International degree equivalencies

If the country you require is not listed, please contact the Faculty of Graduate Studies for further assistance.

Please note that the grading scales provided here are general grading scales and may vary slightly between institutions within countries. Some institutions will provide grading scales on the transcripts. When available, the grading scale listed on the original language transcript is given preference.

Algeria

 For entrance into the Master's program:

Successful completion of a 4 year Licence (humanities, sciences and law), Diplôme (professional fields), Diplôme d'Études Superieures (D.E.S.), or equivalent (completion of the "long cycle", 4-6 years) from a recognized institution;

A minimum grade of 12 on a 20 point grading scale or assez bien in the last two years of study, where the typical grading scale is:

UM Scale Algerian Scale
A+ 15-20 (Très bien)
A 13-14 (Bien)
B+ 12.5-12.9 (Assez bien)
B 12-12.4 (Assez bien)
C+ 11-11.9 (Passable)
C 10-10.9 (Sans mention)
F 0-9 (Ajourné)

For entrance into the PhD program:

Requirements listed above (see Master's program) plus successful completion of a Magister, or equivalent Master's degree from a recognized institution.

Australia

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of an Honours Bachelor’s degree from a recognized institution;
  • Grading scales may vary within Australia, but a minimum standing of Second Class Honours (upper division) or a minimum grade of distinction in the last two years of study is considered acceptable.
UM Scale Australian Scale
A Higher Distinction
B Distinction
C Credit
C Pass
D Terminating Pass / Conceded Pass
F F

To convert from a 4.0 scale to a 4.5 scale, first calculate the GPA on a 4.0 scale and then convert to a 4.5 scale for the International Graduate Student Entrance Scholarship (IGSES) and International Graduate Student Scholarship (IGSS) using the following calculation:

   Calculated GPA/4 = x/4.5

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master’s program) plus successful completion of a Master’s degree from a recognized institution.

Bangladesh

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of a 3-Year Bachelor's Degree PLUS a 1-year Master's Degree from a recognized institution.  Or, a 4-Year Bachelor's Degree may be accepted;
  • A minimum grade of 55% or higher with a minimum standing of Second Division/Class in the last two years of study, where the typical grading scale is:
UM Scale Bangladeshi Scale
A+ 80-100% (First Class)
A 60-79% (First Class)
B+ 57-59% (Second Class)
B 55-56% (Second Class)
C+ 45-54% (Second Class)
C 33-44% (Third Class)
F 0-32% (Fail)

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master's program) plus successful completion of a Master of Philosophy (2 years) or Doctor of Philosophy (3 years) from a recognized institution, OR successful completion of a 4-Year Bachelor's Degree PLUS 2-Year Master's Degree from a recognized institution.

Belgium

A minimum grade of 14 in the last two years of study, where the typical grading scale is:

UM Scale Belgian Scale
A+ 18-20
A 16-17
B+ 15
B 14
C+ 12-13
C 10-11
F 0-9

Brazil

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of a BacharelLicenciado or Titulo (professional degree) from a recognized institution;
  • A minimum grade of 7 on a 10 point grading scale (or equivalent) in the last two years of study, where the typical grading scale is:
UM Scale Brazilian Scale
A+ 9.5 - 10
A 9.0 - 9.4
B+ 8.0 - 8.9
B 7.0 - 7.9
C+ 6.0 - 6.9
C 5.0 - 5.9
D 3.0 - 4.9
F 0 - 2.9

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master's program) plus successful completion of a Mestre (Mestrado) degree from a recognized institution.

China

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of a 4-Year Bachelor's Degree  from a recognized institution;
  • A minimum grade of 80%* or B in the last two years of study, where the typical grading scale is:
UM Scale Chinese Scale
A+ 95-100%
A 90-94%
B+ 85-89%
B 80-84%
C+ 75-79%
C 70-74%
D 60-69%
F 0-59%

*Please note that grading scales may vary; if Chinese transcripts indicate a different scale, please use it.

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master's program) plus successful completion of a Master's Degree from a recognized institution.

Colombia

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of a 4-year Licenciado or Titulo profesional or equivalent from a recognized institution;
  • A minimum grade of 3.5 on a 5 point grading scale in the last two years of study, where the typical grading scale is:
UM Scale Colombian Scale
A+ 4.6 - 5.0
A 4.0 - 4.59
B+ 3.7 - 3.99
B 3.5 - 3.69
C+ 3.25 - 3.49
C 3.0 - 3.24
F 0 - 2.99

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master's program) plus successful completion of a Especialista or Magister from a recognized institution.

