhodes Scholarship took him to Hertford College (Oxford) where studies in the Faculty of Social and Administrative Studies earned him a PhD in the Faculty of Social and Administrative Studies. From 1983 to 1986 he undertook specialty training in Internal Medicine in London, Ontario leading to Certification and Fellowship in the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. He then held Medical Research Council Fellowship and Senior Scientistship awards in General Medicine and Clinical Epidemiology in Toronto. In 1988, Dr, Naylor was appointed to the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Toronto and rose rapidly through the ranks to achieve full professorship in 1996.

Over the ensuing nine years, in addition to his research and teaching responsibilities, he served on the clinical staff of the Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre and assumed senior administrative roles as Director, Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre; founder and Chief Executive Officer, Institute of Clinical Evaluative Sciences (ICES); and Dean, Faculty of Medicine and Vice-Provost, University of Toronto. In 2005, Dr. Naylor was appointed President of the University of Toronto.

Dr. Naylor has been a highly active and productive researcher and highly regarded mentor and supervisor to students and postgraduate fellows. He has made a wide range of outstanding contributions to our understanding of health systems and in particular to outcomes- based evaluation of clinical medicine. He has brought intellectual rigor to marshalling the evidentiary base for designing effective clinical strategies. He has served on the editorial boards of prestigious national and international journals and on a variety of high level local, provincial, national and international committees; notably as Chair of the National Committee on SARS and Public Health which led to the establishment of the Public Health Agency of Canada. He has been an eclectic and prolific author of influential research papers, editorials, technical reports, book chapters and pamphlets.

The influence of Dr. Naylor's work is reflected in the many honours he has received from local, provincial, national and international bodies exemplified by his appointment as an Officer of the Order of Canada; election as a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, the Canadian Academy of Health Sciences and as a Foreign Associate Member, US Institute of Medicine; and by the distinctions bestowed on him by the Canadian Public Health Association, the Canadian Health Services Research Foundation, the Royal Australasian College of Physicians, the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, the Medical Research Council of Canada, and the Canadian Cardiovascular Society.

-citation delivered by mentor, Dr. Arnold Naimark

François Ricard

François Ricard, D.Litt., June 1, 2009

M.A. (McGill); Ph.D. (Aix-Marseille)


François Ricard, M.A.(McGiII); Ph.D.(Aix-Marseille)

J'ai l’honneur et le grand plaisir de vous présenter M. François Ricard,
professeur titulaire de littérature à l'Université McGill.  Québécois d'origine, François Ricard a fait ses études universitaires à l'Université McGill, ou il a obtenu sa maitrise es arts en 1968, et a L’Université d'Aix-Marseille en France, où il a obtenu son doctorat en 1971.

Ses principaux travaux ont porté sur la littérature québécoise de la fin du XIXe siècle (Honore Beaugrand, Edmond de Nevers), sur l'œuvre de Gabrielle Roy et sur les romans de Milan Kundera. II a participé a la rédaction d'une Histoire du Québec contemporain et publie quelques essais (La génération lyrique, Chroniques d'un temps loufoque).

II collabore également aux revues L'Atelier du roman (Paris) et L'inconvénient (Montréal), et dirige aussi deux collections aux éditions Boréal (<<Papiers colles » et « Cahiers Gabrielle Roy »). Ses recherches et ses nombreuses publications lui ont valu plusieurs distinctions, et, pour n'en mentionner que quelques-unes, signalons le Prix du Gouverneur général en 1986 pour son essai La littérature contre elle-même, la bourse Killam du Conseil des arts du Canada en 1988,  son élection a la Société royale du Canada en 1989, la grande médaille de la francophonie décernée par l'Académie française en 2001 et le prix André-Laurendeau de I'ACFAS en sciences humaines en 2005.
II est titulaire de la chaire James-McGill sur la littérature québécoise et sur le roman moderne, créée en janvier 2002; il participe au Groupe de recherche sur Gabrielle Roy et aux Travaux sur les arts du roman subventionnes par le Conseil de recherche en sciences humaines (CRSH), ainsi qu'aux Travaux sur le roman selon les romanciers subventionnes par le Fonds québécois de recherche sur la société et la culture (FQRSC).
Pour les spécialistes de littérature, François Ricard est étroitement associe à l'œuvre de Gabrielle Roy. II est d'ailleurs venu a plusieurs reprises au Manitoba, notamment pour la conférence inaugurale du colloque international « Gabrielle-Roy » de 1995. II était à ses cotes au cours des dernières années de sa vie en tant que collaborateur, confident et ami. Depuis la disparition de la romancière, il dirige le Fonds Gabrielle-Roy et joue aussi un rôle majeur dans la publication des inédit et des lettres de Gabrielle Roy, ainsi que des ouvrages collectifs portant sur la romancière. On lui doit aussi une importante biographie, Gabrielle Roy, une' vie, œuvré qui a par la suite été traduite et publiée en anglais.
J'aimerais vous citer un extrait d'une lettre d'André Brochu de l’Université de Montréal, qui a très bien connu François Ricard, lettre datée du 16 juin 2008. « A travers tous ces travaux, François Ricard apparat comme l'homme qui a le mieux compris L’œuvre et la vie, et le mieux servi la gloire de Gabrielle Roy. Monsieur Ricard n'est pas seulement un critique, un écrivain, un professeur de grand mérite, il est aussi l'un de nos intellectuels les plus remarquables, et lui qui a si bien su comprendre l'œuvré de Milan Kundera était admirablement arme pour rendre justice a l'auteure de La détresse et l'enchantement.»
A l'occasion du centième anniversaire de naissance de Gabrielle Roy, c'est avec une joie sincère et une grande fierté que le College universitaire de Saint-Boniface rend hommage aujourd'hui à celui qui fait rayonner l'œuvré de la romancière manitobaine la plus célèbre.

Monsieur le Chancelier, je vous prie de décerner a Monsieur François Ricard le grade de docteur en littérature honoris causa, au titre de représentant du Senat de l'Université du Manitoba.


Muriel Smith

Muriel Smith, LL.D., May 27, 2009
Muriel Smith
D.C., O.M.; B.A.(Hons.), B.Ed., M.Ed.(Man.); Ed.Dip.(Oxford)

Ms. Smith graduated from the University of Manitoba with a B.A. Honours, followed by a diploma in Education from Oxford University. She returned to school at the University of Manitoba in 1973 to complete her B.Ed and M.Ed. (psychological counseling) and went on to teach and be a counselor at the high school level. In later years Ms. Smith was an instructor at the Winnipeg Education Centre and the University of Manitoba.

Ms. Smith's political career began in 1974 as a member of the Manitoba New Democratic Party Executive. In 1981 she was elected as member of the Legislative Assembly for Osborne. Her appointment as Deputy Premier signified the first woman in Canada to achieve this. She also held the portfolios of Economic Development and Tourism, Community Services and Corrections, Minister Responsible for the Status of Women, and Labour and Housing.

Ms. Smith's interest and participation in women's issues and areas of international cooperation span the range of Chair of Empowering Women in Burma, United Nations Association of Canada and delegate to five world conferences, Provincial and National Councils of Women, the Canadian Federation of University Women, Executive Member of the Canadian Council for International Cooperation, Chair of the Manitoba Council for International Cooperation and one of three Manitoba government representatives to the Red River Basin Commission, to name just a few.

Ms. Smith's appointments to the Manitoba Human Rights Commission, Council on Post Secondary Education, and lay member of the Manitoba Law Society and the Association of Professional Engineers of Manitoba and her positions of Vice-President of the Winnipeg Symphony Orchestra Board, and President of the Board of Reh-Fit Centre demonstrate the breadth of her participation in her local community.

Muriel Smith's wide ranging interest and participation in her immediate community and to the larger community, has provided an immense service to these sectors.

Mr. Chancellor, it is an honour for me to ask on behalf of the Senate of the University of Manitoba, that you confer upon Muriel Smith the degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa.

-citation delivered by mentor, Dr. John Wiens, Dean, Faculty of Education

Kenneth Standing

Kenneth Standing, D.Sc., May 26, 2009
Kenneth Standing
B.Sc.(Hons.)(Man.); A.M., Ph.D. (Princeton)

Internationally renowned for innovations in the field of time-of-flight mass spectrometry as it relates to biomolecules, Dr. Standing is an accomplished researcher and educator. Currently professor emeritus in the department of physics and astronomy at the University of Manitoba, Dr. Standing has advanced the limits of sensitivity and the range of accessible sizes of biological macromolecules to the point where they have become extensively useful for real-world biomedical research.

His work has led to advances in the fields of biology, chemistry, biochemistry, and biomedicine, and to the commercial development of several instruments using techniques developed in his laboratory. Dr. Standings stature is reflected in the many prestigious awards and accolades he has received throughout his career. These include the NSERC Bertram Brockhouse Prize, the NSERC Synergy Award, and other awards from institutions such as the American Chemical Society and the American Physical Society. Along with his innovative research, Dr. Standing is recognized as a dedicated and skilled educator and mentor.

More than 10 students and post-doctoral fellows supervised by Dr. Standing have gone on to significant achievements at some of the most prestigious universities and companies in the world.

Mr. Chancellor, it is an honour for me to ask on behalf of the Senate of the University of Manitoba that you confer upon Kenneth Standing, the degree of Doctor of Science, honoris causa.

-citation delivered by mentor, Prof. Peter Blunden, Faculty of Science, University of Manitoba

Arni Thorsteinson

Arni Thorsteinson, LL.D., May 28, 2009
Arni Thorsteinson

Mr. Arni C. Thorsteinson is the President and controlling shareholder of Shelter Canadian Properties Limited. For over 25 years he has played a leading role in building and guiding the Associates of the I.H. Asper School of Business. He was a founding director and past Chair of the Associates and has served as a director since the organization's inception. He is currently Chair of the Associates Foundation.

Mr. Thorsteinson's commitment, wise guidance and dedicated support has played a fundamental role in building the Associates into the preeminent organization supporting a business school in Canada. Mr. Thorsteinson's role in bringing the Museum of Human Rights to fruition has been outstanding. Since its inception, he has served effectively as the Chair of the Advisory Committee, played a pivotal role in the fundraising activities, and contributed a sizeable personal donation to the Museum. In recognition of his pivotal role, he was recently appointed as Chair of the Museum's Board of Trustees.

Over the years, Mr. Thorsteinson has made a significant contribution to several of Canada's most important cultural and artistic institutions. He serves on the National Council of the Royal Winnipeg Ballet, as a Governor of the Banif Centre, and is a former governor of the Winnipeg Art Gallery.

In addition to his personal and dedicated efforts to his community and their important organizations, his exceptionally generous personal financial contributions have been truly outstanding.

Mr. Chancellor, it is an honour for me to ask on behalf of the Senate of the University of Manitoba that you confer upon Arni Thorsteinson, the degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa.

-citation delivered by mentor, Dr. Glenn Feltham, Dean, I.H. Asper School of Business


Gail Asper

Gail Asper, LL.D., October 30, 2008

Gail Asper
O.C.; O.M.; B.A., LL.B.(Man.)

Today, we honour Gail S. Asper, O.C., O.M., a distinguished alumna of the University of Manitoba. She is recognized in Canada for her exceptional record of achievement through a wide variety of leadership positions in business, community affairs and philanthropy. To each endeavour, she brings immeasurable enthusiasm and commitment, and unabashed pride in her home province. Ms Asper has a rare combination of intellect, compassion and humour together with the deepest of convictions.

Ms Asper received her Bachelor of Arts degree in 1981 and a Bachelor of Laws degree in 1984, both from the University of Manitoba. She was called to the Bar of Nova Scotia in 1985 and then practised corporate and commercial law in Halifax, Nova Scotia until 1989.

In business, Ms Asper contributes enormously to the success of Canwest Global, one of the jewels in Canadas corporate community. Ms Asper joined Canwest Global Communications Corp. in 1989 as General Counsel and Corporate Secretary. She has served as a Director of the company since 1991 and, until January 2008, was also the company's Corporate Secretary. Ms Asper is currently President of the Canwest Foundation. From 1998 to 2008, Ms Asper served on the Boards of Directors of several members of the Power Financial Corporation group of companies and she is a member of the Manitoba Bar Association and the Canadian Bar Association, as well as LEAF (Legal Education and Action Fund) and Canadian Women in Communications.

Gail Asper serves as President, and is a Trustee, of The Asper Foundation, a private charitable foundation, which has been at the forefront of the creation of the Canadian Museum for Human Rights in Winnipeg, Manitoba. The museum will be a world-class facility and will bring visitors from around the world to Winnipeg, and Ms Asper was recently appointed to its Board of Trustees.

Ms Asper has successfully led several fundraising projects that have touched many Manitobans serving as Co-Chair of the Manitoba Theatre Centre's $10 million Endowment Campaign, and having served for several years on the Board and as the President of the MTC. At the United Way of Winnipeg, she was the 2002 Campaign Chair and is a past Chair of the Board of Directors.

A dedicated volunteer, Ms Asper has given generously of her time and expertise to make a difference in the community. She is on the Board of Directors of the National Arts Centre Foundation and is Vice Chair of Business for the Arts. Ms Asper serves on the Board of Governors of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and is a Director Emerita of the Centre for Cultural Management at the University of Waterloo. Many other boards have benefitted from her considerable energies and talents including the Canadian Institute for International Affairs, the Manitoba Arts Stabilization Board, the St. Boniface Hospital Research Foundation, Winnipeg Jewish Child and Family Service and the Winnipeg Chamber of Commerce.

Ms Asper's tremendous humanitarian and volunteer contributions, and her commitment to Canada's vibrant arts community, have been recognized with numerous awards, including the inaugural Volunteer Centre of Winnipeg Award for Outstanding Community Leadership, the Queen's Golden Jubilee Medal, the YMCA/YWCA Women of Distinction Award for Community Voluntarism, the Variety Club's Gold Heart Humanitarian of the Year Award, and the Lieutenant Governor's Award for Outstanding Contribution to the Community - Individual.

More recently, Ms Asper received the Governor-General's Ramon John Hnatyshyn Award for Voluntarism in the Performing Arts in 2005 and an honorary diploma from Red River College in 2006. In 2008, she was honoured with the University of Ottawa's Distinguished Canadian Leadership Award.

In recognition of her achievements and her contributions to the province, Ms Asper was made a member of the Order of Manitoba in 2007 and she was appointed an Officer of the Order of Canada in 2008.

Ms Gail S. Asper, O.C., O.M., is a loyal and dedicated graduate of the University of Manitoba who has distinguished herself through her commitment to her alma mater and her home province, to the arts and to advancing human rights. Mr. Chancellor, it is my honour and privilege to ask in the name of the Senate of the University of Manitoba, that you confer upon Gail S. Asper, the degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa.

Nahlah Ayed

Nahlah Ayed, LL.D., October 29, 2008
Nahlah Ayed
B.Sc.(Hons.), M.A.(Man.); M.J.(Car.)

Today we honour Nahlah Ayed, an award-winning journalist and a distinguished alumna of this university. She is a familiar face and voice to Canadians, recognized for her journalistic excellence and integrity. Ms. Ayed is CBC Television's Middle Last correspondent based in Beirut covering events in various Arab countries including Lebanon, Iraq, Syria, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, United Arab Emirates, and Kuwait. She has covered the invasion of Iraq and the fall of Baghdad, the assassination of Lebanese Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri, and the historic elections in Egypt and Saudi Arabia. Her coverage in Iraq was nominated for a Gemini Award, and her 2002 series on living conditions in Canadian women's prisons won a citation for the Michener Award for Meritorious Journalism. She has also received the President's Award from the Canadian Press and the LiveWire Award for her coverage of the Afghanistan conflict, as well as several Story of the Year and Story of the Month Awards from the Canadian Press.

Ms. Ayed is a first generation Canadian of Palestinian parents, born and raised in Winnipeg. Her passion for journalism was sparked when she worked as a reporter for the Manitoban and a researcher with the Public Affairs Department here at the University of Manitoba. She finished two degrees at this university, an Honours Bachelor of Science majoring in Human Genetics in 1992, and an Independent Interdisciplinary Program Master of Arts (Philosophy, Genetics, and English) in 2000. In between those degrees, she also completed a Master of Journalism degree at Carleton University in 1997.

While working on her journalism degree, Ms. Ayed was a reporter for the Ottawa Citizen. Later she worked as a producer for Canadian television in Ottawa and Toronto, and then a parliamentary correspondent for the Canadian Press, where her duties including covering Canada's policy in the Middle East. During this time she reported on the war in Afghanistan and Canada's military contribution. She joined the CBC in November, 2002, and was posted to Jordan, where she set up a one-person bureau in Amman as a satellite to the main office in Jerusalem. Soon after she traveled to Iraq to cover the lead-up to the invasion. Fluent in Arabic, Ms. Ayed covered the fall of Baghdad, reporting from Firdos Square as celebrating Iraqis toppled the statue of Saddam Hussein. Ms. Ayed continued to cover the ongoing violence, making the difficult trip overland back to Iraq several times to cover the war's aftermath for both CBC television and radio. Her reporting has been technologically ground-breaking, as well. In her coverage of the referendum in Alexandria, Egypt in March 2007, she was the first correspondent to use digital video reporting over a webcam-equipped laptop, now a common method of receiving live reports from the field.

A courageous journalist who provides the highest level of journalistic quality in some of the most dangerous parts of the world, Ms. Ayed has established herself as a highly regarded and respected correspondent among her peers, who call her work courageous, smart, and tireless, 'and have referred to her career thus far as distinguished.' While many correspondents are compelled or choose to report from the safety of protected zones, her stories come from the streets and the front lines, often at great risk to herself. In her line of duty, she has been physically attacked, threatened with firearms, and survived the bombing at the Kahadimiya Mosque in Baghdad, which killed over 80 people.

Reporting from a part of the world where coverage often lacks depth or content, she challenges our conventional wisdom and broadens our knowledge of the complexities of a region largely misunderstood. Her stories reflect the humanity of the places she visits and tell the tales of the people who are all too often overlooked in the grander scheme of things - the men, women, and children who live in circumstances we could not imagine. "I am not on a personal crusade," she has said, "I just believe that perhaps, with my background, I may be able to have better access to Arab society, and perhaps impart a little better knowledge and explanation of the complexities of the Middle East, and Arabs in particular." For someone who has accomplished so much in a relatively short career thus far, she is clearly a role model and an inspiration for us all.

Mr. Chancellor, it is my honour and privilege to ask you, in the name of the Senate and the University of Manitoba, to confer upon Ms. Nahlah Ayed the degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa.

G. Michael Bancroft

G. Michael Bancroft, D.Sc., May 27, 2008

G. Michael Bancroft
O.C.; B.Sc.(Hons.), M.Sc.(Man); M.A., Ph.D., D.Sc.(Cambridge); D.Sc.(W.Ont.); F.R.S.C.

Today we are honoured to welcome back to our academic community a distinguished alumnus, Dr. Michael Bancroft, who has had a long and distinguished career in Canadian academia as a leader in scientific research and administration.

Mike Bancroft was born in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, and raised in Winnipeg, Manitoba. He graduated from the University of Manitoba with an Honours B.Sc. in chemistry in 1963, and a M.Sc. in chemistry in 1964 under the supervision of Prof. H.D. Gesser. Upon obtaining a Shell Post-Graduate Scholarship, he went to the University of Cambridge in 1964 for his Ph.D. studies. In the first six months of his Ph.D. program he constructed one of the first automated Mössbauer spectrometers, and used this early spectrometer to study structure and bonding in inorganic compounds and silicate minerals. After his Ph.D. in early 1967, he held a post-doctoral appointment with J.B. Westmore at the University of Manitoba, before returning to the University of Cambridge as a Research Fellow at Christ’s College and as Demonstrator in the Chemistry Department. During this time at Cambridge, he obtained contracts to publish a book and a large review article on Mössbauer Spectroscopy, both of which appeared in 1972/73. He later received an M.A. (1970) and Sc.D. (1979) from the University of Cambridge.

After three years teaching at University of Cambridge, Mike returned to Canada in 1970 and joined the University of Western Ontario, Department of Chemistry, as an Assistant Professor, where he rose through the ranks, becoming a Professor in 1974 and Department Chair between 1986-91 and 1992-95. Over a period of 34 years, he also held a number of additional positions at Western including as Director of the Centre for Chemical Physics from 1977-1981, during which time he established Surface Science Western in 1979, and the Canadian Synchrotron Radiation Facility (CSRF) in Madison, Wisconsin in 1980. He directed the latter facility as President from 1991 until 1999.

His multi-decade long dream and effort to establish a national synchrotron facility became a reality when the Canadian Light Source (CLS) was built at the University of Saskatchewan, and he became the first Director from 1999- 2001. He continued as acting Director of Research at the CLS from 2001- 2005. From 1997-1999 Mike was first Vice-President and then President of the Canadian Society for Chemistry. For Mike’s achievement in the establishment of the Canadian Light Source, and his productive research and administrative career, he received Canada’s highest civilian honour when he was appointed an Officer of the Order of Canada in 2003.

In the first twenty years as a scientist, Mike became one of the world’s leading experts in Mössbauer spectroscopy. His pioneering work on Mössbauer studies of iron-57 in minerals included analysis of Apollo lunar samples. The importance of this very early work is demonstrated by the presence of a Mössbauer spectrometer on the US Mars probe in December 2003. Mike is also known as a pioneer in the use of x-ray spectroscopies (using laboratory ultra-violet and x-ray sources, as well as synchrotron
radiation) to record high resolution spectra of inorganic molecules, minerals, tribochemical films and other surfaces. Mike has been recognized for his scientific and scholarly work by numerous prizes from the Royal Society of Canada (FRSC at the age of 37), the Canadian Society of Chemistry, the American Chemical Society, and the British Chemical Society. He has published over 400 papers, given more than 150 invited talks, supervised 39 graduate students and 37 postdoctoral fellows, and worked with several large industries such as Dofasco, AECL, Imperial Oil, Chevron, and INCO. Most of the excellent students and post-docs who studied with Mike have gone on to have very productive careers in academia, industry and/or government. Mike’s contributions have gone far beyond physical chemistry and some of his most notable work has been at interfaces with mineralogists, tribologists, and industry.

Mike has had an active love of classical music as a boy and adult chorister, and as a piano and flute player. He is also an avid curler, golfer and tennis player. Global warming is a current passion, and he was active at the University of Western Ontario in helping to set up a pan-University Liberal Studies program to bring many disciplines together (including science, music and religion) to discuss important topics such as global warming. He, and his wife Joan, have two grown children, David and Catherine.

Mr. Chancellor, it is my honour and privilege to ask, in the name of the Senate of the University of Manitoba, that you confer upon G. Michael Bancroft, the degree of Doctor of Science, honoris causa.

-citation delivered by mentor, Dr. Norman Hunter, Head, Department of Chemistry

Ivan Eyre

Ivan Eyre, LL.D., May 27, 2008
Ivan Eyre
O.M., B.F.A.(Man.)

Today we are honouring Professor Emeritus Ivan Eyre, a distinguished alumnus, a Professor of painting and drawing at the University of Manitoba for thirty-three years until his retirement in 1993 and a man remembered by generations of students as an inspiring artist and teacher.

Born in Tullymet, Saskatchewan, Professor Eyre came at age eighteen, the same age many of you were when you entered the University of Manitoba, to study at the School of Art. That was nearly fifty-five years ago. He brought with him from Saskatchewan vivid memories of the sounds, the smells, the colour and form of the prairie landscape. Listen to Ivan's boyhood recollection of a walk into town with his father.

That powdery black dirt road, so hot on the feet, was often full of cracks or covered with small, flat mud-cakes. Along the road, the air was full of the sweet smell of tall clover growing in the ditch. It was the road that my father took to town to get groceries or supplies of milk from a nearby farm. When I accompanied him I ran to keep up with his brisk walk.

Indeed when one looks at the work of Ivan Eyre one must be prepared for just such a brisk, richly detailed walk. Every painting or drawing takes the viewer on a kind of journey. Yet the fields, forests, mountains and skies, there are always skies, are not landscape we have seen but mindscapes he has created. Perhaps it is the universality of these images that allows us to take the journey of our choosing and to see in his imagery what we need to see.

I first encountered Ivan, or more accurately his work, while traveling in Germany in 1973. I had stopped in Frankfurt for two days to check out the gallery scene. I remember walking into the Hanna Bekker Vom Rath art gallery, and being mesmerized by a painting called Equinox by a young painter named Ivan Eyre. I assumed he was German. I hadn't seen much Canadian art and I was shocked to find he was a fellow Canadian. Three years later I was surprised and delighted to find that he was one of my new colleagues here at the University of Manitoba.

Professor Eyre has been an artist in this community for over fifty years. For most of that time he has lived and worked less than three miles from this very spot. Husband of Brenda and father of Kevin and Tyrone, Ivan Eyre is recognized as one of the most important and prolific Canadian artists of the twentieth century. His work has been exhibited internationally in Tokyo, Hong Kong, Paris, Spain, London, Edinburgh, Frankfurt and New York and in many private as well as all of the major and most of the small public galleries across Canada. In addition to sixty-seven solo and one hundred and twenty-eight group exhibitions his works reside permanently in many public, corporate and private collections here and abroad. His1988 exhibition, Ivan Eyre Personal Mythologies: Images of the Milieu, was the first exhibition of work by a living Canadian painter and an inaugural exhibition, for the new National Gallery of Canada. His work has been the subject of films, books, critical articles and scholarly study. The entire second floor of the Pavilion Gallery in Assiniboine Park is dedicated to the permanent exhibition of his art. Among his many honours are both the Silver and Gold Queen’s Jubilee medals, membership in the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts, the University of Manitoba Alumni Jubilee Award, the Order of Manitoba and his 1994 appointment as Professor Emeritus at this university.

Ivan Eyre continues to produce important, critically acclaimed work in his studio in St. Norbert. It is for the uniqueness and clarity of his artistic vision and his long and distinguished service to the University of Manitoba School of Art, that he is deserving of this University's highest honour. Mr. Chancellor it is my honour and my privilege to ask in the name of the Senate of the University of Manitoba that you confer upon Professor Emeritus Ivan Eyre the degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, not only for his remarkable lifetime achievement but also for sharing with all Canadians the boundless landscape of his imagination.

-citation delivered by mentor, Professor Gordon Reeve, School of Art

Donald K. Johnson

Donald K. Johnson, LL.D., May 28, 2008

Donald K. Johnson
C.M., B.Sc.(E.E.)(Man.); M.B.A.(W.Ont.)

Donald Johnson was born June 18, 1935 in Lundar, Manitoba, where he completed high school. He obtained a B.Sc. in Electrical Engineering from the University of Manitoba in 1957. Mr. Johnson also received an MBA from the University of Western Ontario in 1963. While his career took him to Toronto, he has never forgotten his roots in Manitoba nor his alma mater.

Although Mr. Johnson's initial career was in electrical engineering, his greatest career successes were in the investment industry. After obtaining his MBA in 1963, he joined Burns Bros. & Denton Ltd., a predecessor firm of BMO Nesbitt Burns. During his 42-year career with the company, he held a series of management positions in institutional equity, sales, trading research, and international, retail and investment management. Mr. Johnson was President of Burns Fry from 1984 to 1989 and from 1989 to 2004 he was Vice-Chairman, Investment Banking, for BMO Nesbitt Burns and predecessor companies. His prime focus was providing advice to major Canadian and international companies on mergers and acquisitions and equity and debt financing. He was a Governor of the Toronto Stock Exchange from 1978 to 1980, and Chairman of the Investment Dealers Association in 1988-89. Current managers at BMO Nesbitt Burns refer to Mr. Johnson as a "legend". Mr. Johnson is currently Chairman of Easyhome Ltd. and a director of Manicouagan Minerals.

Along with his outstanding success in business, Mr. Johnson has been an active volunteer for many education, arts, and health care organizations. It has been said that Don understands that there is no shame in seeking assistance for needy organizations and while developing an extremely successful business career, he has never forgotten about the importance of giving back to one's community.

Mr. Johnson serves on the advisory board of the Richard Ivey School of Business at the University of Western Ontario, where he has been a James C. Taylor Distinguished Lecturer. He is a member of the Board of Trustees of the Toronto General and Western Hospital Foundation, and Chairman of the Vision Campaign for the Toronto Western Hospital. He is also Chairman Emeritus and Director of the Council for Business and Arts in Canada, a Trustee of the Toronto Foundation for Student Success, a Member of the 2008 Major Individual Giving Cabinet of the United Way of Toronto and a member of the Ontario Committee for the I.H. Asper School of Business. He served as a Director of the Canadian Club of Toronto, as a Board Member of the National Ballet of Canada and the Bishop Strachan School Foundation. He was a member of the Campaign Cabinet of the Canadian Opera House Corporation and in 1994-96 he chaired a successful campaign for the National Ballet to build a new facility.

In addition to giving his time and expertise, Mr. Johnson has financially supported many worthwhile initiatives, including the Pauline Johnson Library in Lundar, Manitoba, and the Fjola Johnson Memorial Scholarship at the Lundar High School. At the University of Manitoba in the Faculty of Engineering, Mr. Johnson created a fund to support students who take on leadership roles in student government, and provided support for the facilities for the University of Manitoba Engineering Society. The Donald K. Johnson Student Centre has been named in his honour.

However, Mr. Johnson's greatest contribution to the charitable sector in Canada is his leadership role on its behalf in lobbying the federal government to remove tax barriers on gifts of publicly listed securities to registered charities. The federal government has now completely eliminated the capital gains tax on gifts of listed securities. This change has resulted in an explosive increase in gifts of shares to not-for-profit organizations, including universities.

In recognition for his many achievements in business and his countless contributions to the charitable sector in Canada, Mr. Johnson was made a member of the Order of Canada in 2005. He was the recipient of the 2007 Edmund C. Bovey Award for Leadership Support of the Arts and was selected by the Globe & Mail as National Builder of the Year in 2007. The personal, community, and business achievements of Mr. Donald K. Johnson make him a most deserving recipient of our recognition with an honorary degree.

-citation delivered by mentor, Dr. Douglas Ruth, Dean, Faculty of Engineering

Verna J. Kirkness

Verna J. Kirkness, LL.D., May 29, 2008

Verna J. Kirkness
C.M., D.C.; B.A. (Man.); B. Ed. (Man); M. Ed. (Man.); LL.D. (Br.C0D; LL.D. (WOnt.); D.Litt. (Mt.St.Vin.)

Today, we honour Verna J. Kirkness, a member of the Fisher River Cree Nation, a distinguished alumnus of the University of Manitoba, and national leader in education in Canada who has inspired countless students and educators in both Aboriginal and non Aboriginal communities and who through her vision and determination has successfully established new institutions that will contribute to excellence in Aboriginal education for future generations.

Verna Kirkness received her Teaching Certificate from The Manitoba Normal School in 1959, and her Bachelor of Arts (1974), Bachelor of Education (1976) and Master of Education (1980) degrees from the University of Manitoba.

Verna Kirkness started her teaching career as an elementary school teacher in Manitoba's public school system before working as both a teacher and principal in First Nations schools. In the late 1960s, as Elementary Schools Supervisor with Frontier School Division, she was instrumental in making Cree and Djibway the language of instruction in several Manitoba schools. In the early 1970s as Education Director for the Manitoba Indian Brotherhood (now the Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs) and then Education Director for the National Indian Brotherhood (now the Assembly of First Nations) she assisted in developing and implementing both the influential publication of the Manitoba Chiefs, Wahbung: Our Tomorrows and the landmark 1972 national policy of Indian Control of Indian Education. These two major works have shaped the educational agendas of First Nations education in our province and our country for more than 35 years.

On completing her Master of Education degree in the Faculty of Education at the University of Manitoba in 1980, Verna Kirkness continued her successful career teaching at the university level, becoming an Assistant Professor at the University of British Columbia (UBC). In 1984 she was appointed Director of the Native Teacher Education Program at UBC -- which under her leadership became one of the most successful such programs in the country - and Head of the Ts’kel Graduate Program (which she founded).

In the late 1980s Verna Kirkness was a prime mover in the establishment of the First Nations House of Learning on the campus of UBC and served as its first Director from 1987 to 1993. During that time she spearheaded and coordinated a major public/private $2 million fundraising campaign to build a First Nations House of  Learning longhouse which opened in 1993 and which serves as an important focal point for First Nations students at the University of British Columbia.

Verna Kirkness has been a scholar as well as a teacher and administrator. She has written and edited six books and has published numerous articles on Aboriginal education in academic journals in Canada and internationally. She is a founding member and former president of the Mokakit Indian Education Research Association.

Verna Kirkness' work was recognized by the University of British Columbia in 1994 when she was awarded an Honorary Doctor of Laws degree. More recently, returning home to Manitoba, Verna Kirkness has remained a tireless advocate for Aboriginal education. She has been influential in the planning and creation of The University College of the North in Manitoba, and at the University of Manitoba has led a successful and ongoing effort by the Faculty of Graduate Studies to recruit Aboriginal scholars into Ph.D. studies at the University.

The work of this University of Manitoba graduate in the field of Aboriginal education in Manitoba and in British Columbia is without parallel. For more than four decades she has been a major spokesperson for Aboriginal education. This work has been recognized in numerous honours and awards. Verna Kirkness is a member of the Order of Manitoba (2007) and the Order of Canada (1998). She was awarded The Queen's Golden Jubilee Medal in 2003, and in addition to her Honorary degree from the University of British Columbia, has received an Honorary Doctor of Laws from the University of Western Ontario (1992) and an Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters from Mount Saint Vincent University (1990).

Mr. Chancellor, it is my honour and privilege to ask, in the name of the Senate of the University of Manitoba, that you confer upon Verna J. Kirkness the degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa.

-citation delivered by mentor, Dr. Jonathan Young, Acting Dean of Education

The Honourable Richard H. Kroft

The Honourable Richard H. Kroft, LL.D., May 29, 2008

The Honourable Richard H. Kroft
CM.; B.A., LL.B.(Man.)

Today, Richard Kroft, CM., will receive his third degree from the University of Manitoba. A graduate of both the Faculty of Arts and the Faculty of Law, Richard Kroft is known locally and nationally for the significant contributions he has made in business, politics, and community life. In each of these diverse fields, his work has been characterized by a consistent sense of purpose, personal character and leadership that resulted not only in success for many organizations but, moreover, allowed others to benefit from his wisdom, good counsel and constant adherence to the highest set of values.

Richard Kroft is President of Tryton Investments Co. Ltd. and Chairman of Conviron, a world class technology company with headquarters in Winnipeg. Following graduation from Law in 1963, Mr. Kroft joined McCabe Grain Co. Ltd. where he became involved with providing financing for and later, ownership of, a young company developing new technology for a plant growth chamber. During the past 40 years, the company, now known as Conviron, has grown into the world leader in the design and manufacture of controlled environmental systems for agricultural, ecological and other life science research with installations in more than 80 countries. Mr. Kroft has also served on the Board of Directors of a number of local and national corporations. Richard Kroft’s foresight and business leadership were recognized by his peers when they selected him as an inaugural member of the Manitoba Manufacturers Hall of Fame.

On two separate occasions, Mr. Kroft took time from business to work with the federal government. Shortly after he started his career, he moved to Ottawa to become the Special Assistant to the Minister of Finance and Executive Assistant to the Secretary of State for External Affairs, Mitchell Sharp. A few years later, he returned to Winnipeg and his growing business interests in this city. Richard Kroft was summoned back to Ottawa in 1998 when Prime Minister Jean Cretien appointed him to the Senate of Canada. During six years in the Upper Chamber, Mr. Kroft chaired both the Standing Committee on Internal Economy, Budgets and Administration, and the Standing Senate Committee on Banking, Trade and Commerce. As he had always done in his other activities, Richard Kroft brought intellectual rigor, clarity of thought and creativity to his new responsibilities. Under his leadership, the Internal Economy Committee made significant changes that resulted in more efficient resource allocations and improved operations in the Senate. The Banking, Trade and Commerce Committee produced an important report on bankruptcy and insolvency and began what was to become an influential study into charitable giving in Canada.

In what is often a highly partisan environment, Senator Richard Kroft gained the respect and admiration of members from all parties as well as the administration. On his retirement in 2004, Senator Lucie Pepin commented that the Senate had come to know and respect Senator Kroft for "his extraordinary intellectual, moral and professional integrity...his personality and the quality of his work."

In addition to his accomplishments in business and public life, Richard Kroft has distinguished himself in making our community a better place for all. He was a member of Winnipeg 2000, the Executive Committee for the 1999 Pan-American Games, the Manitoba Business Council, the Jewish Foundation of Manitoba, the Associates of the Asper School of Business, and the University of Manitoba's Honorary Campaign Cabinet. One of his most significant and lasting contributions is his service to the Royal Winnipeg Ballet where as a long standing board member and president, he spearheaded the campaign for a new permanent home for the ballet in downtown Winnipeg.

David Matthews of the Kettering Foundation once said, "Democracies need something more than written constitutions, free elections and representative governments. They also depend on a strong public life, a rich depository of social capital, a sense of community, and a healthy civil society." The relationship is reciprocal in that while "only a democracy can support a civil society, only a civil society will sustain a democracy."

Richard Kroft has made a singular contribution to the development of democracy and a more civil society in our city, the province and our country. In recognition of his dedication to a better Canada, he was made a Member of the Order of Canada in 1997. Richard Kroft is a most worthy recipient of an Honorary Doctor of Laws degree from his alma mater, the University of Manitoba.

-citation delivered by mentor, Professor Harvey Secter, Dean, Faculty of Law

Hugh C. Smith

Hugh C. Smith, D.Sc., May 16, 2008

Hugh C. Smith
B.Sc.(Med.), M.D.(Man.)

Today, we honour Dr. Hugh C. Smith, a distinguished alumnus of the University of Manitoba, Faculty of Medicine, recognized throughout North America for his dedication to patient care and service, his professional leadership and his academic achievements.

Dr. Smith graduated from the Manitoba Medical School with Bachelor of Science and Medical Doctor degrees. He received his internal medicine training at the University of Manitoba and completed his cardiovascular research and clinical training at the University of Washington and the Mayo Graduate School of Medicine.

He had a distinguished career as a student at the Faculty of Medicine, receiving numerous awards, most notably, the University Gold Medal in 1965, in addition to The Faculty Of Medicine Bronze Medal in 1964; the Chown Prize For Highest Standing in Surgery Ill & IV in 1965; the Dr. Charlotte W. Ross Memorial Prize and Gold Medal In Obstetrics in 1965; the Dr. Gerald M. Olin Memorial Prize and Bronze Medal In Pediatrics in 1965. Since then, his career has proceeded from strength to strength.

Dr. Smith is a professor of Internal Medicine and Cardiology at Mayo Clinic College of Medicine. He has pursued research interests in clinical and interventional cardiology, knowledge management and clinical decision making at Mayo Clinic.

He is an institution leader in his 35-year career at Mayo Clinic. His past leadership roles have included; director of the cardiac laboratory; chair of the Division of Cardiovascular Diseases; chair of the Mayo Clinic Rochester Board of Governors (CEO) from 1999 to 2005; vice president of Mayo Foundation, and member of Mayo Clinic Board of Trustees. He has served as medical director of Mayo Medical Services, Inc. Mayo Clinic’s health plan and contracting department. He is a founding member of the Mayo Health System Mayo Clinic’s regional system of clinics and hospitals in 64 communities in Wisconsin, Iowa and Minnesota. As CEO of Mayo Clinic Rochester and Mayo Health System, he directed more than 2,000 physicians and 30,000 employees. He established Mayo Clinic’s first international practice site, the Mayo Cardiology Clinic in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, and has been recognized as a cardiologist who led the Mayo Clinic to excel in the burgeoning fields of genomics, bioinformatics and biotechnology.

He is a founding board member of two Minnesota organizations that focus on multi-system health care, quality and safety: the Institute of Clinical Systems Integration (ICSI) and Safest in America, involving 10 Twin Cities and Rochester hospital systems. He has served on leadership groups of the American College of Cardiology and state and national American HeartAssociation. He is a member of the Board of Directors of Hormel Foods and Blue Cross Blue Shield of Minnesota, the Board of Trustees of Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, the Rochester Area Foundation Board and the University of Manitoba Development Board.

In an interview in 1999, Dr. Smith noted he has good memories of The University of Manitoba, especially his medical education. He explained: “It was not until I could compare my training with Ivy-League-trained contemporaries, in highly competitive residency programs at the University of Washington and at Mayo Clinic, that I fully appreciated how well I had been prepared during my years at The University of Manitoba. Manitoba Medical School professors were particularly stimulating and challenging, and outstanding role models for me. In particular, I recall that Drs. Joseph Doupe, Rueben Cherniak, Ted Cuddy, Arnold Naimark and Lyonel Israels significantly influenced my subsequent career.” Dr. Smith will be returning in September to address the University as the Faculty of Medicine, 2008 Distinguished Joe Doupe Memorial Lecturer. He continues to have a strong connection to Winnipeg and has a family coffage in the Lake of the Woods.

Dr. Smith has published more than 120 papers and an equal number of review articles, visiting professorship lectures, text chapters and editorial commentaries. As an outstanding member of the academic community and a University of Manitoba graduate, he is a most worthy recipient of this degree.

Mr. Chancellor, it is my honour and privilege to ask in the name of the Senate of the University of Manitoba, that you confer upon Dr. Hugh C. Smith, the degree of Doctor of Science, honoris causa.

- citation delivered by mentor, Dr. Dean Sandham, Dean, Faculty of Medicine


Bruce D. Campbell

Bruce D. Campbell, LL.D., May 4, 2007
Bruce Duncan Campbell
BSA (Manitoba)

Bruce Duncan Campbell grew up on a grain and beef family farm at Chater, Manitoba. He attended Clinton #155 School for grades one through eight, completed grade nine by correspondence, and then finished his high school education at Brandon Collegiate. Bruce enrolled as an undergraduate in the Faculty of Agriculture at the University of Manitoba, financing his first year of university by selling a prize-winning 4-H calf.  He graduated in 1958 with a Bachelor of Science in Agriculture, majoring in Animal Science and joined Feed-Rite Mills as a sales territory representative.

Fuelled by vision and his entrepreneurial spirit, in 1968 Bruce left the security of a regular paycheque and depleted his savings to purchase a 50% interest in a rural feed business in Landmark, MB. Nine years later he extended his ownership in the company, at the same time bringing the first of a number of key individuals into partnership with him. Bruce quarterbacked a team of partners and outstanding employees in turning a small rural feed business into one of Western Canada's leading agribusiness companies, while becoming well known himself as a visionary businessman with high integrity. When Maple Leaf Foods Ltd. purchased The Landmark Group Inc. in 1999, the feed side of the business, Landmark Feeds Inc., had grown from a single rural feed mill to eight large modern feed production facilities, five in Manitoba and three in Alberta. During that same time, the swine side of the business, Elite Swine Inc., had grown to become Canada's leading swine infrastructure company, with locations in Landmark and Brandon, MB, and in Strathmore, AB.
Bruce always placed a high value on the people who were his partners, employees, customers, and suppliers, believing firmly that everybody who was involved with him in any of these capacities should be successful. In so doing, he established a people culture that encouraged personal respect and mutual trust, a strong sense of loyalty, and a high level of individual empowerment and achievement.  He achieved recognition for this approach, as evidenced by many awards, including the Canadian Feed Industry Association Golden Award in 1995 for dedicated industry leadership by significantly contributing to the advancement of poultry, livestock, and food production in Canada; the Manitoba Entrepreneur of the Year award in 1999 presented by Young Associates of the Faculty of Management, University of Manitoba; and the Prairies Region Entrepreneur of the Year, Agriculture/Food award in 1999. More recently Bruce was named a Fellow of the Agricultural Institute of Canada in 2001 and received the Distinguished Agrologist Award from the Manitoba Institute of Agrologists in 2002. He was inducted into the Manitoba Agricultural Hall of Fame in 2004.

Bruce Campbell also has been a visionary and leader within Manitoba's agricultural community, through support of rural communities, and his incredible support to youth and education. He has encouraged the adoption of new technologies to increase profitability, animal health and environmental stewardship for his company and for livestock and poultry producers in Manitoba and Western Canada. Bruce inspired and supported the development of the ESI Leadership in Agriculture Awards, offered through 18 Manitoba high schools annually. He believed in supporting the rural communities in which his businesses were located. As well, Bruce and his wife Lesley have been major supporters of CancerCare Manitoba, Ducks Unlimited, the Manitoba Museum and the University of Manitoba. Bruce and Lesley have created a fully endowed bursary fund at the University of Manitoba, awarding five bursaries to students annually. Most recently, Bruce's strong commitment to education was exhibited by a $500,000 donation to the Glenlea Farm Education Centre and the National Centre for Livestock and the Environment.  Not only has Bruce made a significant contribution, he is also an active member of the fundraising committee for this initiative. This dedication to his community resulted in Bruce receiving the Outstanding Philanthropist Award from AFP Board, Manitoba Chapter in 2006.

He married Lesley Lorraine Gay in 1963 and has two children, Brock (Bachelor of Science in Agriculture, (Agricultural Economics) - Manitoba), and Nancy (Bachelor of Fine Arts - Manitoba, Masters of Art Education - UBC) and five grandchildren.

The Honourable Sharon Carstairs

The Honourable Sharon Carstairs, LL.D., May 10, 2007

The Honourable Sharon Carstairs
P.C.B.A.(DaI.); M.A.(Smith); LL.D.(Bran.)

Senator Sharon Carstairs truly has a lifetime of familiarity with Canadian public service, growing up in Halifax where her father Harold Connolly served as Premier of Nova Scotia, and was subsequently appointed to the Senate of Canada in 1955.

After obtaining her Bachelor of Arts in Political Science and History at Dalhousie University, Senator Carstairs completed a Masters of Arts in Teaching in 1963 at Smith College in Northampton, Massachusetts. She has remained a dedicated advocate of excellence in education, a commitment nurtured through diverse teaching experience which has included schools in Massachusetts, Calgary, and Manitoba and as a Sessional Lecturer at the University of Manitoba.

Manitobans remember with respect and fondness the passion and integrity with which Senator Carstairs led the Liberal Party in Manitoba from 1984 to 1993. In 1988, Senator Carstairs became the first woman elected Leader of the Official Opposition in both Manitoba and Canada, a position which she held in the Manitoba Legislative Assembly from 1988 to 1990. She was elected Member of the Manitoba Legislative Assembly for River Heights in 1986, and served until her appointment to the Senate on September 15, 1994.

A member of the Senate of Canada since 1994, her accomplishments are numerous and remarkable. Senator Carstairs was the first woman in Canada to be appointed as Deputy Leader of the Government in the Senate in September 1997, and from January 2001 to December 2003 was the Leader of the Government in the Senate. She has served on and has chaired several Senate Committees and has been a member of the Committee on the Human Rights of Parliamentarians for InterParliamentary Union since 2004 and Vice President of this Committee since July 2006.

Senator Carstairs is a tireless champion for improved access to quality palliative and end-of-life care for Canadians. In 1994-1995, she served as a member of the Special Senate Committee on Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide, releasing in June 1995 the comprehensive and challenging report Of Life and Death which served as a catalyst for palliative care initiatives across the country. Senator Carstairs was Chair of the Subcommittee of the Standing Senate Committee on Social Affairs, Science and Technology, releasing in June 2000 the report Quality End-of-Life Care: The Right of Every Canadian, an update to “Of Life and Death.” From March 2001 to December 2003, Senator Carstairs served as Minister with Special Responsibility for Palliative Care, an appointment indicative of the confidence held for her ability to move forward on unmet needs. A reflection of her steadfast commitment to Palliative Care, in June 2005 she released a 10-year report card entitled Still Not There-Quality Endof-Life Care: A Progress Report, highlighting achievements and ongoing gaps in palliative and end-of-life care in Canada since the initial 1995 report Of Life And Death.

The creation and ongoing development of the Canadian Virtual Hospice, a unique online palliative care resource, has benefited greatly by the support and advocacy of Senator Carstairs.

Senator Carstairs' ongoing advocacy was instrumental in the development and subsequent revisions of the Employment insurance Compassionate Care Benefits, supporting those who must miss work in order to care for someone who is terminally ill. She has also been a strong promoter of mandatory palliative care curriculum for medical students.

An accomplished author, Senator Carstairs' publications include her autobiography Not One of the Boys, and an essay about women in politics which was reviewed as "clear-eyed and devastating" for the book Dropped Threads. As well, she recently co-authored with Tim Higgins the book Dancing Backwards: A Social Histoiy of Canadian Women in Politics.

Numerous honours have been awarded to Senator Carstairs for her continued commitment to Canadians, including the Commemorative Medal for the 125th Anniversary of Confederation in 1992; the Commemorative Medal for the Golden Jubilee of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II in 2002; the 2003 Canadian Hospice Palliative Care Association Leadership Award; a Doctor of Laws Degree (Honoris Causa) from Brandon University in 2003; Decoration, Member of Merit, The Military and Hospitaller Order of Saint Lazarus of Jerusalem in 2003; and the Muriel McQueen Ferguson Foundation Award in 2004.

Senator Carstairs has a long, varied, and busy history in volunteer activities. She has been President/Chair or a member of numerous Boards, Councils, and Foundations. While co-chair of the Prairleaction Foundation fund-raising campaign, over $5 Million was raised to support research into family violence.

Senator Carstairs' lifelong dedication to improving the lives of Canadians has effected change that far exceeds what most could ever aspire to achieve. Her unwavering commitment to improving access to palliative and end-of-life care has been inspirational to those working in the field. In a career marked by many "Firsts," Senator Carstairs is first in the minds of those who work in Palliative Care when one thinks of relentless advocacy on a national level for those affected by life-limiting illness. She is married to John Esdale Carstairs and they have two daughters, Catherine and Jennifer.

-citation delivered by Dr. Michael Harlos, Professor of Family Medicine

Victor Davies

Victor Davies, LL.D., June 7, 2007

Victor Davies
B.Mus. (Indiana)
Victor Davies was born in Winnipeg, where he graduated from Kelvin High School and attended the University of Manitoba for two years. He received a Bachelor of Music degree in composition from Indiana in 1964 and later studied conducting with Pierre Boulez in Switzerland.
Over the span of his professional career, he has established himself as a composer who speaks to a broadly based audience in a musical language of the people. His eclecticism is evident in the media for which he has written and the works he has composed. Because the list of his published and performed compositions is lengthy, a summary of his works will have to suffice.

In order to establish a more national presence, he left Winnipeg in 1977 and took up residence in Toronto. However, Manitoba has continued to benefit from the talents of this native son. He has written works for the Winnipeg Symphony Orchestra, the Royal Winnipeg Ballet, Winnipeg's Contemporary Dancers, the Manitoba Theatre Centre and the Mennonite Oratorio Choir. This next season, the Manitoba Opera will premiere his new opera, "Transit of Venus," a three-act opera based on the play by Maureen Hunter.
His has received commissions from significant Canada organizations including the Orford String Quartet and Famous People Players. He has written a rock opera based on the legend of Beowulf and a musical based on A Tale of Two Cities.

His talents have led him beyond the concert hall. His numerous film scores for CBC and the National Film Board attest to his collaborative abilities in other media. He was for a time composer, arranger and conductor for CBC radio and TV. He has also written extensively for children. For CTV children's series "Let’s Go" and "Rockets" he has written words and music for over 600 songs. He has also written musicals for children to perform on stage and on TV. In 1999, he was music director, composer and producer of the Opening and Closing Ceremonies of the Pan American Games in Winnipeg.
His commitment to the arts in Canada is evident by the active role he plays in various arts organizations. He has served as president of the Canadian League of Composers, he has been on the board of the Canadian Music Centre, and he has served as Vice Chairman of SOCAN.

Victor Davies has successfully straddled the worlds of the concert hall and popular media. His music is widely performed and enthusiastically received by the public and the critics. In particular, his "Mennonite Piano Concerto" has been warmly received and widely performed. This work was commissioned by the Fast Foundation of Manitoba and premiered by the Winnipeg Symphony Orchestra with lrmgard Berg as soloist. The work was recorded by the London Symphony Orchestra, again with lrmgard Berg as soloist, and has been broadcast widely in Canada, the US, and the UK. The work is a fine example of  his populist style within a formal tradition.

Through his numerous compositions and activities as a performer, Victor Davies has contributed immeasurably to the cultural life of Canada. The importance of his life work to our country is about to be recognized by this institution. He is a most worthy recipient of the degree Doctor of Law (honoris causa).

-citation delivered by Professor Charles Horton, Faculty of Music

Joseph H. Y. Fafard

Joseph H. Y. Fafard, LL.D., June 7, 2007

Joseph H. Y. Fafard
C.C.; B.F.A.(Man.); M.F.A.(Penn.State); LL.D.(Reg.)

Today we honour an immensely gifted and creative Canadian artist whose sculptures in clay and bronze are animated with an uncanny vitality that embraces human and creaturely existence. Through the realistic forms of his cows, horses, and other animals, or his favorite artists and neighbours, his work reaches us with immediacy that transcends academic analysis. In his art we recognize ourselves and our fellow creatures with an affectionate understanding accessible to the entire human community.

The remarkable relationship that Joe Fafard has established with his audience shows that fine art can still create a direct exchange with the public that feeds their imagination and energy without relying on a meaning separate from its own visual poetry. Immediately accessible, yet fundamentally mysterious in its power to embody feeling, his art expresses an experience of the fully alive human or animal presence, with their characteristic postures, gestures, and attitudes. The work requires no explanation but itself, and in this lays both its originality and subversive nature.

Born into the rural French speaking agricultural community of Ste Marthe, Saskatchewan, as a child Joe Fafard worked on the family farm with an innately keen observation and appreciation of the animals around him, especially the cows that he later sculpted as "partners" on this earth, or as he says, "the vegetarian is enemy to the cow." He studied fine art here at the University of Manitoba, where he earned his Bachelor of Fine Arts from the School of Art in 1966, while it grappled with its purpose as a fine arts academy or university. His studies continued with an Master of Fine Arts in1968 from Pennsylvania State University, where ironically he found that his instincts had more power than the hobbling self-critical analysis that he was taught. Of this he says, "When you are having a great time laughing with friends you don’t stop to say, Why am I doing this?"

He returned to Regina and taught sculpture at the University of Saskatchewan from 1968 to 1974, when he was driven to a full time commitment to sculpture. Except for a teaching engagement at the University of California at Davis from 1980-81 where he connected with the equally irreverent ceramic artist Robert Arneson, Joe Fafard has worked in Pense, Saskatchewan for most of his artistic career.

In a distinguished career as an artist, Mr. Fafard is the modest recipient of many awards, including the Order of Canada in 1981, and the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada Allied Arts Award in 1987. Among other recognitions, he received the Saskatchewan Order of Merit in 2002; the National Prix Montfort in 2003; and most recently in 2005 the Lieutenant Governor's Saskatchewan Centennial Medal for the Arts. Steadily exhibiting in increasingly prominent venues, Mr. .Fafard has had exhibitions at Canada House, London England, at the 49th Parallel, New York, the Dunlop Art Gallery, Saskatchewan, and many others. In the 1980’s he turned to bronze for his larger sculptures, and established his own foundry Julienne Atelier in Pense in 1985. His major exhibition "Joe Fafard: The Bronze Years"; at the Montréal Museum of Fine Arts garnered major critical attention. His art is collected nationally and internationally, and represented in significant museum collections world wide. We anticipate with pleasure his forthcoming exhibition at the National Gallery of Canada in 2008, originating at the McKenzie Art Gallery in Regina, which also will travel to the Winnipeg Art Gallery and the Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, Halifax.

Possessed of an extraordinary ability, craftsmanship and a dedication to his art, Mr. Fafard consistently provides the lasting imprint of an articulate hand allied to an intensely curious and empathetic personal vision. In an art world context increasingly dominated by the intellectual agendas of high minded cultural critique, with insightful and unpretentious wit Mr. Fafard proves that art can thrive on the periphery and without the dominance of ideological machinery. While his animal sculptures have led some critics to the mistaken notion he is a folk artist, this is because his manifest sincerity goes against the increasingly obscure currents of contemporary art discourse. Equally informed and engaged with art history, Mr. Fafard's fellow feeling for the creativity of Picasso, Van Gogh, Cezanne, and Frieda Kahlo animates his sculpted portraits with the artist's attitude of quizzical and self-critical creativity. Joe Fafard says that he works from a real sense of being a human being who observes life in the society in which he lives. Mr. Fafard presents the minute particulars of our world without an obscuring message, and we experience his art directly.

If as William Blake says, "everything that lives is holy, life delights in life" then Mr. Fafard, we thank you for your lively art that provides us with such delight.

Mr. Chancellor, it is my honour and privilege to ask in the name of the Senate and The University of Manitoba that you confer upon Mr. Joe Fafard the Degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa.

-citation delivered by Dr. Celia Rabinovitch, Director, School of Art

Louis Fortier

Louis Fortier, D.Sc., October 17, 2007

Louis Fortier
B.Sc., M.Sc.(Laval); Ph.D.(McGill)

It is with pleasure that I give this citation for Dr. Louis Fortier. Professor Fortier has worked on various Canadian led international research networks which have systematically re-invigorated Canada's leadership role in polar marine science. The media is full of accounts of how fast we are transforming our Canadian Arctic due to the devastating effects of global warming. Dr. Fortier anticipated these problems well over a decade ago and acted upon them to create one of the most highly integrated multidisciplinary science teams ever designed to investigate and inform the world of this emerging crisis.

When I was beginning my career at the University of Manitoba, it was a dismal prospect to be a young academic working on sea ice and climate change in northern Canada. In the early 1990's, Canada was downsizing federal research and universities were not adequately funded to fill the gap left by departing federal colleagues. I remember attending a planning meeting of a team of Canadian universities proposing a Canadian-led international effort to study the North Water Polynya (NOW), located in northern Baffin Bay.

At this meeting, I found two things significant: Dr. Fortier, the leader of this initiative, was a dynamic francophone from Quebec City who had a remarkable grasp of the breadth and depth of Arctic System Science. He was a bright young biologist with knowledge and enthusiasm for all the sciences that make up the polar marine system. He was a true Renaissance Man for the Arctic. The other notable impression was the way in which Professor Fortier proposed to merge university labs with federal government departments and the international community into an integrated team. To the uninitiated this multidisciplinary-team approach to science was revolutionary!

In the mid 1990's, a tri-council (NSERC, SSHRC, and CIHR) task force report suggested that without immediate action on the part of our Federal Government, Canada would run the risk of forever being deemed inadequate to manage its own Arctic affairs. In answer to this, Professor Fortier led the North Water Polynya study (NOW), one of the most successful polar marine programs ever conducted in Canada. Well over 200 papers were published resulting in a quantum leap in our understanding of how this unique Arctic polynya functioned. This significantly enhanced our reputation internationally and also proved Professor Fortier's concept that the multidisciplinary team approach to science can and does work.

With the success of NOW, Fortier created a second even larger multidisciplinary team. The Canadian Arctic Shelf Exchange Study (CASES) sought to examine how carbon moves between the continental shelves and the deep Canada Basin in the western high Arctic. When it came time to defend the well-structured proposal, we were informed by the Canadian Coast Guard that they were unable to provide an icebreaker to support the science. After much debate, Fortier's team convinced the adjudication committee to make a conditional award of $10 million to conduct the CASES project. The one condition was that the team would have to find a suitable research icebreaker.
Professor Fortier contacted the Coast Guard in Quebec City and suggested a solution
a partnership between ten Canadian universities, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, and the Canadian Coast Guard. The result was a $37 million award to create the CCGS Amundsen, a 'state of the art' research icebreaker dedicated for polar marine science. Several months later the Amundsen left Quebec City to conduct the CASES project with a full annual cycle study of the Mackenzie Shelf ecosystem. Over 14,544 scientist days were logged during this over-wintering study with scientists from nine countries (about half were international and half Canadian). This effort made the CASES program the single largest research effort ever mounted to understand the complex response of the Arctic marine ecosystem to global climate change.

Having won the accolades of the international science community, Professor Fortier realized that we needed a way to ensure the continued operation of this infrastructure for ongoing research in Canada's north and to marshal a scientific team to continue to monitor the metamorphosis of our Arctic under a changing climate. Again under his leadership, we made an application for a Network of Centres of Excellence (NCE) known as ArcticNet. This application was funded and Canada became the proud owner of the only large scale system science study dedicated to unravelling the impacts and adaptation of Arctic climate change. The model became the envy of several other nations with European and American funding agencies trying to emulate the unique merging of natural, social and medical sciences. ArcticNet brings together over 100 investigators from 27 Universities and five Federal Departments; 220 graduate students and PDF's; 100 research associates and technicians; 100 partner organizations (many of which are northern based); and over 40 scientists from 9 different countries.

The NCE also allowed Professor Fortier to engage Inuit in the process by making members of Inuit organizations management equals on the Board of Directors. Agencies such as the Inuit Circumpolar Conference (ICC) and Inuit Tapirlit Kanatami (ITK) have become full partners in the planning and organization of the ArcticNet research program. Again a 'first' for Canada and for the world.

The Canadian Government recently invested $150 million into the Canadian International Polar Year (IPY) program. After a two-year competitive process, the majority of successful projects saw funding go to ArcticNet investigators, including the Circumpolar Flaw Lead (CFL) system study which is lead by the University of Manitoba. This $40 million project will overwinter the Amundsen in the flaw lead of the Southern Beaufort Sea staring in October and continuing until the end of August, 2007. CFL is the largest IPY project in the World.

The above is a synthesis of the work involved in taking an idea from dream to reality. Canada is now respected internationally in the field of polar marine science and Fortier's team is laying the knowledge foundation required to make informed decisions at multiple policy levels in Canada. We have a national network which is able to lead large research programs, we have the required logistical support and technology. This network is managed by a board of directors that has the strong voice of the Inuit, Federal/Territorial Governments, and the private sector.

Dr. Fortier, the Renaissance Man, has made a significant difference, not only for the scientists of Canada, but also for her people. Above all else this makes him worthy of the distinction which an honorary Doctorate from our University bestows. After all, it has been his vision, perseverance and dedication to polar marine science which is now being put to work to help our Industry, Federal, Provincial and Territorial governments to understand, prepare for, and adapt to, global climate change.

-citation delivered by Dr. Dave Barber, Association Dean (Research), Clayton H. Riddell Faculty of Environment, Earth, and Resources

Hubert I. Gauthier

Hubert I. Gauthier, LL.D., June 11, 2007

Hubert I. Gauthier
M.P.Adm. (Queb.)

M. Gauthier est né en 1946 à Saint-Boniface, au Manitoba, où il a fait ses études primaires et secondaires. Issu de la génération des activistes franco-manitobains qui a évolué à la fin des années 60 et au début des années 70, M. Gauthier a fait sa marque dčs sa vingtaine, lorsqu'il est devenu directeur général de la toute nouvelle Société franco-manitobaine, poste qu'il a occupé jusqu'en 1974. C'étaient des années d'agitation fébrile dans cette communauté qui avait connu de longues années de somnolence et de négociations en coulisse avec les gouvernements pour ne recevoir que des miettes. M. Gauthier et ses collègues ont décidé que ce temps était révolu et qu'il fallait désormais aller chercher des pains tout entiers. Sa vision, son énergie et surtout ses qualités de leader l'ont ensuite mené à participer la à création du Bureau de l'éducation française entre 1974 et 1976, initiative qui a très rapidement conduit à l'adoption du modèle de l'école française au Manitoba francophone, la mise sur pied d'un réseau d'écoles françaises et enfin la création de la Division scolaire franco-manitobaine. Deux ans plus tard, M. Gauthier s'est encore une fois trouvé au coeur d'une nouvelle initiative nationale, en fondant la Fédération des francophones hors-Québec, aujourd'hui la Fédération des communautés francophones et acadiennes.

La carrière d'Hubert Gauthier a ensuite pris un virage radical, lorsqu'il a décidé de s'établir avec son épouse Monique et sa jeune famille au Québec. C'est un peu par hasard qu'il s'est retrouvé dans le domaine de la santé, où ses talents de leader l'ont mené à occuper des postes progressivement plus importants, en commençant par la direction générale du Centre de santé et de services sociaux de la rive sud de Montréal, poste qu'il a occupé de 1987 à 1995. Il a ensuite fait un séjour de deux ans au ministère québécois de la Santé et des Services sociaux, occupant les postes de sous-ministre adjoint et enfin de sous-ministre par intérim. Fort de ces années d'expérience administrative dans le système de santé québécois, il est devenu, quelques années plus tard, président-directeur général de l'Hôpital général Saint-Boniface, de 1999 à 2005, où son leadership a été de nouveau mis en évidence dans la mise en śuvre du programme de cardiologie, la création de l'Institut de recherche Asper et des partenariats de grande envergure, notamment avec la Mayo Clinic aux États-Unis.

Au cours des dernières années, les deux grandes passions professionnelles d'Hubert Gauthier, soit la santé et la francophonie canadienne, se sont fusionnées à nouveau lorsqu'il a été nommé président-directeur général d'un nouvel organisme national, Société santé en français, chargé de voir à la promotion et au développement des soins de santé en français par la voie de réseaux présents sur tout le territoire canadien.

Her Excellency the Right Honourable Michaëlle Jean

Her Excellency the Right Honourable Michaëlle Jean, LL.D.

Her Excellency the Right Honourable Michaëlle Jean
C.C. C.M.M., C.O.M., C.D.; B.A., M.A.(Montr.); LL.D.(York); D.Univ.(Ott.); D.lnt.Rel.(Perugia); D.Litt.(McG.)

Michaëlle Jean was born in Port au Prince, Haiti. As a young child, in 1968, she and her family fled their homeland to escape the brutal dictatorship of François ("Papa Doc") Duvalier.

Madame Jean earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in Italian and Hispanic languages and literature, and a Master of Arts degree in comparative literature at the University of Montreal. Travelling abroad to further pursue her studies in languages and cultures, she attended the University of Perugia, the University of Florence, and the Catholic University of Milan. She is fluent in five languages-French, English, Italian, Spanish and Haitian Creole—and reads Portuguese.

As a university student, Madame Jean began her life-long dedication to improving the plight of the disadvantaged, especially women and children who are victims of domestic violence. She worked for eight years with shelters and transition homes for abused women in Québec, and co-ordinated a groundbreaking study, published in 1987, that looked at abusive relationships in which women were the victims of sexual violence at the hands of their spouses. She was also involved in aid organizations for immigrant women and families, and later worked for both the federal and Québec governments on issues related to immigration and settlement.

Madame Jean's sense of social commitment and her interest in national and international politics led her to a career in journalism. For 18 years, beginning in 1988, she was a highly regarded journalist and anchor of information programs, including the major news broadcast La Téléjournal. In 2004, she started her own show, Michaelle.

As a communications artist, Madame Jean has worked with renowned filmmaker Jean-Daniel Lafond, her husband, on three major projects: L'heure cia Cuba (1999), about the 40th anniversary of the Cuban revolution, Tropique Nord (1994) about being black in Quebec, and the Hot Docs award-winning Haiti dans tous nos reves (1995). Her expertise in this area prompted the English network of CBC to ask Madame Jean to host programs such as The Passionate Eye and Rough Cuts, which broadcast the best in Canadian and foreign documentary films.

Madame Jean has won numerous honours for her professional achievements, including: the Human Rights League of Canada's 1989 Media Award for a report on the struggle of an immigrant woman in Québec; the Prix MireilleLanctot for her reporting on spousal violence; the Prix Anik for her investigation of the power of money in Haitian society; the inaugural Amnesty International Canada Journalism Award; the Galaxi Award for best information host; the 2001 Gemini Award for best interview in any category; and the Conseil de Ia Langue Française du Québec's Prix Raymond-Charette. MichaOlle Jean has also been named to the Ordre des Chevaliers de La Pléiade by the Assemblée internationale des parlementaires de langue française, and has been made a citizen of honour by the City of Montreal.

In September 2005 Michaëlle Jean was appointed to succeed The Right Honourable Adrienne Clarkson and become the 27th Governor General of Canada since Confederation. She is the third journalist in a row, and the first
person of Afro-Caribbean heritage, to assume the post.

Madame Jean, in her first remarks after the announcement of her appointment, said she wanted to reach out to all Canadians, regardless of their background. She also made it a goal to reach out especially to Canadian youth and those who feel disadvantaged. In her first 20 months as Governor General, Her Excellency has exceeded all expectations in her Vice-Regal post, quickly becoming a much respected and beloved figure across Canada. In addition to visiting all of the provinces and territories, Madame Jean has represented our country internationally, including a five-state tour of Africa, where she encouraged women's rights in each country she visited.

In her role as Commander-in-Chief of the Canadian Armed Forces, Madame Jean visited the front line troops in Afghanistan, timing her visit to coincide with International Women's Day and meeting with Afghan women, as well as with Canadian soldiers, RCMP units, humanitarian workers and diplomats. Perhaps her most poignant moment as Governor General came when Madame Jean visited her homeland to attend the inauguration of President René Préval, offering a ray of hope for Haitians struggling to overcome decades of poverty and chaos.

Michaëlle Jean and Mr. Lafond share Rideau Hall with their young daughter, Marie-Eden, marking the first time that a child has lived at One Sussex Drive since former Manitoba Premier Edward Schreyer and his young family lived there in the early 1980s. Madame Jean's family also includes Mr. Lafond’s two daughters from a previous marriage and his two grandchildren.

-citation delivered by mentor, Dr. Richard Sigurdson, Dean, Faculty of Arts, June 5, 2007

Stephen H. Lewis

Stephen H. Lewis, LL.D., June 4, 2007

Stephen H. Lewis
CC.; D.Tech.(B.C.I.T.); LL.D.(Laur., Dal., Cape Breton, Vic.(BC), S.Fraser, W.Ont., St. FX, CaIg., PEI, Tor., Br.Col, Windsor, Qu., Brock, W.Laur., Lakehead, Mt. All., McG., Sask., New Br., Concordia, York, McM.)

What is wrong with the world? People are dying in numbers that are the stuff of science fiction. Millions of human beings are at risk. Communities, families, mothers, fathers, children are like shards of humanity caught in a maelstrom of destruction. They'
re flesh and blood human beings, for God's sake; is that not enough to ignite the conscience of the world?

What is wrong with the world, indeed. Igniting the world to be different and to do better has been the quest of Stephen Lewis throughout his time in public life. In recognition of his exemplary and passionate advocacy on behalf of the world's children, the poor, and those stricken by HIV/AIDS, Stephen Lewis is being honoured by the University of Manitoba today.

Stephen Lewis has a long history of civic engagement, first in the political sphere in Canada, and later on the world stage as the UN Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for HIV/AIDS in Africa from 2001 to 2006. He is now the Scholar-in-Residence at the Institute on Globalization and the Human Condition at McMaster University and Board Chair of the Stephen Lewis Foundation.

Stephen Lewis was elected and served four consecutive terms in the Ontario legislature beginning in 1963. While in office, he led the provincial New Democratic Party and served as the leader of the Official Opposition. He left electoral politics in 1978 and worked in media and in labour relations.  In 1984, Stephen Lewis was appointed by former Prime Minister Brian Mulroney to the post of Canadian Ambassador to the United Nations. While serving at the UN, Stephen Lewis chaired the Committee that drafted the Five-Year UN Programme on African Economic Recovery. Subsequently, he was appointed as the Secretary-General's Special Advisor on Africa. In 1990, Stephen Lewis was appointed as Special Representative for UNICEF. In 1993, he coordinated an international study on the Consequences of Armed Conflict on Children. From 1995 to 1999, Stephen Lewis was the Deputy Executive Director of UNICEF. In 1997, in addition to his work at UNICEF, he was appointed by the Organization of African Unity to a Panel of Eminent Personalities to Investigate the Genocide in Rwanda. He has been a consultant to numerous UN agencies including UNAIDS, UNIFEM (the UN Development Fund for Women) and the ECA (the Economic Commission for Africa). In 2001, Kofi Annan, SecretaryGeneral of the United Nations, named him as Special Envoy for HIV/ AIDS in Africa.

It is clear that many parts of Africa face a pandemic of HIV/AIDS. Tragedy is heaped on tragedy as lives are lost by the millions, and an entire generation or children are orphaned. Stephen Lewis is working to encourage everyone who can make a difference with respect to the spread of HIV/AIDS to do so, and on an urgent basis. In those countries where social division along class, race and gender lines determine who will have access to the necessities of life, Stephen Lewis is working for change, and is trying to create a more just society. As well, he is encouraging public health workers to educate people about the prevention of HIV/ AIDS. He has been a passionate advocate of female microbicides that will allow women who already face discrimination and violence to better protect themselves against HIV/AIDS. He is encouraging scientists to find effective treatments and eventually a cure for this terrible disease.

He is pushing leaders around the world — here in Canada, in the G8 countries, and in Africa — to make history by alleviating the conditions that contribute to the spread of HIV/AIDS and other infectious diseases. Above all else, Stephen Lewis has advanced the view that the pandemic of HIV/AIDS in Africa is not just a health issue, it is a matter of social injustice. And we all have a stake in the eradication of social injustice.

For his significant contributions to public service, in 2003, Stephen Lewis was named a Companion of the Order of Canada, our country’s highest honour for lifetime achievement. In the same year, he was chosen by Maclean's magazine as their inaugural "Canadian of the Year." Time magazine named Stephen Lewis as one of the 100 most influential people in the world. He has received the Jonathan Mann Health and Human Rights Award for the International Association of Physicians in AIDS Care, and the Pearson Peace Medal given by the United Nations Association in Canada for outstanding achievements in the field of international service and understanding. He holds twenty-four honourary degrees from Canadian universities.

-citation delivered by mentor, Dr. John Wiens, Dean, Faculty of Education

Donald Alexander Robertson

Donald Alexander Robertson, LL.D., October 18, 2007
Donald Alexander Robertson
O.M.; D.Ed.(Bran.)

Donald Alexander Robertson is a Cree from Norway House. Don received his education at Cook Christian Training School and Phoenix Junior College in Arizona, and at Union College in British Columbia where he was ordained a United Church minister. His subsequent theological training concentrated on clinical counseling at Brandon General Hospital and the Calgary Pastoral Institute.

For five years, Don served pastorates in Melita and Russell before joining Brandon University. There he was instrumental in the establishment of innovative and effective teacher training programs designed to increase the number of Aboriginal teachers in Manitoba. Don served as director of the Indian-Metis Project for Action in Careers through Teacher Education (IMPACT), and director of the Brandon University Northern Teacher Education Project (BUNTEP). He subsequently joined Red River College as Dean of Aboriginal Education and Institutional Diversity.

Don's commitment to education and community development has been nearly boundless. Over the years, he has taken on an incredible number of appointments and duties, many of a voluntary nature. He has been an energetic coordinator and liaison officer for dozens of community projects throughout the province where he worked closely with Aboriginal Elders and so developed a high regard for their strength, wisdom, and humility. He served as coordinator of program support services and education for the Core Area Training and Employment Agency in Winnipeg. Don also served as director of education for the Island Lake Tribal Council, and he did sterling service as Executive Director of the First Nations Education Resource Centre.

In 1999, Don was appointed Chair of the Council on Post-Secondary Education (COPSE) which post he occupied for eight years with great distinction. Don played an important role in the enormous expansion of Manitoba’s colleges and universities during those years. Dozens of new academic programs were established; significantly more students enrolled and graduated than ever before; pure and applied research flourished; and colleges and universities engaged more effectively with communities in Manitoba, Canada, and throughout the world.

Perhaps Don's greatest achievement during those years was the establishment of the University College of the North (UCN). During one crucial year in the development of UCN, Don stepped down as Chair of COPSE and took on the task of chairing the UCN implementation team. Displaying enormous tact, steely determination, and unfailing good humour, Don mobilized public and private support for UCN; he helped devise the College's distinctive governance structure; and he played an instrumental role in defining and shaping the academic mission of UCN.

Don Robertson has dedicated his life to the betterment of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people alike through education at the elementary, secondary, and post-secondary levels. His outstanding leadership in education over many decades has been celebrated through many awards and prizes, including a Doctor of Education (honoris causa) from Brandon University in 1992, the Golden Jubilee Medal in 2002, and the Order of Manitoba in 2004. Perhaps more important than formal awards, Don has won the admiration and warm affection of untold thousands who have benefited from his insight, his hard work, and his strong advocacy.

-citation delivered by Dr. Richard Lobdell, Vice-Provost (Programs)

Melvin George Wiebe

Melvin George Wiebe, LL.D., June 6, 2007

Melvin George Wiebe
BA., M.A.(Man.), Honorary Fellow, St. John's College (Man.)

Melvin George Wiebe was born in a driving blizzard in the Mennonite village of Lowe Farm at the stroke of midnight on Saturday 18 February 1939 in the house of his maternal grandparents. He is the eldest of five surviving children of George and Helena (Rempel) Wiebe (1896-1979 and 1914-1 999 respectively), both natives of the West Reserve of the Mennonite settlements of Southern Manitoba. He was raised on his parents' farm and had his primary education in the village school two miles distant. After completing high school at Lowe Farm High School, he came to the University of Manitoba intending to study Science. When, however, he fell under the influence of the charismatic English professor, Dr. John Matthews, he decided to study English at St. John's College, in due course obtaining his Bachelor of Arts degree in 1960 and his Master of Arts degree in 1962. From 1962 until 1965 he was enrolled in the doctoral program in English at the University of Toronto, but in 1965 left to accept a faculty appointment at Queen's University, where he has spent the whole of his professorial career. Over the course of his 39 years at Queen's, Professor Wiebe proved to be an outstanding teacher of both undergraduate and graduate students. His area of specialization has been Victorian literature, but he has also taught a wide range of other courses. Perhaps the one that best exemplifies his remarkable generosity with students is the graduate seminar he created to teach archival research and editing methods, where he encouraged generations of young scholars with hands-on experience in the resources of the Disraeli Project.

Professor Wiebe is now recognized as the world's foremost authority on the subject of Benjamin Disraeli's political and literary careers. And the publication of the Disraeli Letters (7 volumes to date from the University of Toronto Press), of which he has been the Senior and General Editor, constitutes one of the most significant scholarly achievements of the last century in the field of 19th-century political history. They also represent an unequalled contribution to biography and letters, more broadly defined, for the letters and their meticulous annotations are, indeed, a unique social history of both public and private life in Victorian England. The Disraeli Letters are repeatedly described by reviewers and assessors as the superb standard to which all such large editorial projects aspire. Northrop Frye described the Disraeli Project as one of the four outstanding Canadian humanist editorial contributions to world culture. Michael Foot, the former leader of the British Labour Party, has called the Letters "the best-edited and best annotated political letters in the language." Leading scholars of the Victorian period have echoed these assessments, one SSHRC grant assessor describing it as "one of the most enduring and magisterial, indeed definitive, scholarly editions undertaken anywhere." As such it is a permanent and foundational contribution to diverse fields, including politics, history, English literature, and Jewish studies. This renown has come about because of Professor Wiebe's impeccable editorial skills, his awe-inspiring erudition, his selfless dedication and his all-consuming intellectual passion for his subject. It has also depended on his great managerial abilities and on his very considerable powers of persuasion in keeping the Project funded by both private donors and granting councils. It is thus not surprising that in 2004 Professor Wiebe was awarded Queen's University's Prize for Excellence in Research. He is undoubtedly one of the most distinguished graduates of the Faculty of Arts at the University of Manitoba and a most worthy recipient of an honorary degree from his alma mater.

-citation delivered by Dr. Robert O'Kell, Professor of English and Dean Emeritus of Arts, Faculty of Arts


Yude Henteleff

Yude Henteleff, LL.D., May 31, 2006

Yude Henteleff
CM.; Q.C.; B.S.A., LL.B.(Man.)

Yude Henteleff graduated with a degree of Bachelor of Science in Agriculture in 1947 and then in 1951 a Bachelor of Laws from the University of Manitoba. Learning is one of his passions and he has never stopped learning. As a legal practitioner with a diverse practice, he had to constantly meet new individuals, understand the issues that they faced, and solve their problems in the context of a rapidly evolving legal system and increasing globalization. His curiosity, intellectual flexibility and advocacy enabled him to become a master, indeed a teacher, of diverse areas of the law.

Given his own talents and success, it is a special mark of Yude's character and empathy that he has served as one of Canada's greatest advocates for children with special needs. He has been an outstanding advocate of human rights for over four decades, but he is especially renowned for his work on behalf of children who face challenges that include learning disabilities. Yude has spoken of the need for reform and innovation to assure that such children receive the services they need and, indeed, are entitled to in Canada and throughout the world.

He has been involved as a volunteer in human rights projects in many parts of the world, including Colombia, Bolivia, Thailand, South Africa, Kyrgyzstan and, most recently, Israel. Only last year, as an invited speaker, he brought his experience, ideas and passion to the cause of special needs children to the Education Committee of the Israeli Parliament - the Knesset. He has been involved in many local and national community activities. He is one of the founders of the Manitoba Children's Museum and The Prairie Theatre Exchange in Winnipeg, the Jewish Foundation of Manitoba, and the Learning Disabilities Associations of Manitoba and Canada.

In 1997, the Colombian Corporation for Learning Disabilities named the resource centre that it had established in Bogota, Colombia as the Yude M. Henteleff, Q.C. Research Centre for Learning Disabilities in recognition of his contributions to its establishment. Also in 1997, he was installed as a Member of the Order of Canada. In 1999, he was honoured with the Lifetime Achievement Award from the Learning Disabilities Association of Canada. In 2002, he was awarded the Commemorative Medal for Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth Ii's Golden Jubilee.

Yude has received honours and accolades for his skill as a lawyer and his contribution to his profession including the designation of Queen's Counsel and in 2002 the Distinguished Service Award by the Manitoba Bar Association. It is especially fitting that he now receive the LL.D. degree, the honourary doctorate of law. Yude has brought honour to himself, to his profession and to the community at large by donating so much of his time, energy and talents in securing human rights for the deprived people of the world. He has been and continues to be a determined and effective advocate in that cause.

-citation delivered by Dr. Bryan Schwartz, Professor, Faculty of Law

Peter Herrndorf

Peter Herrndorf, LL.D., June 1, 2006

Peter Herrndorf
O.C., B.A.(Man.); LL.B.(Dal.); M.B.A.(Harvard Business); LL.D.(DaI.); LL.D.(Wpg.); LL.D.(York)

Peter Herrndorf was born in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. He received a Bachelor of Arts degree in Political Science and English from the University of Manitoba then went on to obtain a Bachelor of Laws (LLB) degree from Dalhousie University and Master of Business Administration (MBA) degree from the Harvard Business School.

Mr. Herrndorf has devoted his career to journalism and the arts in Canada. He began his journalistic career as a reporter with the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC), became the head of TV Current Affairs and ultimately becoming Vice-President and General Manager of the English network. He moved to the print medium as the publisher of Toronto Life from 1983 to 1992 then became Chairman and CEO of TVOntario from 1992 to 1999. In this latter role he did much to advance excellence in educational programming.

He is currently the President and CEO of the National Arts Centre (NAC) in Ottawa. In this position he works tirelessly to fulfil the mandate of the Centre: to play a leadership role in fostering artistic excellence in all disciplines of the performing arts in Canada. The NAC is the only multidisciplinary, bilingual performing arts centre in North America and actively co-produces English and French theatre and dance with Canadian companies, including the Cercle Moliere and the Manitoba Theatre Centre. Peter Herrndorf has transformed the NAC into a leader for the arts and arts education in Canada through endeavours such as annual performance and education tours by the National Arts Centre Orchestra, creating a Summer Music Institute for outstanding young musicians, and distributing music education materials to every elementary school in Canada.

In addition to his duties at the NAC, Peter Herrndorf serves the arts and cultural communities of Canada through membership and leadership on innumerable boards. He is currently on the Board of Directors of the CBC, Opéra Lyra Ottawa and the Governor Generals Performing Arts Awards Foundation. He chairs the Board of the Canadian Broadcasting Museum Foundation, and has served as Chairman of the Stratford Shakespearean Festival, the Canadian Museum of Civilization and the Canadian Stage Company. He has served organizations such as the Association for Tele-Education in Canada, the Ontario Film Development Corporation, the Friends of Canadian Broadcasting, the Canadian Television Fund, the International Choral Festival, the Banff Music Festival, and the Canadian Journalism Foundation. His experience and expertise were also used on the Ontario Premier's Council on Economic Renewal and the Ontario Law Reform Commission.

Peter Herrndorf is also a presence in academia. He is currently a member of the Board of Governors of the University of Ottawa and is a past member of the Governing Council of the University of Toronto. He has been a Distinguished Visitor in Journalism at the University of Western Ontario, a Senior Visiting Fellow and Senior Resident, Massey College, University of Toronto and is an Honorary Fellow of the Ontario College of Art and Design.
Mr. Herrndorf is the recipient of many awards for distinguished service. He is an Officer of the Order of Canada. For lifetime contributions to broadcasting and the arts he has received the John Drainie Award from the Academy of Canadian Cinema and Television, the William Kilbourn Award from the Toronto Arts Council Foundation and the DiplOme d’honneur from the Canadian Conference of the Arts. Honorary Doctor of Laws degrees have been conferred upon him by York University, the University of Winnipeg and Dalhousie University.

-citation delivered by Dr. Juliette Cooper, Interim Dean, Faculty of Music

Clara Hughes

Clara Hughes, LL.D., October 19, 2006

Clara Hughes, O.M.

Clara Hughes is a highly decorated athlete, a philanthropist, a language student - currently studying French, a role model and inspiration for young people in Canada and beyond our borders. She is the only Canadian ever and only the fourth Olympian in the world to win medals at both the Summer and Winter Olympic Games. Ms Hughes is the only athlete in history to win multiple medals at the Winter and Summer Olympics. Earlier this year Ms Hughes was recognized with the Order of Manitoba. Today her distinguished achievements and contributions are recognized through the awarding of an honorary Doctor of Laws degree.

Ms Clara Hughes was born in Winnipeg on September 27, 1972. She grew up playing a variety of sports, including ringette, hockey, volleyball, soccer, softball, track and field. In 1988 she began speed skating at the age of 16, and in her first year earned a silver medal at the National Championships. Two years later, Ms Hughes entered the world of cycling, which led her to her first Olympic competition. With over 100 victories in cycling, including 2 Olympic bronze medals, in 2000/2001 she shifted her focus back to speed skating. Since that time she has become one of the top long-distance skaters in the world winning Olympic Gold in 2006 at the 5000 meter distance with a truly exceptional effort and a most exciting finish. As a dual sport Olympic athlete her achievements are unsurpassed: Two bronze medals in cycling at the 1996 Summer Olympic Games; a bronze medal for speed skating at the 2002 Winter Olympic Games; one gold and one silver medal in speed skating at the 2006 Winter Olympic Games.

In addition to her stellar athletic accomplishments, only a few of which have been highlighted here, Ms Hughes is a goodwill ambassador and humanitarian who has a longstanding involvement with Right to Play (RTP), a not for profit international organization that uses the positive power of sport and play as a tool for healthy development of children and youth in 23 countries in some of the most disadvantaged areas of the world. Following her gold medal performance in Turin, Ms Hughes personally donated $10,000 to Right to Play and issued a challenge for other Canadians to support this cause - to date her enthusiastic challenge has raised over $424,000, 85% of the $500,000 goal. This past May, Ms Hughes traveled to Ethiopia to visit RTP programs to participate first hand and to see the impact on children’s lives.

Her passion for the health and welfare of humanity extends to the natural environment as well. Currently a resident of Glen Sutton, Quebec, Ms Hughes is working with the Nature Conservancy of Canada as a spokesperson to raise funds for the protection and long term management of the Sutton Mountain Range.

A passionate advocate for art, sport, the environment, and youth world-wide, Ms Hughes represents the best of the Olympic ideals. Her unprecedented success as a Canadian Olympian and her enthusiastic acts of generosity at local and global levels distinguishes her as an outstanding role model, and a most deserving recipient of our recognition with this honorary degree.

Mr. Chancellor, it is my honour and privilege to ask in the name of the Senate of the University of Manitoba that you confer upon Clara Hughes, the Degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa.

-citation delivered by Dr. Kelly MacKay, Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation Studies

Cindy Klassen

Cindy Klassen, LL.D., October 19, 2006

Cindy Klassen, OM.

Today we honour Cindy Klassen, Winnipegger, speed skater, Olympian, world record holder, and role model. As the front page of the March 20, 2006 Winnipeg Free Press summarizes, we welcome Cindy Klassen: "Best in the World".

Cindy Klassen was born and raised in Winnipeg and while she was interested in many sports during her youth, her main interest was ice-hockey. She excelled at this sport. For example, she was on Team Manitoba at the Canada Winter Games in 1995, and was a member of the Junior National Team at Lake Placid in 1996. Her goal was to be selected for the Canadian Women's Hockey Team for the 1998 Winter Olympics, but this was not to be. She continued playing hockey while attending the University of Manitoba, but felt she needed another sport to supplement her training. She chose speed skating, and as they say "the rest is history". She was also a member of the Women's Field Lacrosse Team for the 1994 Commonwealth Games, and the In-line Speed Skating Team which competed at the 1999 Pan American Games in Winnipeg.

Cindy Klassen's "Best in the World" status is remarkable, not only for her significant achievements, but also because she has only been involved in speed skating for eight years. This, plus the fact that she suffered what many thought could be a career ending injury in 2003 adds to the significance of her achievements. The injury resulted when she fell into another skater and suffered a ten centimeter laceration and 12 torn tendons in her right forearm, She overcame the odds against her competing in the 2003/2004 season, indeed perhaps ever again, and she persevered and competed in the World Single Distance Championships in March of 2004, albeit with a splint on her arm, and won silver and bronze medals.

The following is a brief summary of the significant achievements of Cindy Klassen, Canada's "Greatest Olympian", as a speed skater: The most Olympic medals in a single games (in 2006, five medals - one gold, two silver, and two bronze) and the most Olympic medals won by any Canadian (five in 2006, and one bronze medal in the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City), exceeding the previous record of three medals. She was named "The Woman of the 2006 Games" by the International Olympic Committee President Jacques Rogge. The first Canadian in 27 years to win the overall title at the World Speed Skating Championships (in 2003). At the 2006 World All-Round Speed Skating Championships (in Calgary, March 2006) she achieved a gold medal for the total points achieved, setting a new world record, and took four gold medals in individual races including a world record in the 3000 metres. Finally, in 2005 she was named Canadian Female Athlete of the Year.

Cindy Klassen's relatively short career as a speed skater is epitomized by: determination, hard work, perseverance, commitment, humility, and enthusiasm. For those with an interest in sport and indeed for those involved in other endeavours with the will to do "one's best", it would be difficult to select an individual who would make a better role model than Cindy Klassen. Television footage of Cindy Klassen's local high school following her performance clearly indicated the tremendous impact she had on both the students and teachers of her school. An entry on the web summarizes what many view as Cindy Klassen's impact as a role model: "I had never really watched speed skating before and to be honest I am not normally too fussed about the Winter Olympics. However, like many people I was taken aback by your staggering achievements this year - all in the face of enormous pressure. As many people have already said - the most staggering of all was the attitude you displayed after having this kind of success; not a shred of arrogance, nothing bad to say about any competition, "no attitude", complimenting other team members and thanking coaches. What a phenomenal example to have set for young people in this city and this country. If that is what Canadian is, I'm glad to be a part of the Club!"

Cindy Klassen has brought much excitement and pride to Winnipeggers and to Canadians. She has responded to the international attention she has garnered with calmness and humility, which has, in addition to her significant achievements, made all of us proud to be Winnipeggers, Manitobans and Canadians. Cindy has brought much positive publicity to her city and country. The "pride factor" can perhaps best be summarized by a quotation from a Winnipeg fan (posted on the web): "You are truly an inspiration to us all. You made me feel so proud to be a Canadian and more proud to be a Winnipegger. Words cannot express enough how the city, and the country, appreciate your efforts on being the best you can be."

Mr. Chancellor, it is my honour and privilege to ask in the name of the Senate of the University of Manitoba that you confer upon Cindy Klassen, the Degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa.

-citation delivered by Dr. Dennis Hrycaiko, Dean, Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation Studies

Robert McKee Ledingham

Robert McKee Ledingham, LL.D., June 1, 2006

Robert Mckee Ledingham
B.I.D.(Man.); F.I.D.LB.C.; F.I.D.C.; F.I.I.D.A.

Mr. Robert Ledingham of Vancouver-based Ledingham Design Consultants has held a distinguished career in Interior Design. Born in Ottawa and raised in Saskatoon, Mr. Ledingham attended the University of Manitoba's Faculty of Architecture where he graduated with a Bachelor of Interior Design in 1964. He began his consulting practice in the mid-1970s in Vancouver where he has become one of Canada's most celebrated interior designers.

Mr. Ledingham has been widely recognised by his peers and by the community for an extraordinary career; distinguished by excellence and service. He represents the finest example of the Interior Design professional with projects ranging from extraordinary residential development to Whistler's Westin and Pan Pacific Hotels. His 25 awards for excellence in local, national and international design attest to his sustained leadership in the field of Interior Design practice in North America. In 1998 he received the International Interior Design Association Leadership Award; the first time this honour was bestowed upon a Canadian. The award recognises his contribution to the Foundation of Interior Design Research, including developing the Interior Design professional accreditation process - this process reviews university programmes for the purpose of determining if the programmes meet professional standards and, hence, professional accreditation. He has served on numerous accreditation field teams and as Chair of the Board of the Foundation. In 2003, he received three design awards; one from the International Interior Design Association and two from the American Society of Interior Designers. Most recently, in October 2004, he was named the second inductee i nto Western Living magazine Hall of Fame. The Western Living award noted that his work is "brilliant" and "timeless." Mr. Ledingham has been recognised by his peers in Canada where he is a Fellow and past president of the Interior Designers of Canada. He has also received City of Vancouver Heritage Awards for his contribution to heritage design. Mr. Ledingham provides a model of leadership in the field of Interior Design that is inspirational to our graduates.

Mr. Ledingham's design practice is based upon a design ethos that inspires. It is a philosophy that proposes good design must express function and comfort, and project individual style. Mr. Ledingham has raised the profile of Interior Design in Canada and North America by establishing one of the largest Interior Design practices in the Pacific Northwest specialising in Residential Interiors. His work is international in scope. As one award citation stated, "Perhaps, because styles come and go so quickly few interior designers can lay claim to a long career, let alone a brilliant one. Robert Ledingham is one of these few." He is a designer first and foremost, which means he is concerned as much with function as with form. It has been said that, "beyond its perfect detail and profound sense of order, the thing that becomes apparent with Robert Ledingham's work is its timelessness."

At a time when quality of life is being more closely linked to the design professions, the Faculty of Architecture takes great pride in Mr. Ledingham's success in promoting design excellence in North America. He is the single most published Interior Designer in Canada with his work represented in 20 publications. That profile has not only celebrated his own work, but also the role of the University of Manitoba as his alma mater.

Mr. Ledingham has consistently been involved with the arts community and charitable institutions, as a board member and benefactor. Beneficiaries have included the Royal Winnipeg Ballet, the Vancouver Art Gallery, Vancouver Symphony orchestra, Vancouver Opera and Seattle Opera. On behalf of the Dr. Peter Centre in Vancouver, he co-chaired the Capital Campaign responsible for raising $1.7 million for a new AIDS facility. As Project Chair of the Diamond Centre for Living, he spearheaded the rehabilitation of the historic Vancouver Weeks House which now serves hundreds of clients living with life-threatening illnesses. In 1996, he was the recipient of the Friend in Deed Award, given out by the Vancouver Friends for Life Society. The award is presented to an individual who has demonstrated extraordinary compassion in the Vancouver community through his or her action or deeds.

Mr. Ledingham has not forgotten his roots in the Faculty of Architecture and has continued to be a friend of the Faculty by serving on advisory committees, mentoring graduate students and supporting the Faculty's Capital Campaign. 

-citation delivered by Dr. David Witty, Dean, Faculty of Architecture

William J. Mills

William J. Mills, D.Sc., March 8, 2006
William J. Mills
A.B (U.C. Berkeley)., M.D. (Stanford), Rear Admiral (Ret.), United States Navy.

Medical doctor, orthopedic surgeon, and world expert in the field of treatment of cold injuries including frostbite and hypothermia.

Dr. William J. Mills, an orthopedic surgeon, has practiced medicine for the past 50 years. In that time he has distinguished himself as a world expert in the field of the treatment of cold injuries including frostbite and hypothermia.

Dr. Mills served with distinction as a torpedo boat captain in World War II, where he lost a leg due to injuries sustained on his boat. He graduated from Stanford University Medical School in 1949 and completed a residency in orthopedic surgery at the University of Michigan in 1951. Dr. Mills again gave his professional talents in the service of his country by serving as a frontline physician in the conflict in Vietnam. In 1978, Dr. Mills retired from the United States Navy with the rank of Rear Admiral.

Although Dr. Mills has practiced medicine in many areas of the world, it is during his long tenure at Providence Hospital in Anchorage, Alaska where he gained unprecedented experience in the treatment of frostbite and hypothermia. As a result of his observations, scientific study, and pioneering spirit, Dr. Mills has become one of the classic giants of the cold injury world.

Dr. Mills single-handedly changed the standard of care for treatment of frostbite from slow thawing (a practice that even includes rubbing snow and/or ice on the injury) to rapid rewarming; a practice that greatly improves prognosis and has undoubtedly saved many limbs from amputation. This is no small accomplishment given the fact that the accepted standard of care for frostbite during much of the past 200 years, was to actively cool frostbitten tissue. Unfortunately this actually still occurs in some North American hospitals today. A second ground- breaking contribution followed observations by Dr. Mills that thawed tissue that should have survived (usually in the feet) inexplicably degenerated and was eventually lost. Dr. Mills finally theorized that the problem was an intense build up of pressure within the leg muscles, which cut off the circulation to the foot. He was the first to apply the technique of fasciotomy (surgically opening up skin and muscle tissue) to relieve the extreme build up in tissue pressure. This practice returned blood flow to the feet, thus salvaging tissue that would otherwise have been routinely lost. Although fasciotomy is commonly used for relief in other medical conditions, it was Dr. Mills who demonstrated the need for, and effectiveness of, this procedure for many frostbite cases.

Dr. Mills has also taught the world medical community about human physiology during whole body hypothermia. He was one of the first physician/scientists to fully describe the state of human physiology during severe hypothermia. He coined the term "metabolic icebox" which is a standard term now used around the world. Dr. Mills defined the standard of care for hypothermic victims in the hospital emergency room. Hence, it is now common practice to establish "full physiologic control" of a patient before any significant warming measures are taken. This practice has greatly decreased the incidence of death resulting from the initiation of vigorous in-hospital treatment without proper patient preparation.

Dr. Mills' status in the medical community is immense. He has written over 100 scientific/medical publications. As a testimony to his reputation, an entire issue of the journal Alaska Medicine was dedicated to Dr. Mills, with the issue containing only classic and new articles by Dr. Mills. Dr. Mills has also been acknowledged as the University of Manitoba Distinguished Lecturer in 1998 and received an honorary doctorate from the University of Alaska, Anchorage in 2003. He has also been awarded numerous military, scientific and medical awards in his long career.

It is fitting that the University of Manitoba recognizes Dr. Mills for his lifetime achievements as a leader in cold injury medicine. At the san time the university itself is honoured by its association with this well known innovator.

The Honourable Vivienne Poy

The Honourable Vivienne Poy, LL.D., October 18, 2006

The Honourable Vivienne Poy
B.A.(Hons.)(McGill); M.A., Ph.D.(Tor.); DHum.L(OId Dominion); LL.D. (Hong Kong); LL. D. (Soongsil)

Today we honour a truly remarkable woman who has made an outstanding contribution to the fields of commerce, education, philanthropy and public service in Canada.

Vivienne Poy was born into a prominent Hong Kong family in 1941. Her early years were marked by war and displacement. When she was just three months old Hong Kong was invaded by the Japanese, forcing her family to flee to China, where they spent the war years as refugees. Upon returning to Hong Kong after the war, her family resumed a position of influence and service to the community. Vivienne Poy immigrated to Canada in 1959, enrolling at McGill University, where she earned an Honours degree in History and met her future husband, medical student Neville Poy. While raising their three sons, Vivienne Poy developed an interest in fashion and design, which led her to complete a Diploma in Fashion Arts at Seneca College in 1981 and to found her own business, Vivienne Poy Mode, that same year.

What followed was a series of achievements in private and public life that is nothing short of astonishing. Vivienne Poy has enjoyed tremendous success as a fashion designer, entrepreneur and corporate director. Currently she is President of Vivienne Poy. Enterprises, President of Calyan Publishing, Chairwoman of Lee Tak Wai Holdings Ltd. and a member of the Board of the Bank of East Asia (Canada). Dr. Poy is equally prominent as a volunteer and community leader. Among her many voluntary positions, she is an Honorary Board Member of the Kidney Foundation (Ontario), Honorary Advisor to the Japanese Canadian Legacy Project, Honorary Patron of the Chinese Cultural Centres of Greater Toronto and Greater Vancouver, as well as the Patron of the Centre for Information and Community Services.

In 1998 Vivienne Poy was appointed to the Senate of Canada - the first Canadian of Asian descent to be appointed to the Upper Chamber. Senator Poy has focused her attention on gender issues, multiculturalism and human rights. She was a sponsor of the Famous Five Monuments in Calgary and on Parliament Hill, which honour the five Alberta women who fought to have Canadian women recognized constitutionally as "persons" who were eligible to be named to the Senate. And it was Senator Poy who was primarily responsible for having May recognized as Asian Heritage Month across Canada.

While being a respected business person and prominent Senator are accomplishments enough for most people, Dr. Poy directed her limitless energies in yet another direction. She is a prolific author, historian, public speaker and university leader. Her stunning academic achievements - all conducted while simultaneously running a corporation and serving the public as a volunteer and Senator - are most unusual and impressive. Inspired by the desire to understand her family's past and to preserve the memory of her own people's struggles, Dr. Poy dedicated herself to the intellectual enterprise of historical research and publication. Her first book, A River Named Lee, published in 1995, is about her family and her ancestors. It traces the origins of the family name, Lee, which is shown to come from an ancient river in China called "Lee Sui" near SzeChuan. In Building Bridges: the Life and Times of Richard Charles Lee 1905-1983(1998), Dr. Poy turns her historical talents to an exploration of the life and times of her father, Lee Ming Chak. This book is both a loving biography and an academically impeccable portrait of three-quarters of a century of Hong Kong history. Dr. Poy recently published a third book, Citizenship and Immigration: The Chinese- Canadian Experience (2002), based on her presentation as the first Nortel Networks' Canadian Studies Series lecturer.

As you can see, Senator Poy's interest in history and in academe is not incidental. Indeed, she completed a Master's degree in History at The University of Toronto in 1997 - a university with which she has a special bond. A former member of the University's Governing Council, she received an Arbor Award in 1997 for her outstanding volunteerism to the Uof T. In addition, she played a leading role in establishing both the Richard Charles and Esther Yewpick Lee Chair in Chinese Thought and Culture and the Richard Charles Lee Canada- Hong Kong Library. But nothing compares to the fact that she received two highly distinguished honours from the University, on the same day. Just minutes prior to her official installation as The University of Toronto's 315t Chancellor in June 2003, Senator Poy, a Chinese Canadian immigrant woman, walked across the stage at Convocation Hall to receive her Ph.D in History for a dissertation on Chinese Canadian women immigrants. Surely there can be no other incidence of such an incredible event in the entire annals of the academy.

Dr. Poy has received an enormous number of awards.and honours. To name just a few, she has received four honorary degrees; she was bestowed the Outstanding Asian Canadian Award from the Canadian Multicultural Council, Asians in Ontario; she was recognized as one of Canada's Top 100 Most Powerful Women, by the Women's Executive Network; she has received an International Women's Day Award as well as a gold medal for her outstanding contributions to the promotion of race relations from Toronto's Human Rights and Race Relations Centre; she has a Queen's Golden Jubilee Medal; and she is an Officer of the Order of St. John.

In spite of all these accolades, Dr. Poy believes that her greatest accomplishment is her close knit family: a husband of over 40 years, Dr. Neville Poy; three sons; and three grandchildren.

As a business leader and Senator, and as Chancellor of The University of  Toronto from 2003-2006, Vivienne Poy has inspired young people, women and new immigrants to excel. Moreover, she has shown them the way, by pursuing higher education and by demonstrating leadership in her community. I can think of no finer exemplar of the values the University holds most dear.

Mr. Chancellor, it is my honour and privilege to ask in the name of the Senate and University of Manitoba that you confer upon The Honourable, Dr. Vivienne Poy the degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa.

-citation delivered by Dr. Richard Sigurdson, Dean, Faculty of Arts

W.L. (Les) Wardrop

W.L. (Les) Wardrop, D.Sc., May 30, 2006

W.L. (Les) Wardrop
B.Sc.(E.E.), B.Sc.(C.E.); P.Eng.

Les Wardrop has made an enormous contribution to the advancement of science and engineering throughout the nation, and has brought distinction to himself, his profession, his community, his country, and the University of Manitoba.

Les was born in Whitemouth, Manitoba in 1915. He received his bachelor's degrees - both from the University of Manitoba - in electrical engineering in 1939, and in civil engineering (following his return from overseas during the Second World War) in 1947. He started his career, in 1947, with the City of Winnipeg's Sewerage and Waterworks Department. Recognizing that there were no local consulting engineering firms to provide services to the City, Les seized the opportunity and, in 1955, founded W.L. Wardrop and Associates - one of Manitoba's first engineering consulting firm. Initially, he offered, with his staff of four, services in public works engineering and housing-subdivision servicing.

Les's vision was to establish a firm which would gain a national reputation and have offices in other parts of Canada - a firm which would provide solutions to a wide variety of emerging engineering challenges. By the 1960s, W.L. Wardrop & Associates had offices in Winnipeg, Thunder Bay, and Regina, and was offering services in civil, electrical, mechanical, and structural engineering. In the 1970s, the Edmonton office was opened, and the firm expanded its services to include pulp and paper, solar energy, and nuclear engineering. The firm also launched projects in West Africa, and created the International Division, which now encompasses the globe.

Among the firm's many projects, those that will be recognized immediately by Manitobans include the Portage Avenue overpass at Polo Park, the Pembina-Jubilee traffic interchange, Ladco's 750-acre Windsor Park housing development, and the Bishop Grandin Boulevard and bridge over the Red River in Winnipeg; the Pinawa townsite; the servicing of Winnipeg Beach; and the Department of National Defence's Civil Defence Radar Station at Gypsumville.

When it came to offering new services, Les Wardrop was legendary for his attention to detail. Before hiring experts to enable the firm to deliver services in new areas, Les would personally delve into each newfield, spending countless hours researching the discipline, learning the intricacies of the technology, determining user-sector needs, and formulating a marketing and business plan. His co-workers were always amazed at the level of detail to which he would educate himself in new areas. It is because of his extraordinary vision, intellect, and passion for new knowledge in emerging areas that Wardrop holds the world leadership position it does today.

In 1980, Les Wardrop retired from active participation in the company; but he continues, to this day, to serve on its Board of Directors. Since his retirement, Les has maintained a close relationship with the Faculty of Engineering at the University of Manitoba. He served as principal organizer of both the homecoming events for his two graduation classes, and was one of the first volunteers, in 1998, to join the unofficial campaign for the new Engineering and Information Technology Centre. He became an Honorary member of the official campaign committee in 2002, and has been an inspiration ever since, actively serving the committee, campaigning, and attending meetings in a spirit truly representative of engineering in this province.

In 1977, Les received the Meritorious Service Award from the Association of Professional Engineers of Manitoba for his extraordinary engineering achievements and community involvement. In 1990, the University of Manitobas Faculty of Engineering dedicated the "Les Wardrop Reading Room" at its library in his honour. And in 2002, the Consulting Engineers of Manitoba paid tribute to Les by naming him the first honorary presenter of its prestigious Keystone Award for consulting engineering excellence.

Les Wardrop has been honoured by his profession and by the people of Manitoba for his pioneering contributions to engineering, for his exemplary contributions to his profession, and for his outstanding contributions to the economic development of Manitoba. Through his contributions and their recognition, he has brought great honour to the University of Manitoba, his twice alma mater.

-citation delivered by Dr. Doug Ruth, Dean, Faculty of Engineering

The Very Reverend Lois Wilson

The Very Reverend Dr. Lois Wilson, LL.D., May 30, 2006

The Very Reverend Dr. Lois Wilson
C.C., O.Ont.; B.A.(Man.); B.D., M.Div., D.D.(Wpg.); D.C.L.(Acad.); LL.D.(Dal.); D.D.(Mt.All.); D.Hum.L.(Mt.St.Vin.); S.D.T.(Ripon); D.D.(Queen's Theol.); D. D.(Victoria,Tor.); LL.D.(Tor.); LL.D.(Trent); D.D.(United Theol.); D.D.(Wycliff.); F.M.C.

The Very Reverend, The Honourable Dr. Lois Wilson is a champion of social justice and religious understanding who has devoted her life to public service and social activism. From her early days in the United Church ministry, through her years of international service, to her term in the Senate of Canada, Dr. Wilson has worked passionately as a defender and promoter of human rights. As an author, minister, international diplomat and parliamentarian, Dr. Wilson has worked tirelessly for the goal of creating a more peaceful and tolerant world.

Lois Wilson is a ground breaker for women and for all Canadians, opening important doors so others could follow her lead and, like her, work to change the world. Dr. Wilson was the first woman to be President of the Canadian Council of Churches (1976-1979) as well as the first woman to be Moderator of the United Church of Canada (1980-1982). She is also the first Canadian to be the President of the World Council of Churches (1983-1990) and the first woman to be Chancellor of Lakehead University (1991-2000).

Since earning her Bachelor of Arts degree from The University of Manitoba in 1947, Lois Wilson has continued on a path of lifelong learning and achievement. The author of several books and many articles, Dr. Wilson has received numerous honourary degrees in Divinity and Laws from universities and colleges across Canada and in the United States.

Dr. Wilson was ordained a United Church minister in 1965, and shared a team ministry with her husband, The Reverend Dr. Roy Wilson, for fifteen years. As President of both the Canadian and World Council of Churches, Dr. Wilson engaged in extensive visits to churches in Asia, Latin America, India and Africa. She monitored elections in El Salvador and Mexico, and developed a profound knowledge of the challenges facing the developing world. As a leading advocate of international human rights, Dr. Wilson proudly represented Canada on the world stage. She became actively involved in Amnesty International and with the Canadian Institute for International Peace and Security. In addition, Dr. Wilson served as Chair of the Board of the International Centre for Human Rights and Democratic Development.

In 1998, Lois Wilson was appointed to the Senate of Canada, where she served as an Independent member until her retirement in 2002 at age 75. In the Senate, she led Government delegations to China and North Korea, served as Canada's Special Envoy to the Sudan, and founded the Senate Standing Committee on Human Rights.

Dr. Wilson won the World Federalist Peace Prize and Canada's Pearson Peace Medal. Previously an Officer of the Order of Canada, she is one of the few Canadians to be promoted to the top rank of Companion. She is also a Member of the Order of Ontario.

From her home base in Toronto, Dr. Wilson remains as active as ever. As well as being a Senior Fellow at Massey College, University of Toronto, and Ecumenist in Residence at The Toronto School of Theology, Dr. Wilson is currently Chair of the Canada-DPR Korea Association, which is committed to mutual understanding between Canadians and North Koreans. She is also a member of the Public Review Board of the CAW and a Director of the Canadian Civil Liberties Association. Finally, Lois Wilson continues to serve as the Acting President of the World Federalist Movement, a position she assumed in 2004 after the death of WFM President Sir Peter Ustinov.
A mother of four and grandmother of 12, an internationally renowned human rights activist, and a committed public servant, The Very Reverend, The Honourable Dr. Lois Wilson is a truly remarkable woman. It is our great fortune, in Canada and the world, that Dr. Wilson remains an active scholar and an outspoken voice for the values of tolerance, peace, and mutual respect.

-citation delivered by Dr. Richard Sigurdson, Dean, Faculty of Arts


Doris Baskerville Badir

Doris Baskerville Badir, LL.D., June 2, 2005

Doris Baskerville Badir
B.Sc.(H.Ec.) (Man.); M.S.(Ed.)(Syracuse); M.Sc.(Econ.)(Lond.); LL.D. (Alta.); D.Ph. (Helsinki)

Today we honour University of Manitoba graduate Doris Baskerville Badir, who has had a long and productive career of sixty years of exceptional service as an educator, international home economics consultant, administrator, and professional leader. Her contributions have been in the cause of alleviating poverty, strengthening families and caring for children, not only in Canada, but in many countries in the developing world.

Doris was born in Dominion City, Manitoba and received her Bachelor of Science in Home Economics from the University of Manitoba. She began her career with the Manitoba Department of Agriculture as a supervisor of the Girls’ Club program, then moved to the Macdonald Institute at the University of Guelph, lecturing in child development and family life, as well as serving as the Dean of Women. After a graduate degree at the London School of Economics, she joined the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations as a Home Economics Expert and served two years in Cairo, Egypt. She then moved to Edmonton, Alberta and began a twenty-year career in the now Human Ecology department at the University of Alberta, moving from the position of sessional lecturer to the Dean of the Faculty of Home Economics. This was followed by an appointment as Special Advisor to the President on Employment Equity, one of the first of such positions in Canada.

As a professional leader, Doris has been active nationally and internationally, as President of the Canadian Home Economics Association from 1976 to 1978, and President of the International Federation for Home Economics (IFHE) from 1988 to 1992. During that time, IFHE influenced the United Nations to declare 1994 the International Year of the Family. This international event brought recognition to the importance of the family as the basic building block of society, and was the catalyst for extensive research and publication on issues affecting the family. In recognition of her many contributions, she was named a Patron of the International Year of the Family, and gave the keynote address at the World NGO Forum in Malta that launched the year. During that period, her research, writing and speaking on the importance of the family extended to Germany, Austria, Thailand, and Finland, as well as many Canadian provinces.

Dr. Badir has received many awards recognizing her outstanding leadership and service, including two previous honorary doctorates. She continues to work in a volunteer capacity bringing her concern for others, her integrity and her knowledge to projects that improve the quality of life for individuals and families.

Mr. Chancellor, it is my honour and privilege to ask, in the name of the Senate of the University of Manitoba, that you confer upon Doris Baskerville Badir, the degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa

-citation delivered by mentor, Dr. Ruth Berry, Faculty of Human Ecology

Justice Michel Bastarache

Mr. Justice Michel Bastarache, LL.D., June 6, 2005
Mr. Justice Michel Bastarache

Mr. Justice Bastarache was appointed to the Supreme Court of Canada in 1997. He graduated with his Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of Moncton before going on to the University of Montréal, the University of Ottawa and the University of Nice for undergraduate and graduate studies in law. He was called to the New Brunswick bar in 1980. His legal and business career includes appointments as president and thief executive officer
of Assumption Life, as professor of law and dean at the University of Moncton, as director-general for the promotion of official languages, Department of the Secretary of State of Canada, and then as associate dean of the Faculty of Law, University of Ottawa. He left the university in 1987 to practise law in Ottawa and Moncton. He is editor and principal author of two books: Language Rights in Canada and Précis du droit des biens réels as well as other publications in collective works and periodicals. He was editor-in-chief of the Canadian Bar Review (since 1998) and is vice-chair of the National Judicial Institute, He was first appointed to the New Brunswick Court of Appeal in 1995 and to the Supreme Court of Canada two years later.

Monday, June 6, College universitaire de Saint-Boniface, 2 p.m.

The Honourable John Harvard

The Honourable John Harvard, LL.D., October 19, 2005
The Honourable John Harvard
P.C., CM.

Today we honour a Manitoban who has made an outstanding contribution to the field of public service in this country. The Honourable John Harvard, Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba, has had a life-long passion for public affairs and the democratic process. His keen interest in the public realm has taken him from the newsrooms of Portage la Prairie, Brandon, Kitchener-Waterloo, Vancouver, Toronto and Winnipeg to the halls of Parliament. From his days as a popular and award-winning journalist through his 16 years as Member of Parliament, John Harvard always put first the interests of the common people he served. His commitment to a just and democratic society has been the hallmark of his long and remarkable public career.

John Harvard's life reads as a quintessential Canadian success story of immigrant heritage and the opportunity to achieve greatness through hard work. His father came to Canada from Iceland in 1903; and his mother was born in Canada shortly after her parents immigrated from Iceland. John Harvard was born in Glenboro, Manitoba, the 11th in a family of 14 children. Coming from such a large family gave him valuable early lessons in the analysis of human dynamics, something which gave him an advantage in his chosen profession of broadcast journalism, where he became well-known for his political insight, investigative skill and compassion for the plight of the disadvantaged. John Harvard was a star reporter with Winnipeg's CJOB Radio, interviewing prominent news makers such as Prime Ministers Diefenbaker and Pearson and Premier Roblin. He later became host of that station's wildly popular John Harvard Show, a successful experiment with the then-new open-line format based on public discussion of current issues at the local and national level.

In 1970, John Harvard brought his talents for political analysis and interviewing to the top on-air position with the CBC's news show, 24 Hours. During his l8 years with the CBC, John Harvard became a household name in Manitoba, trusted for his integrity and compassion. He expertly interviewed prime ministers and premiers, mayors and concerned citizens. His interviews with such renowned world figures as UN Secretary General Kurt Waldheim and Swedish Prime Minister Olaf Palme brought the world into the living rooms of ordinary Manitobans. For his work on 24 Hours, John Harvard won the prestigious ACTRA award for the best broadcaster in Canada. He also contributed to the national broadcasts and served in key positions for the CBC in Toronto and Vancouver, where his work on the current events show Pacific Report won him a second ACTRA award.

After some 30 years in the public eye as an outstanding broadcast journalist, John Harvard took his love for public policy and community service one step further by entering the political arena as a candidate for the Liberal party in the 1988 federal general election. He was successful in that election, although his party was not. He spent his first parliamentary term as an effective and energetic opposition member, serving on the Standing Committee of Agriculture and Communications, opposition critic for Western Diversification and Chair of the Manitoba Liberal Caucus. After the Liberals formed the government in 1993, John Harvard held a series of important posts. He chaired three House of Commons committees: Government Operations, Canadian Heritage and Agriculture. He also chaired the Western and Northern Liberal Caucus and served as Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministers of Public Works, Agriculture and International Trade. After the 2000 election, John Harvard was chosen to lead the Prime Minister's Task Force on the Four Western Provinces. He also sat on the Standing Committee on foreign Affairs, served as chair of the Canada-Germany Parliamentary Friendship Society and as chair of the Canada-United Kingdom Inter-Parliamentary Association.

John Harvard was installed as Manitoba's 23rd Lieutenant Governor on June 30, 2004. His Honour is a member of the Queen's Privy Counsel, a member of the Order of Manitoba, a member of the Order of the Falcon (Iceland's only civilian decoration), and has received the Canada 125 and Queen's Jubilee Medals.

Mr. Chancellor, it is my honour and privilege to ask in the name of the Senate and University of Manitoba that you confer upon the Honourable John Harvard the degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa.

-citation delivered by mentor, Dr. Richard Sigurdson, Dean of Arts

Loreena McKennit

Loreena McKennitt, LL.D., June 1, 2005

Loreena McKennitt
C.M.; O.M.; D.Litt.(W.Laur.)

Today we are honoured to welcome to our academic community an individual whose artistic ability, vision, entrepreneurial spirit, and devotion to the cultural and social betterment of her country have lifted her to the height of her profession.

Dr. Loreena McKennitt published her first album twenty years ago, which helped to lead the resurgence in traditional and modern Celtic Music in North America. The cultural and commercial success of her work around the world is a testament to the universality of her music.

Born in Morden, Manitoba and attended high school in Winnipeg, Dr. McKennitt began her artistic career with a move to Stratford, Ontario in 1981 where she acted, performed and composed music for the Stratford Festival of Canada. Dr. McKennitt's recording career was launched in 1985 with the album Elemental. As a successful entrepreneur, she founded her own recording label, Quinlan Road. Dr. McKennitt continues to be self-managed and produced, having sold over 13 million albums world-wide, a catalogue spanning seven studio recordings and a double live CD.

Dr. McKennitt's musical productivity is most inspiring, and includes such albums as The Visit, Parallel Dreams, The Mask and Mirror, The Book of Secrets, and Live in Paris and Toronto. Dr. McKennitt received her first Juno Award in 1992 for Best Roots/Traditional Album for The Visit, and again in 1994 for The Mask and the Mirror. In 1997, she was awarded the Billboard International Achievement Award. Dr. McKennitt's compositions for Theatre and Film include: Original music for The National Film Board of Canada documentary series Women and Spirituality, 1985-1989; The Merchant of Venice for the Stratford Festival of Canada, in 2001; Hollywood productions Highlanderlll and The Santa Clause; Canadian/Venezuelan feature film Una Casa Con Vista Al Mar and television soundtracks for The Mists of Avalon, Due South and Northern Exposure.

Dr. McKennitt's philanthropic, social and cultural work both in Canada and internationally is of noteworthy importance. Appointed to the Order of Manitoba in July of 2003, and the Order of Canada in May of 2004, she sets a precedent for her colleagues with her commitment to care for and benefit those far beyond the artistic community. Founding the Cook-Rees Memorial Fund for Water Search and Safety in 1998, she has raised nearly four million dollars for the fund's initiatives in research and education. A major portion of the funds for the CRMF came from sales of the recording Live In Paris and Toronto. Funds from the sales of this double live recording in Turkey and Greece were donated to the earthquake relief funds of the Red Crescent Turkey and the Hellenic Red Cross. In 2000, Dr. McKennitt purchased a heritage building (Falstaff School) in Stratford, and in 2002 founded the Falstaff Family Centre, which offers facilities to a number of community based volunteer and not-for-profit community and family groups. Dr. McKennitt also established the Three Oaks Foundation, a charitable body that provides funding to cultural, environmental, historical and social groups.

Dr. McKennitt serves as an icon for our students and colleagues in the University tradition of collaboration and philanthropy. If they choose, and she has chosen, to find their own voice in the world, they will also have the potential to develop into leaders in the support of beauty in all aspects of life.

Mr. Chancellor, it is my honour and privilege to ask in the name of the Senate of the University of Manitoba, that you confer upon Dr. Loreena Isabel Irene McKennitt the degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa.

-citation delivered by mentor, Dr. Dale Lonis, Dean, Faculty of Music

Octavio Paredes-López

Octavio Paredes-López, D.Sc., June 1, 2005
Octavio Paredes-López
B.Sc.(Hons.)(IPN); M.Sc.(Czechoslovak Academy); M.Sc.(IPN); Ph.D.(Man.); D.Sc.(Queretaro); D.Sc.(Sinaloa)

Today we are honouring Octavio Paredes-López, a distinguished Latin American scientist, a founding member of the International Academy of Food Science and Technology, and the President of the Mexican Academy of Sciences. Dr. Paredes-López is internationally recognized for his research on biotechnology to improve the nutritional, functional and agronomic characteristics of Mesoamerican crops. He received the Third World Network of Scientific Organizations Award in 1998 for his contributions to a better knowledge of indigenous plant foods of Latin America.

Dr. Paredes-López held two degrees in biochemical engineering and an M.Sc. in food science when he came to the University of Manitoba in 1977. He came to study in the Department of Plant Science and joined the dynamic cereal research group led by Dr. Walter Bushuk. In 1980 he received a Ph.D. for his thesis on the use of protein markers to identify wheat cultivar quality.

That year he returned to Mexico as a leading scientist at the Centre for Research and Advanced Studies of the National Polytechnic Institute. He initiated research on the physico-chemical properties of fruits, maize, wheat, beans, and cactus cultivars, and helped processors develop these resources into new products for national and international markets. His interest in nutrition led to the development of improved, high protein amaranth cultivars, and to the increasing commercialization of this highly nutritious but underutilized crop. He has recently investigated the expression of genes for the biosynthesis of provitaminA in nopal plants. These plants are sources of carotenoid pigments such as lutein that can help prevent age-related macular degeneration and loss of vison. Throughout his career his diverse interests in functional foods and nutraceuticals have been complemented by his activities to preserve the wide biodiversity of indigenous Mexican plant species.

Dr. Paredes-López has published over 145 refereed research articles, and has authored over 30 reviews, and chapters of books. He is the editor of the monographs Amaranth, Biology, Chemistry and Technology (1994), Molecular Biotechnology for Plant Food Production (1999), and Natural Colorants for Food and Nutraceutical Uses (2003). He has been an active member of the editorial boards of both English and Spanish language publications, and is at present the General Editor of Plant Foods for Human Nutrition, and is an Associate Editor of Food Science and Technology International. He has been the major advisor for over 80 theses, 23 of these at the Ph.D level. He has also published many articles and editorials on scientific issues in the popular press.

Dr. Paredes-López's scientific and academic contributions make him a worthy recipient of the degree of Doctor of Science (honoris causa). As an outstanding member of the international scientific community and also a University of Manitoba graduate, he is a worthy representative of the university and its students.

Mr. Chancellor, it is my honour and privilege to ask in the name of the Senate of the University of Manitoba, that you confer upon Dr. Octavio Paredes-López the degree of Doctor of Science, honoris causa.

-citation delivered by mentor, Professor Beverley Watts, Faculty of Human Ecology

James B. Pitblado

James B. Pitblado, LL.D., June 2, 2005
James B. Pitblado
CM.; B.Comm.(Man.); M.B.A.(Penn.)

Today, we honour James B. Pitblado, a distinguished alumnus of the University of Manitoba, a national leader in Canadian business, a generous philanthropist, and a committed contributor to building a civil society through his support for health, education and the arts in Canada.

James Pitblado has deep roots in this community. He is a third generation alumnus of the University of Manitoba, graduating with a Bachelor of Commerce degree in 1953. Mr. Pitblado received an M.B.A. (Finance) from the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania and returned to Winnipeg to begin what was to become a most successful career in the securities business. After working at Great West Life for several years, he joined Harris & Partners which later merged with Dominion Securities where he became Executive Vice President. From 1981 to 1992 he served as Chairman and Head of Corporate Finance for RBC Dominion Securities. In addition to being a director of a number of national and international corporations, Mr. Pitblado contributed to the governance of his profession, serving as a member of the Board of Governors of the Toronto Stock Exchange and a member, as well as National Chairman, of the Board of the Investment Dealers Association of Canada.

Jim Pitblado and his wife, Sandra, are living examples of Winston Churchill's famous saying that while "we make a living by what we get, we make a life by what we give." Mr. Pitblado's stellar business career is matched by a long and distinguished record as patron of the arts, and active and generous supporter of health care and education. He currently serves as a Director of the Council for Business and the Arts in Canada, the Ontario Arts Council Foundation and Soulpepper Theatre Company. He is a member of the Advisory Board of the Institute of Child Study at the University of Toronto and Chairman of the Board of Trustees at Rosedale United Church. Mr. Pitblado is past Chairman of both the Board of Trustees of the Hospital for Sick Children and its Foundation. He is also past Chairman of both the Board of Directors of the National Ballet of Canada and its Endowment Foundation and a past President of the Canadian Club.

In recognition of his many contributions to the quality of life in Canada, Mr. Pitblado was appointed a Member of the Order of Canada in 1998. He also received the Edmund C. Bovey Award for leadership in business and the arts in 2000. Jim and Sandra Pitblado were named the outstanding Philanthropists of the year by the National Society of Fundraising Executives in 1999 and jointly received the Ramon John Hnatyshyn Award for Voluntarism in the Performing Arts in 2003.

The Pitblado family has historic connections with the University of Manitoba. Mr. Pitblado's grandfather, Isaac, was Chairman of our Board of Governors from 1917 to 1924. Isaac's son and Jim’s'father, Edward, graduated from the Manitoba Law School and together with his father was instrumental in the creation of the Alumni Association which he served as both President and representative on the Board of Governors. Both Isaac and Edward Pitblado had distinguished legal careers and their former firm continues today, still carrying the family name.

Jim and Sandra Pitbiado decided to honour his father and grandfather and recognize the family connection to the University of Manitoba through a remarkable gift to the Faculty of Law. In 2001 the Faculty articulated a strategic plan that would see Robson Hall become nationally recognized for excellence and leadership in learning, teaching and research in the law. That vision is grounded in a commitment to promote excellence, recognize achievement and develop facilities and programs that allow students and faculty to maximize their individual potential. Mr. and Mrs. Pitblado funded the nationally acclaimed Pitblado Scholars program; moreover, since its inception they have maintained a direct connection with the program and its students.
Mr. Pitblado encourages others with his confidence, empowers them through his support, and inspires them by his bold leadership and sincere personal commitment to community.

Mr. Chancellor, it is my honour and privilege to ask in the name of the Senate of the University of Manitoba, that you confer upon James B. Pitblado, the degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa.

-citation delivered by mentor, Professor Harvey Secter, Dean, Faculty of Law


Edwin Anderson

Edwin Anderson, LL.D., February 10, 2004

Edwin Orlando Anderson
B.B.A. (Minnesota.), M.A. (Manitoba)

A university shows its strength through its ability to create a community where learning and knowledge are fostered, strengthened and shared with the greater community. Throughout his career, and now in his retirement, Ed Anderson has been a part of this strength for the University of Manitoba. From his beginnings as a research assistant, graduate student and lecturer, Ed Anderson sought out ways to make teaching, learning and research innovative at the University of Manitoba. With his appointment as Assistant, then Associate Professor in the Continuing Education Division, Ed worked in the development of many of the programs that the CED has been long renowned for. These include the Community Counselling Certificate, the Stony Mountain University Program, and the Correspondence and General Studies Programs, all of which have made university education possible for people who before would not otherwise have had the same opportunity. Ed Anderson has contributed significantly to program development in the Continuing Education Division and throughout the whole University.

Ed Anderson recognizes the importance of service in a University and is a leader in showing exemplary service to the University of Manitoba. In addition to his academic and curricular accomplishments, Ed has served on numerous faculty, Senate, Board of Governors and university committees, indeed far too many to name. He served as Vice-President, and then President of the University of Manitoba Faculty Association. Ed represented UMFA on Senate, the Board of Governors and the Board of the Canadian Association of University Teachers, including a term as its President from 1985-86. Throughout the University of Manitoba community and beyond, Ed Anderson is known and respected as a committed, active member of the community.

It was Ed Anderson's twelve-year tenure as Secretary of Senate, however, that provided the University and the greater community the opportunity to benefit from his expertise in governance and his ability to provide sage advice and guidance to the many constituent groups of the University. Having benefited from Ed's advice and knowledge from my time as a student Senator to now as Acting Secretary of Senate, I can say that Ed is always ready to listen, advise and provide a sense of institutional memory, all with a sense of warmth, energy and wit that has served us all exceptionally well. In fact, Ed was so admired by the students of the University that upon his retirement in 1998, UMSU established the Ed Anderson Award, which is awarded annually to a student who is involved in student governance in an exceptional way.

Ed Anderson continues to serve the University even in retirement. As a Senior Scholar attached both to the President's Office and the Continuing Education Division, Ed provides many hours of volunteer service on committees, as an advisor to the University Secretary and others on a wide host of issues. In addition, he is always open to provide that sage advice to students, faculty and administrators. Ed Anderson is a friend to the University of Manitoba; that friendship is evident in the hundreds of people within the community who know him and love him.

In the greater community, Ed Anderson's promotion and support of cultural organizations is widely known. He served on the Board of Governors of the Manitoba Museum, including a term as Chairman. For his contributions, the Museum awarded him a Honorary Life Membership in 1984. He currently serves as Vice-President for Works of Art of the Board of Governors of the Winnipeg Art Gallery and on the Board of Directors of Prairie Public Television, Inc.

Ed Anderson is a teacher, a facilitator, an organizer and a leader. More than all of these, he is a friend to the people who he has touched throughout a lifetime of contributions to the University of Manitoba. like me and so many others, the University of Manitoba is fortunate to have such a friend. Madame Vice-Chancellor, it is my honour to recommend, in the name of the Senate of the University of Manitoba, that you confer upon my mentor and dear friend Edwin Anderson, the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa.

The Honourable Lloyd Axworthy

The Honourable Lloyd Axworthy, LL.D., May 26, 2004
The Honourable Lloyd Axworthy
P.C.; D.C.; O.M.; B.A.(Wpg.); MA., Ph.D.(Prin.); LL.D.(Dal.; Denver; Lake.; Niagara; Qu; Vic; Wpg.)

Dr. Axworthy's local, national and international stature is difficult to describe in a few words. Clearly his commitment to the local, national and the global community, his vision and his daily work for justice and peace are an inspiration. His political career spanned 27 years, during six of which he served in the Manitoba Legislative Assembly and twenty-one in the Federal Parliament. He held a large number of Cabinet positions, notably Minister of Employment and Immigration, Minister Responsible for the Status of Women, Minister of Transport, of Human Resources Development, of Western Economic Diversification. In his own words, his most favoured role was Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1995 to 2000.

In this portfolio, Dr. Axworthy became internationally known for his advancement of the "human security" concept, a philosophy calling for global responsibility to the interests of individuals rather than the interests of the nation state or multinational corporations. This focus on people led him to work in particular, for the Ottawa Treaty - a landmark global treaty banning anti-personnel land mines. We need to reflect for a moment on this extraordinary contribution that will benefit literally millions of individuals and families throughout the world, including children and military personnel. There remain 80 million such land mines in the world and 500 people a week are still being injured by them. Canada no longer manufactures nor uses them and three quarters of the world's nations have signed on to the treaty. Dr. Axworthy was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize for this leadership. Two other major international initiatives have benefitted enormously from his efforts; the establishment of the International Criminal Court to bring war criminals to justice and the Protocol to curtail the use of child soldiers. For all these international endeavours, he received the North-South Institute's Peace Award. The Vietnam Veterans of America Foundation presented him with the Senator Patrick J. Leahy Award in recognition of his leadership in these global efforts, Princeton University awarded him the Madison Medal for his record of outstanding public service and he received the CARE International Humanitarian Award. He was elected Honorary Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He has been named to the Order of Manitoba and the Order of Canada.

Dr. Axworthy has an intertwining passion; that of urging all Canadians to reflect on the role of Canada in the world. His book published in 2003 is a provocative essay on this topic. Negotiating the internal disputes within Canada on the relative importance of trade within a comprehensive foreign policy that should also address human rights issues in Dr. Axworthy's view; negotiating multi-lateral versus bilateral agreements with the United States and others; strengthening the United Nations and other multi-lateral associations that promote the human security agenda are extraordinarily complex issues requiring imagination, vision, determination and compromise. Dr. Axworthy is a global citizen and his life's work urges all Canadians to embrace this role. In January of this year he was appointed by the Secretary General of the United Nations, Kofi Anrian, as special envoy for Ethiopia and Eritrea to consolidate peace under the provisions of the Algiers Agreement signed in 2000. The Academy has also recognized his achievements. He has received honourary doctorates from Queen's University, University of Victoria, University of Denver, Niagara University, Lakehead University, the University of Winnipeg and Dalhousie University.

Currently, Dr. Axworthy holds positions on several Boards and companies. Virtually all reflect his passion for the pursuit of solutions to global problems. He joined the law firm of Fraser Mimer Casgrain as a consultant on trade and international affairs. He is a Board member of the MacArthur Foundation, Human Rights Watch - where he chairs the Advisory Board for Americas Watch, Lester B. Pearson College, University of the Arctic, the Pacific Council on International Policy, on the Port of Churchill Advisory Board as well as on the Advisory Board of the Ethical Globalization Initiative. He is also serving as Chairman of the Human Security Centre for the United Nations University for Peace (UPEACE), Co-Chair of the State of the World Forum, Commission on Globalization, and Honorary Chairman of the Canadian Landmine Foundation. For the last three years he has been Director and CEO of the Liu Institute for Global Issues at the University of British Columbia. He lectures widely on international matters in Canada, the United States and abroad and is a frequent contributor to The Winnipeg Free Press. The Globe and Mail and the Toronto Star.

The timing of this honorary doctorate today coincides with Dr. Axworthy's return to Manitoba as President of our sister Institution, the University of Winnipeg. While he was born in North Battleford, Saskatchewan, he attended Sisler High School in Winnipeg and subsequently graduated with a BA, from United College (now the University of Winnipeg). While there, he was encouraged to apply for a Woodrow Wilson Scholarship which allowed him to attend Princeton University for his M.A. and his Ph.D. In Political Science. During his doctoral studies he returned to teach at the University of Winnipeg and was Director of the Institute of Urban Studies. We are simply delighted to welcome him home with his wife Denise Ommanney and their three children.

David Friesen

David S. Friesen, LL.D., October 20, 2004
David S. Friesen

Mr. Friesen was born on January 19, 1947. He attended the University of Manitoba and obtained his Bachelor of Arts in 1969.

Mr. Friesen has been an enthusiastic and exemplary advocate for the University of Manitoba for many years. In his role as Chair of "Building on Strengths" Campaign for the University of Manitoba, he led the most successful campaign in the university's history, which was the largest ever in Manitoba and one of the largest university campaigns in Canada. At a final total in February, 2004, of more than $237 million, this achievement will profoundly influence the future of the university for decades, both in the development of human capital and the university's physical spaces.

As a member of the University Development Council from its inception in 1993, Mr. Friesen was involved in the development and maturation of fundraising at the university, including the period during which the annual giving program and the planned giving program were established. He is also a member of the Associates of the I.H. Asper School of Business.

Mr. Friesen's community involvement extends well beyond the University of Manitoba. He is a past director of the National Arts Centre Board of Trustees, Fort Whyte Centre for Environmental Education, Altona Community Foundation and Scouts Canada.

As Chief Executive Officer of Friesens Corporation, Mr. Friesen has significantly grown his family's business, which has operated in Altona since 1907. Thanks in part to an employee-ownership structure implemented in the early 1980s, Friesens' annual sales have grown to $85 million, making it one of the biggest employers in Manitoba. Friesens is the largest independent book manufacturer in Canada, accounting for about 65 per cent of the hardcover titles printed in the country. Friesens has printed some of the world's most beloved books, including over twenty million copies of Robert Munsch's Love You Forever, and close to one million copies of the fourth Harry Potter book, The Goblet of Fire. Friesens Corporation is celebrating the 20th anniversary in 2004 of printing the very popular series of Company's Coming cookbooks.
Mr. Friesen is active in the leadership of both his own industry and business in Manitoba. He is a member of the Boards of Manitoba Hydro, Blue Cross Life Insurance and the Crocus Investment Fund. He is a past memberof the Premier's Economic Advisory Council of Manitoba and presently is on the Board of the Business Council of Manitoba. He has been a director and member of the Graphic Arts Industries Association of Canada, the Printing Industries Association of Manitoba, the US-based National Association of Printing Leadership and the Manitoba Branch of the Canadian Manufacturers Association.
Friesens has been honoured nationally and internationally for excellence in business. It was named one of Canada's 50 best managed companies in 2003, and the 2003 National Association for Printing Leadership Gold Management Plus Award. Mr. Friesen was named Prairie Entrepreneur of the Year in 2000 in the competition run world-wide by Emst and Young and was nominated for the National Entrepreneur of the Year Award that same year.

The University of Manitoba Alumni Association named Mr. Friesen the recipient of the 2004 Distinguished Alumni Award, in recognition of his success in business and service to the community and the university

Raymond Henault

General Raymond R. Henault, LL.D., May 26, 2004
General Raymond R. Henault
C.M.M; CD.; B.A.(Man.)

As Chief of the Defence Staff, General Ray Henault is the highest-ranking member of the Canadian Forces. General Henault was born and raised in Winnipeg and St. Jean Baptiste and joined the Canadian Forces in 1968. Like most military officers he has had a very diverse career during which he has served in over 20 different positions. Operationally, he has been a fighter pilot, a helicopter pilot, a flying instructor and an air traffic controller, and he has logged 4,500 hours of flying time. He has commanded a tactical helicopter squadron in Germany, served as Base Commander of the Canadian Forces Base at Portage Ia Prairie, and has served in a wide variety of other command and staff positions.

While General Henault has been an outstanding officer throughout his career, his leadership abilities are exemplified by the contributions he has made in his last two appointments. From 1998 to 2001 he was the Deputy Chief of the Defence Staff. The Deputy Chief is responsible for all military operations including peacekeeping, assisting communities in tasks such as flood relief, and training exercises. This job is always a challenging one, but during General Henault's tenure the nature of military operations was changing very dramatically. During the Cold War, the war tasks and roles of the military were quite well-defined and peacekeeping typically involved operations where the task was keeping two different groups apart by patrolling a border. However, since that time things have become much more complex. Peacekeeping has often become peace enforcement, typically involving internal disputes rather than disputes between countries, and the demands on the military have become much less predictable and much more dangerous. During his time as Deputy Chief, General Henault responded very effectively to the immediate challenges that came on a daily basis and also was able to implement flexible procedures and processes that will enable the Canadian Forces to respond quickly to the difficult operational challenges it will face in the future.

Since becoming Chief of the Defence Staff in 2001, General Henault has done much to improve the operational capabilities and the equipment of the Canadian Forces. He has also made a major contribution through his efforts to restore morale and to improve the public image of the Canadian Forces. He has focused on making working conditions better for the men and women of the Canadian Forces, and despite severe budgetary constraints he has been able to make significant improvements in the quality of life issues that affect all service members.

General Henault is a graduate of the University of Manitoba. He is also a graduate of the Ecole superieure de guerre in Paris, France and of the National Defence College in Kingston. His accomplishments have been formally recognized in many different ways. He is a Commander of the Order of Military Merit, a Member of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem, and a Commander of the French Legion of Honour.

General Henault's accomplishments make him a very worthy recipient of an Honorary Doctorate of Laws. As a graduate of the University of Manitoba's Canadian Forces University Program, he is also an outstanding representative of the 1200 military members and dependants who have graduated from this program.

The Right Honourable Beverly McLachlin

The Right Honourable Beverley McLachlin, LL.D., May 27, 2004
The Right Honourable Beverley McLachlin
P.C.; B.A., M.A., LL.B.(Alta.); LL.D.(UBC); LL.D.(Alta.); LL.D.(Tor.); LL.D.(York); LL.D.(Law Society of Upper Canada): LL.D.(Ott.); LL.D. (Calg.); LL.D.(Brock); LL.D.(SFU); LL.D.(Vic.); LL.D.(Alta.); LL. D. (Leth.); L.L. D.(Bridgewater State College); LL.D. (Mt.St.Vin.); LL.D.(PEI); LL.D.(Montr.)

We honour Beverley Marian McLachlin as a practitioner of law, as a prolific legal scholar and as a distinguished jurist who serves our country as its highest judicial officer, the Chief Justice of Canada. She stands forthrightly for the rule of law, for discourses based on reason, for traditions tempered by modern realities, and for universal principles of justice, applied in a time of worldwide uncertainties about civil government and human rights.

Born in Pincher Creek, Alberta, a farm girl from the foothills of the Rockies, eldest of five children, she completed three degrees at the University of Alberta, her Bachelor of Arts Honours in Philosophy and then simultaneously both her Bachelor of Laws and Master of Arts in Philosophy. By 1975 this gold medalist in law had worked six years as a civil litigation lawyer, in both Alberta and British Columbia, and had returned to academe as an associate professor of law at the University of British Columbia, teaching criminal law and the law of evidence.

No sooner had she become a tenured professor then she started another career, as a trial judge in Vancouver's County Court. Six months later, she moved to a judgeship on the Supreme Court of British Columbia. Here, she rapidly earned a reputation for presiding impartially and for writing crisp, tightly reasoned, law-centered judgments. After four years of hearing and determining criminal prosecutions and civil lawsuits, she was promoted to the British Columbia Court of Appeal, where she wrote appellate judgments with a vigorous focus on the law as it is, not as others might want it to be. Each judgment respected the separate needs of the two parties who had brought their dispute into the public forum. In 1988 she agreed to step away from appellate work, to return to the trial level in order to apply her administrative talents as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of British Columbia. By then she had established herself as a regular contributor to legal literature and as co-author of three books that remain authoritative texts.

Seven months later, she accepted appointment to the Supreme Court of Canada, where she served for a decade as an associate or puisne justice. Canada welcomed the new millennium with the swearing in, on 7 January 2000, of The Right Honourable Beverley McLachlin as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada. She is the seventeenth jurist to so serve since the Court's creation in 1875 and the office's first woman. With her eight colleagues, she now leads by example in our Court of last resort, a court that is unique in the world for its general jurisdiction and its written guiding principles in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

Chief Justice McLachlin has helped to define equality rights of minorities, to strengthen freedom of speech, to recognize Aboriginal rights, to reinforce the role of juries, to encourage local governmental diversity, and in general to champion the Charter, both domestically and as a model for other nations. Not surprisingly, she has been quoted as saying "I have always really loved what I’m doing!" She continues to bring dignity, intelligence and empathy to the pursuit of justice for all Canadians.

Mr. Chancellor, it is my honour and privilege to ask, in the name of Senate of the University of Manitoba, that you confer upon The Right Honourable Beverley Marian McLachlin the degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa. 

Hartley Richardson

Hartley T. Richardson, LL.D., October 20, 2004

Hartley T. Richardson
B.Comm.(Hons) (Man.)

Mr. Richardson was born on October 16, 1954 in Winnipeg, He attended the University of Manitoba and received his Bachelor of Commerce (Hons.) in 1977. Other designations include a certification by the Investment Dealers Association of Canada and a certificate in Strategic Planning from the Wharton Business School at University of Pennsylvania.

Mr. Richardson is a most distinguished Manitoban. Through his leadership in business, service to the community and philanthropy, he has demonstrated his commitment to the people of Manitoba and Canada and to their social, cultural and economic well-being.

Hartley T. Richardson is the seventh family President of James Richardson & Sons, Limited, a private, family-owned corporation, founded in 1857 and headquartered in Winnipeg, Canada. The Company's deepest roots are in the international grain distribution industry, where it has over 140 years of experience. Its wholly-owned subsidiary, James Richardson International, operates the largest privately owned network of grain facilities In Canada. The network includes a series of traditional grain elevators and high throughput terminals at inland and port locations across the country. In addition to sourcing raw bulk commodities, the Company is involved in farm service centers, home and garden stores, and fertilizer plants, and operates Canbra Foods, Canada's largest fully-integrated canola processing company.

Richardson Financial Group Limited is the Company's financial arm, investing in Canadian private companies in a range of industry sectors outside of the Company's core business. Another entity, Richardson Partners Financial Limited, is responsible for providing highly personalized family wealth management services and advice.

Other businesses include subsidiaries in energy and real estate. Tundra Oil and Gas Ltd. is involved in oil exploration and production in Canada's Williston Basin, where it owns several hundred wells and related pipeline infrastructure. Real estate interests controlled through Lombard Realty Limited are currently concentrated in the ownership and management of office towers in Winnipeg, and have included a variety of commercial, industrial and resort ventures across North America in the past.

Mr. Richardson is committed to a broad range of organizations in Canada and Manitoba through his participation and leadership on boards and committees. He serves as a Director of Angiotech Pharmaceuticals Inc., MacDonald Dettwiler and Associates, Railpower Technologies, Canadian Council of Chief Executives, and the Business Council of Manitoba. Other affiliations include The Carlyle Group Canadian Advisory Board, The Trilateral Commission, World Economic Forum Global Leaders of Tomorrow, and the Young President's Organization.

In 2004, Mr. Richardson is Chairman of Winnipeg's United Way campaign. He also served as a member of the National Executive Committee for the 2004 Governor General's Leadership Conference. Actively involved in a number of charitable endeavours and community organizations, the Association of Fundraising Professionals (Manitoba) named Mr. Richardson the Outstanding Volunteer Fundraiser of the Year in 2003.

He is past Chairman of CNIBs That All May Read 2003 campaign (Manitoba chapter) and Chair of the 2000 International Distinguished entrepreneur Award (IDEA) Dinner, honouring Li Ka-shing, Chairman of Cheung Kong Group of Companies. Mr. Richardson has been a member of the Queen's University School of Business Advisory Council and Campaign Cabinet as well as the Lester B. Pearson United World College of the Pacific Board of Trustees. He has served as Co-Chair of the Manitoba Theatre Centre Capital Campaign, Director of the Manitoba Opera Association, Director of the St. Boniface Hospital Research Foundation, Co-Chair of the St. John's Ravenscourt School Capital Campaign and Honorary Chairman of National Access Awareness Week.

Beyond his formal participation on boards and committees, Mr. Richardson is an enthusiastic backer of many community initiatives, such as the successful bid to bring the 1999 Pan Am Games to Winnipeg, restoration of the Pavilion at Assiniboine Park, development of the Leo Mol Sculpture Garden and Lyric Theatre, and construction of a downtown entertainment complex.

Mr. Richardson has been particularly generous toward his alma mater. As Vice-Chair of Building on Strengths: Campaign for the University of Manitoba, he played a key leadership role in the most successful campaign of the university's history, which was the largest ever in Manitoba and one of the largest university campaigns in Canada. At a final total of more than $237 Million in February, 2004, this achievement will profoundly influence the future of the university for decades, both in the development of human capital and the university's physical spaces.

In addition to his volunteer work on the University campaign, Mr. Richardson was instrumental in garnering support from his family, the Richardson Foundation, and the Richardson group of companies for a number of initiatives, notably the leading- edge research facility, the Richardson Centre for Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals, the innovative Centre for Music, Art and Design, and the VIP (Valuing lcelandic Presence) Campaign.

Clayton Riddell

Clayton H. Riddell, D.Sc., May 27, 2004
Clayton H. Riddell

The seventies and early eighties was a time of global energy crisis; Canada's energy resources were sorely pressed. It was at this time that Clay Riddell had a major impact on the future of Canada's energy reserves. He used basic geological principles, along with innovative interpretations of underground reservoir conditions and air drilling technology to discover and develop major new gas fields in northeastern Alberta.

Clay Riddell graduated from the University of Manitoba with a B.Sc.(Hons.) in Geology in 1959 and he went on to become a pioneering geologist of vision and entrepreneurial drive.

Riddell drilled his first well in this region when there were no pipelines, at a time when conventional drilling practice had proven inadequate, and traditional thinking had staunchly ruled out natural gas production. Riddell founded Paramount Resources during this time and this early exploration success in northeastern Alberta has continued into the 21st century, resulting in total gas production and reserve definition in Devänian and Cretaceous rocks amounting to trillions of cubic feet. Building on this success, the company is breaking more new frontiers by exploring for deep gas in the United States.

The same skills and innovative thinking that opened up the gas fields in northeastern Alberta have recently been applied to northwestern Alberta and the Northwest Territories, where Riddell's company has already had exploration successes in what could prove to be a new major natural gas producing area. His work with the Deh Cho peoples of Ft. Liard has been collaborative and exemplary. Early in the exploration process he established a strong working relationship with the community by providing employment opportunities to many local people.

As an established exploration geologist, Riddell has been equally successful in his skill at developing and overseeing a company. As President of Paramount Resources for 24 years, he is one of the longest serving corporate presidents of a Canadian energy company. He has earned the respect, admiration and loyalty of his staff, as indicated by the fact that staff turnover at Paramount Resources is virtually non-existent. Paramount Resources has managed to grow and compete successfully with giants in the industry, and in many cases outperform them.

While successfully developing Paramount Resources, Riddell has contributed his time to the Canadian Society of Petroleum Geologists (CSPG), to the Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers and to the Geological Association of Canada, as well as to the organization and success of numerous national scientific meetings. Riddell is also recognized in the geological and oil community for his considerable organizational skills with respect to volunteer organizations and volunteer effort. As president of the CSPG he promoted and supported activities of the CSPG National Liaison Committee and was extremely effective in organizing collaborative efforts between industry and universities. In this regard, he was instrumental in bringing the CSPG's significant resources to bear on the expansion of student scholarships and field trip grants. More recently he has brought these talents to advising the University of Manitoba during the Building on Strengths capital campaign.

Clayton Riddell is a Winnipegger. His quiet exterior belies a determination to make things work, even if it takes a long time; here it is easy to gain the impression that many of his attributes reflect his Manitoban roots and upbringing. His attachment to Manitoba is reflected in his frequent visits to Winnipeg and to family in Riverton.

His geological background and abilities were formed during his experience as a student at the University of Manitoba; they are also due to professors like the late Edward Leith, in honour of whom the Ed Leith Cretaceous Menagerie was assembled. Instruction in palaeontology, Earth history and stratigraphy was a key ingredient in Riddell's exploration skill. In recognition of this education and his ties to Manitoba, Clay took a leadership role in supporting the Menagerie. As a University of Manitoba alumnus he truly represents a role model for all students regardless of their career objectives.

Anne Smigel

Anne Smigel, LL.D., October 21, 2004
Anne Smigel
B.A., B.Ed.(Man.)

Anne Smigel, a Winnipeg-born teacher, resource person, principal, artist and philanthropist began her career as a teacher in rural Manitoba at schools in Oakburn, Poplarfield, and Fraserwood. Returning to Winnipeg she continued teaching and pursuing her studies. She takes pride in her Ukrainian heritage having struggled through a time when it was difficult for off-spring of immigrant parents to be accepted within the various professions. The first woman principal in Winnipeg of Ukrainian background, her career as an educator spanned forty-four years.

As a teacher, Ms. Smigel has had a profound Influence on the many pupils who passed through her classes. Whether they were in the choir or in the classroom, she guided their learning and prepared them for their lives as adults. Many of her former students have, themselves, gone on to become teachers. Her contributions to her profession include presenting papers at conferences, serving on the French and Ukrainian language curriculum committees, serving on the board of the International Reading Association, and delivering courses for teachers through the Department of Education. Early on in her career she became actively involved in the placement of immigrant children who arrived in Winnipeg during 1947-49. For these children she developed special curriculum resources, shared her knowledge, expertise and judgement in helping them become Canadians and Winnipeggers.

Over the years, Ms. Smigel has been actively involved in many service organizations, receiving the Alpha Omega Alumnae Woman of the Year Award, the City of Winnipeg Community Service Award, and the Centennial Medal for Teaching Excellence. She is a founding member of Creative Retirement Manitoba, an organization whose mission is to promote the health and well-being of individuals and communities through developing and offering innovative learning opportunities for older persons.

Ms. Smigel established an Education Fund for the Ukrainian Sisters of St. Joseph Congregation in Winnipeg and in Brazil to assist them with tuition fees, buying books, and travelling to and from an accredited school, college or university. As a volunteer at the Ukrainian Cultural and Educational Centre and as a member of the Alpha Omega Alumnae, an Ukrainian professional women's organization, she encourages the preservation and support of Ukrainian culture. She is interested in supporting Ukrainian publishing endeavours in Canada as well.

Ms. Smigel is a founding member of Altrusa International of Winnipeg, an association of professional women who volunteer their energies and expertise towards projects such as the Language Bank of Winnipeg, an interpretive service for adults who require legal and medical translations and T.O.T.S. Take Out Toy Service, a toy lending library for children with disabilities. She served as the first Canadian Governor of Altrusa International, District Seven from 1980 to 1982.

Ms. Smigel has demonstrated her commitment to advancing the study of Ukrainian culture by generously establishing several significant funds at the University of Manitoba: a scholarship to encourage students at St. Andrew's College who pursue studies in, and develop their knowledge of, Ukrainian heritage; a research endowment fund to acquire, preserve and make accessible library materials related to all aspects of the Ukrainian prairie experience; and, to support the Archives of the Ukrainian Canadian Experience whose mandate is to gather textual records, papers, correspondence, photographs, etc. about Ukrainian life in Canada.  Her support for the development of a unique collection of primary and secondary material will attract local, national, and international faculty and students and will enhance research in this area. She believes that scholars need to gain a better understanding of heritage communities and that the availability of a wide range of resources will serve that purpose. Her latest endowment fund was established to assist the Human Ecology Department's study into the effects of buckwheat on insulin levels. By her example, she has encouraged others to contribute to these important University initiatives.

Ms. Smigel is a highly motivated, enthusiastic, and caring individual who is interested in the well-being of the community at large. In the past she has supported initiatives pertaining to the Centennial Concert Hall and more recently she has established an endowment fund for the new Millennium Library.

Not content to rest in her retirement, Ms. Smigel earned an accredited certificate that allowed her to assist in her church nursery, if and when required. For a number of years she was also a member on the board of the Council of Women of Winnipeg. As an enjoyable recreational past time she took instruction in oil and water colour and has had several juried exhibits within Winnipeg.


George Bain

George Bain, LL.D., May 28, 2003
George Sayers Bain
B.A.(Hons.), M.A.(Man.); D.Phil.(Oxf.); D.B.A.(De Mont.); LL.D.(Ireland); LL.D.(Guelph); LL.D.(Cape Breton); D.Litt.(Ulster)

Sir George Sayers Bain was born in Winnipeg to an Irish mother from a middle class conservative family and a Canadian father from a socialist, Scottish working class background who was a skilled tradesman at the Canadian Pacific Railways and a president of his union local. Professor Bain attended Miles Macdonnel High School, where he served as student president, before going on to the University of Manitoba to complete a BA. (Hons.) in Economics and Political Science and then an M.A. in Economics. In 1962-63, he served as a Lecturer in the Department of Economics at the University and, from 1956 to 1963, was active in the NDP and its predecessor, the CCF, serving as a delegate to the NDP's founding convention in 1961, and then as president of the Manitoba NDP in 1962- 1963. In the latter capacity, he managed the NDPs campaign in both the 1962 provincial and the 1963 federal elections.

In 1963, Professor Bain was awarded a Commonwealth scholarship, and left Canada for Oxford to take a Doctorate of Philosophy in Industrial Relations. From 1966 to 1969, he was a Research Fellow at Nuffield College, Oxford, and in 1969, at only 30 years of age, he was awarded a chaired professorship at the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology. A year later, he moved to Warwick University, becoming Deputy Director of its Industrial Relations Research Unit. This was a period of considerable industrial unrest in Britain, and the British Social Science Research Council had designated Warwick as the primary centre for industrial relations research. Thus, Professor Bain came to be at the hub of a vital and exciting field of study.

Professor Bain was appointed as Director of the Industrial Relations Research Unit in 1975, and then as Chairman of the School of Industrial and Business Studies at Warwick in 1983. In 1989, he left Warwick to become the Principal of the London Business School, holding this position until 1997. In 1998, he became President and Vice Chancellor of The Queens University of Belfast, and continues to be in this position.

Professor Bain's accomplishments are legion. As an academic, early work he did on white collar unionism and on labour union growth came to be of seminal importance to the field of industrial relations and is still referenced. As an administrator, he is credited with helping to forge the industrial relations research unit at Warwick into the world leader in its field, with raising the Warwick business school to first tier status in Britain, with moulding the London Business School into one of the two or three top business schools in Europe, and with revitalizing The Queen's University of Belfast so that it is now ranked within the top 20 of Britain's more than 170 institutions.

In addition to his scholarly and administrative accomplishments. Professor Bain has served on a number of government bodies and commissions in both Canada and Britain. Most noteworthy in recent years has been his role as Chairman of the British Low Pay Commission, formed in 1997 to provide recommendations for and subsequently oversee the implementation of Britain's first national minimum wage. Professor Bain was able to achieve consensus among both labour and business representatives on the Commission, issuing recommendations that were enacted almost in their entirety by the British government, with minimal if any negative economic or political consequences.

Professor Bain is known to be proud of his Winnipeg roots, including his education at the University of Manitoba. He continues to describe himself as a democratic socialist, defining this term not in a dogmatic way but rather in accordance with three ideals associated with the French Revolution: equality, especially of opportunity; freedom, including freedom from want as well as freedom to act; and fellowship, or recognition of the importance of community.

In 2001, Professor Bain received a knighthood from her majesty Queen Elizabeth II. In addition to his position at The Queen's University of Belfast, he presently holds a number of appointments on government bodies and corporate boards. Along with his wife, Gwynneth, he returns often to Winnipeg, where his father continues to reside.

The Honourable Benjamin Hewak

Benjamin Hewak, LL.D., May 29, 2003
The Honourable Benjamin Hewak
B.A., LL.B. (Man.)

The Honourable Benjamin Hewak was born in Winnipeg in 1935. He attended St. John's Technical High School, where he was prominent in sports and other student activities, and subsequently the University of Manitoba (B.A. 1956) and the Manitoba Law School (LL.B. 1960). He served as a Crown Attorney for five years before commencing the private practice of law, principally as defence counsel in criminal cases, in 1965. In 1971 he was appointed to the County Court and in 1977 he became a judge of the Court of Queen's Bench of Manitoba. From 1985 until his retirement earlier this year, he was Chief Justice of the Queen's Bench.

Ben Hewak has been an alderman in West Kildonan, an active member of the board of the Seven Oaks Hospital Foundation, and a member of the board of the Holy Family Nursing Home. He has made a distinguished contribution to the Canadian-Ukranian cultural life as president of the Ukranian National Youth Federation, as chairman of the Rusalka Ukranian Dance Ensemble, and through participation in the work of the Ukranian Cultural and Educational Centre, the Centre for Ukranian Canadian Studies, the Osvita Foundation, and other organizations.

Benjamin Hewak, as Chief Justice during a period of change and challenge for the courts, was attuned to the social interest in, and need for, open, accessible and affordable justice. He welcomed and encouraged useful and continuous reform and experiment, invited the cooperation of Bar and public in the process of change, and reported fully and faithfully to the larger community on the work of the court and the issues it has to confront.

Most fittingly, his leadership and service was this year recognized by the presentation of the Distinguished Service Award of the Manitoba Bar Association.

Robert Ross

Robert T. Ross, D.Sc., May 29, 2003
Robert T. Ross
M.D. (Man.); F.R.C.P.C.

Born in Winnipeg, Robert Ross received his Arts and Science degree from the University of Manitoba in 1943, and his M.D. degree in 1948 from the Faculty of Medicine. He pursued his medical and hospital training at the Winnipeg General Hospital and at the National Hospital for Nervous Diseases in London, England.

Currently Professor Emeritus of Medicine at the University, Dr. Ross has had a long and illustrious career as a physician and educator. A renowned neurologist, he has exemplified an outstanding career in Medicine, and has followed a course of philanthropy within the University of Manitoba and the broader community throughout his life.

Dr. Ross was a faculty member at the University from 1953-1999, a member of the Department of Neurology and served as Head of Neurology from 1977-1984. During his tenure as Head, he introduced many innovations and was responsible for developing and directing the graduate training program in neurology. An excellent teacher, his former residents noted the way he encouraged them to become good physicians.

Dr. Ross has published extensively and authored over fifty papers and articles. His book, How to Examine the Nervous System, a neurology textbook is on the recommended list of textbooks in medical schools. First published in 1973, the third edition of this textbook was published in 1999 and is very popular with medical students and residents. He founded the Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences, the primary vehicle for dissemination of neurological research in Canada in 1974, and served as its editor and publisher from 1974 to 1981.

Throughout his life, Dr. Ross has been a strong supporter of the education and the arts. He established the Dr. R.T. Ross Medical Library Trust Fund and has contributed to it over a period spanning two decades, thus ensuring that funds were available to support teaching and research needs specific to students, researchers and teachers in the Faculty of Medicine. Reflective of his particular interest in technology, he donated funds to the Medical Library in the mid-eighties that allowed the creation of a computer laboratory used to teach medical intormatics to students. He has continued his support in the Neil John Maclean Health Sciences Library by once again providing funds for the computer equipment in the Ross Learning Resource Centre. The Faculty of Law has also benefited from Dr. Ross's broad interests by the establishment of the John L. Ross Q.C. Bursary for law students competing in national moot trial competitions.

Dr. Ross has an outstanding record of community service and has been a supporter of the Winnipeg Art Gallery, the Royal Winnipeg Ballet, Manitoba Chamber Orchestra, National Gallery of Art and the Winnipeg Library Foundation.

Dr. Ross has received numerous awards for his scholarly and community work including the E.L Drewry Research Prize in Physiology, Canadian Centennial Medal, Queen Elizabeth Jubilee Medal and an honorary Life Membership in the Canadian Neurological Society. Dr. Ross was appointed to the Order of Canada in 1993.

Paul Soubry, Sr.

Paul Soubry, LL.D., October 22, 2003
Paul Soubry, Sr.

Paul Soubry was born in Belgium where he received his early education before emigrating to Canada and Winnipeg in 1948. He began his long career in farm machinery manufacturing in 1951 in Ontario. Mr. Soubry returned to Winnipeg in 1971 to become president of Versatile Manufacturing Ltd., a company producing large farm equipment. Versatile was acquired by the Ford Motor Company in 1987 and two years later Mr. Soubry was appointed board chair and president of Ford New Holland Canada Ltd. After a series of mergers with subsidiaries of Fiat S.p.A., New Holland Canada Ltd. was established in 1991 with Mr. Soubry as vice-president and general manager. He retired in 1995 and is now president of Soubry Enterprises Ltd., a management consulting company.

Mr. Soubry has held numerous leadership positions in organizations related to Canadian manufacturing and exports, as well as government agencies related to trade. In Manitoba he has served on the Manitoba Economic Innovation and Technology Council, the Economic Development Authority-Whiteshell, the Manitoba Research Council, and the Industrial Technology Centre. In addition, Mr. Soubry's community service includes the Boy Scouts of Canada, and terms as director of Victoria Health Guard and on board of the Victoria General Hospital, where he also served as chair.

Mr. Soubry has had a long association with the University of Manitoba. In 1996 he was appointed to the first of two terms on Board of Governors. He was elected chair in 1997, and continued in this role until 2002. Upon joining the Board, Mr. Soubry took pains to learn about the many-faceted activities of this institution and was a tireless member of, and ambassador for, this university. During his tenure he was part of the strategic planning task force "Building on Strengths," served on various selection and review committees. Since retiring from the Board, Mr. Soubry continues to serve the University as part of the cabinet for the Building on Strengths Campaign. Prior to his appointment to the Board, he was a member of the associates program of the Faculty of Management (now the I.H. Asper School of Business) and was a member of the advisory board of the Centre for International Studies.

Harry Walsh

Harry Walsh, LL.D., October 23, 2003
Harry Walsh, Q.C.

Harry Walsh,Q.C., graduated from the University of Manitoba with degrees in Arts (1932) and Law (1937) and over his long career he has earned a national reputation in criminal law. From his Winnipeg base he has defended people from all walks of life in all parts of Canada, including the Supreme Court, and in so-doing served as counsel in many leading criminal cases.

Throughout his career, Mr. Walsh been committed to the ideal that all people are entitled to effective legal representation, regardless of their ability to pay. Accordingly, he and his associates represented defendants who could not afford their fees. Further, he worked to persuade the provincial government to introduce a legal assistance program and in 1972 he played a key role in developing Legal Aid Services in Manitoba. Three years later he was co-chair of the committee that persuaded the Canadian Bar Association to call for the abolition of capital punishment. In 1976 the House of Commons passed legislation abolishing capital punishment in Canada, one of the most important pieces of Canadian legislation of the past century.

Mr. Walsh is a Life Bencher of the Law Society of Manitoba and life member of the Canadian Bar Association. He is a past-president and honorary president of the YMHA Community Centre and a life governor at the Ben-Gurion University in Israel where the chair in Law and Morality was recently named in his honour. His career contributions, his efforts in pursuit of justice, and his community commitment have earned him many honors in Canada and abroad.

Betty Jane Wylie

Betty Jane Wylie, D.Litt., May 28, 2003
Betty Jane Wylie
B.A. (Hons.), M.A. (Man.)

Betty Jane Wylie (nee McKenty) was born in Winnipeg and educated at the University of Manitoba, where she graduated with a B.A. (Honours) in French and English in 1951. During the next year she completed a Master's degree in English, specializing in modern poetry and in Anglo-Saxon and Old Norse. Shortly after graduation she married William Tennant Wylie, with whom she raised four children in Winnipeg.

In the 1960's she was actively involved in the then-new Manitoba Theatre Centre, working in adaptations of classic drama and in works for children. In 1968, the family moved to Ontario, where William Wylie served as business manager for the Stratford Festival Theatre.

When William died in 1973, Ms. Wylie found herself having to cope with her bereavement and with the practical necessities of making a living. Already an experienced writer, she turned to free-lance work and wrote Beginnings: A Book for Widows, which has since gone through many editions and even more translations. Beginnings marked the first big success in a long and productive career as a writer.

Since then Wylie has published thirty-five books in a wide range of fields, some of which have been intended to provide help and guidance to others - sometimes financial, sometimes professional, on occasion culinary, and at other times pastoral. Her many books have been deeply appreciated by generations of readers, who attest to their wisdom and their power.

More recently, Ms. Wylie has turned to writing for radio and television. She has developed in drama her most sustained body of writing. The content of some of the more than twenty plays has been derived from her awareness of women in precarious circumstances. For example, in1979, she lived for three weeks in a rooming house in Toronto, posing as a pensioner. Out of that experience she produced a series of five articles, "The Old Lady Caper." The main character of the series faces the anxieties of living in penury, the brutality of a sexual assault, and the humiliation of being ridiculed when she reports the attack. The play is, in the words of critic Joyce Doolittle, "an ingenious and moving one-woman show."

Running through all of the texts, and through much of her broadcasting, is a compassion for the dispossessed and the vulnerable in our culture - the infirm, the poor, the very young, the very old, the disturbed, the lonely. Ms. Wylie has found many of her stories in women's diaries, her own among them. In turning to stories of intimate lives, painful though they are, Ms. Wylie perennially respects and celebrates those lives.

Betty Jane Wylie has been a generous mentor to new writers. She has served as a writer-in-residence at a university and in four libraries, including most recently North York Public Library. She has held the demanding and important position as head of. The Writers' Union of Canada, and has contributed to Canadian life as an imaginative and humane journalist.

Ms. Wylie has been always a figure who has attended to the well-being of our lives. Her work is a rich and effective act of service, asking from us our best selves. One of her nominees has said she may just be the least- acknowledged among Canada's premier writers. Her list of publications is close to 'staggering'; indeed.

In receiving this award Ms. Wylie now comes full circle, back to the province of her origins, to the city of her birth, and to the university of her early intellectual development. She has continued to nurture those connections, including her Icelandic heritage, and she has generously contributed her papers to the Elizabeth Dafoe archives at the University of Manitoba, where they are available for research.

Her one-woman play, "A Place on Earth," could be the finest one-person play any Canadian has written. Its economically-written, witty (of course), finally very moving and testifies to a human being of unusually wide sympathies and awarenesses. There cannot be a person with serious connections to the arts who merits a higher 'place on earth.'

Carol Shields

Citation not available.


Raymond Breton

Raymond Breton, LL.D., June 3, 2002
Raymon Breton
B.A (Man.); M.A. (Chic); Ph.D. (Johns H.)

Dr. Breton is a sociologst and a 1952 Arts graduate of the University of Manitoba.  He is a recognized authority on diversity in Canadian society and has researched the symbolic and cultural dimensions of Canadian life, both French and English, that speak to the Canadian character.

Her Excellency The Right Honourable Adrienne Clarkson

Her Excellency The Rt Hon Adrienne Clarkson, LL.D., May 29, 2002
Her Excellency the Right Honourable Adrienne Clarkson
C.C., C.M.M., C.D., C.O.M.; B.A., M.A. (Tor.), D.Lit. (Lakehead, McG.); LL.D. (Dal., Acad., PEI, Vic., RMC, Tor.), F.R.C.P.S.C.
Governor General of Canada

Born in Hong Kong, Adrienne Clarkson emigrated to Canada as a preschooler during World War II. She settled with her family in Ottawa where she was educated in the public school system. After studying English Literature at Trinity College, she earned an Honours B.A. and then an M.A. at the University of Toronto. She continued her literary studies at the Sorbonne in Paris before returning to lecture in English at the University of Toronto for the 1964-65 academic year.

Mme Clarkson began her distinguished career in television as a book reviewer for CBC and was soon chosen to be an interviewer and a host on Take Thirty, a day-time magazine program. After ten years, she moved up to prime time, hosting The Fifth Estate from 1975 to 1982. During this time she won numerous broadcasting kudos, including ACTRA Awards for Best TV Journalist in 1974 and again in 1982, the Gordon Sinclair Award (for outspokenness and integrity in broadcasting) in 1975, and the ACTRA Award for Best Writer of a TV Documentary in 1977.

In 1982 Mme Clarkson switched careers, moving to Paris to become the first Agent-General for the Province of Ontario, a position which involved the promotion of that province's business and cultural interests in Spain, Italy and France. On her return to Canada in 1987 she was named President and Publisher of McClelland and Stewart, one of Canada's most distinguished publishing houses. She held this position for a year before establishing her own signature series Adrienne Clarkson Books at the same firm.

During this time Mme Clarkson resumed her television career as Executive Producer and Host of Adrienne Clarkson's Summer Festival for CBC-TV. From 1989 to 1999, she held the same responsibilities for Adrienne Clarkson Presents, the famous cultural affairs series profiling Canadian and International talent in film, theatre, music, dance and other arts. She garnered a Gemini and a Prix Gémeaux in this period.

Mme Clarkson was Chairwoman of the Canadian Museum of Civilization Corporation in Hull for five years and was also the first non-European elected president of the executive board of IMZ, the Vienna-based international audio-visual association of music, dance, and cultural programmers. She is an Honorary Fellow of Trinity College and of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. In 1992, she was appointed an Officer of the Order of Canada.

Since the autumn of 1999 she has been this country's 26th Governor General, bringing energy, dignity, intelligence and compassion to this important position.

Gerald Niznick

Gerald Niznick, D. Sc., May30, 2002
Gerald A. Niznick
D.M.D. (Man.); M.S.D. (Indiana)

Dr. Gerald Niznick, recognized by many as the father of modern implant dentistry, graduated from the University of Manitoba Faculty of Dentistry in 1966. He received a Masters Degree in Prosthodontics at Indiana University in 1968 and began his dental practice in 1969 in Los Angeles.

Starting in the early 1970's, Dr. Niznick began a decade long search for a reliable dental implant and, by 1982, had developed and patented his own dental implant design and established Core-Vent Corporation. By 1990, the Core-Vent System was the most widely used dental implant system in the world. This immense achievement was brought about through hard work and personal dedication - during this time, Dr. Niznick personally trained over 10,000 dentists in lectures and live surgical demonstrations. In 1989, the Canadian Dental Journal appropriately saluted his accomplishments in an interview entitled "A Canadian Who Made a Difference". With a keen understanding of his patients' needs and the future possibilities of his profession, Dr. Niznick built Core-Vent Corporation into a multi-million dollar world leader in dental implantology.

By the end of the 1990's, Dr. Niznick held 20 US Patents including one feature that has become the cornerstone of modern implants. His significant contributions to the advancement of implant dentistry have been recognized nationally and internationally. He is the recipient of numerous awards and honours, including an Honorary Doctorate from Tel Aviv University, where he has been a Member of the Board of Directors for the last 10 years.

Dr. Niznick retired in 2001 and he now has more time to devote to his hobbies of golf, motorcycle riding and flying jet airplanes. His commitment to dental education has continued through his generous support of dental schools world-wide - most recently with major contributions for the establishment of state-of-the-art clinical training centers here and abroad.

Dr. Niznick and his wife Reesa both grew up in Winnipeg and have been married 37 years. They have two married daughters and four grandchildren. They make their home in Las Vegas, Hawaii and Los Angeles but return to Winnipeg often to visit family and renew old friendships.

Not only is Gerald Niznick a leader in the field of implant dentistry, he is truly an exceptional individual - an innovator and entrepreneur who we are proud to call an alumnus of the University of Manitoba, Faculty of Dentistry.

Mr. Chancellor, it is an honour and a privilege for me to ask in the name of the Senate of the University of Manitoba that you confer upon Dr. Gerald A. Niznick, the degree of Doctor of Science, honoris causa.

His Excellency John Raulston Saul

His Excellency John Ralston Saul, LL.D., October 24, 2002
His Excellency John Ralston Saul
CC.; B.A. (Hons.) (McG.); Ph.D. (Lond.); LL.D. (S.Fraser, McM.); D. Lift. (Vic., McG., W.Ont.)

Man of letters and engaged public intellectual, John Ralston Saul has won an international readership for his novels and essays while animating and enlivening our public discourse by challenging Canadians to think anew about themselves and their country.

Born in Ottawa and educated in the public schools of Alberta, Manitoba and Ontario, he received an Honours B.A. at McGill and a Ph.D. at King's College, University of London. He is a Companion of the Order of Canada, a Chevalier in the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres of France. He has received honorary doctorates from six Canadian universities and in 2000 was the first recipient of the Canadian Teachers' Federation Public Education Advocacy award.

Between 1977 and 1994 John Ralston Saul wrote five novels which have been translated into more than a dozen languages, With the delivery of the Massey Lectures in 1995 and their publication as The Unconscious Civilization he entered the consciousness of people interested in the political and social questions of our era, in Canada and abroad. That book won two major literary awards, the Governor General's Literary Award for Non-Fiction and the Gordon Montador Award for the best Canadian book on contemporary social issues published in 1995. It has been widely re-published and proved to be the first of a trilogy which included Voltaire's Bastards - The Dictatorship of Reason and The Doubter's Companion - A Dictionary of Aggressive Common Sense. In 1997 he published Reflections of a Siamese Twin, a provocative essay on the nature of Canada. Last year he reflected further on the implications of the earlier trilogy in a new book, On Equilibrium. All these works provoked wide discussion; all proved bestsellers.

In these books he has written on both history and current public issues and, rather unusually in Canada outside the universities, he has sought to discover and illuminate the connections between the two. His wide readership here and abroad among what are, clearly, informed and intelligent lay audiences, suggests that he has done this with some skill and success on subjects not always easily accessible. What sets him apart is not merely that his books provoke discussion and debate but that he has gone well beyond the printed page to engage in public discussion with the public.

John Ralston Saul is of that rare pecies, the public intellectual: one who treats ideas as important, not least in our shared experience as citizens and who, above all, is by temperament, conviction and experience disposed to enter the public forum and engage in a public conversation about important public questions. He does this with considerable passion.

Four years ago this University launched an annual public lecture, The Templeton Lecture on Democracy. The Templeton Committee's first task was to find the appropriate person to give the Inaugural Lecture, a person who would set a high standard for those that followed, one who would have interesting, perhaps provocative things to say, one who would combine that with an ability to initiate and stimulate informed and intelligent public discourse. The person invited was John Ralston Saul. He met and exceeded those expectations in delighting, stimulating and challenging an overflow audience at the public lecture and a graduate seminar the following day.

He has been invited to deliver a number of important inaugural lectures which attests to his ability to engage us in the exercise of looking with fresh eyes at things we thought we knew. He achieves this because he brings to the task a creative intelligence, a broad knowledge of modern history, stylistic elegance and engaging wit, and a marked willingness to challenge conventional wisdom. In short, he displays many of the gifts and discharges many of the responsibilities which are valued by the University.

Mr. Chancellor, it is an honour and a privilege for me to ask in the name of the Senate of the University of Manitoba that you confer upon His Excellency John Ralston Saul, the degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa.

Jeffrey Simpson

Jeffrey Simpson, LL.D., May 29th, 2002
Jeffrey C. Simpson
O.C., B.A. (Hons.) (Queen's); M.Sc. (LSE); LL.D. (UBC), LL.D. (UWO)

Mr. Jeffrey Simpson is the highly respected national columnist for the Globe and Mail newspaper and the author of six books that have won three of Canada's literary prizes for non-fiction writing.

For almost 30 years, Mr. Simpson has contributed enormously to public knowledge and public debate on issues of politics and public policy in Canada, other countries and in international affairs.

In his regular column and his books, Jeffrey Simpson has demonstrated an impressive capacity to master the intricacies of issues and to present well informed, insightful and highly readable commentaries. These talents have made him a much sought after lecturer at universities, speaker at conferences and contributor to television documentaries, in both official languages.

Born in the United States, Mr. Simpson came to Canada at the age of 10 years. Educated at Toronto schools, Queen's University and the London School of Economics, Mr. Simpson served as a Parliamentary Intern in the House of Commons in 1972-1973, after which he began his journalism career covering City Hall in Toronto.

In 1977 he joined the Globe and Mail bureau in Ottawa and in 1980 he published his first book, Discipline of Power, which won the Governor- General's award for non-fiction.

From 1981 to 1983 Mr. Simpson served as the Globe and Mail's European correspondent based in London and in 1984 he returned to Ottawa where he began his National Affairs column. Convinced that he could not capture the regional realities writing from the Nation's Capital, Mr. Simpson convinced his employer to support regular travel to all parts of the country.

In addition to his regular columns and numerous magazine articles, Mr. Simpson has written five books since his first in 1980: Spoils of Power (1988); Faultlines, Struggling for a Canadian Vision (1993); The Anxious Years (1996); Star-Spangled Canadians (2000) and The Friendly Dictatorship: Reflections on Canadian Democracy (2001).

The high quality of Mr. Simpson's publications over many years has earned him numerous awards and other forms of recognition. He has won the National Magazine Award for political writing, the National Newspaper Award and the Hyman Soloman Award for excellence in public policy journalism. In January 2000, he became an Officer of the Order of Canada.

He has been the John S. Knight fellow at Stanford University, the Skelton-Clark fellow at Queen's University and the John V. Clyne fellow at the University of British Columbia. He has lectured at many of the leading universities in Canada, the United Kingdom and the United States. Today, he will receive his third honorary doctorate of laws, previously having been honoured by the universities of British Columbia and Western Ontario.

Today, we hear frequent criticism of the shallowness and the lack of objectivity of media coverage of domestic and international issues; but these complaints do not apply to the writings and other commentaries of Mr. Simpson. It has been suggested that journalists write the first draft of history. If this is true, then Canadians and others have been very well served by Mr. Simpson, who for several decades has provided informed and illuminating commentaries on the issues of public life. Not afraid to state an opinion, Mr. Simpson has also been willing to admit mistakes and to change his mind. He has truly been an exemplary educator and is a very worthy recipient of an Honorary Doctorate of Laws.

The Honourable Murray Sinclair

Mr. Justice Murray Sinclair, LL.D., May 30, 2002
The Honourable Mr. Justice Murray Sinclair
LL.B. (Man.); DU (Ottawa); DCL, (St. John's, Man.)

It is my distinct honour to introduce you to Justice Murray Sinclair. Justice Sinclair has another name; his Ojibway name is Mizanay Gheezhik, "the One Who Speaks of Pictures in the Sky". I am sure that when he looks at the sky now he is well aware of the many dark clouds. Indeed, he has spent his life primarily working for justice among Aboriginals, so that one day the sky will be much clearer and much brighter.

Justice Sinclair began his life with many hardships. His mother died when he was but an infant. He was fortunate to have grandparents, aunts and uncles to protect and guide him in his early years on what was then St. Peters Reserve, just north of Selkirk. By the completion of his high school he already was showing future leadership qualities as he was Valedictorian for his graduating class and Athlete of the Year at Selkirk Collegiate.

After studying several disciplines at both the Universities of Manitoba and Winnipeg, and engaging in diverse work experiences including time as Executive Assistant to the Attorney General, he enrolled in Law school at the University of Manitoba. He graduated in 1979 and was called to the Bar the following year. In the course of his legal practice he worked primarily in the fields of Civil and Criminal Litigation and Aboriginal Law. He represented a number of First Nations, Aboriginal child welfare agencies, Tribal Councils, Aboriginal education authorities, Aboriginal corporations, Friendship Centres and Metis organizations, and appeared as counsel in cases involving Aboriginal and treaty rights. He also taught in the Department of Native Studies and the Natural Resource Institute as well serving as a mentor for many students in the Faculty of Law. His broad interests also led him to be legal counsel for the Manitoba Human Rights Commission, and he appeared in the Supreme Court of Canada on its behalf.

The discerning quality of his legal mind brought him to the attention of the Government and he was appointed Associate Chief Judge of the Provincial Court of Manitoba in 1988. In the very same year, his extensive background in such a wide range of Aboriginal issues led to his appointment as co-commissioner of the Aboriginal Justice Inquiry, with Court of Queen's Bench Associate Chief Justice A. C. Hamilton. This three year study, including almost three hundred recommendations, is still having an impact on the justice system. It was a daunting task. "In almost every aspect of our legal system," the authors wrote, "the treatment of Aboriginal people is tragic. We marvel at the degree to which Aboriginal people have endured and continue to endure what the justice system is doing to them." During this same time he presided in court daily, including monthly circuit court sittings in remote communities in the Province. He continued some teaching at the University of Manitoba and was invited to lecture at Cambridge University as well as the Universities of Calgary, Saskatchewan, Toronto and Windsor and to numerous professional organizations, including the Canadian Association of Provincial Court Judges and the National Judicial Institute. One Keynote address would seem to summarize the thrust of all his reports, publications and presentations: "Justice, Peace and Harmony: Everyone's Responsibility."

His responsibilities on the Court were expanded considerably when he was appointed to direct the very complex Paediatric Cardiac Surgery Inquest at the Health Sciences Centre.

In 2001, the Federal Government appointed Justice Sinclair from the Provincial Court to the Superior Court in Manitoba, the Court of Queen's Bench. This new appointment offers opportunities for him to have even more impact on the justice system in Canada through written judgements that are more widely reported, carry substantial weight, and can be precedent setting.

As we honour Justice Sinclair, we need to have a sense of his incredible commitment to work for the betterment of virtually every aspect of community life: The Boy Scouts, The John Howard Society, The Royal Canadian Air Cadets, The Canadian Club, The Jemima Centre for the Handicapped, The Prairie Indian Cultural Society, The Canadian Native Law Students Association, The Manitoba Association for Rights and Liberties, The Social Planning Council of Winnipeg, The Board of Regents of the University of Winnipeg, Mamawi wici itata Centre, and Prairieaction Foundation, finding solutions to violence and abuse, these and other organizations have experienced the quiet passion of his commitment and the wisdom of his advice. He is particularly proud of the work he and his wife, Katherine Morrisseau-Sinclair, did in establishing Abinochi Zhawaydakozhiwin Inc. an Ojiway immersion nursery school program in the core area of Winnipeg, designed to deliver an educational program totally in the Ojibway language. It is noteworthy that Justice Sinclair has carried on several of these commitments even since his judicial appointments. Grace, generosity and humility, one of his nominators noted, always characterize his work.

Justice Sinclair is the first judge of Aboriginal descent in Manitoba, and the second in Canada. In 1994, in its very first year of operation, he was honoured with the National Aboriginal Achievement Award. He has received numerous other community achievement awards, as well as Honorary Doctorates. All the while he has maintained a strong connection to his tribal traditions and regularly attends traditional and ceremonial gatherings held throughout Canada and the United States. He is a member of the Fish Clan, a member of the Three Fires Society, and a Third Degree Member of the Midewiwin (Grand Medicine) Society of the Ojibway Nation.

Justice Sinclair is a role model for all of us. His distinguished achievements in scholarship and public service for all Manitobans are an inspiration.

Mr. Chancellor, it is an honour and a privilege for me to ask in the name of the Senate of the University of Manitoba that you confer upon Justice Murray Sinclair, the One Who Speaks of Pictures in the Sky, the degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa.

Father Gerard Van Walleghem

Father Gerard Van Walleghem, LL.D., October 23, 2002
Father Gerard Van Walleghem
S.J.; B.A. (Mont.)

We honour today a Manitoban who has spent half a century in the work of development in India. Gerard Adelson Van Walleghem was born on March 7, 1927 in Winnipeg, the seventh son of Jules and Eliza Van Walleghem, and into a large Belgian family that owned and operated a respected dairy farm on which he learned the values of hard work and of productive use of the morning hours that were to stand him in good stead his whole life.

Following his graduation from St. Paul's High School in 1944, Gerard decided to enter the Society of Jesus and become a Jesuit priest. He completed the novitiate at the Jesuit Seminary in Guelph, Ontario and began scholastic studies there and in Toronto which would lead to the BA degree granted by the University of Montreal. During these studies, he decided to dedicate his life to helping the disadvantaged, and to this end, he volunteered for service in Darjeeling, India where the Canadian Jesuits had gone in the 1940s gradually to replace the Belgian Jesuits who had founded St. Joseph's College. This offer was accepted by his Jesuit superiors, and in January, 1951 Gerard arrived in India where he completed his theological education, was ordained to the priesthood in 1958, and with some exceptions has lived and worked ever since.

For much of the past 50 years, Fr. Van, as Gerard has come to be affectionately known, has served as a teacher, counselor, headmaster, vice-rector, and rector at St. Joseph's College in North Point, Darjeeling, a College which has high school and university sections. He currently is the Rector of the College and Headmaster of the School as well as being the superior of the Jesuits of the Hill Area and of Bhutan. Originally established to serve a mostly elite population of wealthy boys, the school expanded its dilentele to include boys from all socio-economic classes. The Jesuits opened the university section, which is now affiliated with the University of North Bengal, to young women. In addition to his work at St. Joseph's, Fr. Van has also been principal of St. Alphonsus High School in Kurseong.

The aim of these educational institutions has been to empower the students and their families to arrest the cycle of poverty. In the Darjeeling area, various work projects introducing relatively advanced Canadian methods and technologies have been integrated with the curriculum. Vegetable farming, land cultivation, animal husbandry, and well drilling have been improved and have contributed to development in the region. Many of the graduates of these schools have come to Canada for further education, and some have remained to become contributing citizens of this country.

Fr. Van has been a leader in areas other than education, As a parish priest, community superior, regional consultor, advisor to bishops, and friend and supporter of a number of congregations of nuns, he has been active in promoting the social, health, and economic development throughout the Darjeeling hill region and in the surrounding plains. Natural calamities are a feature of life in West Bengal, and he has worked diligently and compassionately in assisting those made homeless by rains and landslides. He has also worked in the refugee camps created by Pakistani War in 1971 and the civil war of 1986-1989. In the spirit of peacekeeping, he has used his substantial influence to maintain harmony between the diverse religious and ethnic groups and the regional authorities. Further, he has worked to develop programs for abused mothers and children. Through these activities, he and his colleagues have earned the respect and admiration of the Jesuit people.

The esteem in which he is held by his fellow Jesuits is evidenced by his selection as the Master of Novices, first at the Mount Carmel Novitiate in Kurseong and later as the founder of the Manresa Novitiate in Kalimpong. He worked for ten years in this critically important task of formation among the young Indian Jesuits who are replacing the aging Canadian Jesuits in the operation of schools and colleges in India.

Although deeply religious, Father Van Walleghem and the other Canadian Jesuits are not in Darjeeling as religious missionaries but as educators and humanitarians. Their philosophy, enacted over a 50 year period, has led to beneficial results leading some observers to describe the work as among the most impressive and sustainable social and development projects seen anywhere. These projects have been supported financially by Canadians, some through contributions to the Jesuits directly and others through the programs of the Canadian International Development Agency.

Fr. Gerard Van Walleghem has spent nearly a lifetime serving, educating, and improving the living standards as well as the outlook of the Indian people in the shadow of the Himalayas. As an unofficial ambassador, educator, and community developer, he has been the embodiment of the Jesuit ideal of a man for others, and it is most appropriate at this time to recognize his effort and achievements.

Mr. Chancellor, it is an honour and a privilege for me to ask in the name of the Senate of the University of Manitoba that you confer upon Gerard A. Van Walleghem, the degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa.


Paul Desmarais

Paul Desmarais, LL.D., May 31, 2001

Paul Desmarais
P.C., C.C.; B.Com.(Ott.); LL.D.(Moncton); LL.D.(W.Laur.); D.Adm.(Ott.); LL.D.(St.FX); LL.D.(Laur.); LL.D.(McM.); Doctorate Honoris Causa(Montr.); LL.D.(Nfld.); LL.D.(C'dia); LL.D.(McG.); D.Adm.(Laval); LL.D.(Tor.)
Paul Desmarais is the consummate example of how vision, perseverance, entrepreneurial spirit, and the development of long-term business and personal relationships can propel a young man with a dream into the leader of one of the world's most successful international conglomerates. From the remnants of a small, bankrupt bus company in Sudbury, Ontario purchased in 1951 with $6,000 in money borrowed from relatives and the local Catholic priest, Paul Desmarais has built Power Corporation into a highly successful international conglomerate with revenues in 2000 in excess of $16 billion, total assets of $142 billion, and 260,000 employees world-wide. His business investment cornerstones of patience and caution have netted Power Corporation's shareholders an annual return of over 20% for the last five years.

Born in 1927 in Sudbury, Ontario, Paul Desmarais is one of eight children born to Jean-Noel Desmarais, Q.C., and Lébéa (Laforest) Desmarais. Growing up in a small mining town in northwestern Ontario and being involved in the family business, Mr. Desmarais experienced the love of a warm and compassionate family life, learned the value of perseverance and trusting relationships, and experienced the highs and lows of business success and failure. As a Commerce graduate from the University of Ottawa, he watched as his parents' investment in a local Sudbury tramway went sour placing them on the verge of bankruptcy, and it is perhaps here that he adopted the diversification philosophy that still guides Power Corporation today. Power Corporation is a major international management and holding company in financial services, the communications industry, energy, manufacturing, utilities and real estate. The company has a major presence in Europe and Asia.

Although his business ventures dominate his life, he is noted for his specific interests in art and architecture - and all things of beauty. His appreciation for art was nurtured by his mother, who herself was an artist and a musician. His personal art collection is one of the finest in Canada and Power Corporation's head office in Montréal exhibits examples from Canada's premier painters, sculptors and artisans.

Mr. Desmarais' success in acquiring and growing businesses is particularly important to Manitobans. Two of Power Financial Corporation's holdings, Great-West Life and Investors Group, are major employers in the community and are substantial contributors to the overall quality of life in Manitoba. Both firms are leaders in their industry and have prospered under the umbrella management structure of Power Corporation.

Mr. Desmarais has, been honored nationally and internationally for his contributions to business, the arts, and public life. He is Honorary Chairman of the Canada-China Business Council, a member of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada, Companion of the Order of Canada, Officer in the National Order of Québec, Commander of the National Legion of Honor of France, and Commander of the Order of Leopold II of Belgium. In 1985 he was awarded the Intemational Distinguished Entrepreneur Award by the Faculty of Management and the University of Manitoba. Attesting to the respect for Mr. Desmarais held by Canadians, and the recognition for his many and varied contributions to the quality of our society today, the University of Manitoba is the thirteenth Canadian university to bestow an honorary degree upon him.

Mr. Desmarais has shown outstanding leadership in promoting Canadian industry, trade and commerce in a global economy. He has proved that Canadian industry can expand abroad, capturing markets in such competitive environments as the United States, China, and Europe. He has also shown exemplary commitment to cultural and social development in Canada through his financial support of universities, museums, research centers, hospitals, and a wide variety of cultural projects.

Mr. Desmarais and Jackie, his wife of 49 years, have four children Paul, André, Louise, and Sophie, and reside in Montréal.

His Honour The Honourable Peter Liba

The Honorable Peter M. Liba, LL.D., May 30, 2001

Peter Liba
CM., O.M.
Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba

Peter Liba has combined a highly successful career in the field of communications with a notable record of service to the community. In honouring him, the University recognizes that achievement and honours the high public office he now holds.

Born in Winnipeg in 1940, the elder son of Theodore and Rose Liba, Peter Liba was educated in Winnipeg. At an early age he began a career in journalism as a reporter on the Daily Graphic in Portage la Prairie, subsequently serving in various capacities with that newspaper as well as The Neepawa Press, The Manitoba Leader in Portage la Prairie. In 1959 he joined The Winnipeg Tribune as a staff writer and over the next decade assumed increasingly significant responsibilities culminating, in 1968, with his appointment as City Editor.

In the mid-1970's he entered the world of broadcast journalism and communications becoming, in 1974, Vice-President (Public Affairs) for CanWest Broadcasting and, ultimately, Executive Vice-President of the CanWest Global Communications Corporation. He simultaneously assumed a number of positions at CKND-TV ultimately serving as President and CEO of both CKND Television and SaskWest Television. He served as chairman or president or director of a number of broadcasting organizations in Canada, Australia, New Zealand and Chile. Many honours flowed from this substantial role in broadcasting including, not surprisingly, his induction into the Canadian Broadcast Hall of Fame in 1998.

Peter Liba's career in journalism and the communications industry was paralleled almost from the beginning by an equally strong commitment to public and community service. In the 1960's he was a school Trustee in the Transcona-Springfield School Division. He later served as Executive Director of the Manitoba Liberal Party and, for several years, as executive assistant to the Leader of the Liberal Party. He served in a variety of capacities on the boards of the Winnipeg Convention Centre, on the Canadian Council of Christians and Jews, the Manitoba Heart Foundation, the Winnipeg Chamber of Commerce, the Variety Club of Manitoba, both the St. Boniface General Hospital and the Hospital's Research Foundation and the Manitoba Academic Medical Centres Consortium. He was named a Member of the Order of Canada in 1984.

Mr Liba's life - in both his professional and community roles - attests to the values and rewards of diligence, dedication and service. These considerations were recognized in his appointment as Lieutenant-Governor in 1999.

Through the conferring of honorary degrees, the University has long acknowledged the importance of the office of Lieutenant-Governor. The office obviously has great symbolic importance, but it has also come to represent the importance of constitutional continuity and the ordered processes which are essential underpinnings of a civil society.

The Canadian scholar Frank MacKinnon has written:

The Crown is an elusive phenomenon and a practical institution of government. To some it seems like an old family ghost that has lingered for centuries doing little but making its presence felt. To others it is a remarkable political invention that makes much government action possible, fruitful and tolerable. The Crown is still more than that. It is an institution at the summit of the state designed to limit the problems of wielding political power and to assist the interplay of human characteristics among officials and citizens, which are the real but unpredictable forces in public life... 'God save the Queen,' (says MacKinnon) really means 'God help us to govern ourselves.'

We thus acknowledge the importance of a public institution which is focused not on the political questions or interests of the moment, but on embodying and upholding the rules and conventions through which we, in this community, take our collective decisions. In our system, that responsibility is vested in the Crown and is lodged in the office of Lieutenant-Governor.

Peter Liba's appointment to this office also illustrates the changing character of the office and, indeed, of our society. Peter Liba himself tells how, in 1939, Theodore Liba was employed as a waiter at the state dinner for King George VI and Queen Elizabeth - now the Queen Mother - during their famous Royal Tour. Sixty years later, the waiters son was named the Queens representative in the Province of Manitoba.

Mr. Chancellor, I have the pleasure to request, on behalf of the Senate of the University, that you confer on Peter Michael Liba the degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa.

David H. MacLennan

David H. MacLennan, D.Sc., May 31, 2001

David H. MacLennan
B.S.A.(Man.); M.S., Ph.D.(Purdue); F.R.S.(Can.); F.R.S.(Lond.)

Dr. David H. MacLennan was raised on a farm at Crestview, Manitoba and completed high school at Swan River Collegiate Institute, receiving the Governor General's Medal. His interest in agriculture led him to obtain a B.S.A. from the University of Manitoba in 1959, majoring in plant science. He graduated with distinction, receiving the Lieutenant Governor's Gold Medal. He proceeded to Purdue University, receiving an M.S. in plant pathology in 1961 and a PhD in biology in 1963. He developed what were to become his career research interests at the Institute for Enzyme Research, University of Wisconsin, where he first studied as a Postdoctoral Fellow arid later became an Assistant Professor. He joined the Banting and Best Department of Medical Research of the University of Toronto in 1969, where he continues his research today. He served as Department Chairman from 1978 to 1990 and is currently the J.W. Billes Professor of Medical Research and University Professor.

Professor MacLennan has made fundamental contributions to the understanding of the mechanism of ion transport. He is a pioneer in work on the structure and function of the proteins of the sarcoplasmic reticulum, which regulate muscle contraction by controlling calcium ion concentrations in muscle. His early studies on mitochondrial electron transport components and the mitochondrial proton pump led him to a seminal study of the sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium pump. This work, begun in 1969 and continuing today, led him to the development of a theory on the mode of action of this ATPdependent calcium pump that has now been confirmed experimentally. Dr. MacLennan’s interest in calcium transport has resulted in studies that have made enormous contributions to the fields of human and animal health. He has led teams that defined the genetic basis for three important muscle diseases: malignant hyperthermia, central core disease and Brody disease. His studies on a related disease in swine resulted in a diagnostic test that has decreased the incidence of the disease dramatically and, ultimately, will eliminate it from swine populations, with substantial economic benefits to the industry. In these varied studies of human and animal diseases, he has been instrumental in the understanding of a novel field of muscle disease caused by defects in calcium-regulatory proteins.

David MacLennan has served on the advisory boards of the Muscular Dystrophy Association of Canada, the Medical Research Council of Canada and the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada. He has served as an Associate Editor of the Canadian Journal of Biochemistry and as an Editorial Board Member for the Journal of Biological Chemistry. Professor MacLennan has lectured throughout the world and, with his group, has published over 270 papers. His former students and postdoctoral fellows are employed in research at professorial ranks in Canada, the U.S., Japan, Australia, Italy, Israel and China. He is a Fellow of both the Royal Society of Canada (1985) and the Royal Society of London (1994). Professor MacLennan has received many awards, including the Ayerst Award of the Canadian Biochemical Society (1974), the International Lectureship Award of the Biophysical Society (1990), and the Gairdner Foundation International Award (1991). In 1993, he received the distinction of University Professorship, University of Toronto. He was the recipient of the Killam Prize (Health Sciences) of the Canada Council (1997) and the Royal Society Glaxo Wellcome Prize, Medal and Lecture (2000). In 2001, Dr. MacLennan was elected a Foreign Associate of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States. This signal honour has been accorded only to ten other Canadians.

Peter Mansbridge

Peter Mansbridge, LL.D., May 30, 2001

Peter Mansbridge
Hon. B.A.C.(Mt.Royal Coll.); D.Hum.L.(Lakehead); LL.D.(Mt.All.)

It is a commonplace to recognize that our perceptions of our communities, our nation and the world are now shaped more by what we see on television than by any other medium. And it is equally true that electronic political journalism is the most potent force shaping our conception and practice of democracy through helping us understand the issues influencing our lives and the choices we face as citizens.

As the best personification of this force, Peter Mansbridge, in his role as Chief Correspondent of CBC Television News and Anchor of the 'The National' news, does more than any other person in the country to give us, individually and collectively, a sense of what it is to be Canadian. His clear, direct and authoritative presentation of the events that have shaped the day always reflects a critical intelligence, a thoughtful maturity, and a humane curiosity that penetrate to the heart of complex subjects. As the chief face and voice of public broadcasting in Canada, Peter Mansbridge brings the evening news to us with a conviction that we need to know what has happened, but also that we must see what is important about it, and understand its implications. He does this with grace and charm and, when appropriate, a pointed sense of irony. As all his viewers realize, however, his conviction, while it is intensely and passionately directed to serve the public good, is fundamentally disinterested and fair.

Peter Mansbridge was born in London, England in 1948 and, after coming to Canada, he was educated in Ottawa. He first came to Manitoba in 1966 to take flight training at Portage La Prairie for the Canadian Navy. After leaving the Armed Forces he worked for a while for Transair in Churchill, before being recruited to help develop the C.B.C.'s radio news service to northern Canada. In 1971 he moved to Winnipeg as a reporter for C.B.C. Radio and then C.B.C. Television. He was then briefly the National's reporter in Saskatchewan before being named, in 1976, parliamentary correspondent for the National in Ottawa, a position he held until becoming the Chief Correspondent and anchor of 'The National' in 1988.

In his four decades with C.B.C. News, Peter Mansbridge has provided comprehensive coverage of some of the most significant stories in Canada. He has anchored the coverage of nine federal elections, six leadership conventions, referendums in 1992 (Charlottetown) and 1995 (Quebec), the 1997 flood in Manitoba, the ice storms of 1998 in Ontario and Quebec, and the six emotional days in September 2000 that marked the death and state funeral of Pierre Elliot Trudeau. He has also covered many international crises, including the Falklands War, the Gulf War, and the war in Kosovo, and he has been on the scene to cover the fall of the Berlin wall, numerous royal and papal visits, and the funeral of Diana, Princess of Wales. In 1994 he reported extensively from Normandy, 50 years after D-Day and in 1995, from Holland and England, on the 50th anniversary of VE-Day.

For this outstanding work, Peter Mansbridge has received seven Gemini Awards for excellence in broadcast journalism. He has won the Gemini for Best Anchor five times, and for Best Overall Broadcast Journalist-the prestigious Gordon Sinclair Award-twice. He was also awarded the gold medal for Best News Anchor at the 2000 New York Festival in a competition among television networks from around the world. These many awards testify to the remarkable quality of a career still in mid-trajectory. The latest sign of the continuing intellectual distinction of that work was the invitation to lecture on 'The State of Television News' at Oxford University in April of this year.

Margaret Newall

Margaret Newall, LL.D., October 18, 2001

Margaret Newall

In an era of globalization, the United Nations reminded us, in 1994 the Year of the Family, of their goal "building the smallest democracies at the heart of society". The well being of our families is fundamental to our individual well being and development and equally fundamental to the well being of our society. Margaret Newall has devoted her life and work to the promotion of healthy families throughout her career as a teacher, a mother and through her activities as a volunteer and philanthropist. It is fitting, therefore, that we honour Mrs. Margaret Newall in recognition of her outstanding contribution to research and education in pursuit of solutions to family violence and abuse.

Margaret Newall was born in Davidson, Saskatchewan. From her earliest days Margaret has demonstrated a deep commitment to the benefits of education and value of family. As a young woman with no money to attend university, she took her "Associate of the Royal Conservatory of Toronto" (ARCT) in piano at Regina College. Then, for several years, she traveled weekly by bus to Craig, Saskatchewan to give piano lessons to pay her way through University. Margaret graduated from the University of Saskatchewan with a Bachelor of Arts (With Distinction) in 1958. Married in 1959, she and her husband, Ted Newall, settled in Roxboro, Quebec. Margaret was one of a small group of women who organized fund-raising to set up the first library in Roxboro.

Later, in Montreal she attended McGill University where she qualified as a teacher, receiving her diploma in 1972. She also lobbied successfully with other parents to allow taxes to be paid to the school system which children attended, thus permitting their three children to become bilingual by attending Catholic schools even though the family was not Catholic. After moving to Toronto she taught elementary school for ten years and music privately. During that period she worked with many children with a great range of needs and abilities and saw the impact of family violence on young children of six, seven and eight years of age. The Montreal Massacre of 1989 touched her deeply.

After moving to Calgary with her husband, she found an opportunity to make a difference in the area of violence and abuse. Margaret Newall became a founding member and key resource person in the establishment of the Prairieaction Foundation in 1997. The Foundation was set up specifically to raise $5 million to promote research and education for solutions to violence and abuse. The endowed funds are dedicated to support research and education on family violence and maintain the infrastructure of a network of researchers, service providers and policy makers in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta.

This network RESOLVE (Research and Education for Solutions to Violence and Abuse) has a formal partnership with seven prairie universities and research centres at the universities of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Calgary. The University of Manitoba is the administrative centre of the network. Within three and a half years the foundation had reached its goal.

Such successful fund-raising for research in the social sciences is an almost unheard of accomplishment in Canada. Margaret Newall led the campaign visiting corporations, governments and individuals across the Prairies and indeed Central Canada. Margaret used her visits to potential donors to educate people about the issues of violence and abuse. While corporations are often reluctant to give to foundations and are not usually major donors to social science research, Margaret was not deterred. The power of her commitment to families and her belief in the importance of education and research overcame the barriers she encountered and led to such a successful campaign. Rather than rest on her laurels, Margaret Newall has agreed to stay on the finance committee of the Prairieaction Foundation to raise even more funds.

Margaret Newall has shown leadership in every community in which she has lived, in the promotion of education, family well being and in serving the public good. Margaret is a Prairie woman, quiet, unassuming but filled with strength, inner commitment and no stranger to hard work. Margaret's involvement with her communities and the circumstances of her life have given her a unique position in society. She personally knows many government leaders, national and provincial, she personally knows many corporate leaders, national and international, she personally knows victims and survivors of family violence, as well as service providers and researchers in the field. Margaret's deep commitment and wisdom has been to harness the energies of these diverse communities to work together for solutions to violence and abuse.

Mrs. Margaret Newall is honoured for her personal contributions to research and education to end violence and abuse and for her contribution to the social and intellectual development of students and professors at the University of Manitoba and our six partner universities across the prairies.


Dian Cohen

Dian Cohen, LL.D., June 1, 2000
Dian Nusgart Cohen
C.M.; B.A.(Hon.)(Tor.); LL.D.(Acad.)

"Economics is a subject profoundly conducive to cliché, resonant with boredom. On few topics is an...audience so practiced in turning off its ears and minds. And ... none can say that the response is ill advised." John Kenneth Galbraith certainly did not know today's candidate for an honorary degree when he made that remark. Canadian economist, Dian Cohen, has a remarkable record of making the complex world of economics understandable and interesting to us all.

Born in Winnipeg, Dian Cohen received her BA (Hons) from the University of Toronto in 1956. She pursued post graduate studies in Economics at McGill University, and independent studies at the University of Miami.

She is an economics consultant with special interest in pensions and president of DC Productions Limited, a communication company that specializes in economic, business and financial analysis and strategy. She has worked for more than two decades in multimedia production, with numerous radio, television, video and print productions to her credit. She helped create the business segment for CTV's Canada AM. From 1994-1996 she co-hosted This Week in Business for Baton Broadcasting. She is currently author and host for three CJRT-FM Open College programs on economics and the global economy.

Dian Cohen's list of wide-ranging activities testifies to her broad interests. She is well-known for her efforts toward educating the Canadian public in taking control of their personal finances. As a freelance economist, she has made it her business to make economics a part of the things ordinary people talk about. Indeed, she has been described by many as the "People's Economist" for her ability to translate economic jargon into something we can all understand. Among her successful and popular books are No Small Change: Success in Canada’s New Economy; Money; and The Next Canadian Economy.

In her latest book, "The New Retirement" she lays out the myths that lull Canadians into a dangerous complacency about their retirement prospects. These include: the myth of a lifetime job with a secure company pension; the myth of viable, universal government pensions; the myth of universal, free health care. She raises issues and asks questions that some wish she would not. She says, "forget the traditional idea of retirement. The new retirement is new because much of the old system is broken...Plan to do some kind of work until you’re carried out face down and feet first."

Dian Cohen is a director of, or advisor to, several Canadian and international corporations, including Canadian Pacific Limited, Royal Insurance and the International Institute for Sustainable Development. She is well known for her volunteer work with such organizations as the Corporate Fund for Breast Cancer Research and the Canadian Merit Scholarship Fund. Dian Cohen was recently listed at the National Post's Power 50 Women in Canada, recognizing her as an influential woman in her field with the ability to influence people and events.

One of the best known economic writers and speakers in Canada, and a recipient of the Order of Canada, Ms. Cohen has honored the University by donating her papers, recordings and photographs to the Libraries' Department of Archives and Special Collections. The collection documents Dian Cohen's media career and provides insight into the methodology and techniques used by a media professional and specialist and is rich in the analysis and interpretation of continuing topics and events. The extensive interviews document the thoughts and ideas of prominent economists, entrepreneurs, and politicians. They capture Bill Gates, Donald Trump, Nobel Laureate James Tobin, Future Shock author Alvin Toffler, Info Tech Consultant Don Tapscott and John Kenneth Galbraith in deep conversation with Dian Cohen covering the important issues of the day. The collection will be of great interest and value to economic historians and other students of financial matters.

At the end of all her cross country touring and speaking, Dian Cohen can look forward to returning to her cottage in Quebec and to her passion for baking, family time with her children, and pursuing her next book, which is going to be about social transformation and doing business in the wired world.

Lloyd Robert McGinnis

Lloyd Robert McGinnis, D.Sc., May 31, 2000

Lloyd Robert McGinnis
B.Sc.(C.E.)(Man.); M.Sc.(C.E. in Transportation)(Georgia Inst. of Tech.); F.C.S.C.E.; F.E.I.C.

Mr. Lloyd McGinnis, born and raised in rural Manitoba, began his engineering career with an undergraduate degree from the University of Manitoba. Ten years after obtaining his B.Sc. in Civil Engineering, Mr. McGinnis returned to school and obtained a M.Sc. Degree from the Georgia Institute of Technology. He has spent his entire career contributing to the advancement of science and engineering. Whereas many graduates take the path of academia toward this achievement, Mr. McGinnis purposely took the applied science route in the private sector.

Included in his significant achievements is a major role as a member of the Prime Minister's National Advisory Board on Science and Technology in creating the Networks of Centres of Excellence program. After helping to launch the Intelligent Sensing for Innovative Structures (ISIS Canada) network, headquartered at The University of Manitoba, Mr. McGinnis served as the founding Chair of its Board of Directors and is presently the Chief Executive Officer. Mr. McGinnis also played a prominent role on a four-person task force in recommending the concept of sustainable development to the Federal Government, eventually leading to the establishment of the Canadian International Institute for Sustainable Development in Winnipeg. At the request of the Prime Minister and the Premier of Manitoba, Mr. McGinnis served as founding Chair of the Institute for a four-year period.

The personal commitment exhibited by Mr. McGinnis to engineering and science is evidenced by the numerous special awards bestowed upon him, including: the Gold Medal Award by the Canadian Council of Professional Engineers; Fellow of the Canadian Society for Civil Engineering; Fellow of the Engineering Institute of Canada; the Julian C. Smith Medal; and, most recently, the University of Manitoba's Peter D. Curry Chancellor's Award. As part of his long-term service with Wardrop Engineering Inc., he is acknowledged as a pioneer in responding to the challenge of advancing engineering by changing the technical direction of the company and expanding its horizons through the creation of its International Division. In 1979, Mr. McGinnis was one of the first in Canada to recognize the impending explosion of new technology and its impact on engineering, and thus established a high-tech, multi-disciplinary engineering company involved in aerospace, environmental, earth sciences, transportation, nuclear, machine design, product engineering, computer-aided engineering and, most recently, information technology systems with real-time data management.

Mr. McGinnis' contribution to science in engineering is not limited to national activity, but extends worldwide through his participation in several projects sponsored by CIDA and the World Bank in developing countries. He has used every means possible to advance engineering from simply technical considerations to meeting the social needs of people in Third-World countries helping people help themselves. In the process, he has brought attention and credit to the Canadian engineering profession. He is the recipient of the Global Citizens award by the United Nations.

Mr. McGinnis has served The University of Manitoba as a board member of the Microelectronic Centre, Downtown Continuing Education, the University Development Council, ISIS Canada and the Faculty of Management. He currently serves the community as a board member of CentreVenture (an organization charged with the task of revitalizing downtown Winnipeg), and President of St. Charles Country Club. Mr. McGinnis is also the immediate Past Chair of the Board of Governors of Red River College, and has served as Chair of the Winnipeg Business Development Corporation, Chair of the Winnipeg Chamber of Commerce, President of the Rotary Club of Winnipeg, and President of the Manitoba Club. Active involvement on the national scene has included Chair of the Canadian Chamber of Commerce, Chair of the Canada/United States Business Council, member of the Prime Minister's National Advisory Board on Science and Technology, member of the Science Council of Canada, and member of the National Task Force on the Environment and Economy. He was the founding Chair of the Canada/Asean Business Council. Mr. McGinnis is a director of the Royal Bank's mutual funds investments.

Mr. McGinnis is an engineer par excellence whose career has consistently broken ground in important areas such as sustainable development, innovative technologies, and advancing the well being of Third World communities. In the process, he has achieved distinction for his profession, university, community and country. It is most fitting that Mr. McGinnis receive the University of Manitoba's highest honour - Honorary Degree of Doctor of Science (honoris causa).

David Oddsson

David Oddsson, LL.D., October 19, 2000

David Oddsson
Candidatus Juris, Prime Minister of the Republic of Iceland

David Oddsson was born in Reykjavik and brought up in modest circumstances in the small town of Selfoss and later in Reykjavik where his mother was a secretary. His earliest dreams were to become an actor and, indeed, he attended an acting school at night, and later, as a student at Reykjavik Grammar School from 1966 to 1970, supplemented his income by playing Father Christmas at children's balls. At the School, he displayed strong leadership qualities and the reputation of being a good-natured prankster! He became a leading actor in an absurdist play Ubu le roi which was televised. He was elected president of the School Union for 1969-1970.

In 1970 he began the study of law at the University of Iceland. During his studies, he worked for the Reykjavik Municipal Theatre for two years and, with two friends, Thorarinn Eldjarn who later became one of the best-respected writers and poets in Iceland, and Hrafn Gunnlaugsson who became a well- known film director, wrote and directed a popular radio program - a witty commentary on individuals and events in Iceland - as well as two comedies performed at the National Theatre to great acclaim. He translated a book by the Estonian-Swedish journalist Andres Kung on the Soviet oppression in the Baltic States. Active in student politics, Oddsson was the Parliamentary Correspondent for Iceland's leading newspaper Morgunbladid. He was copublisher of a journal of current affairs, Eimreidin, with several other young idealists who wanted to rejuvenate Icelandic politics, and was also in the Athletic Alliance, many of whom went on to serve in public office and become Oddsson's political allies and associates.

David Oddson received his law degree in 1976 and became deputy director and later director of Reykjavik's Health Insurance Corporation; but, from 1974, he became increasingly involved in political affairs. That year he became the youngest member of the City Council of Reykjavik, directed youth affairs and chaired the commission which planned semi-annual arts festivals where he came to know such international artists as Azhkenazy and Rostropovitch. He found time to write three plays, one based on his Selfoss years. From 1978 to 1982 he devoted his time as leader to restoring the Independence party in the City Council after it had lost its majority. In 1982 he was elected Mayor of Reykjavik and served as a very popular mayor for the next nine years making gains for the party in the elections of 1986 and 1990. Under his leadership, Reykjavik was transformed into the modern city that it now is. In 1986 he was the proud host to the Gorbachev-Reagan summit.

In 1991 ,Oddsson was elected Chairman of the Independence Party and led the party to regain its parliamentary position and form a coalition government with the Social Democratic party. The year in which he formed his first government was a year of dramatic changes in Icelandic politics: since then inflation, which had run higher than in all comparable countries and even as high as 100% in one year, was brought down to one of the lowest in the West (1-3%) ; the management of fisheries was converted into what is now recognized as one of the most efficient in the world; a reduction in corporate subsidies and privatization has produced significant economic growth which, since 1995, has been 5-6% a year. His party led in the elections in 1995 and 1999 and continues to lead a coalition government with the Progressive Party.

During all this, he continued to write: several psalms which have been set to music, and a collection of short stories which became a best-seller and received good reviews even from those who did not agree with him politically.

In 1970, David Oddsson married Astriur Thorarensen. Their only child, born in 1971, Thorsteinn Davidsson is, like his father, a lawyer. Astriur, a nurse by profession, has worked in the Icelandic health service for many years.

David Oddsson has maintained a committed interest in the connections between the Icelanders and Canadians of Icelandic origin in Canada and, particularly, in Manitoba.. In 1989 he visited Winnipeg and Gimli as Mayor of Reykjavik. During his service as Prime Minister, he has initiated and supported new and stronger ties between the two countries than ever before. He and his colleague, Halldór Asgrimsson, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, have made all the important decisions affecting this area: in support of the New Iceland Heritage Museum to open soon at Gimli; the opening of the new Millennium Office of Iceland in Manitoba; the spear-heading of the magnificent one million dollar donation in support of the Icelandic Presence at this University; the decision to establish the first Icelandic Embassy in Canada; in the opening of the Icelandic Millennium celebrations in Ottawa last April (where two of the longest serving prime ministers in the western world met); and increased trade between Iceland and Canada and direct flights of Icelandair to Halifax - and soon, one might hope, to Winnipeg.

In early 1999, David Oddsson had served longer continuously as Prime Minister than any of his predecessors, and later this year will have served longer in total than any of them. Throughout his parliamentary career, he has been strong and active in discussions and debates on all kinds of legislation but above all matters related to constitutional affairs in which he is recognized as one of the leading experts in his country. In opinion polls, he is always voted the most popular politician in Iceland.

Richard J. Scott

Richard J. Scott, LL.D., May 31, 2000

Richard Jamieson Scott
B.A., LL.B.(Man.)

We honour today a distinguished graduate of the University of Manitoba who, after attaining eminence as a leader to the Bar and rendering important voluntary service to education and to the community, has served with distinction in three judicial offices and now, as Chief Justice of Manitoba and a member of the Canadian Judicial Council, is nationally recognized as a leader in the response of the Courts to the varied challenges and circumstances of our times.

Richard Jamieson Scott received his Bachelor of Arts degree from this University in 1959. In 1963 he graduated in Law and was called to the Bar. He practised as a counsel until his appointment to the Bench and was made Queen's Counsel in 1976. In 1978 he served on the Tritschler Commission examining hydro-electric development in Manitoba. He was a Bencher of the Law Society of Manitoba and its President in 1983-1984.

A member of the Board of the Heart and Stroke Foundation for many years, and its president from 1987 to 1989, he later served as a member of the Board of the Canadian Heart Foundation. He has been a member of the Westminster Church Foundation board and is a member and officer of the board of the Winnipeg Foundation. While at the Bar, he worked extensively with Legal Aid Manitoba and, as Chief Justice, he has given continuing encouragement to pro bono professional service.

He has made a significant contribution to legal education as a lecturer in the Faculty of Law and participant in many professional development programmes. He has held the Milvain visiting professorship in advocacy in the University of Calgary and has participated in programmes to assist the judiciary and development of the rule of law in Ethiopia and in Ukraine.

Richard Scott was appointed to the Court of Queens Bench in Manitoba in 1985 and, only a few months later, made its Associate Chief Justice. In 1990, he was appointed Chief Justice of Manitoba, the presiding judge of the Court of Appeal.

In addition to fulfilling his many responsibilities in Manitoba, the Chief Justice has made special contribution to the work of the Canadian Judicial Council through its committees on judicial independence and conduct. Their reports, grounded in thorough research and extensive consultations, have earned respectful attention abroad as well as in Canada.

Richard Scott and his wife Mary, herself a distinguished graduate of the University with degrees in Arts, Social Work and Natural Resource Management, have three daughters.

In 1996, Chief Justice Scott received the Distinguished Alumni Award of the University of Manitoba Alumni Association.

It was once said, in recollection of a great judge, Chancellor Kent, that a democratic society needs, in its judiciary, to command its best talent for the performance of its highest function.

Today, we are privileged to recognize just such a public servant.

Evelyn Shapiro

Evelyn Shapiro, LL.D., June 1, 2000

Evelyn Shapiro
B.A., M.A.(McGill)

By awarding the honorary Doctor of Laws degree to Professor Evelyn Shapiro, the University of Manitoba recognizes a woman of distinction, whose academic scholarship and community service have made a major impact on the University, the province, and indeed the wider world. It is a rare individual who can combine the two in one lifetime; it is rarer still to find one who has excelled in both. Evelyn Shapiro is an internationally renowned researcher in the field of aging and health. In her public life, she is credited with having been the architect of the continuing care program in Manitoba. It is a career that manages to bridge academe and government, or as some would call it, the "ivory tower" and the "real world". The two solitudes are often at odds, and not infrequently choose to misunderstand one another. Her intimate knowledge of, and the respect she receives from, both worlds, enables her to integrate their best features to advance the cause of promoting the health and well-being of all citizens.

Born in 1926 in Lithuania, Evelyn Shapiro was educated in Montreal, receiving the BA in 1946 and the MA in 1947, both from McGill University. [She may well have been one of the last students of Stephen Leacock in Political Science and Economics, which may or may not have been responsible for her sense of humour]. Her academic career began in 1972 when she was appointed assistant professor in the Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, the predecessor of the Department of Community Health Sciences, in the University of Manitoba, eventually becoming full Professor in 1990. In 1998 she was appointed a "Senior Scholar", which in our University is a license for the Department to exploit her intellect without having to pay for it. She has published extensively on the determinants of health among the elderly, the predictors of their use of health care services, and the impact of social policy on community and long-term institutional care. She is a founding member of the Manitoba Centre for Health Policy and Evaluation and has a long association with the Manitoba Longitudinal Study on Aging. Her prolific pen has resulted in at least 8 research monographs, 13 book chapters, and over 50 articles in refereed journals. This can only be an estimate, as it is actually difficult to keep track of her still considerable productivity.

In her "other life", she has served the people of Manitoba for many years in different capacities. From 1969-1972 she was executive director of the Age and Opportunity Centre in Winnipeg. Between 1974 and 1976 she was Director of Continuing Care in the Department of Health and Social Development of Manitoba. It was during her tenure there that Manitoba's much acclaimed and copied continuing care program was implemented. She served many years on the Manitoba Health Services Commission, as a member from 1972-1977, and as chairperson from 1982-1988. The MHSC was the provincial agency responsible for the administration of hospital and medical care insurance. As chairperson she was in a position to influence health policy for the province. The MHSC led the country in developing its health care utilization database into a powerful research tool which has been responsible for many significant health reforms in the province. From 1988 to 1990 she was a senior policy advisor to the Minister of Health of Manitoba.

Professor Shapiro has received many awards both for her academic contributions and community service. The Government of Canada awarded her the Commemorative Medal for the 125th Anniversary of Confederation in 1992. She was honoured by the Deer Lodge Foundation in 1995 in recognition of her outstanding community service and was appointed an Honorary Member by the Canadian Home Care Association that same year. More recently, she received the Distinguished Member Award by the Canadian Association on Gerontology in 1999.

She is in constant demand to serve on national expert committees. During 1998-99 she was chair of the Canadian Health Services Research Foundation's peer review panel. She is currently a member of the Department of Veteran's Affairs Gerontological Advisory Committee and serves on the National Council on Ethics in Human Research. She has been a consultant to the National Health Coalition, Health Canada's Home Care Development Group, and the Health Services Restructuring Commission of Ontario, among others.

Evelyn Shapiro has been married to Dr. Ernest Shapiro for 53 years. They have two sons and a granddaughter who will be entering university this fall. It is not clear if the concept of "free time" applies to her, since her pace and productivity puts many full-time academics to shame. However, we are told that she, along with her husband, is a passionate devotee and patron of the visual arts, chamber music, opera and the theatre.

It is possible to be community-oriented in academic research, and be academically rigorous in public service. Evelyn Shapiro has shown us how to achieve this. The honorary degree is a small token of the University's admiration and respect for her lifetime of contributions to the University and the community.

Ronald G. Worton

Ronald G. Worton, D.Sc., October 19, 2000
Ronald G. Worton
C.M., B.Sc.(Hons.),M.Sc.(Man.); Ph.D.(Tor.); F.C.C.M.G.; F.R.S.Can., DHC (Louvain)

Dr. Ronald Worton, a native of Winnipeg, Manitoba, was educated at the University of Manitoba, receiving his Bachelor and Master of Science degrees in 1964 and 1965, both in physics. In 1965 he moved to the University of Toronto where he obtained his PhD in Biophysics in 1969. He then moved to Yale University for a two-year period of postdoctoral study where he developed his interest in genetics under the mentorship of Frank Ruddle, one of the leaders at that time in Somatic Cell Genetics. In 1971, Ronald Worton returned to Toronto to take up a position at the Hospital for Sick Children as Director of the diagnostic cytogenetics laboratory. During the next 25 years at the Hospital for Sick Children from 1971 -1996 he established the first molecular diagnostic laboratory in Ontario, as well as developing and expanding his own research program in basic and clinical research on the muscular dystrophies. In 1985, Ronald Worton was appointed Geneticist in Chief at the Hospital for Sick Children and Professor of Medical Genetics at the University of Toronto. In 1996, he moved to the Ottawa General Hospital where he currently holds the position of Director of Research and Chief Executive Officer of the Ottawa Hospital Research Institute and Professor of Medicine at the University of Ottawa.

Early work in Ronald Worton's laboratory identified mechanisms for the expression of recessive genes in somatic cells. Ronald Worton is however best known for his work and that of his colleagues in the identification and cloning of the gene linked to the human X-chromosome, that causes Duchenne and Becker Muscular Dystrophies. These conditions, originally thought to be separate diseases, are caused by different mutations in the same gene. Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy is a relatively common and invariably fatal genetic disease manifesting in affected boys and is the commonest of the many forms of muscular dystrophy. Identification and cloning of this gene by Worton and his colleagues led to the identification of the gene product, the muscle protein Dystrophin, which is absent from the muscle in the more serious Duchenne, and altered in the less serious Becker Muscular Dystrophy. Since this discovery, Ronald Worton's laboratory has continued to work on the regulation of the gene and has pioneered several approaches to the delivery of intact genes to muscle as potential means for gene therapy for these diseases. Other work in his laboratory included the identification of the gene responsible for malignant hypothermia and the mapping of genes responsible for inherited blindness.

As Geneticist in Chief at the Hospital for Sick Children, Ronald Worton led a department that received international acclaim for the discovery and cloning of several human genes including the genes responsible for Cystic Fibrosis, Fanconi Anaemia, Wilm's Tumour and Wilson's Disease.

Ronald Worton is currently President of the American Society of Human Genetics, the premier human genetics society in the world, and is an Associate Director of the Canadian Genetic Diseases Network, a national centre of excellence for research on human genetic disease. His work has been recognized by numerous national and international awards including the Award of Distinction from the Muscular Dystrophy association of Canada, the Centenary Medal of the Royal Society of Canada, the E. Mead Johnson Award for research in Paediatrics, the Jonas Salk award, and the Gairdner Foundation International Award. He was elected Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada in 1990. In 1991, he received the Doctor Honoris Causa, from the Université Catholique de Louvain. In 1994 he became an Officer of the Order of Canada.
Ronald Worton isa distinguished alumnus of this University, who continues to make contributions to the study of genetic medicine and research excellence in Canada and internationally. He was a founding member of HUGO, the Human Genome Organization and continues to serve on numerous boards and committees. As a teacher and mentor he has trained numerous graduate students and postdoctoral fellows.


Sonja Bata

Sonja Bata, LL.D., May 26, 1999

Sonja Bata
D.C.; LL.D.(Dal.); LL.D.(York)(Can.); D.Hum.L.(Mount Saint Vincent); LL.D.(Wilson College, PA)

Within the framework of holistic learning, interdisciplinary and international studies have taken on new dimensions of intensity and importance. It is appropriate, therefore, that we honour Mrs. Sonja Bata in recognition of her outstanding contribution to circumpolar research and education in the interdisciplinary fields of conservation, ecology, museology, and material culture.

Mrs. Sonja Bata was born and educated in Zurich, Switzerland. She studied architecture at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology and then married Mr. Thomas Bata, C.C.. As a young bride, Sonja moved to Canada with her husband where they raised their four children and built a multinational shoe company, the Bata Shoe Organization. Today, the Bata headquarters in Toronto oversees Bata operations in 69 countries and employs over 52,000 people. The Batas have created communities in Canada, India, and elsewhere which provide employees with modern housing, education, and medical facilities. Mrs. Bata's interest in international footwear has resulted in the development of the worlds largest footwear collection, the Bata Shoe Museum which is located in downtown Toronto. Mrs. Sonja Bata has taken leadership roles on numerous national and international boards, including Alcan Aluminum, Junior Achievement of Canada, World Wildlife Fund, National Design Council of Canada, and the Council for Business and the Arts in Canada. In recognition of her extensive contribution to education, business, and community development in these and other organizations, Mrs. Sonja Bata was an Appointed Officer of the Order of Canada, an Honorary Captain of the Canadian Navy, and is the recipient of numerous awards including the Silver Medal of the United Nations Environmental Program, Honorary Degrees from the Universities of Dalhousie, York, Mount Saint Vincent, Wilson College and Loyalist College.

Since 1982, over twenty graduate students at the University of Manitoba have been supported by Mrs. Bata's funding initiatives with the World Wildlife Fund. For example, Mrs. Bata auctioned off part of her personal art collection to finance a large portion of the multi-million dollar Whales Beneath the Sea Program which contributed $150,000 directly to graduate research in the Department of Zoology. Other students received World Wildlife Funds through the Waterhen Wood Bison Project, the Wild West Program, the Manitoba Naturalists Society, and the Fort Whyte Centre for Environmental Education.

Mrs. Bata's long term commitment to developing the field of circumpolar human ecology with researchers at the University of Manitoba has enabled this university to become firmly established as the leading academic institution in this field. Since 1983, Mrs. Bats has provided significant intellectual and financial support to faculty, graduate, and undergraduate researchers. She has contributed to new deielàpments in museology and material culture by providing opportunities for researchers to develop and apply theories relating to the inclusion of Aboriginal perspectives in material culture research. Mrs. Bata has brought together teams of designers, illustrators, researchers, and Aboriginal Elders to develop innovative ways of disseminating research in the form of challenging exhibitions, including one exhibition done in partnership with the Russian Museum of Ethnography in St. Petersburg, and manuscripts published by the Smithsonian Institution and other leading national and international publishers.

Mrs. Sonja Bata is honoured for her personal contributions to Northern and Aboriginal Studies in the interdisciplinary fields of conservation, ecology, museology, and material culture; and for her contribution to the intellectual development and scholarship of University of Manitoba undergraduate students, graduate students, and professors.

Jules Pierre Carbotte

Jules Pierre Carbotte, D.Sc., May 27, 1999

Jules Pierre Carbotte
B.Sc.(Man.); M.Sc.,Ph.D.(McGill); D.Sc.(Wat.); F.R.S.C.; F.C.l.A.R.(Superconductivity)

Professor Jules Carbotte was born in St. Boniface in 1938 and graduated from the University of Manitoba with a B.Sc. Degree in 1960. It was clear even at this early stage that he would become a distinguished alumnus of this institution with his award of the University Gold Medal in Science in that year. He then proceeded to McGill University aided by a National Research Council Scholarship where he was awarded an M.Sc.(1961) and his doctorate in 1964. After two years at Cornell University, Professor Carbotte returned to Canada as a faculty member at McMaster University where he spent the major portion of his academic career. He achieved the rank of full professor at McMaster in 1972 at age 34.

Professor Carbotte's research interests, reflected in more than three hundred articles published in some of the most prestigious physics journals, lie in predicting the behaviour of electrons in solids. There are many millions of these subatomic particles in even the smallest material specimen, and to try to account for their collective behaviour represents a theoretical tour-de-force, of which he is a leading practitioner. The many areas of condensed matter physics to which he has made seminal contributions include positron annihilation, defects in metals, transport properties, the electron-phonon interaction, superconducting materials and, most recently, the revolutionary field of High Temperature Superconductivity.

Superconductivity is the remarkable property of some materials whereby they allow an electric current to flow with zero resistance and hence no power consumption. Today, wires of such materials are used to fabricate superconducting magnets with a wide range of applications including Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) systems, utilized extensively for medical diagnoses. However, prior to 1986 experimental work in this area was confined to those laboratories that could produce the very low temperatures at which this phenomenon manifested itself. This situation was revolutionized in that year with the discovery of a new class of ceramic copper oxide materials which exhibited superconductivity at temperatures much closer to room temperature, hence the phrase "high temperature superconductivity." This Nobel Prize winning development aroused enormous worldwide interest, and Canada's response to this impetus and its wide ranging potential application was to establish a program in High Temperature Superconductivity in 1987 through the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research; Jules Carbotte was the program's founding Director. This initiative has had tremendous impact on the development of related research in Canada, and it serves as just one example of an area of research to which Professor Carbotte has made pivotal contributions.

Professor Carbotte's influence within the sphere of academic research extends well beyond his particular areas of interest. He has served the Royal Society of Canada, the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council and the Canadian Association of Physicists in a variety of roles with both a national and an international perspective. Professor Carbotte is also a much sought after member of the organizing committee for many international conferences and workshops, and has been extensively involved in the review of academic programs and departments.

Numerous awards and honours have been conferred on Professor Carbotte in recognition of his many fundamental contributions. These include election to the Royal Society of Canada the Herzberg Medal, a Steacie Fellowship and The Steacie Prize, the CAP Gold Medal for Achievement in Physics, the Canadian Metal Physics Medal, a Canadian Institute for Advanced Research Fellowship, an honorary doctorate from the University of Waterloo, and an appointment as University Professor at McMaster. His status in the academic community is clearly substantial. Somewhat less formal but perhaps more important evidence of his impact is provided through letters supporting his nomination, including some from the more than 40 graduate students whose careers have benefited significantly from his mentorship. To quote but one, " enthusiastic support for the nomination comes from the personal belief that more than anyone else, Jules Carbotte is responsible for injecting into me a passion for physics and an insatiable appetite for knowing the answer. Over his career at McMaster he has had that impact on many students. I was simply the first." (Professor Robert Dynes, Chancellor, University of California, San Diego).

It is, therefore, most appropriate that Professor Jules Carbotte is to receive from the University of Manitoba, his alma mater, its highest honour, the degree of Doctor of Science (honoris causa).

Marcel André Desautels

Marcel Desautels, LL.D., May 27, 1999

Marcel André Desautels, a graduate in Arts of le College universitaire de Saint-Boniface and in Law of the University of Manitoba, recognized as a trendsetter in the financial services industry for his leadership of business and credit information firm Creditel of Canada Limited.

David N. Dreman

David N. Dreman, LL.D., May 26, 1999

David N. Dreman

First and foremost, David Dreman, like his father, is a contrarian. In everyday language, a contrarian is someone who goes against the flow - someone who challenges conventional thinking. In Wall Street parlance, a contrarian is an investor who buys when everyone else is selling and sells when everyone else is buying. In short, contrarians go against the market. David Dreman has developed an international reputation in the investment business by religiously following an investment strategy that has changed the traditional academic and investor paradigms that have guided investment decisions for decades. He has been referred to as the "Dean of Contrarians," the "Maharajah of the Multiples", and The Los Angeles Times has called him "one of the masters of  'value' investing." The New York Times notes that "Dreman is the grand master of a simple yet psychologically challenging investment strategy: consummate contrarianism." His simple investing rules define the essence of the contrarian investment philosophy:
look for stocks with below-average price/earnings ratios, below-average debt/equity ratios and above-average earnings-growth rates and dividend yields. These are precisely the stocks that the experts will be avoiding
- which makes them attractive to the contrarian.

Born in Winnipeg in 1936, the son of Joseph and Rae Dreman, David Dreman was raised in the investment business. His father joined a brokerage firm specializing in commodity trading which eventually became Dreman & Company Ltd. in 1929. Although now 88 years old and officially retired, his father Joseph can still be seen occasionally on the trading floor of the Winnipeg Commodity Exchange. As early as age nine, Mr. Dreman recalls observing his father's contrarian behaviour in trading commodities and it was there he learned the discipline that is required of true contrarians. His father taught him that the consensus of the experts is usually wrong, which is why the contrarian philosophy can be so effective. Today, Mr. Dreman has honed and developed the contrarian instincts he learned many years ago in Winnipeg into one of the most successful investment firms on Wall Street managing funds of over $7.5 billion. The Kemper-Dreman High Return Fund, which he manages, has been ranked the best-performing of over 5,000 mutual funds for more time periods than any other and it has been the number one fund in the LipperIncome category over the past decade. It has given shareholders annual average returns of 30 per cent over three years and 23 per cent over the past five years.

A Commerce graduate of 1957, Mr. Dreman specialized in finance in economics and was co-founder of the Student Investment Club. As a Commerce student, he was noted for continually challenging the investment theories of the day in class discussions. Fortunately, he remembers, the small classes and the encouragement of critical thinking by his professors helped him further refine his contrarian philosophy.

Following his graduation from the University of Manitoba, he worked for his father at Dreman & Company for six years, setting up and operating the investment business. Several years later the excitement of the New York markets lured him into the investment management business. He worked as an investment advisor and security analyst for more than 20 years at major investment companies. He was Director of New York Research for Rauscher Pierce Refsnes Securities Corp., Senior Investment Officer with J&W Seligman, and Senior Editor with the Value Line Investment Service. He went out on his own in 1976 and founded his first investment firm based upon his contrarian philosophy, Dreman Value Management, Inc., serving as its President until 1989. He was Chairman of Dreman Value Management, L.P. from 1989 to 1995, and Chairman of Dreman Value Advisors, Inc. from 1995 to 1997. Today he is the founder, Chairman, and Chief Investment Officer of Dreman Value Management, L.L. C., a firm specializing in managing the assets of pension, foundation, and endowment funds, as well as high net-worth individuals.

Mr. Dreman's influence and impact upon our understanding of financial markets could easily be his greatest contribution to portfolio theory. His contrarian approach was generally downplayed by academics since his precepts challenged one of the most fundamental principles of market behaviour - the efficient market hypothesis (EMH). The EMH proposes that new information is immediately reflected in the market, and that the market reflects the correct price. Scorned by leading finance and economic academics for years, Mr. Dreman’s contrarian approach has recently gained acceptance in the academic community as the result of research published by anti-contrarian academics as well as by Mr. Dreman. As a result of Mr. Dreman's work, and his unwavering contrarian approach, the EMH is now in question as a reliable predictor of market behaviour.

 Mr. Dreman's contribution to the understanding of financial markets goes beyond the study of finance itself. His contrarian philosophy is based as much on the behavioural sciences - psychology, sociology, and anthropology - as it is on the rigorous mathematical studies of market behaviour. His first book, Psychology of the Stock Market(1977), detailed his theory that irrational decision-making, crowd psychology, and groupthink all help determine market behaviour. His belief in the value of understanding the field of behavioural finance has led him to establish a new journal called The Journal of Psychology and Finance which will encourage research by psychologists, sociologists, anthropologists, as well as Wall Street practitioners.

Mr. Dreman has written extensively about his contrarian approach. His practical yet scientific approach to investing was first detailed in his book Contrarian Investment Strategy (1977) and subsequently updated in The New Contrarian Investment Strategy(1980), and his most recent version Contrarian Investment Strategies: The Next Generation (1998). He has been a regular columnist for Forbes for 18 years and has been featured in articles in numerous investment publications, including Barron's, Institutional Investor, The Wall Street Journal, The New York Times, Newsweek, Money, and Fortune magazines. He has also been a frequent guest on Louis Rukeyser's Wall Street Week television program. His research findings have been published in The Financial Analysts Journal and The Journal of Investing.

Mr. Dreman is also a member of the Board of Directors of The University of Manitoba Foundation USA, Inc.

He and his wife Holly and their two children, David and Meredith, divide their time between their residences in Aspen, Colorado and New Jersey. They can also be found sailing to world ports on their yacht, appropriately named The Contrarian.

His Excellency Václav Havel

 His Excellency Václav Havel, LL.D., April 28, 1999

His Excellency Václav Havel
President of the Czech Republic.

The narrower the age, it has been said, the greater the great men. Our age is hardly narrow - on so many fronts, its complexity and turmoil confound and bewilder: Today's events erase memories of yesterday's, and reputations are made, and fade, as quickly. Yet great figures transcend the whirl of events and remain in memory: A student standing against tanks in Tiananmen Square; an elderly man emerging from a virtual lifetime of incarceration to lead his country peacefully to the end of apartheid; and a writer whose courage and integrity brought him, inexorably, from dissident to president.

Václav Havel was born in Prague in 1936, the son of Václav and Bozena Havel. As a young man he worked as a laboratory technician, studied economics, and served in the army. Drawn to the theatre in 1959, he metamorphosed rapidly from stagehand to assistant, to artistic director, to literary manager, to Resident Playwright in Prague's Theatre on the Balustrade. From 1956 onwards he wrote for various literary and theatrical periodicals and saw his first plays produced, including The Garden Party (1963), The Memorandum (1965) and The Increased Djfficulty of Concentration (1968). His plays and other writings contributed significantly to the reawakening of Czechoslovak society, which culminated in the Prague Spring of 1968.

After the Prague Spring was suppressed by armies of the Warsaw Pact, Václav Havel emerged as a leading opponent of the repression that followed.

In consequence, his literary works were banned. In 1975, in an open letter to the President, he warned of the antagonisms building within Czechoslovak society. Within two years he had become a leader of the human rights movement, Charter 77. The sources of the regime's anxieties over Václav Havel ranged from his principled unwillingness to submit, to - no doubt - his appreciation of Lou Reed and the Velvet Underground. Between 1978 and 1989, he endured repeated periods of house arrest and imprisonment, the longest of which ran for nearly five years ending in 1983. On his release he resumed the struggle, expressing a characteristically broad perspective by observing,


In 1989 he was again arrested, sentenced, imprisoned and released, but, by the end of the year, he had emerged as the leading figure of Civic Forum an organization encompassing all the groups and individuals seeking fundamental political change. In November he was elected, as Civic Forum's candidate, President of Czechoslovakia. He was re-elected President in 1990, and, in 1993, became President of the Czech Republic following the dissolution of Czechoslovakia, a development to which he was opposed, but of which he has written and spoken with understanding.

Of all the figures assuming leadership in central Europe with the fall of Communism, none has been more arresting - few, indeed, more arrested - than Václav Havel. He occupies an exceptional place in the history of our time, having challenged a totalitarian system, uniquely and nonviolently, on the level of ideas. He confronted pressure with a free spirit, dishonesty with the truth, evil with an articulation of the good. He lived under, fought with and triumphed over moral corruption, describing the situation as on in which


Withal, he emerged unbowed and uncorrupted by this extraordinary experience. In office he retains a moral compass which points beyond his homeland. While acknowledging that the way of moral politics is neither simple nor easy, he has written,


He also observes that he has experienced enough to be persuaded there are no alternatives.

Among public figures of our era, he is uniquely reflective. He represents the triumph of ideas over ideology, of reason over violence, of discourse over coercion. Today we acknowledge and honour a writer and dissident, a thinker and public man: One who brought eloquence and clarity to the struggle against one regime, and insight and wisdom to the condition of many others. A genuine hero of our time, his claims on our attention and respect encompass the wit an imaginative intelligence of his writing, the rich and luminous quality of his thought, the courage and resolution of the dissident, the wisdom of the philosopher statesman.

Mr. Chancellor, I am honoured to ask, in the name of the Senate of the University of Manitoba, that you confer on Václav Havel the degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa.

-citation delivered by William F. Neville, Associate Professor, Head, Department of Political Studies, Faculty of Arts

Lyonel Garry Israels

Lyonel Garry Israels, D.Sc., October 21, 1999
Lyonel Garry Israels
C.M.; B.A.(Sask), M.D., M.Sc.(Man), F.R.C.P.(C)

In an era when every day brings news of the discovery of yet another gene or gene fragment, we do well to remember that the benefits of scientific advances can only be realized through painstaking studies of whole human beings by individuals who are expert in both basic research and clinical medicine. Today, the University of Manitoba honors an individual who is a brilliant exemplar of this duality of talent.

Lyonel Israels was born in Regina in 1926 and twenty years later, after receiving a Bachelor of Arts degree from the University Saskatchewan, came to the University of Manitoba to study medicine. His choice of a professional career was not surprising given the influence of his older brothers, both of whom were distinguished physicians. After graduating with an M.D. degree in 1949 and an M.Sc. degree in 1950, Dr. lsraels undertook extensive postgraduate training -- first, at the University of Utah and then, as a McEachern Fellow of the Canadian Cancer Society, at the Kantonsspital in Zurich, the Radcliffe Infirmary in Oxford and the Royal Cancer Hospital in London.

Dr. lsraels returned to Manitoba in 1954 to join a cadre of young faculty members in the medical school who were committed to working at both the laboratory bench and the bedside to ensure that the fruits of medical research would be applied effectively to clinical practice. However, the clinical departments of the day were not adequately equipped to support research and so, like other budding clinician-scientists, he found his first scientific home in a basic science department. Later, as research laboratories were developed in clinical facilities, Dr. lsraels' research program could be located in closer proximity to patients. For nearly a half century, Dr. lsraels has made outstanding scientific contributions that span the whole spectrum of hematology. He has explored the normal biochemistry and physiology of cells in the blood and bone marrow, the detailed mechanisms involved in blood clotting and the metabolism of hemoglobin; and he has elucidated how these functions are deranged in disease. For example, Dr. lsraels was the first to demonstrate the role of an alternative pathway of bilirubin metabolism in producing hyperbilirubinemia. His work has been published in the most prestigious journals in the fields of hematology and oncology and the international stature he has gained is reflected in his role in the scientific councils of the Medical Research Council of Canada, the National Institutes of Health in the United States, the Gordon Conferences and the International Agency for Research on Cancer. In 1983, the University of Manitoba, on the recommendation of leading international scientists, appointed Dr. lsraels as a Distinguished Professor--the highest academic distinction the University can bestow on a regular member of its professorial staff. To this day he remains active in the laboratory, pursuing the elucidation of the role of Vitamin K in fetal development and tumor formation, and he continues to contribute regularly to the scientific literature.

Among his rich array of talents, Dr. lsraels' brilliance as a teacher has been particularly valued by many hundreds of students at all levels -- from freshman medical students to junior scientific colleagues. His thoroughness, lucidity and ability to convey complex ideas were the hallmarks of Lyonel lsraels as a teacher and were the attributes which prompted his election as Professor of the Year by the Manitoba Medical Students Association. They were also the basis of his success as a clinician and consultant. Beyond his commitment to personal excellence in teaching, he played a key role in reforming both undergraduate and postgraduate medical education at the University of Manitoba.
From the very beginning of his career, Dr. Israels exhibited outstanding skills as an administrative leader. He served as the Director of the Transfusion Service of the Manitoba Division of the Red Cross, Head of the Division of Hematology and Oncology in the Department of Internal Medicine and Director of Research in the Manitoba Cancer Treatment and Research Foundation. He played a seminal role in the creation of the Manitoba Institute of Cell Biology and became its first director in 1970. In 1973 he was appointed Executive Director of the Cancer Foundation -- a position he held for twenty years and through which he, and the colleagues he inspired, brought modern scientific cancer care to Manitoba. Dr. Israels' skills as a scientist and organizational leader were also reflected in the prominent role he has played in local and national bodies. He has served as chairman, president, an officer or a member of such organizations as the Manitoba Health Research Council, the Canadian Haematology Society, the Canadian Society for Clinical Investigation, the Canadian Red Cross, the National Cancer Institute and the Medical Research Council. Dr. Israels has received several honors and awards during his remarkable career in recognition of his achievements. These include the St. Boniface General Hospital International Award, the Distinguished Service Award of the Manitoba Medical Association and appointment to the Order of the Buffalo Hunt and the Order of Canada. In 1996, the Lyonel G. Israels Chair in Hematology was established at Ben Gurion University of the Negev in Israel.

In short, Dr. Lyonel lsraels is the complete medical academician -- clinician, teacher, scientist, citizen and leader. In all of these roles he exemplifies what is best in modern medicine; namely, the fusion of science and humanism that is the bedrock upon which compassionate and effective medical care rests. No one is more deserving than Lyonel Israels of the honor to be bestowed upon him by his alma mater in recognition of his outstanding personal achievements and of the compulsion to excellence he has fostered in others.

Bramwell Tovey

Bramwell Tovey, LL.D., May 27, 1999
Bramwell Tovey
B.Mus.(Lond.); LL.D.(Winn.)

It is part of the mission of the University of Manitoba to produce creative work of the highest quality as judged by international standards and to provide an understanding of the creative arts as a part of our heritage in order to contribute to the cultural well-being of Manitoba, Canada and the world. Since 1989, when his tenure as Artistic Director of the Winnipeg Symphony Orchestra began, Maestro Bramwell Tovey has exemplified the achievement of these goals at the highest level.

Bramwell Tovey's conducting career has led him to the podium of major orchestras around the world. In addition to his appointment with the Winnipeg Symphony, he was appointed in 1996 as the Principal Conductor of the English Sinfonia following in the footsteps of Sir Charles Groves and Sir Alexander Gibson. He is also Principal Guest Conductor of the Calgary Philharmonic Orchestra where he spends four weeks each season. He has conducted every major orchestra in Britain, including the London Philharmonic, the London Symphony and the Royal Philharmonic as well as such orchestras as the München Symphoniker, the Israel Sinfonietta, and L’Orchèstre National de Belgique. In Canada, in addition to the Calgary orchestra, he has appeared with the Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, Edmonton and Quebec symphonies. Critic Claude Gingras writing in La Presse said of his 1994 return engagement with the Montreal Symphony Orchestra:

"Bramwell Tovey's concert with the Montreal Symphony Orchestra was a complete success, not only for the musicians who played magnificently for him, but also for the public whose undivided attention and standing ovation at the end were unequivocal."

The conducting career of Bramwell Tovey also includes opera. Among many performances are Mozart's Die Zauberfläte with the Calgary Opera, Strauss's Die Fledermaus with the Vancouver Opera, Poulenc's Dialogue of the Carmelites with the Manitoba Opera, and Donizetti's Don Pasquale with the Canadian Opera Company. His numerous performances of major choral works include Britten's War Requiem, Orff's Carmina Burana, and Walton's Belshazzar's Feast. He gave the world premiere of Davies' Revelation which was the subject of a CBC-TV documentary for Adrienne Clarkson Presents.

One of Bramwell Tovey's important contributions to the concert audiences is his verbal program annotations. In the WSO's Basically Bramwell series, as well as similar series he has launched in Toronto and London, Ontario, he talks about the music from the podium in a way which is informative, entertaining and humourous when appropriate while at the same time teaching about the music in ways which further the understanding and enjoyment of the listeners.

A major achievement of Bramwell Tovey's tenure at the WSO is the creation of the internationally renowned New Music Festival. Founded in 1992, this nine day festival has brought to Winnipeg major composers from around the world.

These composers, whose music has provided the core repertoire for the festivals, have included Canada's R. Murray Schafer, Estonia's Arvo Part, the Netherlands' Louis Andriessen, England's Gavin Bryars, and American composer John Corigliano who called this festival "The greatest music festival in the world." An important part of the festival is the Canadian Composer's Competition which has stimulated the creation of and, even more importantly, the performance of many new Canadian works for orchestra.

Bramwell Tovey has contributed to the Winnipeg Symphony and the Manitoba community in many other important but often unrecognized ways. He is a featured speaker or guest at many community cultural and charitable events. He has made the orchestra accessible to Manitobans living far from Winnipeg through the creation of a northern Manitoba tour. He has made orchestra members available for special project work in the public schools. He himself has worked with educational ensembles both in the public schools and the universities. He has provided opportunities for many of the choirs within the community as well as numerous qualified students to perform with the orchestra. In short, his vision of the Winnipeg Symphony Orchestra is that it is a world class musical organization which is not only an important contributor to, but an important participant within, the community in which it resides.

Bramwell Tovey's musical career has been characterized by musical performances of the highest quality, by creativity in musical interpretation and methods of presentation of the music and the orchestra, and by concern for the place of music and of artistic organizations in the wider community. For this, and for the world-wide recognition which he has achieved and which he shares with Manitoba through his work with the Winnipeg Symphony Orchestra, we honour him today.


Israel Harold Asper

Israel H. Asper, LL.D., May 27, 1998

Israel H. Asper
O.C.; BA., LL.B, LL.M.(Man.)

A proud native of Minnedosa, Manitoba, Israel Asper, the third child of Russian Jewish immigrants, grew up hearing and rejecting the words, "If you're so good, why aren't you in Toronto?" Still fiercely loyal to his home town and Province, Mr. Asper ('Izzy to his friends and colleagues) has built one of the most successful broadcasting companies in the industry in terms of profit, programming, and production - CanWest Global Communications Corp. - which is headquartered in Winnipeg. Mr. Asper and Babs, his wife of 42 years, reside in Winnipeg. Their children, Gail, David and Leonard are all senior executives with CanWest Global.

Mr. Asper's path to his many achievements has been varied, to say the least. At various times he has been a lawyer, tax advisor, politician, writer and author, teacher, entrepreneur, and philanthropist. Almost as legendary as his business acumen is his love for jazz and his love of the piano (he claims to have had only one paying gig in his life - at a piano bar in Minneapolis when the pianist didn't show up). An avid admirer of George Gershwin, he also possesses one of the largest collections of Gershwin memorabilia.

Mr. Asper attended The University of Manitoba where he obtained his Bachelor of Arts in 1953, Bachelor of Law in 1957 and Master of Law in 1964. During his university days, he was editor of The Manitoban, a member of the Student Union Executive, a member of the Championship Debating Team, and was Valedictorian of his class. Opting not to enter his father's small business in Minnedosa, Mr. Asper spent several years as a tax and corporate lawyer with the law firm he helped to found, Buchwald Asper Henteleff. For several years he penned a regular column on taxation for The Globe and Mall and in 1970, authored a text on taxation which became a Canadian non-fiction best-seller.

In the early 1970's, during his five-year tenure as Leader of the Liberal Party in Manitoba and MLA, Mr. Asper sensed an enormous deficiency and at the same time, opportunity within the world of Canadian television broadcasting. The power of television was ever-increasing and Mr. Asper believed that to have only two national networks in Canada was a gross injustice to the Canadian TV viewing public. In 1974 he set out to rectify the situation and began to accumulate the building blocks for the CanWest Global System by acquiring stakes in TV operations in Winnipeg, Vancouver, Regina, Saskatoon, Atlantic Canada, Quebec, and Ontario - all start-ups or financial turnarounds.

In 1991, he decided to test whether the CanWest style of management could be exported from Canada. Following a successful initial public offering of CanWest stock in Canada, the company acquired significant interests in TV3 New Zealand and Network Ten Australia. Both operations were in receivership and both have been turned around to become the Cinderella stories of the industry. Today, through the entrepreneurial efforts of Mr. Asper, the market capitalization of CanWest Global is in excess of $4 billion. Notwithstanding these successes abroad, Mr. Asper continues to pursue his dream of a third national television network in Canada.

Although his business interests take him around the globe, his commitment to the Winnipeg community remains as strong as ever. His civic service has included memberships on the Mayor's Advisory Committee on Winnipeg 2000, the Board of Directors of the Associates of the Faculty of Management, the Board of Governors of the Jewish Foundation of Manitoba. Other volunteer activities have included Governor, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Board Member, Canadian Council of Christians and Jews, Member, The Canada West Foundation, Director, Council for Canadian Unity, and Honorary Patron, Misericordia Hospital Foundation.

Mr. Asper's achievements have been recognized by a wide variety of local, national, and international bodies. His awards include Queen's Council (1975); University of Manitoba Alumni Jubilee Award - Outstanding 25 Year Graduate (1985); Honorary Fellow, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (1985); Honorary Lieutenant-Colonel in the Canadian Militia (1986); Canadian Association of Broadcasters Gold Ribbon Award for Broadcast Excellence (1992); B'nai Brith International Award of Merit (1993); and The University of Manitoba International Distinguished Entrepreneur Award (1997). He was twice elected Manitoba Business Entrepreneur of the Year (1989, 1991); and was inducted into the Order of Canada (1995); into the Canadian Broadcast Hall of Fame (1995); and into the Canadian Business Hall of Fame (1997).

A significant part of Mr. Asper's character is his belief that those who succeed should contribute back to their community through volunteerism, leadership, and financial support. His commitment to his community has led to the creation of The Asper Foundation and the CanWest Global Foundation, two charitable foundations whose mission is to provide leadership and financial support for the improvement of the quality of life in Manitoba. Among the major contributions of the foundations was the establishment of the Asper Centre for Entrepreneurship in the Faculty of Management. Mr. Asper's most recent major undertaking was as Honorary Chair and principal benefactor of the Asper Jewish Community Centre which opened last year. The Centre honours his immigrant parents and the thousands of other immigrants that helped create the culture and heritage that we enjoy today in Winnipeg and in Manitoba, and we honour Mr. Asper today for his many and varied achievements.

Arthur A. DeFehr

Arthur A. DeFehr, LL.D., May 28, 1998

Arthur A. DeFehr
B.Comm.(Man.); B.A.(Goshen Coil., Indiana); M.B.A.(Harv.)

We live in an era when the word "globalization" has assumed great significance. It is appropriate therefore, that we honour Mr. Arthur DeFehr, a Canadian who has a truly global perspective in both his personal and professional life. He is currently the President and CEO of Palliser Furniture, the largest furniture manufacturer in Canada. The company also has a strong presence in the U.S., employing a total of 3,300 people at 8 different locations in the two countries. The firm has a subsidiary in Taiwan, and is establishing two factories in Mexico.

Born in Winnipeg in 1942, Art DeFehr attended the University of Manitoba, where he received his Bachelor of Commerce degree in 1964 and earned the Isbister Scholarship in the process. The next stop was Goshen College (Indiana), where he earned his B.A. (Economics) in 1965. He received his M.B.A. from Harvard University in 1967, graduating in the top 1% of his class, and was named a Baker Scholar in his first year in the program.

Although he had originally planned on a career in the Canadian Foreign Service, his involvement in anti-Vietnam War activities and the civil rights movement- he marched with Martin Luther King - apparently made him a "security risk." So, he returned to Winnipeg and joined Palliser Furniture.

He now travels extensively to Eastern Europe and Southeast Asia as part of his business interests. But he is also strongly committed to charitable and economic development work in other countries, and this commitment has been driven as much by his strong Christian faith as it has by his business interests. From 1972-74, he directed the Mennonite Central Committee's agricultural development and refugee program in Bangladesh. While there, he and his wife adopted their two daughters, Tara and Shanti. In 1976, he was instrumental in founding the Canadian FoodGrains Bank, a church-supported organization which collects grain from farmers for overseas famine relief. He was also involved with the Canada International Development Agency food mission to Ethiopia and Sudan during1984-85. He is currently president of International Development Enterprises Canada, an organization which promotes irrigation projects in Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Vietnam, and Cambodia. In all of these activities, he has been strongly supported by Leona, his wife of 33 years.

Art DeFehr is not reluctant to act on his beliefs, even when doing so puts him at odds with powerful organizations in the countries where he works. In 1980, for example, he organized the "Land Bridge" project in Thailand and Cambodia, which involved transporting seeds and tools. The project saved thousands of lives, but since it ran counter to the political views of some important groups-including the UN and the Red Cross-it received little publicity. And during 1982-83, when he was the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees in Somalia, he found himself at odds with the government over ways to solve the country's problems. Recently a Somali official has acknowledged that a report DeFehr submitted was a blueprint for holding the country together.

Even leisure activities are seen as an opportunity to help others and to become more conversant with the lifestyles of people in different cultures. The DeFehr family spent one Christmas in a UN shelter for street children in Guatemala, and another in a village on the Amazon River after travelling there by dugout canoe.

Henry G. Friesen

Henry G. Friesen, D.Sc., May 28, 1998

Henry G. Friesen
D.C.; B.Sc.Med., M.D.(Man.); D.Sc.(W.Ont.); F.R.C.P.(C); F.R.S.C.

Dr. Henry Friesen, a native of Morden, Manitoba, studied medicine at the University of Manitoba where his brilliance as an undergraduate student foreshadowed a career marked by outstanding achievement in every facet of academic medicine. After a postgraduate clinical residency in Winnipeg, Dr. Friesen undertook rigorous training in advanced research in the field of endocrinology at the New England Center Hospital in Boston. A year as Assistant Professor at the Tufts University School of Medicine was followed by an appointment at McGill University where Dr. Friesen rose rapidly through the academic ranks to become a full Professor of Experimental Medicine. During this period he received an Associateship of the Medical Research Council of Canada, the highest career award granted by the Council.

Dr. Friesen's research, embodied in hundreds of research articles published in the worlds most prestigious scientific journals, contributed enormously to our understanding of the endocrine system and the structure and function of hormones in health and disease. His work led to his discovery of the hormone human prolactin, and to the successful diagnosis and treatment of many hundreds of persons suffering from prolactin-related disorders of reproduction.

In 1973, Dr. Friesen returned to the University of Manitoba as Professor of Medicine and Professor and Head of the Department of Physiology which, under his stewardship, became one of the leading departments of physiology in North America. Dozens of graduate students and post-doctoral fellows, from all parts of the world, were trained in Dr. Friesen's laboratory, many of whom went on to assume leadership positions in medical research centres in Canada and abroad.

Dr. Friesen's influence on academic medicine has gone far beyond his own field of research. Many national and international organizations concerned with academic medicine and medical science have been the beneficiaries of his vision and entrepreneurial drive. He is a member of the most influential societies in biomedical science and has served with great distinction on the governing boards of such bodies as: the Endocrine Society, the Canadian Society for Clinical Investigation, the Canadian Society of Endocrinology and Metabolism, the Medical Research Council and the Canadian Cancer Society; and, as President of the National Cancer Institute. Dr. Friesen has also been an active contributor to numerous committees, task forces and advisory bodies dealing with the development of biomedical research and the review of academic programs and departments.

In 1991, Dr. Friesen was appointed President of the Medical Research Council of Canada, the preeminent leadership position in Canadian medical research. In a few short years he has transformed the Council into a seed bed of organizational innovation in which powerful new links have been established with other research agencies and with business and industry and in which the scope of the Councils programs have been broadened to include population health.

The Canadian Medical Discoveries Fund, the Canadian Breast Cancer Initiative, the Canadian Health Services Research Foundation and the partnership between the Council and the pharmaceutical industry are some of the outgrowths of Dr. Friesen's imaginative leadership and determination.

Many honors and awards have been conferred on Dr. Friesen, including the Order of Canada, the Gairdner Foundation Award, an honorary doctorate from the University of Western Ontario, a Distinguished Professorship from the University of Manitoba, several distinguished lectureships and distinguished service awards. These attest to his stature as an outstanding figure in medicine and medical research. Less public but more important evidence of his achievements and contributions can be found in the research his efforts have enabled, the patients who have benefited from his discoveries, the careers his mentorship has advanced and the many students, young researchers and colleagues whom he inspired to strive for excellence.

It is fitting indeed that Dr. Henry Friesen, physician, scientist, leader and Innovator par excellence is to receive, from his alma mater, the University of Manitoba's highest honour - the degree Doctor of Science (honoris causa).

Edward Kuiper

Edward Kuiper, D.Sc., October 22, 1998

Edward Kuiper
B.Sc.(C.E.)(Delft); M.Sc.(C. E.)(M.l.T.); F.A.S.C.E.

It is indeed fitting that Ed Kuiper, engineer, teacher, intellectual, author, husband, father and grandfather, and concerned citizen, receive the degree of Doctor of Science (honoris causa) from the University of Manitoba, the university he joined and served, and the university he helped save from flooding in the spring of last year.

And, what better way to introduce Professor Ed Kuiper than by quoting some of his many friends, students and colleagues who have been touched by this impressive man.

It is a great pleasure for me to support the nomination of Professor Ed Kuiper for an honourary degree. I have known Ed Kuiper for almost 40 years, as a professor, Master's thesis supervisor, a fellow professional engineer, and an icon in the field of hydraulics and water resources world wide.
Gary Filmon, Premier of Manitoba

Ed Kuiper motivated me to pursue water resources studies, the area which I still teach. His teaching at both the undergraduate and graduate levels was superb. He had a particular skill in drawing students into class participation, often in such intensity that class schedules were in havoc.
Robert Newbury, Professor of Resource and Environmental Management, Simon Fraser University

As a consultant and advisor to federal and provincial government agencies and organizations such as the Canadian International Development Agency, the World Bank, the U.S.-Canada Joint Commission and Acres International, Professor Kuiper contributed more than almost any other Canadian engineer to the responsible development of water resources in Canada and on five continents.
Glenn Morris, Professor Emeritus, Faculty of Engineering, University of Manitoba

Edward Kuiper was born in Petten, Holland in 1919 - seventy nine years ago. He received a Civil Engineering degree from the Technical University at Deift in 1942, and worked in the world renowned Delft Hydraulic Laboratories for two years, then with the Dutch Department of Public Works, on harbours, dams, sea locks, canals and dikes until 1950. Between 1946 and 1947, Professor Kuiper attended the Massachusetts Institute of Technology on a fellowship, and gained a Master of Science degree. Boston also was the place where Ed and his wife, Minka, celebrated the birth of their first child, John. Four other children were to follow, Lidi and Bobby in Holland, Marian and Katie in Canada.

The Kuipers moved permanently to North America in 1950. The family arrived in Winnipeg - where Ed was to be Senior Hydraulics Engineer for Agriculture Canada - just after the devastating 1950 flood. For three of the next six years, Ed Kuiper was in charge of studies of the 170,000 square kilometre Assiniboine River basin, with an eye to the flood protection of Winnipeg. Then in 1956 he was seconded to the Manitoba Water Resources Investigation as Chief Engineer, this time with an eye to flood control, water conservation and the hydro-electric power potential of the Nelson, Saskatchewan, and Winnipeg Rivers.

Edward Kuiper joined the University of Manitoba on September 1, 1958 - exactly 40 years ago. Over the next 33 years, until his retirement in 1991, Professor Kuiper taught thousands of civil engineering students at both the undergraduate and graduate level the essentials of water resources engineering. The four years leading up to the start of construction of the Winnipeg Floodway and the Portage Diversion in 1962 saw Edward Kuiper participate in public hearings and advocacy, and design and model testing. That Manitoba chose to construct a foolproof large "Duff's Ditch," instead of failure-prone dikes, as Winnipeg's primary defence system, was a result of Professor Kuiper's involvement. This involvement was recognized this year when Ed Kuiper was awarded the Order of the Buffalo Hunt as a measure of this province's gratitude for his engineering skill.

In the quotation cited above, Professor Glenn Morris salutes the stature of Professor Edward Kuiper around the world. Three pages of single spaced text are required simply to list his activities in training, memberships on commissions, and engineering consultations outside Canada.

We honour Professor Kuiper today for his flood mitigation works in Manitoba. We include in our esteem, his leadership and tireless campaigning for homeowners to pay proper attention to engineering principles as they worked raising dikes during the 1997 flood of the century - dikes which held. These homeowners as they struggled to meet his exacting standards, would agree with the opinion put forward in a review of Professor Kuiper's book on water resources development - "He be floody minded."

The Honourable Gildas Molgat

Gildas Molgat, LL.D., June 2, 1998
The Honourable Gildas L. Molgat
C.D., B.Comm.

Senator Molgat's contribution to his city, province, country and the world are most distinguished.  His record of public service, spanning over 45 years, is widely acknowledged as outstanding by members of all political persuasions.

Gildas Molgat was born in Ste-Rose du Lac, Manitoba to Louis F. Molgat and Adele Abraham. He received his primary and secondary education in Ste-Rose du Lac. He then attended both St Paul's College and the University of Manitoba, and he was awarded a Bachelor of Commerce (honours) degree in 1947, at which time he was a gold medal recipient. This was merely the beginning of Senator Molgat's relationship with the University of Manitoba, a relationship which continues today, marked just this past fall by his fiftieth homecoming celebration, which he was pleased to attend. 

Mr. Molgat's long and distinguished career in public service began in 1953 with his election to the Manitoba legislature. He was re-elected in 1958, 1959, 1962, 1966 and 1969, representing the constituency of Ste-Rose. He was leader of the Liberal Party in Manitoba and Leader of the Opposition from 1961 to 1968. Following his time as leader, he remained in the Legislature until he was summoned to the Senate on October 7, 1971 by the Right Honourable Pierre Trudeau, Prime Minister of Canada. Senator Molgat has proven his skill as both a parliamentarian as well as a politician.

In his role as Speaker of the Senate, Senator Molgat has had the opportunity to represent Canada on various parliamentary missions and exchanges abroad, as well as meeting with foreign officials visiting Canada. Senator Molgat has been serving his fellow citizens as well as his fellow parliamentarians for the last half century. His service has been completed with skill, devotion and passion.

Heather Margaret Robertson

Heather Margaret Robertson, LL.D., May 27, 1998

Heather Margaret Robertson
B.A.(Hons.)(Man.); M.A.(Columbia, New York)

Among the things rightly claimed for liberal education is encouragement of the capacity to think critically and to challenge conventional assumptions. In the person of Heather Robertson is found the embodiment of such capacities, though she needed little such encouragement, having developed an independent mind long before she graduated from the University of Manitoba in 1963, or before she proceeded, on a Woodrow Wilson Fellowship, to do an M.A. at Columbia University in 1964.

As a student at the University of Manitoba, indeed, she served as Editor of The Manitoban and presided over the liveliest, most controversial student newspaper in the country. As Editor, she broke a long-standing convention and endorsed a party in the mock parliament elections: uproar ensued. She questioned the prevailing orthodoxy on the need for a football team: she was denounced by sportscasters in the daily papers and on radio. In her most recent book, Writing From Life: A Guide for Writing True Stories, she observes that writing is a provocative act and that writing true stories, which involves people with their own lives and points of view, is to invite often strong disagreement. She writes:

I have been hanged and burned in effigy. I have been sued for libel. I have been called a Nazi and accused of racism, hysteria, and neurosis. I have made enemies, and lost friends. In my first book, I unwittingly offended my mother...

So stimulated was she by the reactions to strongly expressed opinions that she concluded, early on, that writing and not the classroom was to be her life. She worked as a reporter and drama and television critic for the Winnipeg Tribune, as a public affairs radio producer for CBC, and over the years contributed to numerous Canadian periodicals, including Saturday Night, Toronto Life, Chatelaine, Maclean's and Canadian Forum.

By her late twenties she had written her first book, Reservations Are for Indians. A book about Aboriginals, by a woman who was not one, it combined audacity with insight. This was followed by Grass Roots and Salt of the Earth which looked, with sympathy but without sentimentality, at rural and small-town life: their lack of sentimentality, not surprisingly, was controversial. These were followed by A Terrible Beauty The Art of Canada at War and a predictably unconventional book on the notorious Ken Leishman, appropriately titled The Flying Bandit.

These highly diverse works of non-fiction were followed in the 1980s by a fictional trilogy, Willie: a Romance, Lily: a Rhapsody in Red, and Igor: a Novel of Intrigue. In these novels, Heather Robertson discovered, embellished - or created - the hitherto unknown excitement in the life of the Rt. Hon. William Lyon Mackenzie King. These were audacious works, challenging both conventional forms of the novel and conventional views of Willie King. The first volume of the trilogy won, for Ms Robertson, the Books in Canada First Novel prize for 1983, the first of a number of writing awards she was to receive.

Later books included More Than A Rose: Prime Ministers, Wives and Other Women. This book - which appeared before the advent of Kim Campbell - was an extended examination of the wives and other women in the lives of Canada's Prime Ministers. Not only did it break new ground in disclosing unknown or little known facts about its subjects, it chronicled the transformation of the roles and expectations of prime ministerial spouses. On the Hill: A People’s Guide to Canada’s Parliament offered sometimes irreverent, but not inaccurate, perspectives on all one would wish to know of the arcane ways of parliament; and Driving Force: the McLaughlin Family and the Age of the Car provided an account of Canadian - and hence, little-known - involvement in the automobile age.

Heather Robertson's career as a writer now spans thirty years. Her writings have been characterized by meticulous research, high intelligence, passion, flair; and by an irresistible urge to puncture the pretentious. She has typically taken the road less travelled and her writings have introduced her compatriots to many less known or less well understood aspects of Canadian life. Her career has been an extended contribution to public discourse. For this, and the honour she brings the University, we honour her today.


W. Ralph Bullock

W. Ralph Bullock, D.Sc., May 28, 1997
W. Ralph Bullock
B.E.(Physics), M.Sc.(Sask.)

Science, engineering and technology permeate and underpin virtually every aspect of our daily lives. Ralph Bullock is recognized for the contributions that he has made to strengthen the capacity of this field of human endeavour for enhancing and extending the quality of those lives even further. He has contributed unselfishly of his time and talents toward national, regional and university initiatives while sustaining a very successful and demanding career as an executive of Bristol Aerospace and its subsidiary, Rolls-Royce Industries Canada Inc.

Mr. Bullock's contributions to the people of Canada and Manitoba reflect his unstinting dedication to the development of science, engineering and technology. These contributions are exemplified at the national level by the considerable amount of time and energy that he has devoted and continues to devote to the National Research Council of Canada. He served as a long-time member of the governing council and the executive of the NRC. He was instrumental in the establishment in Winnipeg of the NRC's Canadian Institute of Industrial Technology and its successor, the Institute for Manufacturing Technology. He continues to draw on his experience in the aerospace industry in his ongoing service on the advisory boards for the NRC's Institute of Aerospace Research and its Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics. Ralph Bullock's dedication to the work of the National Research Council reflects his strongly held conviction that research and innovation hold the key for the future of our country if Canada is to compete aggressively in an increasingly knowledge-intensive economy.

Mr. Bullock presently serves with distinction on a number of other scientific and technical organizations. These include the Manufacturing Technology Service of the Canadian Manufacturers' Association and, provincially, the Economic and Innovation Technology Council and Total Quality Manitoba Inc. He is also currently Chair of both the Defence Advisory Board and the Space Committee of the Air Industries Association of Canada. He has served, in the past, on many more regional and national organizations, including a stint as Chair of PRECARN which is a partnership of the private and public sectors in Canada committed to supporting precompetitive research. Time prevents a more complete mention of the many organizations which have benefited from the energy that Ralph Bullock was willing to direct to them.

In the field of education, Mr. Bullock serves as a member of the first Board of Governors of the Red River Community College. As though he were the human equivalent of the energizer bunny, he serves simultaneously on its Executive Committee and chairs its Administration Committee and its Planning Committee. He has directed these same seemingly limitless energies toward the development of science awareness of our youth, giving leadership in the launching of the Manitoba Technology Initiative, a program which seeks to excite the curiosity of school children about the world of science, engineering and technology.

From the University's point of view, Ralph Bullock's role as the main community sparkplug in the early 1980's in establishing the University's Institute for Technological Development is perhaps the most significant. Under his wise guidance as Chair of the Institute's advisory board, the Institute flourished and matured into a full-fledged university/industry liaison office which brings together the scientific and technical interest of the community with the academic interest of the Faculties of Agricultural and Food Sciences, Engineering, Medicine and Science. Ralph Bullock was the primary force in the establishment in the University of the highly successful and nationally recognized Engineering and Applied Sciences Industrial Affiliates Program. He gave strong and direct leadership in the establishment of two of the University's five NSERC Industrial Research Chairs, one in Applied Electromagnetics and one in Aerospace materials. The latter is unique in that it extends the concept of NSERC Industrial Research Chairs to include an undergraduate curriculum option, in this instance, in Aerospace Engineering.

Ralph Bullock was born in Maidstone, Saskatchewan during the 1930's. The University of Saskatchewan awarded him a Bachelor of Engineering in Engineering Physics in 1958 and a Master of Science in Upper Atmospheric Physics in 1960. During his 40 year career with Bristol Aerospace, he worked cooperatively with the University of California, Los Angeles; the University of British Columbia; and the Defence Research Establishment at Valcartier, Quebec. At the conclusion of his career with Bristol Aerospace last fall, he was Vice-President, Engineering and Quality, and Vice-President, Environmental Affairs, with Rolls-Royce.

Ralph Bullock is a friend of engineering, science and technology. Closer to home, he is a good friend of the University of Manitoba. Through his work, he has helped us and supported us. For this, we thank him and honour him.

Bernard Ostry

Bernard Ostry, LL.D., May 29, 1997
Bernard Ostry
OC.; BA.(Honours)(Man.)

Someone once said that government, like life, is hard to sum up in a few words. Today we are honouring an individual whose life and exemplary career in the public service is exceedingly difficult to sum up in a few words. Throughout his long, varied and distinguished career in government, Bernard Ostry has contributed his ideas and energies to the shaping and implementation of public policy in many fields to the benefit of all Canadians.

He is probably best known as a passionate and persuasive advocate of the importance of government support to the arts. Such support is needed to promote and to maintain creative Canadian artistic expression. It is also crucial to ensure more widespread access for all segments of Canadian society to the enrichment opportunities represented by arts and cultural activities - a theme which Mr. Ostry explored with great lucidity and conviction in his seminar book The Cultural Connection published in 1978.

For more than four decades, Mr. Ostry has contributed to the shaping of Canada's and Ontario's broadcasting, cultural and industrial policies. Before 1968 he was an award winning producer and host for various programmes on CBC television. His commitment to a well informed public was reflected in his subsequent service with the Canadian Radio-Television Commission and then as a Commissioner of the Prime Minister's Task Force on Government Information.

From 1970 to 1980 he held a series of increasingly responsible public service position within the Government of Canada. From 1970-1973 he was Under Secretary in the Department of the Secretary of State, the lead department for the emerging role of the federal government in the broad field of cultural policy. He then became Deputy Minister and Chief Executive Officer of the National Museums Corporation, which managed six national museums. Beginning in 1978 he was Deputy Minister of Communication responsible for policy advice on emerging technologies like satellites, videotex and Telidon.

After a two year assignment in Europe, he returned to Canada in 1982 as Ontario's Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade responsible for the expansion of international trade offices, assistance to small business and the creation of six technological centres. Following a two year assignment as Deputy Minister of Citizenship and Culture, he became in 1985 the Chair and Chief Executive Officer of the Ontario Educational Communications Authority, more popularly known as TV Ontario. Under his leadership TV Ontario expanded its scope and gained an international reputation for quality programming. The network was extended to 96 percent of the population and a French language service reached 85 percent of the French speaking minority. On the programming side, six hundred international awards for programming were received during his seven years as C.E.O.

The foundation for this brilliant public service career began in western Canada. Bom in Wadena, Saskatchewan in 1927, Mr. Ostry received his early education in Winnipeg and received a B.A.(Honours) degree in History from the University of Manitoba in 1948. From 1948-1952 he did postgraduate work in history in England and with the late H.S. Ferns, he was the co-author of the provocative book The Age of Mackenzie King (1955). Throughout his career he has shared his informed opinions with a wider audience through hundreds of articles and speeches. He has also made an immense contribution as a member of numerous boards of directors. He was made an Officer of the Order of Canada in 1988.

It is appropriate at a time when Canada's public services are being widely criticized and when governments are reducing their support to the arts, that the University of Manitoba should honour Bernard Ostry. He is revising his important book The Cultural Connection and we look forward to an updated passionate defence of Canadian cultural sovereignty. We are pleased to honour Mr. Ostry for his past and future contributions to Canadian public life.

John Peter Lee Roberts

John Peter Lee Roberts, LL.D., May 28, 1997
John Peter Lee Roberts
O.C.; A.Mus.A.(Syd.); M.A.(Car.); Hon.D.F.A.(Vic.B.C.)

If the fine and performing arts are to make a significant and meaningful contribution to society, there must be strong institutional support for education, development and support of the artists, and for the dissemination of their work. John Roberts, through his work in broadcasting, on boards of cultural organizations and committees, and as a university administrator, has provided creative leadership which has contributed to the development of institutions which Canadians today consider an integral part of Canadian life.

A Canadian citizen since 1961, John Roberts began his life in Canada in 1955 when he came to Winnipeg as a CBC music producer. Among Winnipeg musicians with whom he worked are Filmer Hubble, Peggie Sampson, Christine Mather, Leonard Isaacs and Robert Turner, the latter two of whom are Professors Emeriti of the University of Manitoba School of Music. He also notes that shortly after he arrived he met Winnipeg composer, pianist, and violinist Sophie Carmen Eckhardt-Gramatté. At their first meeting, they discussed music, and she performed on the piano. He remembers that he was impressed by her profound interpretations of standard repertoire and intrigued by her own music. Shortly thereafter, he met her husband Dr. Ferdinand Eckhardt. John Roberts and the Eckhardts remained close colleagues and friends to the end of the Eckhardts' lives.

John Roberts was associated with the CBC for more than 30 years. Following his two years in Winnipeg, he became successively Program Organizer for CBC radio in Toronto, Supervisor of Music, Head of Radio Music and Variety, and served two further terms as a Special Advisor for Music and Arts Development and as a Senior Advisor for Cultural Development. One of the pioneers of FM broadcasting, he personally programmed 50% of the entire FM schedule with music and the other arts in the early years. Among his achievements, he developed and supervised CBC Festivals which provided exposure to Canadian performers and composers in cities across Canada and established an extensive on-going program of commissions for Canadian composers. He established the CBC talent competitions which have, over a period of many years, discovered outstanding young Canadian artists and launched important performers and composers on major careers. He pioneered radio documentaries on music subjects in the 1960's. The CBC became an international leader in the field with some of the early commissions of documentaries from Glenn Gould and others.

Another vital outlet for the distribution of Canadian music is the recording medium. Recognizing this, John Roberts, during his term as Head of CBC Radio Music and Variety, made the CBC a major producer of serious music recordings in Canada through his establishment of the recording division and the Canadian Collection which sold recordings through mail order. While serving as Director General of the Canadian Music Centre, he established the Centredisc label which quickly became a primary vehicle for the recording of Canadian Music, while during his eight years as Dean of Fine Arts at the University of Calgary, he was responsible for yet another new label - Unical Records.

During his various careers, Roberts has been an active member of nearly fifty arts and culture boards and key committees at home and abroad. In Canada, Roberts was President of the Canadian Music Council and Les Jeunesses Musicales du Canada, and is the Founding President of The Glenn Gould Foundation which established the highly prestigious $50,000 Glenn Gould Prize in the area of music and communications. He is also past president of the Canadian Association of Fine Arts Deans. His expertise has been utilized on the international level to chair the organization of several international contemporary music festivals and to act as an advisor on broadcasting and communications development in Europe, Africa, Asia and Australia.

John Roberts is now an Adjunct Professor in the Music Department of the University of Calgary. In the area of Scholarship, he enjoys a distinguished record as a lecturer and published writer in Canada and Europe in the fields of music and communications in the electronic media as well as cultural policy. During 1995-96 he was the first Seagram Visiting Fellow in the McGill Institute for the Study of Canada at McGill University.

In 1978 Roberts received the Queen's Silver Jubilee Medal and in 1981 the Cross of Honour for Science and the Arts from Austria. Also in 1981 he was made a Member of the Order of Canada. In 1992 he received an honorary Doctor of Fine Arts degree from the University of Victoria. In 1996 he was made an Officer of the Order of Canada.

John Roberts has set a lofty standard for those in the cultural sector of Canada and the world. His innovative and creative approach to broadcasting and cultural organizations resulted in an environment in which the important voice of Canadian creative and performing artists is heard not only by other Canadians, but by people over the world. It is for this that we thank him and honour him.

Charles Gordon Roland

Charles Gordon Roland, D.Sc., May 29, 1997
Charles Gordon Roland
M.D., B.Sc.(Med.)(Man.)

History is a torch to illuminate the past that we may avoid mistakes in the future and understand the present. It is as necessary in medicine and science as in other human affairs. Few, if any, in today's tumultuous world, have so well recognized the challenge and met it with as much talent and productivity as has Charles Roland, an alumnus of the University of Manitoba and one of the world’s most eminent medical historians.

Charles Roland was born in Winnipeg in 1933, attended high school in Kenora followed by pre-medical studies at the University of Toronto. He then entered the Faculty of Medicine, University of Manitoba and graduated M.D., BSc.(Medicine) in 1958. After internship at St. Boniface Hospital he began general practice in Tillsonburg and in Grimsby, Ontario. In 1964 he was appointed Senior Editor, Journal of the American Medical Association, based in Chicago, and a Lecturer in the History of Medicine at North Western University School of Medicine. Early in 1969 he became Chairman, Department of Biomedical Communications at the Mayo Graduate School of Medicine and the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota. With the advent of the Mayo Medical School in 1970, he became Associate Professor, History of Medicine and in 1973 Professor at the Mayo Medical School. During these years he progressed through a meteoric career in medical journalism and medical history that culminated in his appointment as Jason A. Hannah Professor of the History of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario. He has held that position since then, as well as being an Associate Member of the Department of History at McMaster University.

Dr. Roland's contributions are numerous and comprehensive as teacher, author, editor, researcher, administrator and role model. His students have included medical residents, post-doctoral fellows, members of faculty, nurses and librarians as well as medical and history students. He was recognized for Excellence in Teaching at McMaster University in 1988. His publications and public lectures are nearly numberless and are comprised of history and bibliography (18 books and 15 book chapters as well as nearly 300 journal articles), medical communications (2 books in scientific writing and about 50 articles), and medical (one book translated into seven languages, and several articles). He has served as Editor-in Chief of the Canadian Bulletin of Medical History and on the editorial boards or as a reviewer for an additional twenty publications. Among his favourite topics are Osleriana in which he is recognized as an international authority in the United States, England and Japan, and military medicine. His book Courage Under Siege: Starvation, Disease and Death in the Warsaw Ghetto was awarded the 1994 Hannah Medal by the Royal Society of Canada. Currently he is engaged in preparing two books on health and disease in prisoners-of-war camps during World War II. One of these will be mainly devoted to the experience of Canadian and other prisoners in Hong Kong and Japan; the other will be an account of prisoner experiences in all theatres of war in World War II. 

Dr. Roland's outstanding contributions have not gone unnoticed - recognition by his peers is shown by his election to the presidency of at least four prestigious organizations in his field. He was President of the large and influential American Medical Writer's Association, 1969-1970, the Medical Historical Club of Toronto 1977-1978, the American Osler Society, 1986-1987 and the Canadian Society for the History of Medicine, 1993-1997. A popular speaker, he has delivered scores of lectures throughout Canada and the United States and invited presentations in France, Germany, United Kingdom, Greece and Japan.

Never in the history of the world has the medical profession had so much to offer to the ill and the injured in the science and technology of medicine and yet never has its motives and methods been more challenged. Dr. Charles Roland has reminded both the profession and the public of the noble traditions of the medical profession and fostered a return to the humanitarian art of medicine which has served humanity so well. For this we are most grateful and honour him today.

Baldur R. Stefansson

Baldur R. Stefansson, D.Sc., October 23, 1997
Baldur R. Stefansson
O.C., B.S.A., M.Sc., Ph.D. (Man.); F.A.I.C.

Dr. Baldur R. Stefansson, whose birthplace was Vestfold near Lundar, Manitoba, has been referred to as the father of canola. He received a B.S.A. degree in 1950, M.Sc. in 1952, and a Ph.D. in 1966 from the University of Manitoba.

As he began his career as an oilseed breeder in the Department of Plant Science, he recognized the potential of oilseed rape as an edible oilseed crop for temperate climates. At that time, oilseed rape was a crop used primarily as an industrial oil, with limited application in the western world and limited acreage. In the 1960's, the crop's future as an edible oil crop was threatened when research conducted identified the high content of the long chain erucic acid in the oil as a concern. Diets containing high amounts of erucic acid were associated with deposition of fat in the heart, skeletal muscle, and adrenal glands of rodents.

Dr. Stefansson had the wisdom and foresight to realize that, in order to make the modifications required for oilseed rape to be widely accepted, he would require the collaboration of others, including chemists, nutritionists, agronomists and other plant breeders. Stefansson undertook a survey of rape accessions from many parts of the world, looking for variability in the content of erucic acid in the oil fraction. After surveying over 4000 lines by gas chromatograph, he discovered a forage rape, Liho, that had wide variability in its erucic acid content. Through breeding and selection using Liho as a parent, he and his colleague, Dr. Keith Downey in 1961, demonstrated that erucic acid could be essentially eliminated from rape oil.

In the late 1960's and early 1970's, Dr. Stefansson embarked on a program to reduce the glucosinate content of the meal while selecting for increased oil content and increased meal protein content, a first for oilseed breeders. As a result of this, his early varieties (Tanka, Target and Turret) were widely accepted because they were high yielding with an above average oil and protein content. In 1974, Dr. Stefansson released Tower, the first 'double zero' rape cultivar with less than 5 percent erucic acid and less than 3 mg/g glucosinolates in the meal. The significant improvements in both oil and meal quality were recognized in a new commodity name 'canola'.

In 1987, Dr. Stefansson registered the world's first low linolenic canola cultivar Stellar. The low linolenic oil produced by Stellar has greater stability and improved processing characteristics of canola. Dr. Stefansson also developed oilseed rape cultivars with very high levels of erucic acid in the oil, providing a valuable oil with many industrial applications.

Dr. Stefansson's contribution to the bright future of the canola crop in Canada was recognized by the Royal Bank Award in 1975. He was made a Fellow of the Agricultural Institute of Canada in 1975 and was awarded the Queen's Jublilee Medal in 1977. Other prestigious recognition of his contribution to Canadian agriculture include the Grindley Medal, the H.R. MacMillan Laureate in Agriculture, and the McAnsh Award from the Canola Council of Canada. Dr. Stefansson was made an Officer of the Order of Canada in 1985. He was recognized by the international rapeseed scientific community in 1987 with the International Award for Research in Rapeseed from the International Rapeseed Congress. Two student awards, one scholarship and one bursary, have been established in Dr. Stefansson's name, based on the awards from the Canola Council of Canada and the lcelandic Foundation of Manitoba. On his retirement from the University in 1986, Dr. Stefansson was given an appointment as a senior scholar, followed in 1987 by an appointment as Professor Emeritus.

Dr. Stefansson's vision of what might be and his innovative thoughtful approach to reaching his goals provide much-quoted examples of what plant breeding can achieve. During his career at the University, Dr. Stefansson supervised graduate students who are now working in key positions for plant breeding companies world-wide. The quality standards set by canola have become international standards for the crop internationally. Canola oil quality has been recognized as nutritionally desirable with low levels of saturated fatty acids. The new methods available to plant breeders now include genetic transformation and canola is among the first of the transgenic crops in commercial production. There has been a remarkable series of changes in the crop first known as oilseed rape and much of the interest in the crop today can be traced to the pioneering work of Baldur Stefansson.


Barry S. Broadfoot

Barry S. Broadfoot, LL.D., October 24, 1996
Barry S. Broadfoot

Canada's best-known chronicler of the ordinary person, a journalist-turned- sweatshirt historian, Barry S. Broadfoot has been writing since his early Manitoba boyhood. Born in Winnipeg in January 1926, to Samuel and Sylvia Broadfoot [who, by the way at age 97 is with us today], Barry had written most of a novel by the age of 11. Later, as a teenager, he was a copy boy and junior reporter for the old Winnipeg Tribune. After attending Riverview, Lord Roberts and Kelvin High, he opted for the University of Manitoba, graduating with a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1949 after a two-year tour with the Canadian Army during the war. Along the way he worked on the UMSU Council while continuing his love-affair with the pen and typewriter serving as editor of the Manitoban for 1947/48.

His passion for the written word and for the human story inevitably took him into his first career as journalist first with the Winnipeg Tribune, then with the Vancouver News Herald, the Edmonton Bulletin, the United Press and eventually with the Vancouver Sun where he spent 19 years as reporter, columnist and editor. At the age of 47, he decided to leave the newspaper business to start out on a new adventure - a career that would take him into living rooms and parlours, cafes and diners, across this broad land in search of the stories of the every-day Canadian.
With abundant energy and an insatiable desire to gather and on paper the recollections and reminiscences of a generation, Broadfoot set out on his own saga of adventure- to capture and record on tape the stories of an embarrassment and a shame in our history - the story of the Great Depression.

Convinced that too many history books were being written without emotion or unable to communicate the depth of feelings and hurt brought on by this economic blight in our history, Broadfoot set out across the land interviewing, listening, recording and editing. Out of it came his first and best-known work - Ten Lost Years (1973) - that quickly sold over 100,000 copies, rivaling most Canadian book sales of the time.  It was the launching of a second career and we, his readers, will forever be the richer for it.

Flush with success and armed with purpose, he returned to the field, the vast Canadian homeland. In rapid succession, his work with tape recorders and oral histories led to the publication of several other books - Six War Years, (1974), The Pioneer Years (1976), Memories - The History of Imperial Oil Limited (1980), Years of Sorrow, Years of Shame (1983), My Own Years (1984), The Veterans' Years (1985), The Immigant Years (1986), Next-Year Country (1988), and, for his first attempt outside Canada, Ordinary Russians (1989). Whether about the displacement of Japanese Canadians during World War Two, the precarious life of the Canadian prairie farmer, or the struggle of immigrants to make a living in the Canadian west, each book has successfully captured the feelings, the emotions, and the stories of the everyday Canadian.

Broadfoot, now living in Nanaimo, B.C. with his wife, Lori, likewise a former University of Manitoba student, does not pretend to be Canada's greatest historian. Nor does he claim to be its finest writer. But he may well be its best listener and its favourite recorder. "I call myself a chronicler," he once said of himself, "a collector of peoples' tales and stories. A modern memory man ... a collector of people." And "I want to give people their heritage," he said on another occasion. "I want to put it in a ball so they can hold it and touch it and squeeze it - so Canadians can feel their history in their hands."

His vocation has become an important complement to traditional academic histories, and one far more widely read. He has used his tape recorder as the professional historian does the archives: to reveal perceived truth about an event or an era. He brings to us the raw material of history, the recollections of the unheralded and the unpublicized. While others have sought the critical edge and the perceptive analysis, Broadfoot has deliberately woven out of the fabric of many thousand remembrances, the larger tapestry of our time.

What sustained him and what accounts for over a half-million sales of his various books is "the simple poetic language of the people." Unlike many academic historians, Broadfoot has had his eye - and ear - on the common man and woman, their special reminiscence or remarkable story. In this sense he is a social historian par excellence. "Every one has one wonderful experience," he once remarked, "they want to share. Then it's like a chain hanging down and they go from one to another." His genius and his talent has been the relentless drive to track it down, squeeze it out, run it through and make it live for all Canadians - indeed for all readers everywhere.

Back in 1991, Mr. Broadfoot saw fit to donate his rich collection of papers and writings, including two unpublished novels, to the University of Manitoba's Dept. of Archives & Special Collections, one of the country’s best resources for the study of prairie Canadian literature. He said at that occasion that if he had a chance to write his own epitaph, it would probably read: "He gave Canadians the real story of their lives." We were pleased then to recognize his work and we are even more honoured now to present him this honorary degree.

W. Yvon Dumont

W. Yvon Dumont, LL.D., May 30, 1996
W. Yvon Dumont

In the conferring of an Honorary Degree on the Honourable Yvon Dumont, the University honours an institution as well as a man.

The importance of the office of Lieutenant-Governor of Manitoba has long been acknowledged by the University through the conferring of honorary degrees on the incumbents. While acknowledging the symbolic importance of this great office of state, the University also acknowledges the real and substantive importance of continuity and ordered constitutional processes as essential underpinnings of a civil society, in which genuine liberty is valued and real human progress is possible. As the Canadian scholar Frank Mackinnon has written:

"The Crown is an elusive phenomenon and a practical institution of government. To some it seems like an old family ghost that has lingered for centuries doing little but making its presence felt. To others it is a remarkable political invention that makes much government action possible, fruitful and tolerable. The Crown is still more than that. It is is an institution at the summit of the state designed to limit the problems of wielding political power and to assist the interplay of human characteristics among officials and citizens, which are the real but unpredictable forces in public life...'God save the Queen,' (says MacKinnon) really means 'God help us to govern ourselves'."

What these words address is the importance of a public institution devoted, not to the political questions or interests of the moment, but to embodying and upholding the rules and conventions within which, as a community, we take our collective decisions. In our system, that responsibility is vested in the Crown and is lodged, in Manitoba, in the office of Lieutenant-Governor.

In the Honourable Yvon Dumont, we have a man who represents that institution and embodies its traditions.

Yvon Dumont was born in St. Laurent Manitoba in 1951, one of twelve children born to William Dumont and Therese Chartrand. While still in his teens he became active in the Manitoba Métis Federation. Beginning in 1972 he held a number of senior offices in the Federation and, in the same period, served as a founding vice-president of the Native Council of Canada.

In parallel with these activities, Mr. Dumont served as a member of the Municipal Council of the Rural Municipality of St. Laurent and as a member of the Board of Governors of this University. He has been active in several small businesses and served as a member of the national division of the Aboriginal Economic Development Board.

In 1984 Yvon Dumont was elected president of the Manitoba Métis Federation to which position he was subsequently re-elected on three occasions. Mr Dumont served as president of a major aboriginal organization during a time of rapid change in, and increasing awareness of, issues facing aboriginal people. For much of the modern period, indeed, the Métis people have been marginalized and underappreciated. As a minority community they have suffered from both prejudice and neglect. Yet in 1992 both the Parliament of Canada and the Legislative assembly of Manitoba acknowledged the Metis as being among the founders of Manitoba. In the processes which contributed to a greater understanding of the Métis people and of their place in the history of Manitoba, Yvon Dumont proved a prominent and an effective advocate.

Over time, the nature of that advocacy came to encompass both provincial and national issues. Mr. Dumont played a role in achieving recognition of aboriginal issues in Manitoba and beyond. During his presidency, the Federation participated in both the First Ministers Conference on Aboriginal Constitutional Matters, and on the constitutional discussions of this period, which encompassed both the Meech Lake and Charlottetown Accords.

In 1993, in recognition of his significant contribution to the Métis people and, through them, to the wider community, Yvon Dumont was named the 21st Lieutenant-Governor of Manitoba.

Yvon Dumont, though a comparatively young man, has had a long career of service to the people of Manitoba and to the Métis people within it. To that career of service he brought dedication and determination. Those qualities were recognized in his appointment as the Queen's representative in Manitoba, and to that office he has applied himself with diligence and dignity.

F. Ross Johnson

F. Ross Johnson, LL.D., May 29, 1996
F. Ross Johnson
D.C.; B.Comm,, M.Comm., L.L.D.

F. Ross Johnson is a Canadian who's business career has impacted the economic lives of millions of people around the world. His international reputation as a business leader and entrepreneur, places him among the most influential executives of the 20th century. His origins led him from a modest upbringing in depression-era Winnipeg, to become Chief Executive Officer of RJR Nabisco, one of the largest and most profitable companies in the world.

Born in Winnipeg in 1931, F. Ross Johnson's business career is characterized by an attitude of success and an exemplary work ethic. His career as an entrepreneur began in grade school where he held a variety of after-school jobs such as delivering magazines and door-to-door selling. He received his Bachelor of Commerce degree from The University of Manitoba in 1952 and began his business career at Canadian General Electric, progressing through a series of finance and marketing positions. While at Canadian General Electric, Mr. Johnson attended the University of Toronto, receiving his Master of Commerce degree in 1956. In 1964, he became vice-president for merchandising with the T. Eaton Company, leaving in 1967 to become executive vice-president and Chief Operating Officer of GSW Ltd., a major Canadian appliance manufacturer.

In 1971, Mr. Johnson joined Standard Brands Limited of Canada as President and Chief Executive Officer. Two years later he moved to New York City as Senior Vice-President and President of International Operations with the parent company, Standard Brands, Inc. He was elected President and Chief Operating Officer of Standard Brands in 1975, and the following year was elected Chairman and Chief Executive Officer.

When Standard Brands and Nabisco, Inc. merged in 1981, Mr. Johnson was elected President and Chief Operating Officer and Chairman of the Executive Committee of the newly formed Nabisco Brands organization. He was elected Vice-Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Nabisco Brands in 1984. When Nabisco Brands and RJR merged in 1985, becoming RJR Nabisco, Mr. Johnson was named President, Chief Operating Officer, and a member of the Board of Directors. He was elected Chief Executive Officer in 1987.

Under Mr. Johnson's leadership, RJR Nabisco became the 19th most profitable company in the world, with annual sales of $18 billion, 250 manufacturing plants, and 165,000 employees. He retired from the firm in 1989 after arranging its sale for $25 billion, an amount that remains the world's highest price ever paid for a company.

Today F. Ross Johnson is Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of RJM Group, Inc., his own international management and advisory firm based in Atlanta, Georgia. The RJM Group has major investments in companies such as Bionaire, Inc., a producer of environmental air products headquartered in Montreal, and Peterson Properties, a real estate and management firm located in Atlanta. Mr. Johnson serves as Chairman of the Board at both companies. He also serves on the boards of directors of several US and Canadian companies, including the American Express Company, Archer Daniels Midland Company, Midland-Financial Group, Inc., National Service Industries, Noma Industries, and Power Corporation of Canada.

In addition to his leadership in business, F. Ross Johnson has an extensive record of service to government, educational, and charitable institutions. He served as Vice-Chairman of the Executive Council of the Foundation of the Commemoration for the Constitution (Bicentennial) of the United States. From 1978 to 1986, he was Chairman of The New York Chapter of the Multiple Sclerosis Society, and is the only non-American to be elected Chairman of The Economic Club of New York where he served from 1983-86. He has served as Chairman of the Advisory Committee for the Graduate School of Business at Columbia University in New York, and as a trustee of Duke University, and currently serves on the Advisory Council of the Goizueta School of Business at Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia.

Mr. Johnson was made an officer of the Order of Canada (O.C.) in 1986. He has received honorary Doctor of Law (L.L.D.) degrees from St. Francis Xavier University (1978), Memorial University of Newfoundland (1980), and Barry University in Miami, Florida (1987). Other awards he has received include The Harriman Award, New York City (1978), the Silver Medal of Patriotism, United States of America (1980), and the 125th Anniversary Medal - Confederation of Canada (1992).

F. Ross Johnson personifies the entrepreneurial spirit that forges economic growth. His dedication to managerial achievement and commitment to the society in which business functions, serves as an example to all young people aspiring to a successful career in business.

William Bruce Parrish

William Bruce Parrish, LL.D., May 30, 1996
William Bruce Parrish, C.M.

This afternoon we recognize the distinguished public service of William Bruce Parrish, President of Parrish and Heimbecker, and Chairman of the Winnipeg Foundation. In honouring Mr. Parrish, we are also recognizing the Winnipeg Foundation which celebrates its 75th Anniversary this year.

In 1881, an ambitious young man, William L. Parrish, the son of a miller from Ontario, arrived in Manitoba and established a homestead near Brandon. It wasn't long until young Parrish was getting established in the grain and milling businesses. Over the years, several ventures were undertaken until in 1909, he joined with Norman Heimbecker, also from Ontario, to form Parrish and Heimbecker.

While best known for its grain elevator system throughout the prairies, Parrish and Heimbecker, under the guidance of successive generations of Parrish's and Heimbeckers, has been a model in business diversification and longevity. Today the company, led by William Bruce Parrish, has a diversified base of operations, including grain handling, lake shipping, feed milling, flour milling, and poultry processing, located across Canada and at three locations in the USA. The company has invested in modern and highly automated equipment and facilities to maintain its competitive position.

This well-planned diversification has meant that Parrish and Heimbecker has escaped the mergers with large national and multi-national corporations which have been the norm for other similar enterprises. Mr. Parrish, states that the company has survived "because we have always been innovative, optimistic, and continually strive to be relevant." The company is run today as it was 85 years ago by a Parrish and a Heimbecker.

In his role as President of Parrish and Heimbecker, Bill Parrish has been, and continues to be, a leader in the Agrifood industry. He is a Director of New Life Mills, Martin Feed Mills Limited, The Great Lakes Elevator Company Limited, and serves as Chairman of the Board of the Grain Insurance and Guarantee Company Limited. He is a member of the Winnipeg Commodity Exchange and has served as its Chairman, a position also held by his father and grandfather before him.

Earlier in 1870, an equally ambitious 18-year old, William Forbes Alloway, had arrived at the Red River colony. The settlement was small, only 12,000 souls, but young Alloway had an eye for potential and was determined to succeed on the frontier. He worked hard, prospering in turn as a tobacconist, veterinarian, and shipper. Then, in 1879, he founded "Alloway and Champion" which became one of the largest private banks in Western Canada.

The early years were difficult ones for the people of Winnipeg. Living conditions were harsh. Yet it was also a boom period: railways and grain had put the city on the map. Winnipeg was becoming an established centre and by 1911, it was the third largest city in the Dominion.

On a summer's day, June 21, 1921, Mr. Alloway made a donation which would change the community of Winnipeg forever---he wrote a $100,000 cheque to establish The Winnipeg Foundation, making it the first community foundation in Canada. Along with his donation, Mr. Alloway wrote:

"Since I first set foot in Winnipeg 51 years ago, Winnipeg has been my home and has done more for me than it may ever be in my power to repay. I owe everything to this community and feel it should receive some benefit from what I have been able to accumulate."

Since 1921, The Winnipeg Foundation has received some 64 million dollars in donations, both specified and unspecified. Through prudent financial management this has grown to its current value of over 100 million dollars. Over the 75 year period, in excess of 60 million dollars, has been returned to the community through grants to registered charities. These grants have touched the lives of countless thousands of Winnipeg and Manitoba residents from all walks of life. When one reviews the lists of beneficiaries, "equality" is the operative word which comes to mind.

The University of Manitoba has been a major recipient of grants from the Winnipeg Foundation. For example, in the 1940s, grants established and maintained the School of Social Work at the University. In the 1980s, support was given to the Continuing Education Division to establish a special training program for non-profit organizations. These are two examples of program funding the University receives each year from the Foundation. The Foundation has also supported capital projects at the University, including $200,000 for the Study Hall in the 1980 Library expansion; $600,000 as a lead gift in 1987 to the Bannatyne Centre, and $375,000 this past year to the “Gateway to the Future Fund” for Agriculture.

Our stories come together in 1985 when William Bruce Parrish, the grandson of William L. and President of the company, joined the board of the Winnipeg Foundation founded by William Forbes Alloway.

William Parrish has given much to the community in which he lives and works. He has been a member of the Board of Directors of the Canadian Cancer Society (Manitoba Division), and served as President from 1965-1970. He was appointed to the Board of Directors of the Health Sciences Centre in 1979 and served until 1985. He was Chairman of the Board of Directors for four years during a time of expansion in health care, which benefited from his guidance. He was appointed to the Board of Directors of the Winnipeg Foundation in 1985 and currently is the Chairman of the Board, elected to that position in 1993. His contributions to the community have been recognized by his being appointed to the Order of Canada in 1995.

William Parrish has also been generous in his support of the University of Manitoba, and particularly the Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences. He is currently co-Chair of the "Gateway to the Future Building Fund" Capital Campaign for the Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences at the University of Manitoba. The Campaign, launched in early 1995, has a target of $12 million and to date has received pledges in the amount of 85 percent of the goal. The success of the campaign has, in large part, been due to the dedication and efforts of Mr. Parrish.

He also was a lead volunteer on the Committee which successfully raised $125,000 for the Clay Gilson Graduate Fellowship. Again, his contacts in the agricultural community were key to the success of this project.

William Parrish is a very unassuming person. His fundamental value system reflected in the operation of Parrish and Heimbecker is honesty and fairness in all dealings. Close associates will tell you Bill Parrish doesn't know how to think crooked. His motto has always been "deal with honour, sleep at night."

William Bruce Parrish has served his industry, his community, the University of Manitoba and his country quietly and with distinction for many years. We can all be proud of his accomplishments and dedication.

In 1943, William Parrish left his studies as a first year student in Agriculture at the University of Manitoba to serve his country. On leaving the army in 1946, he immediately entered the family business. At last he is returning to receive his well deserved degree.

Bernadette Poirier

Bernadette Poirier, June 4, 1996
Bernadette Poirier

A graduate of the St. Boniface Hospital School of Nursing, who joined the Grey Nuns in 1950 and whose gifts in administration resulted in her appointment as Superior General in 1991.

Angus E. Reid

Angus E. Reid, LL.D., May 29, 1996
Angus E. Reid
B.A., M.A.(Manitoba); Ph.D.(Carleton)

To measure the pulse of the nation is to provide us with a view of ourselves. In many ways, this is how Canadians recognize the accomplishments of Angus Reid. His work as a pollster and social commentator is now a common fixture in the Canadian psyche, as we regularly hear reports of public opinion polls, survey research findings and market research conducted by The Angus Reid Group.

In 1979, Angus Reid established the Angus Reid Group, Inc., and under his stewardship, this firm has become Canada's premier market and public opinion research company. It has grown rapidly in a relatively short time. The Angus Reid Group, Inc. now has offices in Vancouver, Calgary, Edmonton, Winnipeg, Toronto, Ottawa, and Montreal, and in one American city, Minneapolis. The head office remains in Winnipeg. The company employs more than 110 full-time research staff and another 350 part-time workers, and has annual billings in excess of $24 million. In 1995 alone, the company interviewed more than 220,000 Canadians on behalf of over 800 clients in the private, public, and not-for-profit sectors.

In addition to managing the firm, Angus Reid also serves as a consultant to corporations, associations and special interest groups. Of particular importance, various government agencies frequently rely upon his public consultations in their formulation of social policies. Data from the surveys are being transferred to the University of British Columbia so that social scientists across the country can have access to the information.

He has served on the Care Canada Board of Directors from 1990 to 1992, and the Canada 125 Board of Directors in 1992. He is currently a member of the Advisory Board of Nestle Canada (since 1991), and the Vancouver Playhouse Theatre (since 1993).

Dr. Reid is frequently invited to speak to a wide range of national and international audiences on social trends and their implications. He writes columns for Canada's leading newspapers and magazines. The Angus Reid Poll on emerging social and political issues is carried on a regular basis by eighteen Canadian daily newspapers.

Angus Reid was born in Regina in 1947. After receiving his early education in Vancouver, he entered the Faculty of Arts at The University of Manitoba, where he earned both his B.A. in Sociology and History in 1969 and his M.A. in Sociology in 1971. He subsequently completed his doctoral degree in Sociology at Carleton University in 1974. His doctoral thesis, on the professional socialization of dental students, brought him back to Manitoba, where he held an appointment in the Faculty of Medicine's Department of Social and Preventive Medicine from 1974-1 980.

Angus Reid has received numerous awards and distinctions during his academic career, and more recently in his work as an entrepreneur. Among these are a Canada Council Doctoral Fellowship, a National Health Scholar Award from the National Health Research and Development Program of Health and Welfare Canada, the D. Dunton Award from Carleton University in 1991, and most recently, the 1995 Entrepreneur of the Year Award for the Pacific Region (Services Category).

Angus Reid is an accomplished researcher and entrepreneur. Through his work, he has helped us understand our society and the inevitable changes we face. Through his work, he has helped us understand ourselves. For this, we thank him and honour him.


Alex Colville

Alex Colville, LL.D., May 31, 1995
Alex Colville
P.C.; C.C.; B.F.A.(Mt.All.); LL.D.(Acad., Calg., Dal., King's(Alta.), Memorial, Mt.All., S.Fraser, Trent, Windsor)

D. Alex Colville was born in Toronto, Ontario, the second son of David Harrower Colville and Florence Gault. His father had immigrated from Scotland in 1910 at age 20. The senior Colville spent his working life in steel construction, building many important Canadian structures such as the Welland Canal and several important bridges (a steel bridge is the centrepiece of more than one Colville painting).

Alex Colville is an internationally recognized Canadian artist. His work is identified with the School of Realism, but, more accurately it is realism-plus. The plus is represented by the mystical and intensely private component in almost all his works. When one first studies a Colville painting one is compelled to feel - "what is happening between these subjects - what have they just said - what intimate, perhaps supernatural experience is revealed here? This is far more than factual scenic production".

For these and other reasons his works are in the permanent collections of public museums in Canada, Britain, Germany, France, USA and Holland. His paintings have been displayed in 15 one-man shows in cities from Beijing to Berlin.

Alex Colville's education began in Amherst, Nova Scotia and he entered Mount Allison University in 1938.

He began after-school art classes at age 15. These were sponsored by the extension department of Mount Allison. At the same time he rejected an offer of a scholarship to study law at Dalhousie.

Alex Colville became a Professor (Fine Arts) at Mount Allison and was chancellor of Acadia University from 1980 - 1991.

He married Rhoda Wright (also an artist) in 1942 and they have four children, one of whom is a graphic designer. He served in the Canadian Army as a war artist in World War Two, being discharged with honours. He has received honorary degrees from nine universities, is a Companion of the Order of Canada, and a Member of the Privy Council. He was the only Canadian invited as a Fellow to the newly founded University of California at Santa Cruz (1965) returning to Canada in spite of an attractive permanent job offer.

Alex Colville has spent most of his life in New Brunswick and Nova Scotia and is devoted to the Maritimes. He displays the open-heartedness and generosity of spirit so evident in people from this part of the world.

Robert Hall Haynes

Robert Hall Haynes, D.Sc., October 19, 1995
Robert Hall Haynes
O.C.; B.Sc.,Ph.D.(W.Ont.); F.R.S.C.; F.A.A.A.S.

A man of vision whose contributions changed fundamental concepts of physics, genetics, and radiation biology, Robert Hall Haynes was born in London, Ontario in 1931. After receiving his early education in the Ontario school system, he entered the Physics and Mathematics Program of the University of Western Ontario as a scholarship student in 1949. Following his graduation in 1953 and a year of graduate study in applied mathematics at McGill University, he returned to Western where he obtained his Ph.D. for the most extensive and detailed study of the viscous properties of human blood that had been performed up to that time. These studies laid the basis for much of the subsequent research in this field. As a graduate student working part time at the London clinic of the Ontario Cancer Foundation, he developed a simplified mathematical technique for calculating the dose of radiation required to treat tumors with the newly developed "cobalt bomb". Upon completion of his Ph.D., he was awarded a Research Fellowship of the British Empire Cancer Campaign which enabled him to carry out further mathematical work in radiation physics at St. Bartholomew's Hospital Medical College of the University of London.

In 1958 he took up his first teaching appointment at the University of Chicago where he recognized the importance of a serendipitous observation regarding the recovery of yeast cells exposed to potentially lethal doses of radiation. This finding, together with the results of subsequent experiments, led to the formulation of the "DNA damage-repair" hypothesis which soon replaced the classical "target theory" for the mathematical analysis of the dose-response of cells to radiation. After moving to the University of California at Berkeley, he extended this research into molecular mechanisms of DNA repair and the relation of these processes to mutagenesis, the induction of inherited changes in DNA. His studies in this area were germinal to the development of DNA repair as a new branch of biology. Since that time, the concept of DNA repair has had a far-reaching impact on molecular genetics, cancer research, and evolutionary theory. The importance of his area of academic endeavour was reflected in the recognition of the several molecules involved in DNA repair as the "Molecule of the Year" by the American Society for the Advancement of Science in 1994.

Robert Hall Haynes has continued his tradition of academic excellence at the main campus of York University, where he was appointed Chair of the Biology Department in 1968. Here, as at Berkeley, he contributed significantly to the development of innovative undergraduate biology curricula and provided a large number of students with opportunities for research training. Currently, Dr. Haynes is a Distinguished Research Professor, Emeritus at York University and is active in studying the feasibility of establishing a biosphere on the planet Mars.

Robert Hall Haynes has an extensive record of service to science, having provided leadership to a large number of professional societies, academic institutions and governmental agencies nationally and internationally. In 1988, while President of the Genetics Society of Canada, he served as President of the XVIth International Congress of Genetics, a meeting which attracted some 4000 scientists from 74 countries to Toronto. He was a founding member of the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research and was instrumental in establishing the institute’s program in Evolutionary Biology. As Chair of the Advisory Committee on Mutagenesis of the Department of National Health & Welfare, he was the principal author of guidelines for testing the biological safety of chemicals.

Robert Hall Haynes has received numerous awards, including a Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal and the Flavelle Medal of the Royal Society of Canada. In 1990, he was named an Officer of the Order of Canada. In recognition of his contributions to the development and promotion of science in under-industrialized countries of the world, he has the honour, rare for a Canadian, of being elected to Associate Fellowship in the Third World Academy of Sciences. As the recently elected President of the Royal Society of Canada/La Societe Royale du Canada, Robert Hall Haynes continues his tireless efforts to promote and recognize excellence in Canadian research.

Robert Hall Haynes is one of Canada's most accomplished scientists, having made fundamental contributions that changed the conceptual framework of several branches of scientific endeavour. The impact of these contributions will continue to have far reaching effects in the improvement of health care and the understanding of biological aspects of the human condition. Truly, Robert Hall Haynes is a scientist of whom all Canadians can be justifiably proud.

George Johnson

George Johnson, LL.D., June 1, 1995
George Johnson
O.C., B.Sc.,M.D.(Man.); LL.D(Wpg.)

Dr. Johnson is a 1950 graduate of The University of Manitoba, Faculty of Medicine and former family physician, provincial cabinet minister, and Lieutenant Governor.

Born in Winnipeg in 1920 of third generation Icelandic stock, Dr. George Johnson was educated in Winnipeg public schools and the University of Manitoba. He served in the Canadian Navy from 1941 until 1945 as a navigation specialist. He was discharged as Lieutenant and in 1988 was appointed Honourary Captain for the HMSC Chippawa. He graduated from medical school in 1950 and practiced in Gimli, Manitoba until his election in 1952 to the Manitoba Legislature. He was re-elected in 1959, 1962 and 1966. He was appointed Minister of Health and Public Welfare in 1958 and retained this portfolio until his appointment as Minister of Education in 1963.

As Minister of Health he was instrumental in the implementation of the Manitoba Hospital Plan, the establishment of the Manitoba Hospital Commission, the development of Northern Health Services and the introduction of the free and universal polio vaccination program. Under his administration the Medical and Hospital Commissions were combined and became the Health Services Commission. While Minister of Education he established the Universities Grants Commission, oversaw the development of the technical vocational schools, participated in the introduction of French Immersion Programs in grades one through twelve, and saw the Council of Higher Learning developed which led to the establishment of the Universities of Winnipeg and Brandon. In 1964 he served as Chairman for the Council of Provincial Ministers of Education.

In 1969 Dr. Johnson left provincial politics and returned to the practice of Medicine in urban Winnipeg. He continued in this practice for nine years through 1978. From 1980 to 1986 he served as a Senior Medical Consultant to the government of Manitoba. One of his major contributions was Chairman of the Standing Committee on Medical Manpower. He also served on the Council of the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Manitoba.

In December 1986 Dr. Johnson was appointed as Manitoba's twentieth Lieutenant Governor and was the first Manitoban of Icelandic heritage to serve in this position.

Dr. Johnson has served the Bethel Home Foundation as a Physician, Board Member and as President and currently he is completing an article on the history of this model of personal care for senior citizens of Manitoba.

Dr. Johnson married Doris Blondal (B.H.Ec.) of Winnipeg. They have six children, four daughters and two sons (all of whom are university graduates) and seven grandchildren. The Johnson's celebrated their 50th wedding anniversary on December 31, 1993.

Dr. Johnson has received many honours. He is a Certificant, Fellow, and Life Member of the College of Family Physicians of Canada. He is an Honorary Life Member of the College of Physicians and Surgeons, the Manitoba Medical Association, the Manitoba Medical Society, and the Manitoba Teachers' Society. In 1967 the new Gimli Elementary School was designated the "George Johnson School". He was awarded an Honorary Doctor of Laws by the University of Winnipeg in 1992. In January 1994 the Government of Iceland conferred the Order of the Falcon - Commander with Star in recognition of his contribution to the Icelandic in Manitoba communities. In 1994 Dr. Johnson was made an Officer of the Order of Canada.

John Spencer MacDonald

John Spencer MacDonald, D.Sc., May 31, 1995
John Spencer MacDonald
O.C.; B.A.Sc.(Honours) (Br.Col.); S.M., Ph.D.(M.l.T.), D.Eng.(N.S.T.C.,Vic.B.C.); D.Sc.(Br.CoIj; D.Sc.Mil.(R.R.M.C); F.l.E.E.; F.C.A.S.l.; F.C.A.E.

Scientist, Engineer, Professor and Businessman, John S. MacDonald was born in Prince Rupert, British Columbia in 1936. Dr. MacDonald received his early education in the British Columbia school system and entered the University of British Columbia in 1954. After graduating with honours in Electrical Engineering in 1959, he enrolled in the Graduate School of Electrical Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he earned a Masters Degree in 1961 and a Ph.D. in 1964.

Dr. MacDonald's early career was in academic life, first at M.I.T. and subsequently on his return to the University of British Columbia. During this period, Dr. MacDonald distinguished himself as a teacher and researcher, receiving the C.E. Tucker Teaching Award from M.I.T. Dr. MacDonald is currently Adjunct Professor of Engineering Science at Simon Fraser University.

While his research and publishing career has continued until the present time, most of Dr. MacDonald's research and technical work took place in the company he helped found, MacDonald Dettwiler and Associates Ltd., one of Canada's most successful firms in the area of aerospace and remote sensing. Dr. MacDonald served MacDonald Dettwiler as President and Chief Executive Officer until September of 1982 and continues as Chairman of the Board.

Dr. MacDonald's professional and scientific interests lie in the areas of advanced digital systems engineering, remote sensing, image processing and machine vision; areas in which he has authored several publications. He led the design team for the first LANDSAT ground processing system produced by his company and was involved in the early development of synthetic aperture radar processing at MacDonald Dettwiler. More recently, Dr. MacDonald's technical and scientific activities have been in the areas of advanced sensor systems and the applications of remote sensing, with particular emphasis on data handling techniques, especially the use of integrated data sets as a means of increasing our ability to extract useful information from remotely sensed data.

Dr. MacDonald is also active in the public sector. To list only a few examples, he currently serves as Chairman of the Canadian Advisory Council on Remote Sensing, the National Advisory Board on Science and Technology, the Defense Industrial Preparedness Advisory Committee and on the Boards of several similar groups in his home province of British Columbia.

In the industrial sector, Dr. MacDonald served as a Director of Kodak Remote Sensing Inc., is currently Chairman of the Space Committee of the Aerospace Industries Association of Canada and is a member of the Advisory Council of the Canadian Advanced Technology Association.

Dr. MacDonald is a registered Professional Engineer, a Fellow of the Canadian Academy of Engineering and of the Canadian Aeronautics and Space Institute.

Truly, Dr. John S. MacDonald is one of Canada's leading engineers and scientists and, is an exemplary model of an individual who can marry science, technology and business acumen in order to contribute at the highest level both to scientific progress and to the economic development of Canada.

Roy St. George Stubbs

Roy St. George Stubbs, LL.D., June 1, 1995
Roy St. George Stubbs
B.A., LL.B.(Man.)

Roy St. George Stubbs, born in 1907, is one of seven children of whom four became lawyers. Their father was Lewis St. George Stubbs, who was born in the Turks and Caicos Islands and came after service in the South African War to Manitoba where he became a lawyer and is well remembered as an outspoken judge of the County Court and Surrogate Court, social critic and reformer, and long time independent Member of the Legislative Assembly.

Roy Stubbs was educated in Provencher School and The University of Manitoba and worked for a year as a reporter for the Winnipeg Tribune before entering the Manitoba Law School. He received his law degree and was called to the Bar and admitted as a solicitor in 1936. Thereafter, he practised law with his father and brothers, save for wartime years in which he served in England and India with the RCAF, when he became a Squadron Leader and had occasion to employ his legal knowledge in several courts martial. In 1970, he was appointed Senior Judge of the Winnipeg Family and Juvenile Court and served in that office until his retirement in 1977.

While Judge Stubbs served his province in and through the law, his professional work has not confined or exhausted the scope of his inquiry and activity. He is a writer with a wide range of sympathies and interests.

The possessor of a fine library, generously shared with others, he has a deep love of literature and respect for the evocative and persuasive power of language. Although steeped in the classics, he has always been responsive to new Canadian voices in fiction and, especially, poetry; and in appreciative and understanding reviews and addresses, has helped them to be heard.

Roy Stubbs has preserved and made known the record of Western Canada's legal institutions and the lawyers and litigants, often colourful and controversial, who gave them shape and life. In his books--Lawyers and Laymen of Western Canada, Prairie Portraits, and Four Recorders of Rupert's Land--and countless articles, he pioneered study of this important part of our social and intellectual heritage. The authors of a later standard work on the history of Manitoba law and lawyers, writing in 1970, said, "Western Canadian legal history owes more to Judge Stubbs than to any other man. He has kept the candle of interest in the subject alight for over thirty years and at times it has been a very lonely vigil." Today, his works continue to give help and inspiration to later scholars following into the fields he was early to survey and explore.


Harold Buchwald

Harold Buchwald, LL.D., June 2, 1994

Harold Buchwald
G.M.; B.A.,LL.B.,LL.M.(Man.); Q.C.

In a city noted for its sense of community, caring and service Harold Buchwald is, quite simply, outstanding: His record of service encompasses, and all to a significant degree, the fields of health and health research, education, sports, culture, legal practice and legal education. That record of service includes a leadership role in such institutes as the Health Sciences Centre, the Children's Hospital of Winnipeg Research Foundation, the Winnipeg Symphony Orchestra, the Manitoba and Canadian Bar Associations, the Winnipeg Blue Bombers Football Club, the University of Manitoba Alumni Association, to name but a few. In fact he is currently holding executive or board positions with approximately 20 different organizations and has previously held another 50 such positions.

Harold Buchwald, a founding partner in the Winnipeg law firm of Buchwald Asper Gallagher Henteleff, was born in Winnipeg in 1928, where he has resided all his life.

He is a graduate of The University of Manitoba, having received the degrees of Bachelor of Arts (1948), Bachelor of Laws (1952) and Master of Laws (1957). Called to the Bar of Manitoba in 1952, he has served his profession, his clients and all levels of government in areas ranging from tax law to consumer protection.

His honours are many and richly deserved. Some of these include:

  • He was appointed Queen's Counsel in 1966
  • In 1990 he was awarded the Winnipeg Symphony's first Golden Baton for his outstanding contribution to advancing the welfare of that orchestra
  • In 1992 he received the Commemorative Medal for the 125th Anniversary of Canadian Confederation "In recognition of significant contribution to compatriots, community and to Canada"
  • In 1993 he was appointed a member of the Order of Canada
  • In April of this year the Manitoba Bar Association conferred upon him its Distinguished Service Award.

Currently Mr. Buchwald is a director of the Winnipeg Health Sciences Centre and chair of its Ethics Committee, a member of the Executive Committee of the Winnipeg 2000 Leaders Committee, chair of the Foundations and Corporations Division of the Jewish Community Campus of Winnipeg Capital Campaign, chair of the Foundations Division of the Foundations for Health Capital Campaign (being jointly conducted by the Winnipeg Health Sciences Centre Foundation, the Children’s Hospital of Winnipeg Research Foundation and the Manitoba Division of the Juvenile Diabetes Foundation), chair of the Host Committee for the 7th International Winter Cities Showcase and Forum to be held in Winnipeg in February of 1996, a member of the Board of Directors of the Winnipeg Habitat for Humanity Foundation and of the Advisory Council of The University of Manitoba Institute for the Humanities.

Mr. Buchwald is the immediate past chair of the Board of the Health Sciences Centre Foundation of Manitoba and a past president of the Winnipeg Symphony Orchestra, The Jewish Foundation of Manitoba and the Canadian Club of Winnipeg. He was chair of the Outstanding Business Achievement Awards Committee of the Manitoba Chamber of Commerce, national chair of the Canada-Israel Committee, a past president of the Y.M.H.A. Jewish Community Centre of Winnipeg, chair of the Multiple Appeals Commission of the Winnipeg Jewish Community and B’nai Brith Camp, a past chair of the Boards of the Canadian Scholarship Trust Foundation (1986-88) and C.S.T. Consultants, Inc. (1988-90), and is chair of their National Advisory Board, and co-chair of the United Way's 25th Anniversary Endowment Fund Campaign.

A national vice-president of the Canadian Friends of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, he is honorary president and chair of the Advisory Board of its Winnipeg Chapter (of which he is a past president) and an honorary member of the International Board of Governors of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

He has been president of the Y.M.H.A. Jewish Community Centre, chair of the Combined Jewish Appeal, and president of the Jewish Foundation of Manitoba.

Harold Buchwald has been active in the affairs of his profession: A past president of both the Manitoba Bar Association (1970-71) and the Law Society of Manitoba (1956-76), he was named a Life Bencher of that Society in 1976. He was National Chair of the Taxation Section of the Canadian Bar Association and co-chair of that Association's Joint Committee with the Canadian Institute of Chartered Accountants on Taxation Matters (1970-72). He also served on the Canadian Bar Association’s special committees on federal income tax reform.

In 1977 Mr. Buchwald was appointed the first James L. Lewtas Visiting Professor at Osgoode Hall Law School, York University, Toronto, lecturing on income tax law and competition policy. He was a Visiting Research Fellow, Institute for Research and Comparative Law, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, from January through June 1978. He has been a lecturer on corporation law and on consumer protection at the Faculty of Law, University of Manitoba.

He was special counsel to the Manitoba Government on consumer protection matters from 1965 to 1970 and chair of the Canadian Consumer Council, a federal government advisory body, from 1971 through 1973.

He has authored a number of booklets, papers and presentations on taxation and consumer protection matters, including The Tax Corner, a weekly column which appeared in the Toronto Globe and Mail Report on Business In 1966 through 1968.

He has spoken frequently to a variety of groups, meetings and conferences in Canada and abroad on taxation, estate planning, consumer protection and Canada-Middle East relations, medical research and the role of directors of non-profit organizations.

Harold Buchwald is known locally, provincially, nationally and, indeed, internationally as a person who cares, cares for family, friends, colleagues, his profession, his community and, in sum, for the "family of humankind".

William George Cowan

William George Cowan, LL.D., October 20, 1994
William George Cowan
AB (Calif., Berkeley); Ph.D.(Cornell)

For two decades, William Cowan has been the major force in the development of Algonquian Studies in Canada. The annual Algonguian Papers, which he has published for 20 years, constitute a case study in the creation of a new interdisciplinary field and a landmark in scholarly enterprise.

As a student of the Algonquian languages, Professor Cowan has ranged far and wide across the field: from the analysis of spoken languages (primarily the Montagnais language of Québec) and the interpretation of written records (which in Montagnais reach back to the 17th century) all the way to the reconstruction of Proto-Algonquian, the ancestral language postulated on the basis of the spoken languages of today - local languages like Cree and Ojibwe; the Blackfoot and Cheyenne languages of the western plains; the Delaware language of the Atlantic coast; and many more.

Dr Cowan's first degree was in English (at Berkeley). He received a Certificate in Arabic from the Army Language School in Monterrey, and he also spent a year at the most ancient university in Spain, at Salamanca. When he went to Cornell to take his PhD in Linguistics, Chomsky's revolution had just begun and linguistic theory was in full ferment - but always tempered, at Cornell, by a firm emphasis on languages like Arabic and those of the Algonquian family.

Professor Cowan's career as an academic linguist began in Beirut (Lebanon) and continued at Brown University (Providence, Rhode Island). In 1971 he left Brown for Carleton University in Ottawa, where he founded the Dept. of Linguistics and for many years served as its Head; he also became fluent in French. Later, a series of visiting appointments took him to Georgetown, back to the American University in Beirut, the University of Toronto, the Université de Montréal, and to London.

Besides a long list of articles on Maltese and Arabic, on Montagnais and Comparative Algonquian, he has published a standard textbook in Comparative and Historical Linguistics. Professor Cowan has also had an important role in the establishment of the field of linguistics in Canada, a field in which Canadian researchers now have become prominent, and he concluded his career in this area with a flourish: for almost ten years, he was elected and re-elected Editor of the Canadian Journal of Linguistics / Revue canadienne de linguistigue, a demanding task which he performed with distinction and with his customary flair.

All these accomplishments pale, however, beside Cowan's monumental legacy to the new field of Algonquian Studies, which under his guidance quickly developed a tradition of bringing together established scholars and students at all levels from a wide variety of disciplines: from art and archaeology to ecology and ethnology, from music and poetics to philology and linguistics.

The inclusive spirit of the Algonquian Conference, which owes so much to Cowan's gentle leadership, is a worthwhile model in any context. It seems especially appropriate at the University of Manitoba, where the study of the 'local' languages and of the literary and historical texts transmitted in Cree and Ojibwe has long been a special focus for teaching, research, and publication.

For 20 years, Cowan has been the driving force behind the Algonquian Conference and the Alqonguian Papers, of which volume 25 (the last to be edited by him) has just come off the press. For 20 years, without fail, the new volume was in hand, edited and published at Carleton, where Cowan watched over the emerging field of Algonquian Studies.

An eminent figure in Canadian linguistics and a distinguished Arabist, Professor Cowan is known, above all, as an Algonquianist.

Michel Gervais

Michel Gervais, LL.D., June 7, 1994
Michel Gervais
B.A.(Coll ge de Lévis); B.Th., Licentiate in Theology, Licentiate in Philosophy (Université Laval); Doctor of Theology (St. Thomas Aquinas University); LL.D.(Bishop's,McGill); Officer of Order of Canada

Michel Gervais was born is Lévis, Quebec, and received a Bachelor of Arts degree from the College de Levis in 1962.  He then went on to earn a Bachelor of Theology in 1964, a Licentiate in Theology in 1966, a Licentiate in Philosophy in 1968, all from the Université Laval, and a Doctor of Theology in 1973 from St. Thomas Aquinas University in Rome.  He served as Vice-rector (academic and research) at the Université Laval from 1982 to 1987, and since then has been Rector of that institution. He was made an Officer of the Order of Canada in 1993, and in that same year he received honorary doctorates from Bishop's University and from McGill University.

Roman Boghdan Kroitor

Roman Boghdan Kroitor, LL.D., June 1, 1994
Roman Boghdan Kroitor
B.A.(Hons.), M.A.(Man.)

Born in Yorkton, Saskatchewan in 1926, Roman Kroitor was educated in Winnipeg at Mulvey and Gordon Bell Schools. While an undergraduate at the University of Manitoba, he was a campus legend for his invention of a syllogism computer. He earned a BA. (Honours) degree in May, 1950 and was the University Gold Medal winner in Arts. One year later he completed an M.A. degree in philosophy and psychology.

Mr. Kroitor joined the National Film Board of Canada as a summer intern and quickly became a skilled director and a respected producer. His first film Paul Tomkowicz won two international awards and influenced a generation of documentary filmmakers.

During the 1950s he was a member of the National Film Board's famed "unit B." With Tom Daly, Stanley Jackson, Wolf Koenig, and Cohn Low, he helped create films such as City of Gold, Lonely Boy, Universe, and Blood and Fire. Many consider these the golden age of Canadian filmmaking. Universe was so accurate it was used by NASA to train early astronauts.

In the early 1960s Mr. Kroitor expanded the NFB mandate to "show Canada to Canadians" by moving into television. He co-produced and co-directed Candid Eye, the world's first cinema verité television series for CBC.

In no small way Mr. Kroitor is also responsible for how Canada is perceived around the world, contributing films to international fairs and exhibitions in Japan, Korea, Spain and elsewhere. His film Labyrinth was the hit of Montreal's Expo 67 with its multiple screens in three separate theatres.

With the success of Labyrinth Mr. Kroitor left the NFB to become one of the three founders of Imax Corporation. He produced the first-ever Imax film, Tiger Child, for Expo 70 in Osaka, Japan. Other noteworthy Imax films produced or directed by him include The Last Buffalo, Man Belongs to Earth, Skyward, The Rolling Stones at the Max, and We are Born of Stars -- the first Omnimax 3-D movie. Mr. Kroitor was also executive producer of Heartland, the Manitoba Imax movie that helped launch Portage Place.

In the mid - 1970s Mr. Kroitor returned to the National Film Board for three years as an executive producer responsible for developing its now flourishing dramatic film program.

Presently, he is a consultant for Imax, supervising a film based on the novel computer-graphics system he developed, and continuing the tradition that won Imax special Academy Award in 1986 for technological advancements.

One of Canada's premier documentary filmmakers and an innovator in cinematic technologies, Mr. Kroitor has been at the forefront of the Canadian film industry for over forty years.

Doris Boyce Saunders

Doris Boyce Saunders, LL.D., June 1, 1994
Doris Boyce Saunders
B.A. (Hons.), M. A.(Man.); B. Litt.(Oxon.); LL. D.(Br.Col.)

Doris Boyce Saunders was born in Winnipeg in 1901 and matriculated from Kelvin High School in 1917, winning the Sir James Aikin Scholarship in English and entering the Faculty of Arts and Science at the University of Manitoba that same year. When she graduated four years later, she was awarded not only a double honours B. A. but the University Gold Medals in both English and Philosophy as well. After a short stint teaching elementary school in one of the province's rural areas, where, she recalls, her prescribed duties included organizing school concerts and teaching Sunday School, Dr. Saunders left Manitoba to go to Oxford, and in 1923 as a member of Saint Hugh’s College was awarded a Diploma in Education, a document which entitled her to a first-class teaching certificate in the Manitoba school system. For the next three years after returning from Britain, she taught in a number of Winnipeg schools, including Gordon Bell and her old alma mater, Kelvin High School, while simultaneously pursuing post-graduate studies in English literature at The University of Manitoba. In 1925 she was awarded the degree, Master of Arts, and won a travelling scholarship which took her back to Oxford and St. Hugh's. Intending to study for a PhD degree, she was informed by the authorities of the day that they did not approve of preparing young ladies for doctorates. Properly chastened, she enrolled instead in the university's Bachelor of Letters program, for which she produced a dissertation on Dr. Johnson--an ironic choice, perhaps, in view of the great Doctor's well known pronouncements on the intellectual capacities of women.

Almost immediately upon her return from Oxford, Dr. Saunders was invited to join the staff of the English Department at The University of Manitoba, becoming in 1928 the first woman to be thus appointed in the history of the department. At the same time, she also became one of a very exclusive trio as one of the three women who were the total female complement of the teaching staff in the entire Faculty of Arts.

In the course of her long career at this institution, Dr. Saunders made her mark not only as a highly respected teacher and scholar, but as Dean of Junior Women from 1933-1945, and as a member of the Planning Committee which led to the foundation of University College, of which she was a Fellow from its beginning until her retirement in 1968, when she was awarded the title, Professor Emerita. After rising up the various rungs of the academic ladder from Lecturer to Associate Professor, Dr. Saunders became, in 1957, the first woman in the Faculty of Arts to obtain full professorial rank. In 1965, at an age when most of us are beginning to think of slowing down, she won the Winnifred Cullis Lecture Fellowship, a six-week lecture tour of the British Isles, where she addressed a broad range of audiences on a variety of topics ranging from continuing education for Canadian women to Canadian Literature. This experience is one that she still recalls as one of the highlights of her academic career.

Dr. Saunders' service to the broader community has included a term as president of the Winnipeg Women's Branch of the Canadian Institute for International Affairs, and the presidencies of the Winnipeg branches of both the Humanities Association of Canada, and the Women's Canadian Club. Most significant of all, however, has been Dr. Saunders' long and important association with the University Women's Club of Winnipeg, founded in 1909, and one of the member groups of the Canadian Federation of University Women, which came into being ten years later. These organizations, which have played a very important role in the cause of higher education for Canadian women, have made the support and encouragement of advanced study and research by women university graduates one of their major priorities. Dr. Saunders' association with the national body first began when, as a brand new young M.A., she won the Federation's travelling scholarship for her studies at Oxford, and that association has continued to this day. Dr Saunders served as President of the Winnipeg Branch from 1943-45, while on the international level she has represented Canadian university women as a delegate to conferences of the International Federation of University Women in Zurich, Paris, Helsinki and Mexico. Her career with the Federation culminated in 1955 with her election to the national presidency, a capacity in which she served until 1958, speaking on behalf of Canadian university women at gatherings all over the world.

Dr. Saunders' work on behalf of university women has won her both local and national recognition, although, in a tradition most Winnipeggers will recognize, the national recognition came much earlier than the local. In 1966 the University Women's Club of Winnipeg awarded her a Life Membership in recognition of her long and meritorious service to both the local and the national association, and more recently, in 1989, a drawing room in the club's premises on Eastgate was designated The Doris B. Saunders Room. National recognition, however, came as long ago as 1957 when the University of British Columbia awarded her the degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa. Further honours include the Government of Canada's Confederation Medals, which she was awarded during the nation's centennial year and again in 1993.

As a teacher, scholar, and concerned citizen, Dr. Doris Saunders has been a pioneer. Her independence and her courage as a young woman in striking out in what were at the time very new directions for women ,as well as her continued commitment to the cause of women’s education, place all academic women in her debt. Her contributions, however, transcend the interests of any particular group, and it is for her service to the university and to the community as a whole that she is honoured here today.

Glenda P. Simms

Glenda P. Simms, LL.D., June 2, 1994
Glenda P. Simms
B.Ed., M.Ed., Ph.D (Alta.)

Dr. Glenda Simms is honoured as an educator; human rights activist; daughter; mother; grandmother and wife. She received her first Teacher's Diploma in her native Jamaica and taught there for five years, before moving to Canada in 1966. She continued her education in Edmonton, earning her B.Ed. (1974), M.Ed. (1976) and Ph.D (1985) in Educational Psychology from the University of Alberta.

Dr. Simms began her Canadian teaching career with the Northland School Division in Alberta, among the Métis and Cree Aboriginal peoples. Her involvement with Canadian Aboriginal issues has continued throughout her career. From 1977 to 1980 she taught Native Education in the Faculty of Education at the University of Lethbridge, Alberta; she was Head of the Native Education Department at the Saskatchewan Indian Federated College, University of Regina, from 1980 to 1985 and she served as the Supervisor of Inter-cultural Education, Race and Ethnic Relations for the Regina Public School Board from 1985 to 1987. At present Dr. Simms is on leave from the Faculty of Education at Nipissing University College in North Bay, Ontario, where from 1987 to 1989 she was Head of the Native Education program.

Dr. Simms has had a long standing commitment to Aboriginal peoples, women, racial minorities and community issues, and has an outstanding record of public service.

She was the Saskatchewan Representative and for five years President of the Congress of Black Women of Canada; Saskatchewan Representative and Vice-President of MATCH International; a member of the Native Curriculum Review Committee and the Teacher Certification Board for the Department of Education, Saskatchewan; Treasurer of the Institute of Public Administrators of Canada (Regina Chapter); a Board member of the Regina Multilingual Association; a member of the Race and Ethnic Relations Committee of the Regina Public School Board; a member of the Women's Advisory Committee to the President of the Treasury Board of Canada on Employment Equity; a founding member and Director of the National Organization of Immigrant and Visible Minority Women of Canada; and a member of the Board of Directors of the Ontario Housing Corporation. She was also a member of the Review Board of the Journal of Indigenous Studies.

During the course of her career, Dr. Simms has advised municipal bodies, provincial and federal governments, and international organizations. She was a Canadian non-governmental delegate to the third United Nations World Conference on Women in Nairobi, Kenya, in 1985, marking the end of the Decade for Women, which adopted the Forward Looking Strategies for the Advancement of Women, the blueprint for improving the status of women in member-states. She has worked to strengthen government machinery for the improvement of the status of women and developed grassroots workshops to empower women in Jamaica. Last year, she was among the international experts and resource people invited to attend the conference on Ensuring Gender Equality in the New South Africa, held in Johannesburg, and has recently prepared a video on "Women, Politics and Equity," for the Women's League of the A.N.C., which was used in training workshops for women candidates in the South African elections.

Dr. Simms was appointed by the Prime Minister as President of the Canadian Advisory Council on the Status of Women (CACSW) in December, 1989. She is a vigilant and undaunted advocate for women and racial minorities, and her vision of an inclusive feminism has become the guiding principle of the CACSW. Dr. Simms reads voraciously, writes and lectures extensively on a variety of feminist and multicultural issues, and is currently working on a book, Beyond the White Veil: Racism in Canadian Society. She has participated in films and videos, such as the Employment Equity teleconference and the Chilly Climate video, produced by the University of Western Ontario, and has herself produced two videos: Grandmother, Mother and Me, on the lives of women from different cultural backgrounds, and Say No To Racism. She is a charismatic speaker, and a person of great warmth and generosity.

Dr. Simms' achievements have been recognized by many awards and honours throughout her career. In 1988 she was amongst the first group of Canadians to receive the Citizenship Citation, awarded by the Secretary of State for outstanding contribution to Canadian society. In 1988 she also received an Award of Excellence from the Canadian Association of Principals and in 1989 an Appreciation Award from the Organizers of the Junior Black Achievement Awards. She has been the recipient of the 1990 National Award from the Canadian Council for Multicultural and Intercultural Education. In 1991 she was one of the first two people inducted into the North Bay Human Rights Hall of Fame, for her contribution to positive race relations in Canada. In 1992 she was awarded the Inter-Amicus Human Rights Award by McGill University for her contribution to the rights of Aboriginal peoples, women and racial minorities; and in 1993 the Ryerson Fellowship Award by Ryerson Polytechnic University and the Distinguished Alumna Award by the University of Alberta. Also in 1993 she was made an Honorary Member of the Federation of Medical Women of Canada.

As the University, like other institutions, struggles to move beyond formal equality to become a truly inclusive community, there could be no better mentor than Dr. Glenda Simms. She has, as she exhorts others to do, not only "talked the talk" but also "walked the walk".


John Allen Clements

John Allen Clements, D.Sc., May 26, 1993
John Allen Clements
B.A., M.D. (C'nell); Hon. M.D. (Bern, Marburg); F.R.C.P.; F.A.A.A.S.

John Clements was born in Auburn, New York, and graduated from Auburn Senior High School in 1941. He entered college at Cornell, Ithaca, New York in 1941 and Cornell Medical School in 1944, graduating as an M.D. in 1947. Following a tenure from 1947 to 1949, as a Research Assistant in Physiology at Cornell Medical School, under Eugene DuBois, he served 12 years with the Medical Research Division, Army Chemical Center, Maryland. In 1951 he became a Researcher in Pulmonary Physiology, at the Army Chemical Center, and remained there until 1961, when he became a senior Research Associate at the Cardiovascular Research Institute, UCSF. He has spent his time since doing research in and teaching pulmonary biology. In 1987 he was appointed Julius H. Comroe, Jr. Professor of Pulmonary Biology, a distinguished title of which he is proud. His work has included lectures in Physiology and Medicine, teaching and mentoring primarily research fellows, and a career leadership role in pulmonary research.

Dr. Clements has had a very impressive scientific career. After his earlier work on various aspects of respiratory physiology, he began studying pulmonary surfactant in the beginning of the 1950s and has remained in this area since. Surfactant is a lipid layer that covers the inner surface of the lung and maintains pulmonary stability. First, Dr. Clements elucidated much of the physical chemical properties of surfactant, his most significant achievement being the demonstration that lungs contain surfactant and developing the theory of its stabilizing effects on pulmonary airspaces. Secondly, he has devised a simple test called "foam test", to evaluate the presence of surfactant in the mothers utero during late gestation and therefore assess fetal lung maturity. Finally, he has produced a synthetic surfactant in collaboration with Burroughs Wellcome Laboratories Incorporation, called Exosurf, to treat neonates with respiratory distress. Large trials in the United States and Canada have demonstrated a dramatic increase in survival in infants treated with this product. All in all, his contributions in this area have been nothing less than remarkable. His work on surfactant has brought him national and international recognition. The honours and awards he has received are too numerous to mention. Perhaps two of them illustrate Dr. Clements' scientific stature. He has been a member of the National Academy of Sciences in the United States since 1974, and in 1983 he has received the prestigious Gairdner Foundation International Award.

Dr. Clements is also interested in many other activities. With a profound renaissance mind, he reads intensely. Perhaps the most outstanding of his other activities is the piano. He plays better than most amateur musicians I know of. He likes to do duets, he playing the piano and his wife Margot singing, an enviable treat for the fortunate listeners.

Mr. Chancellor, it is an honour and a privilege for me to ask, in the name of the Senate of The University of Manitoba, that you confer on John Allen Clements, the degree of Doctor of Science, (honouris causa).

-citation delivered by Arnold Naimark, President, University of Manitoba 

Henry Enns

Henry Enns, LL.D., October 21, 1993
Henry Enns
B.A.(Wpg); B.S.W.(Man.); LL.D.(Queen's)

Henry Enns graduated with a Bachelor of Arts from The University of Winnipeg in 1966 and received his Bachelor of Social Work from The University of Manitoba twelve years later, in 1978. At the age of fifteen, he contracted rheumatoid arthritis and at nineteen became a wheelchair user. For the ten year span following his first graduation with his B.A., his arthritis was so severe that he was confined to either home or hospital. It was at this time that Henry Enns was first confronted with the issues surrounding the rights of the disabled.

In 1976 Henry Enns became involved in the Manitoba League of the Physically Handicapped (MLPH). He founded and chaired the Steinbach chapter of MLPH. He went on to become the Provincial Chairperson of MLPH for two years, 1977-79. During this time the MLPH began a rural transportation project for disabled persons, initiated a rural transportation policy, started a business for/with disabled people and organized an employment training program. Also during this time he became one of the founders of a national self-help organization of disabled persons--the Coalition of Provincial Organizations of the Handicapped (COPOH).

Since 1982 Henry Enns has and continues to play a catalytic role in the independent living movement of disabled people in Canada. He initiated the first Independent Living Centre in Canada in Kitchener in 1982. Dr. Enns was also a founding member of the Canadian Association of Independent Living Centres (CAILC) in 1985 and is currently its Chairperson.

In 1980, Dr. Enns was elected by disabled people from 40 countries as Chair of the Steering Committee to establish an international organization composed entirely of people with various disabilities--physical, mental and sensory. Disabled Peoples' International (DPI) was formally founded at its first World Congress in Singapore, in 1981. Dr. Enns served as Deputy Chairperson of DPI from 1982-85 and as Chairperson from 1985-89. Currently, he is DPI's Executive Director.

In these capacities, Dr. Enns has played a leading role in founding the DPI Development Program. Since 1982, the Program has provided Leadership Training for disabled persons in the developing regions of the World--Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean.

Dr. Enns has been the recipient of many honours and awards. In 1988 Henry Enns received the Secretary of State of Canada Citation for Citizenship for having been the motivating force at the local, national and international level for many pioneering movements dedicated to ensuring equality for the disabled.

In 1989 the United Nations Secretary General, Perez De Cuellar, presented Dr. Enns with a United Nations Testimonial Award "in grateful recognition of the dedicated service in support of the United Nations Programme Concerning Disabled Persons."

Dr. Enns was awarded the Manitoba Community Legal Education Association Human Rights Award for his work in promoting human rights issues at the local, national and international level in 1990.

At DPI's third World Congress, held in conjunction with Independence 92 in April of 1992, Henry Enns received the United States President's Medal. The medal recognizes the exceptional humanitarian work of Dr. Enns on behalf of disabled people everywhere. This was the first time that the award has ever been presented to a non-American and outside of the United States.

In May of 1992, Queen's University of Kingston, Ontario, elected to bestow an Honorary Doctor of Laws upon Henry Enns for his significant contribution to the global disability movement.

Henry Enns' activities have resulted in the creation of new movements and organizations, the results of which have made it possible for disabled people around the world to claim their rights to equality, to live and participate in their communities, and to speak for themselves.

His work with disabled persons in self-help organizations has had an impact on the policies of the United Nations, the International Labour Organizations, the Commonwealth Health Ministers, the UN Human Rights Commission and some governments of the world. One of the most valuable contributions was Henry Enns' involvement in drafting the UN World Program of Action concerning the Disabled Persons which has become the UN Policy recommendation on Disabled Persons.

Henry Enns is recognized not only as one of the most unassuming and ultimately one of the most effective Canadians involved in human rights advocacy on the world scene today, but also as a global leader within the disability community.

Joan M. Gilchrist

Joan Muriel Gilchrist, D.Sc., May 26, 1993
Joan Muriel Gilchrist
Professor Emeritus, B.N. (University of Toronto) M.Sc. (McGill University)

No one better represents the highest qualities of nurse, teacher, administrator, researcher, consultant and academic than Joan Gilchrist. Her efforts in these areas were directed towards improving the care of people, restructuring the health care system and promoting the education, and social and economic welfare of nurses. She provided strong and distinguished leadership during her years as Director of Nursing at the Jewish General Hospital, and during her term as Dean both at McGill University School of Nursing and The University of Western Ontario Faculty of Nursing. During her final years at McGill, she was the Flora Madeleine Shaw Professor of Nursing, an honour named for the first director of the McGill University School of Nursing.

A committed researcher and a facilitator of research, she generated over two million dollars of research funding for creative projects for revising nursing education and practice. During her tenure at McGill University, Professor Gilchrist was instrumental in developing innovative demonstration programs. Two workshops were established in Beaconsfield and in Arundel, Quebec to serve as a health resource to people in the community. With major funding from the National Health Research Development Program, these projects helped illustrate to leading politicians and health care advisors just what nursing can do as an entry point into the health care system. In the area of nursing education, Canada's first Master of Science in Nursing degree for non nurses was established at McGill University by Professor Gilchrist.

Throughout her career, Professor Gilchrist was in great demand as a speaker and could be found at meetings where new directions for research, education and social and health policies were being formulated. Her publications were extensive and equally influential. Together with her colleague and "close friend", Dr. Moyra Allen, the first Canadian Journal of Nursing Research was established.

Professor Gilchrist has been sought as a consultant to schools of nursing, health care institutions, governments and professional associations across Canada. In Manitoba, she has provided expertise in promoting collaboration between diploma and baccalaureate nursing education programs. She was an external appraiser of the graduate program at The University of Manitoba School of Nursing in 1979. A believer in doctoral education for nursing in Canada, Professor Gilchrist worked diligently to promote this concept both to university administrators and politicians. It is fitting that the fourth doctoral program in nursing in Canada is being established at the University of Montreal this year.

Professor Gilchrist was President of the Canadian Nurses Association and the Canadian Association of University Schools of Nursing. She served on the boards of the Canadian Nurses Foundation and the Order of Nurses of Quebec. Her astuteness and political skills were recognized in her appointment as a member of the Dubin Committee of Inquiry for the Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, in 1982, at the time of the investigation of the Susan Nelles case. She was recently a member of the Academic Advisory Committee, Ontario Council on University Affairs, Ministry of Colleges and Universities.

Recognition for her distinguished service has been given by the nursing profession and the community. In 1977, Professor Gilchrist received the Queen's Silver Jubilee Medal, Government of Canada, for her meritorious service to nursing and health care. In the same year she was made an honorary citizen of Winnipeg, on the occasion of being the first presenter in the scholarly lecture series at The University of Manitoba, School of Nursing. In 1990, the Canadian Association of University Schools of Nursing honoured her many significant contributions to nursing education by presenting her with the Ethel Johns Award. Most recently, the Joan Gilchrist Graduate Student Research Award was created by the Sigma Theta Tau Iota Omicron Chapter, an international nursing honour society.

Professor Gilchrist is above all an innovator and a leader. Her colleagues praise her administrative skills. She has been described as "an expert in putting the right people into the right places at the right times.., and then putting herself in the background to ensure that things go right!" She is revered by her students, many of whom have benefited from her mentoring in their own careers. All of those who know her have been impressed with her sense of humour, compassion, hospitality and human understanding. Professor Gilchrist continues to distinguish herself in matters of nursing, health and education. She has brought imagination, organizational skills and commitment to all her endeavours. Through these, she has been influential in shaping the development of the nursing profession and health care in Canada.

Mr. Chancellor, it is my privilege to ask, in the name of the Senate of the University of Manitoba, that you confer on Professor Joan Gilchrist the degree of Doctor of Science honoris causa.

-citation delivered by Arnold Naimark, President, University of Manitoba 

Margaret Elder Hart

Margaret Elder Hart, LL.D., May 26, 1993
Margaret Elder Hart
B.Sc., M.A., ECI.D. (Col)

Dr. Hart was born in Winnipeg and has spent her life in Manitoba. Her chosen profession of nursing began in 1930 when she graduated from the Winnipeg General Hospital, School of Nursing. From her early experiences she became convinced that education was a prime factor in promoting the practice of nursing. She prepared herself by obtaining a Bachelor of Science, Master of Arts, and a Doctorate of Education degree in the department of Nursing Education at Teachers College Columbia University, New York. Dr. Hart returned to Manitoba where she became well known as a pioneer in Public Health Nursing and was instrumental in developing programs to advance nursing education in public health and administration.

Throughout her earlier career, Dr. Hart was a strong advocate of community health nursing, believing that the primary role of nurses is in the prevention illness and the promotion of health. Current developments in health care policy attest to her wisdom and vision as the need for expanding the community health nursing role is now being acknowledged.

Dr. Hart joined The University of Manitoba, School of Nursing in 1948. Prior to 1948, courses and certificate programs had been offered for nurses at the university since 1938. However, it was not until 1943 that the university formally established a School of Nursing which today, is celebrating its 50th Anniversary.

Dr. Hart served as Director of the School of Nursing for 24 years from 1948-1972, during which time major milestones in nursing education were accomplished. In accordance with her firm commitment to higher education for nurses, Dr. Hart was instrumental in the development of the first four year baccalaureate nursing program in Manitoba as well as a two year program for registered nurses which led to a degree in nursing.

Dr. Hart recognized the need for graduate education. After obtaining her Doctorate of Education degree in Nursing at Columbia University, she utilized the findings of her thesis on Needs and Resources for Graduate Education in Nursing in Canada, to develop programs for graduate education. Dr. Hart submitted the first proposal for a Master of Nursing degree at this University in the 1960's, although the program was not actualized at that time.

During Dr. Hart's professional life, she contributed to the development of nursing education, provincially, nationally and internationally.
In Manitoba, she was actively involved in the provincial association providing guidance as nursing education was evolving. At the national level she was a charter member of the Canadian Association of University Schools of Nursing and was a made an Honorary Member in 1972 for her distinguished contributions to nursing education in Canada.

Internationally, Dr. Hart was a founding member of the National League for Nursing, an organization which provided outstanding leadership to advance nursing education in both the United States and in Canada. She was also active internationally with the American Public Health Association and the Royal Society of Health. As a member of Zonta International, she was instrumental in the establishment of scholarships from which nursing and other students benefited.

In recognition of Dr. Hart's contributions to nursing education, the Margaret Elder Hart Graduate Study Scholarship in Nursing was established by the Nursing Education Alumni of the University of Manitoba, in 1972.

Dr. Hart was recognized provincially with the award of the Manitoba Centennial Medal and nationally with the Canada Centennial Medal. She was further honoured in 1986 when she received the Manitoba Association of Registered Nurses Award for Excellence in Nursing Education. In 1991, the Margaret Elder Hart Distinguished Lecture Series was established at The University of Manitoba, School of Nursing.

Dr. Margaret Elder Hart, a leader with vision and foresight, broke new ground for the benefit of those who followed. With quiet strength, with grace and with strong-minded determination, Dr. Hart has contributed to nursing in Manitoba. Dr. Hart is held in high esteem by the Faculty of Nursing, the nursing community and the university community.

During the celebration of the 50th Anniversary of the Faculty of Nursing bestowing an honorary degree is a fitting tribute to this nursing pioneer.

Mr. Chancellor, it is my privilege to ask, in the name of the Senate of The University of Manitoba that you confer upon Dr. Margaret Elder Hart, the degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa.

-citation delivered by Arnold Naimark, President, University of Manitoba

Paule Leduc

Paule Leduc, LL.D., May 25, 1993
Paule Leduc
B.A., B.Ped.(Sher.); M.A.(Montr.); D.Lit.(Paris); DésL.(Ott., St.M.); LL.D.(Queen's)

Paule Leduc was born in Chicoutimi, Quebec in 1936. She received her initial university education at Sherbrooke and the University of Montreal before proceeding to her doctoral studies at the University of Paris. She taught comparative literature at universities in Quebec, and is the author of several distinguished papers in the field of French literature. While teaching at the University of Quebec at Montreal, she also began her career as an administrator. She served as department head, and later as Vice President.

Later, she was to become a senior member of the public service in the provincial government in Quebec. She served as Deputy Minister of University Affairs, as Deputy Minister of Cultural Affairs, and President of the Quebec Council of Universities.

In 1988 came the call to Ottawa, when Dr. Leduc was named by the Federal Government President of the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, which is popularly known by its hopefully inappropriate acronym of "SHIRK".

Five years ago, the stock of SSHRCC was unquestionably low. When Paule Leduc assumed the Presidency, restoring the Council's standing must have seemed a challenge. Further, the new President had to mediate successfully between government and the academic community, a relationship which is generally fraught with mutual suspicion. She had to recognize the sensitivities and occasional rivalries of social scientists on the one hand and humanists on the other. She had also to deal with the widespread sentiment among those in Western and Atlantic Universities that they were usually ignored, and not thought much of when they were not ignored. She had to promote rationalization, innovation and new priorities at a time of shrinking resources and increased demand for services. She had, moreover, to win the confidence of the academic community. And perhaps her biggest headache at times, Dr. Leduc had to find ways of getting the best out of a 20 member council, with representatives from every province, and more than its fair share of windbags and prima donnas.

She has been an outstanding success in meeting all of these challenges. Every program offered by SSHRCC has been reviewed and improved, with substantial support from the community. She has brought the council into a new partnership with government, private and other institutions. In this endeavour, she has maintained a fine balance between the needs of the research community, and the dictates of the larger public interest. The working spirit of the council and the council bureaucracy has been admirable.

One major feature of her term in fact has been her sensitivity to regional concerns. For instance, for the first time in SSHRCC's history, a Vice President was appointed from outside Central Canada, and for a time, the Council Executive Committee contained not a single member from either Ottawa or Toronto. Surely in itself something to be entered in the catalogue of the unique and the unusual.

Just over a year ago, the Government of Canada announced, as part of a program of institutional reorganization intended to assist in its commitment to reduce the size of the federal deficit, that it proposed to merge SSHRCC with the Canada Council, the body from which it originally sprang. Paule Leduc was to become the Director (Chief Executive Officer) of the Canada Council, while still continuing, for the time being, to serve as President of SSHRCC. To her fell the delicate task, with all its ramifications, of negotiating that merger. That task has been accomplished with her customary wisdom, toughness and vision.

Very soon, SSHRCC will be part of Canada Council, its programs intact, its separate identity "at one with Nineveh and Tyre". Paule Leduc will continue as Director of the Canada Council.

To be appointed to so many high offices is in itself a sign of distinction. To have carried out her responsibilities so superbly is a sign of extraordinary distinction. Paule Leduc has served this country well. She has already received honorary degrees from three other universities. The University of Manitoba is the first Western institution to so recognize her accomplishments.

Mr. Chancellor, in the name of the Senate of the University of Manitoba, I ask that you confer on Paule Leduc the degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa.

-citation delivered by Arnold Naimark, President, Unviersity of Manitoba

Ernest Gilles Letourneau

Monsieur le Chancelier,

J'ai I ‘honneur de vous présenter le docteur Ernest Letourneau, Directeur du Bureau de la radioprotection et des instruments médicaux, Sant et Bien-être social, Canada.

Ernest Letourneau est ne St-Eustache, au Manitoba, en 1937. C'est au College de Saint-Boniface qu'il fit ses études secondaires, suivies du programme latin-philosophie pour lequel il obtint son diplôme de Baccalauréats es Arts de l'Université du Manitoba en 1958. Une année d'études en sciences pre-medicales il qualifia pour son admission;} la faculté de médecine de ‘Université du Manitoba en septembre à 1959. "se mérita il diplôme de Docteur en médecine de cette même université en 1963. Sa formation médicale sa compléta par une année d’internât A "Hôpital général de Saint-Boniface. "est A noter que durant ces antrites d'études, le Dr. Letourneau fut repeindre d'abord de la médaille du Gouverneur général en 1955, de la bourse Isbister pour les. Années universitaires 1955-56-57-58 et 1961 et de la médaille d'or de l'Université du Manitoba l’ors de sa 'collation des grades d'i/ y attente cinq ans, soit en 1958.

Sa formation médicale et l‘armée de l‘air des Forces canadiennes le conduisait a Ma (Ville, France en 1964.  Son retour entres canadiennes en 1967, il entreprend une critère au ministre de la Sante et Bienêtre social, Canada, d'accord de 1967 A 1971 en tant que Conseiller-médical de la Division de la radioprotection j puis comme Chef adjoint (médecine) durant l‘année 1971-1972, et Chef de cette même division durant les a Maas 1972-1976, Directeur adjoint de 1976" 1978, Directeur de 1978 A.1986, et, depuis 1986, Directeur du Bureau de la radioprotection et des instruments médicaux.

La Dr. Letourneau est un chercheur tractif comme en témoignent une trentaine de publications cens des revues spécialisées autant au Canada qu’ce l’étranger •. Les niveaux et les effets du radon dans les ridences de certaines régions' de Winnipeg nous rapprochent sobrement t’des quelques recherches effectuées par le Dr. Letourneau.

En plus de diriger ils Bureau de radioprotection, le Dr. Letourneau a acquis Ulie expérience et' une expertise internationales. Pour énumérer que quelques fonctions, on le retrouve soit Paris c présider la session de la Reunion des spécialistes sur la dosim4trie individuelle et la' surveillance de l'atmosphère en ce qui concerne le radon et ses produits de filtration, Rome au Spécialiste Meeting on the Assessment,'. Of 'Radon and Daughter Exposure and Related, Biological Effects,  Viennent tant qu’el représentant du Canada au Comité scientifique; des  Nations-Unies pour I' étude des effets des rayonnements ionisants ou A Maastricht en tant que president du Seminar on 'sure to Enhanced Natural Radiation and Its Regulatory Implications. Philadelphie, Cherryff, (New Jersey), Amsterdam,' Washington, 'Paris, Bordeaux, sont d'autres, villes qui ontre le Dr. Letourneau pour plus de quarante conférerai ces ou ateliers.

Le Dr. Letourneau a siège et siège encore au sein de nombreux ça ou commissions. Au Ministère fédéral de la Sante et du i- tré social il fut Coordonnateur du Plan fédéral d'intervention en, cas d'urgence nucléaire, President du Comité ad hoc sur la radioactivité dans J'eau potable, Secrétaire du Comité consultatif sur J'utilisation médicale de radionucléides, President du sous-comité fédéral-provincial sur la surveillance des rayonnements. A la Commission de contrôle de l’énergie atomique, il ‘est membre du Comité consultant de la sorte nucléaire, Conseiller médical " la Commission de contrôle de l’énergie atomique, Comite consultatif de 'la radioprotection, Comite sur les dangers associes  l’énergie nucléaire et la manutention des produits nucléaires, Comite sur l'utilisation des radio-isotopes chez les humains, Membre du Conseil d' Administration a Energie Atomique du Canada, membre de l'institut canadien de radioprotection, Conseil national mixte de la fonction publique du Canada, Comite de la sécurité de la sante at des conditions matériels' du travail. Le Dr. Letourneau est aussi membre de nombreux organismes ou associations professionnelles.

Le College universitaire de Saint-Boniface, son alma mater, rend hommage ce soir ce chercheur, ce communicateur pour sa contribution II I' avancement de sa discipline et reconnait publiquement le mérite du médecin-chercheur, Ernest Letourneau. Monsieur le Chancelier, au nom du Senat de l'Université du Manitoba, je vous prie de décerner le grade de Docteur es Sciences honoris causa au Dr. Ernest Letourneau.

Le ,-juin ,1993 Arnold Naimark

William Norrie

William Norrie, LL.D., May 25, 1993
William Norrie
B.A., LL.B.(Man.); LL.D.(Wpg.); Q.C.

Lawyer, community leader and politician, William Norrie has, for most of his adult life, devoted himself to many of the important issues facing his community and has, for much of that time, been one of the community's leaders.

Born in St. Boniface in 1929, the younger of the two children of William and Mary Rae Norrie, he attended schools in Winnipeg and entered United College, now the University of Winnipeg, on an Isbister Scholarship. On completion of his Bachelor of Arts, he entered the Manitoba Law School. While a student in Law he served as President of the University of Manitoba Students' Union - a not unworthy office - and was awarded the Manitoba Rhodes Scholarship. On his return from Oxford, William Norrie received his Bachelor of Laws degree from this University and entered the private practice of law.

One might infer, Mr. Chancellor, that for all its glories, the law could not fully contain the aspirations, capacities and enthusiasms of William Norrie, for early on he was drawn irresistibly to both community service and to public life. His community service was wide and varied and encompassed twenty-four years on the Board of Regents of United College and the University of Winnipeg and ten years on the National Commission on Church Union which was studying the possible union of the Anglican and United churches.

In 1962 he was elected to the Winnipeg School Board where he played a leading part in developing the concept of joint use agreements and in the campaign to reduce the size of the school board. In 1971 he was elected to the first unicity council; in 1977 he was elected by his colleagues as Deputy Mayor and, in 1979 became Acting Mayor on the death of Mayor Robert Steen. Confirmed as Mayor in a subsequent by-election, he was re-elected four times and served until 1992, when he did not seek re-election.

William Norrie served in public office for a total of 28 years, of which the 20 years in municipal office spanned a particularly important period. The years immediately after the Second World War had been years of great economic expansion, in which most parts of Canada shared to some degree. By the 1970's, however, it was becoming clear that in some areas, Winnipeg among them, growth was no longer certain or automatic and that a new challenge was that of governing intelligently and creatively in less auspicious times.

It would not be claimed of Mayor Norrie (nor of any politician of any era) that all problems were surmounted or all challenges met. However, as Mayor of Winnipeg, Bill Norrie, despite his buoyant optimism, did not pretend that the problems were not there. The Core Area Initiative, the North Portage Corporation and the Forks Redevelopment, and initiatives on race relations and refugees and arts funding, however they may ultimately be judged, represented substantial attempts to address substantial issues. These spoke of a desire to make a better city and went far beyond bread and circuses or the mindless boosterism that is the occupational disease of so many municipal politicians.

Apart from his willingness to deal in real issues, Bill Norrie brought certain estimable qualities and attitudes to public office. Though not a populist, his openness, accessibility and affability made him in a very real sense, mayor of all the people, something demonstrated graphically in the 1983 election when he won every poll in the city. He was a politician of decent instincts and reasoned impulses. He has brought intelligence, civility and a sense of calm to public debate and controversy; a conciliator and slow to anger, he seemed unperturbed by personal criticism from political opponents or, one may add, from political columnists. He has, in short, made a worthy contribution to this city and an honourable contribution to its public life.

Mr. Chancellor, it is an honour and a particular personal pleasure for me to ask, in the name of the Senate of the University of Manitoba, that you confer on William Norrie, the degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa.

-citation delivered by Arnold Naimark, President, University of Manitoba


Agnes M. Benedickson

Agnes Benidickson, LL.D., May 26, 1992
Agnes McCausland Benidickson
O.C.,B.A., LL.D. (Queen's); LL.D. (UBC); LL.D. (RMC)

Born in Leeds County, Ontario, the eldest of the four children of James and Muriel Richardson, Agnes Richardson received her early education in Winnipeg and attended Queen's University where, in 1941, she received her B.A. and the Tricolour Award for distinguished service to the University. In 1947 she married the late William Benidickson, then a Member of Parliament and later a federal Minister and Senator, and himself a graduate and benefactor of this University.

These years marked the beginning of what has proved to be a lifetime of public and community service. In Winnipeg she worked as a volunteer with the Canadian Red Cross as the co-chairman of the Prisoner of War Enquiry Bureau. In Ottawa, to which she moved after her marriage, she provided leadership to the Parliamentary Wives' Association, the Ottawa Civil Hospital Auxiliary and the Women's Canadian Club, ultimately serving as President of each. Her continued involvement with the National Association of Canadian Clubs, following a term as national President, has been appreciated by Canadian Clubs across Canada. For many years, beginning in the late 1960s, Agnes Benidickson served as Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Canadian Council on Social Development and subsequently served as its President.

Her commitment has also encompassed the arts: she has served as co-chair of the Volunteer Committee of the Conference of Art Museums of the United States and Canada, has served as Honorary President of the Friends of the National Gallery and received an Award of Merit from the Ontario Association of Art Galleries.

For a number of years Agnes Benidickson served on the Board of Trustees of Queen's University. There, in recognition of her contribution to the University and to the wider community, she was awarded an honorary doctorate in 1975 and, in 1980, elected Chancellor, in which office she continues to serve with distinction and universal admiration, having been re-elected this month to a fifth term.

She serves, or has served, on the boards of directors of three major national corporations.

In recognition of her many contributions to Canadian life, she was, in 1987, named to the Order of Canada.

Agnes Benidickson has demonstrated broad interests and broad commitments: health and social services, public affairs, Canada's cultural heritage, higher education and the world of business. To each of these she has brought energy, ability and generosity: she has shown a keen sense of the community's needs and of how they can be met through perseverance and leadership. She has exemplified, to a superlative degree, the enormous contribution of the volunteer in the community; and through that, she has touched the lives of more people than she can possibly know.

For her devotion to the improvement of our common life and for the great power of the example she has provided, Agnes Benidickson has rightly earned the admiration and respect of her compatriots.

Mr. Chancellor, it is an honour for me to ask, in the name of the Senate of The University of Manitoba, that you confer on Agnes McCausland Benidickson, the degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa.

-citation delivered by Arnold Naimark, President, University of Manitoba 

A. Barrie Campbell

Allan Barrie Campbell, D.Sc., May 27, 1992
Allan Barrie Campbell
O.C.; B.S.A.,M.Sc.(Man.); Ph.D.(Minn.);F.R.S.Can.; F.A.I.C.

Dr. Campbell, son of the late Justice Arnold and Mrs. Trina Campbell, received his B.S.A. and M.Sc. degrees at the University of Manitoba and his Ph.D. degree at the University of Minnesota. Immediately upon graduation, he was employed by Agriculture Canada as a Wheat Breeder at the Winnipeg Research Station where he remained throughout his professional career. Dr. Campbell retired in 1988 after completing thirty-nine years of continuous employment. He and his wife Mavis reside in Winnipeg.

Dr. Campbell is an outstanding scientist who has devoted his entire career to the breeding and development of new, rust resistant varieties of Hard Red Spring Wheat (bread wheat) for production on the prairies. Dr. Campbell's success as a wheat breeder and a leader of a team of geneticists, plant pathologists, and cereal chemists is without equal. Between 1949 to 1988, Dr. Campbell and his team developed and registered a total of nine high quality wheat cultivars, the first in 1959 (the cultivar Pembina), the most recent in 1986 (the cultivar Roblin). As a measure of his success it is worthy of note that when he retired in 1988, the cultivars developed by Dr. Campbell and his team at Winnipeg accounted for approximately 90% of the total acreage of bread wheat grown on the prairies. In terms of monetary returns to the economy of western Canada during that year alone, the production of Dr. Campbell's cultivars amounted to approximately 2.5 billion dollars.

Dr. Campbell has received many honours and awards. They include:

  • the Agricultural Institute of Canada Scholarship
  • the Agronomy Merit Award presented by the Western Co-operative Fertilizer Co. for outstanding service to farmers of western Canada
  • the Public Service Merit Award presented by the Incentive Award Board of the Public Service of Canada for an exceptional contribution to the effectiveness of the Public Service
  • the Gold Medal, Professional Institute of the Public Service of Canada - for outstanding contributions to science
  • the Outstanding Research Award, Canadian Society of Agronomy
  • in 1979 he was made a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada in recognition of his theoretical contributions relating to genetic improvement of crop plants and development of improved wheat varieties, and also received that year, an Honorary Life Membership in the Canadian Seed Growers Association in recognition of his outstanding success in developing new varieties of wheat
  • in 1981 he was made a Fellow of the Agricultural Institute of Canada in honour of his contribution to the agricultural economy of western Canada through his development of improved varieties of wheat
  • on his retirement, he received special recognition from the Saskatchewan Wheat Pool
  • in 1989 he was made an Officer of the Order of Canada for his contributions to Prairie Agriculture.

In his long and successful career as a plant breeder, Dr. Campbell has truly made a significant contribution to Western Canadian agriculture. For more than three decades, he and his team have been responsible in a major way for upholding Canada's reputation and supremacy as an international supplier of wheat of the highest bread-making quality.

Mr. Chancellor, it is an honour and a personal pleasure for me to ask, in the name of the Senate of the University of Manitoba, that you confer upon Dr. Allan Barrie Campbell, the degree of Doctor of Science, honoris causa.

-citation delivered by Arnold Naimark, President, University of Manitoba

John I. Goodlad

John I. Goodlad, LL.D., May 26, 1992
John I. Goodlad
B.A., M.A., Ph.D.

School teacher, scholar, administrator, teacher educator and public advocate for education, John Goodlad has been an eloquent spokesperson for the need for reform in public education, strategies which if implemented will bring about that reform, and for the central role of the teacher in the school improvement process.

Born in British Columbia, John Goodlad received his teaching certificate from the Normal School in Vancouver in 1939. He then commenced his remarkable educational career, which has now spanned 53 years, in a one room, eight-grade school in Surrey, B.C. He soon became a principal there, and shortly after that, he was appointed as Director of Education for the Provincial Industrial School for Delinquent Boys.

While pursuing his teaching career, he also continued to study. He earned the B.A. and M.A. degrees from U.B.C. in 1945 and 1946 respectively, and the Ph.D. from the University of Chicago in 1949. Dr. Goodlad began the American phase of his career at Emory University that same year, and for the next ten years he was intimately involved with teacher education, first as Director of the Division of Teacher Education at Emory and from 1956 until 1960 as Director of the Centre of Teacher Education at Chicago. In 1960 he moved to Los Angeles where for the next 25 years he played leading roles as Director of the University Elementary School, Dean of the Graduate School of Education at UCLA, and Director of Research for the Institute for Development of Educational Activities. In 1985, he moved to the University of Washington where since 1986 he has been the Director of the Centre of Educational Renewal.

Dr. Goodlad has devoted substantial time and attention during his career to educational associations. It would take too long to list all of them but a sampling would include terms as President of the American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education, President of the American Educational Research Association, Board member of the UNESCO Institute for Education, Senior Fellow at the Charles F. Kettering Foundation, Board Member of the Encyclopedia Britannica Educational Corporation, Member of the President’s Task Force on Early Education, and Member of the President's Task Force on Education of the Gifted.

His editorial board work has included terms for such prestigious publications as the American Educational Research Journal, International Review of Education, Journal of Teacher Education, and The Review of Education.

While his teaching, administrative and service activities has been distinguished, it has been through his writings that he has had his most significant impact. Since 1956, he has written or co-authored 29 books, 5 of which have been award winning; 90 chapters and papers for other books and yearbooks; and approximately 150 articles in various journals and encyclopedias.

In 1959 his co-authored text titled The Nongraded Elementary School was translated into Japanese, Italian, Hebrew, and Spanish. In 1984 Dr. Goodlad produced A Place Called School: Prospects for the Future which received the AERA 1985 Outstanding Book Award, and the First Distinguished Book-of-the-Year Award from Kappa Delta Pi. This book based on nation-wide research effort represents his most complete vision on how schools should be changed.

After 1984, one might have concluded that he would have been content to rest on his accomplishments. Instead, however, he returned to one of his first interests (he had been a staffer on Conant's 1963 work on the preparation of American teachers), and initiated a major new project on teacher education. This project has produced three books - Teachers for our Nation's Schools, Places Where Teachers are Taught and The Moral Dimensions of Teaching. Goodlad's ambition was to have the same impact on teacher education as the Flexner Report did for medical education in the early part of the century. The 19 postulates or standards to be met if a teacher education program is to be considered exemplary are being studied and scrutinized by teacher education institutions all over the world, and of course we at the University of Manitoba are no exception.

Dr. Goodlad is listed in The Canadian Who's Who, The International Directory of Distinguished Leadership, Who's Who in America, The Blue Book, The Writer's Directory, and The International Who's Who, and he is the recipient of honorary degrees from ten Canadian and American universities.

Mr. Chancellor, it is an honour and personal pleasure for me to ask, in the name of the Senate of the University of Manitoba, that you confer on John I. Goodlad, the degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa.

-citation delivered by Arnold Naimark, President, University of Manitoba

His Excellency The Right Honourable Ramon John Hnatysyn

The Rt. Honourable Ramon John Hnatyshyn, LL.D., October 23, 1992
The Right Honourable Ramon John Hnatyshyn
B.A., LL.B.

Ramon Hnatyshyn was born in Saskatoon in 1934. In that year, R.B.. Bennett was Prime Minister of Canada, William Lyon Mackenzie King was plotting his downfall. J. S. Woodsworth, leader of the new CCF party, was promoting its 1933 Regina Manifesto, and William Aberhart was but a year away from applying the doctrine of Social Credit to the Province of Alberta. In such heady days, the young Ramon must have been tempted to enter politics immediately. Instead when he came of age, and perhaps anticipating vice-regal duties, he entered Victoria School, which had been founded in 1888,in the 51st year of Queen Victoria's reign.

Ramon's father, the late John Hnatyshyn, lawyer and Senator, and his mother Helen Constance Pitts, honorary graduate of the University of Saskatchewan were both children of pioneer Ukrainian immigrants.

Ramon obtained his BA. in 1954 and LL.B. in 1956 from the University of Saskatchewan, the home of the "Huskies"- the pesky Huskies who often snap irreverently at the heels of our noble Bisons. Whilst at University, he jointed the RCAF Reserve Training Plan and had summer postings in Moose Jaw, Gimli, Kingston and France, and later served in the Air Reserve. Also, whilst at University, he displayed skill with the basketball and the clarinet, the former at intercollegiate level, and the latter with a popular and slightly notorious, music group known as 'The College Nine'. He later lectured in law at his University for a period of 8 years.

From 1958 to 1960, he served as Private Secretary to W. M. Aseltine, then Government Leader in the Senate of Canada, before resuming the practice of law in Saskatoon. In 1974, be was elected to the House of Commons where he sat continuously until 1988, nine years in opposition and 5 years in the Cabinet as Minister of State for Science and Technology, Minister of Energy, Mines & Resources, Government House Leader, President of the Privy Council, Minister Responsible for Regulatory Affairs, and Attorney General for Canada. Finally, on January 29, 1990, he was named 24th Governor-General of Canada.

Meanwhile, in 1960, he had married Karen Gerda Nygaard Andreasen, a native of Winnipeg; this gave a big boost to his career. Her Excellency has a degree in dietetics and nutrition from the University of Saskatchewan and has worked extensively as a professional in those fields. In addition, she has devoted much personal time to health and social causes, including drug abuse, Alzheimer's disease, the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome and breast cancer. Their Excellencies have two sons, John Georg and Carl Andrew Nygaard, aged 23 and 18 years, respectively.

His Excellency's private life was marked by service to the community, for example, to the United Nations Association, to the United Way Campaign, to the YMCA and to the Mendel Art Gallery of Saskatoon. In his present office, he is actively supporting the environment, literacy, seniors and voluntarism.

To select from his many honours, I mention that he is Queen's Counsel for Saskatchewan and for Canada, he has been awarded five honorary degrees and in 1989 he was recipient of the St. Volodymyr Medal of the World Congress of Ukrainians - for "outstanding contributions to the cause of justice and civil liberties".  Many in Canada resonate with this last-named award, because of his exceptional contributions to civil liberties during his two years as Attorney-General.

The Order of Canada is governed by the motor "They desire a better country." The members of the order are gratified that their Chancellor and principal Companion exemplified so effectively that lofty ideal. But in addition, all Canadians are proud that the Queen's representative displays in his own person those qualities which we claim for our national persona - qualities of decency, of fairness, of tolerance and of generosity. He is not only a member of the Great and the Good, he is the captain of the team.

Mr. Chancellor, in the name of the Senate of The University of Manitoba, I inquest that you confer on Ramon John Hnatyshyn, the degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa.

-citation delivered by Arnold Naimark, President, University of Manitoba

Huguette Labelle

Huguette Labelle, LL.D., May 26, 1992
Huguette Labelle, O.C. 
Ph.D., LL.D.

I have the honour to present Dr. Huguette Labelle.

As an educator, public servant, spouse of Royal, and parent of Pierre and Chantal, she has made and continues to make superlative contributions to Canadians, to the administration of the Government of Canada, and to her family. She was born in Rockland, Ontario to Aurore and Rochon Mercedes, and received her early education there. She holds a Bachelor of Science degree in Nursing Education, Bachelor and Master of Arts degrees in Education, and a Doctor of Philosophy degree in Educational Administration, all from the University of Ottawa.

Dr. Labelle has provided distinguished service to her first profession - nursing - as President of the Canadian Nursing Association, President of the Canadian Red Cross Society, chairman of the board of the Ottawa Health Sciences Centre Incorporated, a member of the Council of Governors of the Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, and a member of the Board of Directors of Collaboration Sante internationale. From 1974 to 1976 she served as consultant to the governments of Haiti and Cuba on health care planning and health care education, and in 1987 she was co-chair of the World Health Organization's Expert Committee on Health Care Management Systems.

In the service of education, Dr. Labelle has been Chairman of the Board of Algonquin College, a member of the Board of Governors of Carleton University, a member of the Executive Committee, Institute of Public Administration of Canada, a member of the Master of Public Management Advisory Council, Faculty of Business, University of Alberta, and a member othe Advisory Board, School of Public Administration, Daihousie University.

Dr. Labelle has also served her community in exemplary fashion. She has been Chairman of the Board of the Ottawa-Carleton United Way, President of the Management Consulting Institute, Vice-President of the Canadian Safety Council, and a member of the Board of Governors of the Canadian Comprehensive Auditing Foundation.

Currently, she is Honorary Vice-President of the Canadian Red Cross Society, Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the Ottawa General Hospital, President of the Transportation Association of Canada, a member of the Board of Governors of McGill University, a member of the Board of Directors, Public Policy Forum, and a member of the Faculty of Administration Advisory Board, University of Ottawa.

As for her full time career - service to Canada - from 1973 until 1980 Dr. Labelle held senior management positions in two ministries of the Federal Government, Indian and Northern Affairs, and Health and Welfare Canada. From 1980 to 1985 she served as Under Secretary of State in the Department of the Secretary of State, and from January to September in 1985 she was Associate Secretary to the Cabinet and Deputy Clerk of the Privy Council. From 1985 until 1990 she was Chairman of the Public Service Commission of Canada.

It was also in 1990, on April 18, that her services to her country were duly recognized with Canada's highest award. On this date she was invested as an Officer in the Order of Canada by Governor-General Ramon Hnatyshyn.

Mr. Chancellor, it is an honour and a personal pleasure for me to ask, in the name of the Senate of the University of Manitoba, that you confer on Huguette Labelle, the degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa.

-citation delivered by Arnold Naimark, President, University of Manitoba

Annette Saint-Pierre

Annette Saint-Pierre, LL.D., June 2, 1992
Annette Saint-Pierre
B.A., M.A., Ph.D.

A native of Quebec, Annette Saint-Pierre spent her entire teaching career in Manitoba where she was successively: a high-school teacher, Principal and Professor of French Canadian Literature at the College universitaire de Saint-Boniface.

During her career she has made an exceptional contribution to the advancement of French Canadian and Franco-Manitoban literature, not only through her academic publications (Le Rideau se léve au Manitoba, Gabrielle Roy, sous le signe du réve, Repertoire littéraire de l'Ouest canadien), but also through the role she played in the creation of the Centre détudes franco-canadienne de l'Ouest (C.E.F.C.O), and two publishing houses in Manitoba:  Les Editions du Blé and Les Editions des Plaines. Last, but by no means least, Annette's publications as a novelist have gained her a distinctive place in Canadian Letters.

Annette Saint-Pierre has worked continually to promote French culture in the province through her teaching at the College, and through the encouragement of creative writing among her students, many of whom she has initiated in the art of novel writing. Annette continues to serve both the public and the literary community by annually publishing anthologies of short stories written by students and members of the Franco-Manitoban community.

Annette has received awards in recognition to her contribution from l'Association des Educateurs de langue française au Manitoba, l'Alliance française (Canada), l'Ordre des Francophones de l'Amérique du Nord and the Conseil de la vie française en Amérique.

Charles R. Scriver

Charles Scriver, D.Sc., May 27, 1992
Charles Robert Scriver
B.A., M.D.

I have the honour to present Charles Robert Scriver, Order of Canada, Doctor of Medicine, Fellow of the Royal Society, and Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada.

Internationally known as an Educator, Physician, and Scientist, Charles Scriver has made and will continue to make a major contribution to the development of Human Genetics, and its impact on the health of Canadians both in his home province of Quebec, as well as in the rest of Canada and internationally.

Born in 1930, in Montreal, Quebec, Charles Scriver was educated at McGill University, receiving his B.A. in 1951, and his M.D. in 1955. He then undertook clinical training in Paediatrics at McGill University and Harvard University. By the end of his residency training in Paediatrics in 1958, he recognized the importance of the emerging field of human biochemical genetics and obtained a McLaughlin Travelling Fellowship from the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons, to work with Professor Charles Dent, at University College Hospital, University of London, England to study the inborn errors of metabolism, particularly the aminoacidopathies, and vitamin D resistant rickets. It was during this period that his interest in the Inborn Errors of Metabolism and Human Genetics took firm root, and his lifelong research interests were founded. On his return to McGill, and during his chief residency in Paediatrics at the Montreal Childrens Hospital, he founded the De Belle Laboratory of Biochemical Genetics which he has directed since that time.

In 1961 Charles Scriver joined the faculty of McGill University in the Department of Paediatrics. He was a Markle Scholar from 1961 to 1966. In 1968 he became an Associate of the Medical Research Council, and in 1969 was appointed Professor of Paediatrics. In 1972 the Medical Research Council established a Human Genetics Research Group at McGill University and Charles Scriver became one of its co-directors. He was appointed Professor of Human Genetics at McGill University in 1978.

Charles Scriver is the epitome of the true clinician-scientist. The De Belle laboratory of Biochemical Genetics at the Montreal Childrens Hospital has been closely involved in elucidating the basic mechanisms of several metabolic diseases, as well as in the development of animal models for human genetic disease. From such an extensive and distinguished career it is difficult to single out one contribution over all others. One must however mention his work, on rickets in general and on vitamin D resistant and hypophosphatemic rickets in particular. This work led directly not only to dramatic improvements in the treatment of these two genetic forms of childhood rickets but also to the inclusion of vitamin D in the milk supplied to all Canadian children. Charles Scriver was also instrumental in establishing the first Canadian food-bank to ensure that children all across Canada, with special dietary requirements due to genetic metabolic diseases, were able to obtain the special diets that they required at a reasonable cost. Such was Charles Scriver's view of the unity of health and disease that he was able to use rare examples of errors occurring in nature to increase our understanding of normal human physiology. In this connection he has made fundamental contributions to our understanding of the mechanisms by which molecules are transported across membranes, by studying mutant genes which interfere with such transport in both man and the mouse.

In 1969 together with his francophone colleagues, Charles Scriver established the Quebec Network for Genetic Medicine, and through that network was instrumental in establishing extensive newborn genetic screening programs in the Province of Quebec allowing the early identification and hence more effective treatment of many infants with severe genetic metabolic disorders. These programs have served as models for newborn genetic screening programs in other Provinces, including here in Manitoba. At the time of its formation the Quebec network was unique in that it provided not only screening, but also education, follow-up, diagnosis and treatment all within one integrated program. His work and that of his colleagues has thus led to major improvements in the health of future generations including the generation represented here today.

Charles Scriver's career has extended far beyond the laboratory or even the bedside. He has been active in his community, and was instrumental in having changes made to the Quebec high school biology curriculum to ensure a more extensive treatment of human biology and human genetics in the high schools. Along with the Mediterranean and Jewish communities of Montreal, Charles Scriver was instrumental in developing community based screening programs for Thalassaemia and Tay Sachs disease.

Together with his francophone colleagues at Laval University and the University of Quebec at Chicoutimi he was instrumental in the founding, and now co-directs the Inter-University Centre for Population Research whose prime objective is a cross cultural study of social, historical, demographic and genetic factors in the French Canadian population of North-Eastern Quebec.

Charles Scriver has received many honours and awards for his work on human metabolic disease. In 1985 he became an Officer of the Order of Canada. In 1978 he received the William Allen award of the American Society of Human Genetics, in 1979 the Gairdner Award; in 1981 the McLaughlin Medal of the Royal Society of Canada. In 1983 he was the Canadian Rutherford lecturer of the Royal Society of the United Kingdom, and was elected to the Fellowship of that Society in 1991.

Charles Scriver continues to make an active contribution to Canadian Science and Medicine. Most recently he has served on the Science Council of Canada and chaired their Committee on Genetic Predisposition. The report of that committee entitled "Genetics in Canadian Health Care" was published in 1991 and is likely to become a seminal document in the shaping of Genetic Medicine in Canada over the next decade and beyond into the twenty-first century.

Mr. Chancellor, it is an honour and great personal pleasure for me to ask, in the name of the Senate of the University of Manitoba, that you confer on Charles Robert Scriver, the degree of Doctor of Science, honoris causa.

-citation delivered by Arnold Naimark, President, University of Manitoba


Stan Tsang-Kay Cheung

Stan Tsang-Kay Cheung, LL.D., May 28, 1991
Dr. Stan Tsang-Kay Cheung
B.S.A., M.Sc., Ph.D

I have the honour to present Dr. Stan Tsang-Kay Cheung of Hong Kong.

Dr. Cheung was born in Guangdong Province, China and moved with his parents to Hong Kong in 1950. He is a distinguished alumnus of The University of Manitoba and first came here as an undergraduate student in 1964. Between then and 1975 he earned the degrees of Bachelor of Science in Agriculture, and Master of Science and Doctor of Philosophy in Animal Genetics.

Dr. Cheung returned to Hong Kong in 1975 and is currently Managing Director of Herald Hong Kong (Ltd.), a major holding company of other large manufacturing firms in Hong Kong, the People's Republic of China and elsewhere. He has been a notable success in his commercial endeavours and in particular has been successful in establishing a number of joint ventures in the area of manufacturing in the People's Republic of China.

Since he left The University of Manitoba, Dr. Cheung has maintained a close connection to the University, particularly to the Faculty of Agriculture. He has also developed close contacts with the business community in Winnipeg and has been especially helpful in facilitating the establishment of Manitoba business in Hong Kong and Southern China. For example, he made a major contribution to the successful transfer of agricultural technology and hardware to Southern China by Feed-Rite Ltd., a major Winnipeg feed manufacturing company.

In addition to his commercial success, Dr. Cheung has an impressive record of public service. In Hong Kong he is a member of the Urban Council, the Broadcasting Authority and the Polytechnic Council. He is chairman of Challenge Ventures Ltd., a social agency for the disabled, and vice-chairman of the Business and Technology Centre, a vehicle to bring together academics, business people and industrialists to facilitate joint venture projects in China. He is a member of the Science and Technology Committee, the Agriculture and Fisheries Advisory Committee and the Livestock Advisory Committee.

At Hong Kong University he is a member of the Council of the School of Management Studies and of the Supervisory Board of the Institute of Molecular Biology. He is also active on several advisory committees at Hong Kong Polytechnic and at City Polytechnic.

In the People's Republic of China Dr. Cheung is an Honorary Advisor to the Science and Technology Commission and an Adjunct Professor at the Shanghai Jiao-Tung University.

Dr. Cheung is a man of considerable talent and of immense personal charm and generosity.

Mr. Chancellor, it is an honour and a privilege for me to ask, in the name of the Senate of The University of Manitoba, that you confer upon Dr. Stan Tsang-Kay Cheung the degree of Doctor of Laws (honoris causa).

-citation delivered by Arnold Naimark, President, University of Manitoba

The Honourable Winston Chandarbhan Dookeran

Winston Chandarbhan Dookeran, LL.D., May 28, 1991
Honourable Winston Chandarbhan Dookeran
B.A. (Hons.), M.Sc.

I have the honour to present the Honourable Winston Chandarbhan Dookeran, B.A. (Hons.), M.Sc.

Educator, public servant and politician, Winston Dookeran has made and continues to make a significant contribution to developments in his country, Trinidad and Tobago, and to the well-being of its people.

Born in 1943, in the village of Rio Claro, South Trinidad, one of seven children of Mewalal and Sumintra Dookeran, Winston Dookeran received his early education in Trinidad. He began his post-secondary education in Canada where, in 1966 he was awarded the degree Bachelor of Arts in Honours Economics from this University; and in 1969 earned the degree M.Sc. in Economics at the London School of Economics. It may be noted that, while a student at this University, Mr. Dookeran served as President of The University of Manitoba Students' Union, a not unworthy office.

In 1966 Winston Dookeran joined the public service of Trinidad and Tobago where his abilities were quickly recognized and where his rise was rapid.

In the early 1970's, Winston Dookeran joined the faculty of the University of the West Indies. In the decade that followed he pursued an academic career both varied and distinguished. Concentrating on economic theory, transportation economics and international economic development, he published in several international academic journals and contributed to academic programs at the University of Leeds and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Over this period he came to be respected throughout the Caribbean as an economist with particular insights into questions of public policy and more especially, into the economic challenges of developing countries.

In 1981 Winston Dookeran was elected to the House of Representatives of the Parliament of Trinidad and Tobago where he emerged as a respected opposition spokesman on economic policy.

Prior to the general elections of 1986, Winston Dookeran played an important part in the formation of a new political party, the National Alliance for Reconstruction, and was the primary author of its platform. Following their victory, Winston Dookeran became Minister of Planning and Mobilization and, later, deputy leader of the governing party. In his early years in government the Minister played an important part in elaborating a framework for the economic and social development of Trinidad. A Canadian diplomat who dealt with Mr. Dookeran in these years speaks of him as "honest, personable, dedicated and hardworking; a politician much liked by his constituents and widely respected and trusted throughout Trinidad and Tobago."

In July 1990 the government of Trinidad and Tobago was the object of an attempted coup. The Prime Minister and a number of his colleagues, including Mr. Dookeran, were taken hostage in their Parliament. Seeking a trusted and respected figure with whom they might negotiate, the extremists released Winston Dookeran from captivity on the second day of the crisis. He became the Acting Prime Minister and, during a difficult period, successfully negotiated the release of the other hostages and the surrender of their captors. The assault on the cabinet was, in a very real sense, an assault on the principle of Parliamentary sovereignty and responsible government. That it could be defended, that the rule of law could be restored and that further violence could be forestalled testifies to the discipline, dedication and strength of Winston Dookeran. Democracy may always be on trial; but Mr. Dookeran's leadership, in a time of crisis, demonstrated that reason can triumph over violence, and that democratic societies can defend themselves without being reduced to the level of those who would subvert them.

Mr. Dookeran remains in the service of Trinidad and Tobago, where having, at a comparatively early age contributed much, it can be supposed that he will yet contribute more.

Mr. Chancellor, it is an honour and a personal pleasure for me to ask, in the name of the Senate of The University of Manitoba, that you confer on Winston Chandarbhan Dookeran, the degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa.

-citation delivered by Arnold Naimark, President, University of Manitoba

Ivan Leigh Head

Ivan Head, LL.D., May 28, 1991
Ivan Head
O.C., B.A., LL.B., LL.M., Q.C.

I have the honour to present Dr. Ivan Head, O.C., B.A., LL.B., LL.M., Q.C.

Ivan Head was born in Calgary, Alberta. He graduated from the University of Alberta in both Arts and Law and was awarded the Chief Justice's Silver Medal. He entered Harvard Law School in 1953 as a Frank Knox Memorial Fellow and was awarded an LL.M. degree in 1960. His thesis, on the topic of 'Canadian Claims to Territorial Sovereignty in the Arctic Regions' presaged a career devoted to applying academic excellence to issues of Canadian public policy.

Called to the Bar in 1953, Ivan Head practised law in Calgary until 1959. He then joined the Department of External Affairs as a Foreign Service Officer, serving in both Ottawa and Southeast Asia. In 1963 he joined the University of Alberta as an Associate Professor of Law becoming a Professor in 1966. He remained attached to the University of Alberta until 1973 but in 1967 embarked upon a career of public service which was to last, unbroken, for almost a quarter of a century. In 1967-68 he served as Associate Counsel to the Minister of Justice dealing with Constitutional Affairs. Between 1968 and 1970 he was Legislative Assistant to the Prime Minister of Canada and for the next eight years served as Special Assistant to the Prime Minister with special responsibility for foreign policy and the conduct of international relations. In that role he advised Prime Minister Pierre Elliott Trudeau in his Commonwealth and foreign activities, acted as the Prime Minister's special representative in a number of missions abroad and served on Canadian delegations to a large number of international conferences.

From 1978 until March this year Ivan Head was President and Member of the Board of Governors of the International Development Research Centre, the IDRC. In this capacity he was responsible for building an institution with a truly international reputation both for the excellence of its research and for the unique way in which it engages in genuine partnership and co-operation with the peoples of the South and their own indigenous institutions. Under his guidance and leadership has evolved in the Centre a vision of global development which is people-centred and democratic, which is rooted in indigenous culture and gender equality and which draws upon Indigenously developed technologies. It is a vision of enhanced self reliance which recognizes also the mutual interdependence of the North and the South and which strives to promote constructive and respecful interrelationships at the global level between rich and poor nations. It is a vision of a world without poverty, insecurity and environmental degradation. It is Ivan Head's vision.

Ivan Head has written extensively on legal matters, on foreign and development policy. He is the author of four books, the most recent of which explores the theme of global interdependence, and of numerous articles in learned journals. He is an officer of the Order of Canada, a Federal Queen's Counsel and has served as a member of the Board of Trustees of the International Food Policy Research Institute and as a Commissioner of the Independent Commission on International Humanitarian Issues. He is a frequent participant in high level working groups examining various aspects of international organizations and international affairs and is the recipient of a number of honours from foreign governments and international bodies.

Lawyer, scholar, public servant and diplomat, Ivan Head has distinguished himself in Canada and internationally as both a visionary and as a person who is capable of giving practical expression to his ideas. By word and deed he has enhanced Canada's stature in the world community and has done so by putting his concern for the well-being of people at the centre of his approach to international relations.

Mr. Chancellor, it is my privilege to ask, in the name of the Senate of The University of Manitoba, that you now confer upon Ivan Head the degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa.

-citation delivered by Arnold Naimark, President, University of Manitoba

Otto Schaefer

Otto Schaefer, D.Sc., May 29, 1991
Dr. Otto Schaefer

I have the honour to present Dr. Otto Schaefer.

Dr. Schaefer was born in Betzdorf, West Germany. He graduated from the University of Heidleberg in 1944 and completed Royal College of Canada Fellowship Training in Internal Medicine at the University of Alberta in 1963. In the interval he served three terms as Medical Officer in the Northwest Territories being stationed successively in the Eastern Arctic, Western Arctic and Yukon Territory. During this period he pioneered many innovations in the delivery of health services to northern populations and led the national efforts in northern population research.

In 1964, his research accomplishments were recognized by his appointment as Director of the Northern Medical Research Unit, a post he kept until 1985. In his research career Dr. Schaefer published over 100 papers in the scientific literature.

He has served as a mentor to a whole generation of academics and practitioners alike and has established the standard of research in northern communities.

He has also demonstrated a remarkable record of caring for northem peoples of Canada. He is highly revered by Native people in this country who refer to him lovingly as "Sik-Sik".

He was the founding President of the Canadian Society for Circumpolar Health and has received several prestigious awards recognizing his remarkable contribution.

They include the Order of Canada, Achievement Award - Province of Alberta, Ortho Award of Canadian Public Health Association, Commissioner's Award - Government of the Northwest Territories, and the J.A. Hildes Medal for Circumpolar Health.

Mr. Chancellor, it is truly an honour and a very great privilege for me to ask, in the name of the Senate of The University of Manitoba, that you confer upon Otto Schaefer the Degree of Doctor of Science (honoris causa).

-citation delivered by Arnold Naimark, President, University of Manitoba

Andrew Tayler

Andrew Taylor, D.Sc., October 24, 1991
Andrew Taylor
O.C., B.Sc. (C.E.)

Andrew Taylor was born in November of 1907 in Edinburgh, Scotland, and moved to Winnipeg in 1911.  He graduated with a B.Sc. (C.E.) from the University of Manitoba in 1931, and was commissioned as a Dominion Land Surveyor in 1932.  Following service in the Royal Canadian Engineers, he was seconded to the British Antarctic Survey in 1943.

In his several careers, Dr. Taylor was exemplified qualities as a man of action and as a scientific researcher.  He was an early pioneer of the application of new construction techniques to the conditions of Canada's North.  His expertise in this field was sought after also by British and US authorities.  The explorations, surveys and mapping he has conducted in both Canadian northern and Antarctic regions were carried out under often hazardous conditions and have stood the test of time. 

Dr. Taylor's publications, especially on the Arctic Blue Books and on British Parliamentary Papers, have been of great value to other scholars.  He received the silver Polar Medal, and was made an Officer of the Order of Canada in 1986.

He continues to reside in Winnipeg, and is probably the only University of Manitoba graduate who has had an Antarctic mountain named after him.

Arthur J. Lacerte

Citation not available.


Haraldur Bessason

Haraldur Bessason, LL.D., October 18, 1990
Haraldur Bessason

I have the honour to present Haraldur Bessason, President of the University of Akureyri, Iceland.

Haraldur Bessason was educated at the University of Iceland, where he received his Cand. Phil. in 1952, and his Cand. Mag. in 1956. Upon graduation, he was Deputy Director of the Icelandic State Broadcasting Services for a brief period. He was then appointed Head and Chair of the Department of Icelandic Language and Literature at The University of Manitoba, a position he held for thirty-one years. In 1987, he was appointed President of the newly-established University of Akureyri.

While at The University of Manitoba, Haraldur Bessason published a number of essays, articles, and reviews in North American and European journals on a variety of topics, including Scandinavian mythology, saga literature, the Eddas, and Icelandic-Canadian language and literature. He was Associate Editor of Scandinavian Studies for several years and co-editor of the University of Manitoba Icelandic Studies Series, in which he published a translation and co-edited a collection of articles. He is former President of the Mid-West Modem Language Association (Germanic Section) and of the Linguistic Circle of Manitoba and North Dakota.

Haraldur Bessason's role as an educator and academic leader was matched by his active participation within the wider community. He was the co-editor of the Timarit of the Icelandic National League, and he also served on the boards of Mosaic, the Icelandic-Canadian Magazine, and was an editor of Logberg-Heimiskringla. In addition, he has served as member of the Icelandic Festival Committee in various capacities, including President, and been Secretary and Vice President of the Icelandic National League. In recognition of his community outreach activities, he was given the Outreach Award by The University of Manitoba, and the city of Winnipeg has made him an honorary citizen. In 1970, Haraldur Bessason received the Icelandic Order of the Falcon for outstanding work for the advancement of Icelandic cultural interest in North America.

Haraldur Bessason's career of dedicated service to academia and the community both underscored the unique relationship between these two spheres and served continuously to strengthen their ties.

Mr. Chancellor, it is an honour and privilege for me to ask in the name of the Senate of The University of Manitoba, that you confer upon Haraldur Bessason the degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa.

-citation delivered by Arnold Naimark, President, University of Manitoba

Carl Braun

Carl Braun, LL.D., May 29, 1990
Carl Braun
B.A., B.Ed., M.Ed., Ph.D.

I have the honour to present Carl Braun, B.A., B.Ed., M.Ed., Ph.D.

Carl Braun was born in Winkler and graduated from the Manitoba Teacher's College in 1951. For the next fourteen years during which time he pursued degree studies at The University of Manitoba, he taught school in this province beginning with a four year stint in a one-room school in the Zion School District and progressing through Winkler Elementary School, Winkler Collegiate, Pembina Crest Junior High School, and Vincent Massey Collegiate. Mostly, he taught English and Music, and befitting one who had earned an AMM and an ARCT in Music from the Universities of Manitoba and Toronto respectively, he became well known as a school choir director.

In 1967, Carl Braun was awarded the Ph.D. degree from the University of Minnesota, and his doctoral thesis titled "Attentional Processes and the Beginning Reader" was given an Outstanding Dissertation Citation by the International Reading Association. In the same year, he was hired by this university as an associate professor of Educational Psychology and Education. From 1967 until 1974, he taught courses in educational psychology, language arts, and diagnosis and remediation, and he conducted research in language and reading. In 1974, Carl was appointed by the University of Calgary as a Professor of Education, and over the next 15 years, he assumed many duties including the directorship of the language education clinic and the chair of special education and rehabilitation studies. While at Calgary, Carl earned a Distinguished Teaching Award. He currently holds the title of Professor Emeritus of Educational Psychology at that institution.

Carl Braun has been a prolific scholar in the field of literacy. With substantial research support from provincial government departments and from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council, he has produced many school textbooks, has published more than 50 papers for the academic and professional communities, and has delivered an extraordinary large number of invited papers. He has been a tireless promoter of literacy among youth, and in recent years, especially disadvantaged youth. One particular outlet for his energies in this regard has been the International Reading Association which this year has honoured him by electing him President, the first time that this organization representing some 92 nations has selected a citizen of a country other than the United States for this post.

Mr. Chancellor, it is particularly appropriate that in this International Year of Literacy that this University honour an individual who has done so much to promote the development of reading, writing, speaking, and listening skills among the youth of this nation. Consequently, it is a privilege for me to ask, in the name of the Senate of The University of Manitoba, that you confer on Carl Braun, the degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa.

-citation delivered by Arnold Naimark, President, University of Manitoba

Kevin Patrick Kavanagh

Kevin Patrick Kavanagh, LL.D., May 17, 1990
Kevin Patrick Kavanagh
B .Comm.

I have the honour to present Mr. Kevin Patrick Kavanagh, B .Comm., a native son of Manitoba, a graduate of this University and a distinguished leader of the Canadian business community.

As President and Chief Executive Officer of The Great-West Life Assurance Company, Kevin Kavanagh has,for more than a decade, provided outstanding leadership to the largest international company based in Winnipeg and to one of the ten largest insurance companies in North America. At the same time he has been an exemplary and unshakable contributor to the wider community of Manitoba and to this University.

The son of Martin and Katherine Kavanagh, Kevin Kavanagh was born in 1932, in Brandon, where he received his early education.

Upon graduation from the University of Manitoba in 1953 he joined The Great-West Life Assurance company. He served Great-West in a variety of roles, becoming Director of Marketing Services in 1969 and, in 1973, Vice-President of Great-West's American operations in Denver, Colorado. In 1978 he returned to Winnipeg as Vice-President, Group Operations and shortly thereafter was elected President and Chief Executive Officer.

Great-West Life is now a very large corporation, but Kevin Kavanagh's aspirations have been less with making Great-West the biggest than with making it the best. He has seen the industry as having an intrinsic social role in assuring both saving and life benefits for its customers. Kevin Kavanagh, indeed, sees himself as being in the business of assurance. That attitude is reflected in the company's approach to its own employees: in 1986 the Financial Post, after extensive research, selected Great-West as one of the "100 Best Companies to Work for in Canada", citing, in particular, employee benefits, superior opportunities for women, job satisfaction and personal development.

A commitment to excellence has characterized Kevin Kavanagh's approach to community service. He has served on the Boards of the St. Boniface Hospital Research Foundation, the Winnipeg Clinic Foundation and the Winnipeg Symphony amongst others. He has been a member of the Board of Directors of The University of Manitoba Associates of the Faculty of Management. He has, in addition, served as Chair of the University's "Drive for Excellence" which has been the largest and most successful financial campaign in the University's history.

It is one, the benefits of which, will be shared by future generations of students, and indeed, by future generations of Manitobans generally. Kevin Kavanagh's unstinting role in the Drive for Excellence reflects a lifetime's commitment to excellence and to this, his own University.

In 1963, Kevin Kavanagh married Elizabeth ("Els") Mesman. Together they have been generous and active supporters of a range of community organizations and institutions.

Mr. Chancellor, it is an honour and a privilege for me to ask in the name of the Senate that you confer upon Mr. Kevin Patrick Kavanagh the Degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa.

-citation delivered by Arnold Naimark, President, University of Manitoba

Arden R. Haynes

Arden R. Haynes, LL.D., May 17, 1990
Arden R. Haynes
O.C., B.Comm.

I have the honour to present Mr. Arden R. Haynes, Officer of the Order of Canada, a graduate of this University and a distinguished leader of the Canadian business community.

As President and as Chief Executive Officer of Imperial Oil, Arden Haynes has been, for nearly ten years, a dynamic, innovative and outspoken leader of Canadian business and one whose interests and concerns have ranged widely into areas of public policy and community responsibility.

One of six children of Philip and Mattie Haynes, Arden Haynes was born in 1927 in rural Saskatchewan where he received his, early education. Beginning a pre-medicine program in Regina in 1947, he enrolled in Commerce at this University the following year; and although a future Nobel Laureate in Medicine was perhaps forfeited thereby, Arden Haynes, upon his graduation in 1951 began a remarkably successful career in business. It was here as well that he met Beverly Henderson whom he married in 1952.

After being wooed by another oil company, Arden Haynes sought out Imperial Oil. For more than 20 years having served the company in almost every province and abroad, Arden Haynes, in 1972, became Vice-President and General Manager of Marketing. In 1978 he was chosen to lead in the creation of Esso Resources Canada, a Calgary-based exploration and production company; and in 1982 returned to Toronto as President and in 1985 became Chief Executive Officer.

These years have been tumultuous ones for the oil industry and Arden Haynes has proved an extraordinary leader for these times. It has been said of him that "he reflects the values and traditions of the company and (pursues)... them with an iron will" while possessed of the ability to "put Imperial Oil through a restructuring that would change not just the face of the company, but its very nature." To the challenges of corporate leadership in trying times, he has brought vision, compassion and integrity; indeed, in recent years, he has been distinguished as an articulate advocate of the need for high ethical standards in business, and of the need for business to embrace its social responsibilities.

Arden Haynes has most assuredly practised what he preached: Imperial under his leadership has donated generously to Canadian universities, both in gifts and sponsorships of special academic events. He, personally, co-chairs the Imagine campaign of the Canadian Centre for Philanthropy, has chaired the Diabetes Canada's fund-raising campaign, and served on the boards of the Trillium Foundation, the Canadian Opera Company and Junior Achievement of Canada. Arden Haynes has, moreover, served as national co-chair of this University's "Drive for Excellence" and has contributed greatly to its unprecedented levels of success. By his tireless efforts in making approaches on behalf of the University to potential benefactors outside of Manitoba, the success of the Drive was assured. It is reflective of Arden Haynes' broad view of both corporate and personal responsibility that he has given back something of himself not only to his home University, but to all those who, in the future, will be the beneficiaries of a better University.

Mr. Chancellor, it is my privilege to ask, in the name of the Senate of the University of Manitoba, that you now confer on Arden R. Haynes, the degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa.

Geraldine Anne Kenney-Wallace

Geraldine Anne Kenney-Wallace, D.Sc., May 30, 1990
Dr. Geraldine Anne Kenney-Wallace
L.R.I.C., M.Sc., Ph.D., A.R.I.C., D.Sc. (Hon.), LL.D. (Hon.), F.R.S.C.

I have the honour to present Dr. Geraldine Anne Kenney-Wallace, a noted international authority on lasers and optoelectronics and currently Chairman of the Science Council of Canada. On July 1 this year Dr. Kenney-Wallace will direct her considerable talents to the Presidency of McMaster University, an Institution noted for its innovations in research and teaching.

Dr. Kenney-Wallace is a native of London, England and was educated at Oxford and London before attending the University of British Columbia where she obtained the M.Sc. in 1968 and the PhD in 1970 both in the area of chemical physics. After a short stay at the University of Notre Dame and as an Assistant Professor at Yale, Dr. Kenney-Wallace moved to Toronto in 1975 and is now a Professor of Chemistry at that University. She is the author of over 90 research publications in the field of chemical physics. For this work she has been honoured with several awards from Canada and abroad including the Steacie Fellowship of Canada, the Corday Morgan medal and prize of the Royal Society of Chemistry in England, and the Noranda Lecture Award of the Chemical Institute of Canada. She alo held a Killam Foundation Research Fellowship, was a Guggenheim Fellow and has held visiting Professorships at Ecole Polytechnique in Paris and at Stanford University in California. She is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada and holds six honourary degrees, but none from Western Canada.

While at Toronto Dr. Kenney-Wallace served on various Government committees, most notably The National Advisory Board on Science and Technology chaired by the Prime Minister, and the National Round Table on the Environment and the Economy, also reporting to him. She was actively involved in centres of excellence planning in Ontario and Chaired the Advisory Committee of the Premier's Industry Technology Fund. She has been a research and development consultant with industry in Canada and the United States and is a member of the Canadian Advanced Technology Association. Most recently, she has Chaired the CIDA National Advisory Panel on Centres of Excellence in International Development and was a member of the federal Networks of Excellence research initiative. Centres of Excellence programs are new Government initiatives to promote research often involving establishing networks of scientists located in different parts of Canada. It is evidence of her scientific reputation that Dr. Kenney-Wallace's advice is being sought in the development of these new programs.

Besides her scientific accomplishments, Dr. Kenney-Wallace is a great lover of poetry, opera, music, ballet and art. She is particularly interested in seventeenth and eighteenth century Japanese prints. She has told me that looking at early artwork gives her the same sense of enjoyment and discovery that she has found in her scientific endeavours.

Mr. Chancellor, it is an honour and privilege for me to ask in the name of the Senate of The University of Manitoba, that you confer upon Geraldine Anne Kenney-Wallace, the degree of Doctor of Science, honoris causa.

-citation delivered by Arnold Naimark, President, University of Manitoba

Wallace Raymond McQuade

Wallace Raymond McQuade, LL.D., May 30, 1990
Wallace Raymond McQuade
B.Sc., P.Eng.

I have the honour to present Wallace Raymond McQuade, B.Sc. (Civil Engineering), P.Eng.

Ray McQuade was born in Winnipeg, Manitoba. He attended Greenway and General Wolfe Schools and Daniel Mcintyre Collegiate Institute.

He enlisted in the Canadian Army in 1943 serving overseas with the Royal Canadian Artillery, Survey Unit. He was discharged in 1946 with the rank of Sergeant.

On his return to Winnipeg, he entered The University of Manitoba in 1946, graduating four years later with the degree of Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering. Ray was a member of the class of 1950 whose convocation was delayed because of the famous 1950 flood.

In 1948, while he was still a student, Ray married Linda Jane Delafield. Ray and Linda have three daughters, Dr. Gwen Kalansky, M.D., Dr. Nancy McQuade, D.V.M., and Leslie M. MacAdam, R.N. They have six grandchildren.

Immediately after graduation, Ray joined Cowin Steel as a Junior Design Engineer. Ray has spent his entire career with Cowin Steel. He is currently President, General Manager and Chairman of the Board. Cowin Steel was the first company of reinforcing steel fabricators to open a business office in Winnipeg. The company has expanded its facilities six times since it was established, the latest expansion occurring in 1985 under Ray's expert guidance. The company supplies reinforcing steel for engineering projects in the Prairie provinces and in Ontario. Cowin Steel employs 75 permanent staff, with increases to 125 during periods of peak production. The stability of the company and its history of excellent staff relations are a reflection on Ray McQuade's commitment to business and professional ethics and to the welfare of his fellow workers.

It is fitting, Mr. Chancellor, that Ray McQuade should be honoured today by The University of Manitoba. From 1974 to 1980, Ray served with honour and distinction on the University's Board of Governors. For the last five of those years, he was Chairman of the Board and Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Board. Both the University community and the professional engineering community owe Ray a tremendous debt of gratitude for his steadying influence during those transitional years of the Faculty of Engineering. The University recognized his contribution to the life of the University with its Distinguished Service Award in 1982.

Ray McQuade has continued to be a friend of the University even after his service on the Board of Governors. His most recent contribution is the leadership role that he took in the establishment of a state-of-the-art structures facility in the Faculty of Engineering for testing large structural elements and frames. As a result of Ray's drive and enthusiasm, this $2 million dollar facility has been built through generous contributions from the private and public sectors. As you know, Mr. Chancellor, this facility was opened officially last week.

Ray McQuade has been,a registered professional engineer for 38 years. It is characteristic of Ray that he has given back much more to his profession than he has taken. At last count, he had contributed 50 years of service on nine different committees of the Association of Professional Engineers of the Province of Manitoba. The Association recognized Ray's distinguished contributions with its Merit Award in 1981 and its outstanding Service Award in 1986.

Ray McQuade has served his community in almost innumerable ways. He was appointed, in September 1985, to the Winnipeg Health Sciences Centre, eventually serving as Chairman of the Board. He has made untold contributions to the redevelopment of a camp for underprivileged children located on an island in the Lake of the Woods, marshalling volunteer expertise as required. This camp is operated by the Diocese of Rupertsland of the Anglican Church of Canada. He has served on the Board of the Better Business Bureau of Canada, four years as Vice-President. He is an active supporter of Ducks Unlimited, holding a provincial leadership role for the years 1984, 1985 and 1986. In the 1960's he worked extensively as a volunteer upgrading the facilities of the Winnipeg Pistol and Revolver Club, site of the shooting events for the 1967 Pan Am Games. The Canadian Council of Professional Engineers recognized Ray’s distinguished community service with its 1988 Meritorious Service Award for Community Service.

Mr. Chancellor, it is an honuor and a privilege for me to ask, in the name of the Senate of The University of Manitoba, that you confer on Wallace Raymond McQuade, the degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa.

-citation delivered by Arnold Naimark, President, University of Manitoba

Thomas H.B. Symons

Thomas H.B. Symons, LL.D., May 29, 1990
Thomas H. B. Symons
M.A., LL.D., F.R.S.C., O.C.

I have the honour to present Thomas H. B. Symons, M.A., LL.D., F.R.S.C., Officer of the Order of Canada.

As founding President of Trent University, as Chairman of the Commission on Canadian Studies, most recently as Vanier Professor and in numerous other roles and activities, Thomas Symons has provided distinguished leadership in Canadian education.

Born in Toronto, one of seven children of Harry and Dorothy Syrnons, Thomas Symons is a graduate of the University of Toronto and of Oxford, having also pursued independent studies in Europe.

In 1960, at the age of 31, Thomas Symons was named as President-designate and chairman of the Academic Planning Committee for what was to become Trent University. Focusing on undergraduate education and on teaching methods which recognized and valued the individual student, Trent University under Thomas Symons' leadership successfully reasserted the classic values of liberal education. Trent was at one and the same time traditional and innovative, conservative and progressive: it sought and achieved excellence in the traditional disciplines while breaking new ground in interdisciplinary areas like Canadian and environmental studies. Twenty-five years on, Trent remains a small university committed to a large enterprise. And of Trent, it may be said, that what Thomas Symons did not actually himself create, he substantially inspired.

Beyond the University with which his name will always be linked, Professor Symons played a signal role in a pre-eminent national educational issue of the 1970's and 1980's. Indeed, the notion of national existence and national values as matters of legitimate academic concern, owes much to Professor Symons' articulation of the legitimacy and importance of Canadian Studies. As Chairman of the Commission on Canadian Studies from 1972 to 1984 he effected a sea-change in academic attitudes: the Commission's Report, and the manner of his advocacy of it, injected a fundamentally new and important perspective into the general academic orientations of our universities. He argued that Canadian universities which saw no need or responsibility to study and understand Canada, could not expect others to do it for them; he enjoined Canadian universities to reconsider our roles, to acknowledge the significance of our own experience as a people, and to embrace the intellectual and institutional obligations to know ourselves.

It may be fairly said that the Symons Report has had influence far beyond those immediately concerned with Canadian Studies per se: Thomas Symons has now joined that select company whose work is known even to those who have never read it - surely a kind of academic apotheosis.

Thomas Symons has not been an educator or academic leader disengaged from the wider community. Indeed, he has epitomized what the late Professor Morton once described as the role of a university Chancellor, one "who is the chosen friend in the world, the well-disposed man who knows the university in all its idiosyncracies and needs, and who puts in an understanding word when it will do good..."

Professor Symons has advised government - and Opposition - on a range of educational and other issues; he has chaired the Ontario Human Rights Commission and the Canadian Association in Support of the Native Peoples and an Ontario Ministerial Commission on French Language Education. He has served, chaired and, in some cases, founded a host of organizations concerned with a wide range of educational and other public matters. His career has embodied the proposition that between service to education and public service there are no fixed or finite boundaries.

Mr. Chancellor, it is an honour and a personal pleasure for me to ask, in the name of the Senate of The University of Manitoba, that you confer on Thomas H. B. Symons, the degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa.

-citation delivered by Arnold Naimark, President, University of Manitoba.

Denis St. Onge

Citation not available.