Croatia

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of a Diploma visokog obrazovanja from a recognized institution;
  • A minimum grade of 4 on a 5 point grading scale in the last two years of study, where the typical grading scale is:
UM Scale Croatian Scale
A 5
B 4
C 3
D 2
F 1

To convert from a 4.0 scale to a 4.5 scale, first calculate the GPA on a 4.0 scale, and then convert to a 4.5 scale for the International Graduate Student Entrance Scholarship (IGSES) and International Graduate Student Scholarship (IGSS) using the following calculation:

   Calculated GPA/4 = x/4.5

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master's program) plus successful completion of a Magistar nauka from a recognized institution.

Czech Republic

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of a Magistr (Absolvent Vysoke Skoly), Inzenyr, or other professional title from a recognized institution;
  • A minimum grade of 2 on a reverse 4 or 5 point grading scale in the last two years of study, where the typical grading scale is:
UM Scale Czech Scale
A 1 (Výborny) (Excellent)
B 2 (Vel'mi dobrý) (Very Good)
C 3 (Dobrý) (Good)
F 4/5 (Nevyhovél) (Fail)

A graded of Zápocet or Credit / Pass may be given if a course is successfully completed, but no exam is required; there is no numeric value.

To convert from a 4.0 scale to a 4.5 scale, first calculate the GPA on a 4.0 scale, and then convert to a 4.5 scale for the International Graduate Student Entrance Scholarship (IGSES) and International Graduate Student Scholarship (IGSS) using the following calculation:

   Calculated GPA/4 = x/4.5

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master's program) plus successful completion of a Doktor from a recognized institution.

Congo (Democratic Republic)

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of a License requiring a minimum of 4 years of study from a recognized institution;
  • A minimum grade of 70% or Distinction in the last two years of study, where the typical grading scale is:
UM Scale Congolese Scale
A+ 90-100% (La plus grande distinction)
A 80-89% (Grande distinction)
B+ 75-79% (Distinction)
B 70-74% (Distinction)
C+ 60-69% (Satisfaction)
C 50-59% (Satisfaction)
F 0-49% (Echec)

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master's program) plus successful completion of a Doktorat.  Please note that Master's degrees are not offered, and Doktorat programs should be evaluated on a case-by-case basis.

Denmark

  • A minimum grade of 7 in the last two years of study, where the typical grading scale is:
Danish Grade Definition ECTS Grade FGS Grade
12 For an excellent performance displaying a high level of command of all aspects of the relevant material, with no or only a few minor weaknesses. A A
10 For a very good performance displaying a high level of command of most aspects of the relevant material, with only minor weaknesses. B B+
7 For a good performance displaying good command of the relevant material but also some weaknesses. C B
4 For a fair performance displaying some command of the relevant material but also some major weaknesses. D C+
02 For a performance meeting only the minimum requirements for acceptance. E E
00 For a performance which does not meet the minimum requirements for acceptance. F F
-3 For a performance which is unacceptable in all respects. F F

Egypt

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of a Bachelor's Degree (4-5 years of study) from a recognized institution;
  • A minimum grade of 75% or 85% depending on faculty (or B equivalent) in the last two years of study, where the typical grading scale is:

Faculty of Arts
· If percentages are available

UM Scale Egyptian Scale
A+ 95-100% (Excellent/Distinction)
A 90-94% (Excellent/Distinction)
B+ 85-89% (Very Good)
B 80-84% (Very Good)
C+ 72-79% (Good)
C 65-71% (Good)
D 50-64% (Pass)
F 0-49% (Fail)

If the Egyptian scale is in words, convert to letter grades, then to the 4.5 UM scale* for awards.

Faculties of Science, Engineering, Education, Medicine, Pharmacy and Dentistry

UM Scale Egyptian Scale
A+ 92-100% (Excellent/Distinction)
A 85-91% (Excellent/Distinction)
B+ 80-84% (Very Good)
B 75-79% (Very Good)
C+ 70-74% (Good)
C 65-69% (Good)
D 50-64% (Pass)
F 0-49% (Fail)

To convert from a 4.0 scale to a 4.5 scale, first calculate the GPA on a 4.0 scale, and then convert to a 4.5 scale for the International Graduate Student Entrance Scholarship (IGSES) and International Graduate Student Scholarship (IGSS) using the following calculation:

   Calculated GPA/4 = x/4.5

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master's program) plus successful completion of a Master's Degree from a recognized institution.

France

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of a Diplôme, Maîtriseor equivalent from a recognized institution;
  • A minimum grade of 12 on a 20 point grading scale or assez bien in the last two years of study, where the typical grading scale is:
UM Scale French Scale
A+ 16-20 (Très bien)
A 14-15.9 (Bien)
B+ 13-13.9 (Assez bien)
B 12-12.9 (Assez bien)
C+ 11-11.9 (Bien)
C 10-10.9 (Passable)
F 0-9.9 (Ajourné)

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master's program) plus successful completion of a Master's equivalent or  Doctorat from a recognized institution.

Germany

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of a Hauptdiplom, Magister Artium,Staatsexamen or 4 year Baccalaureatus from a recognized institution requiring at least 8 semesters of work;
  • A minimum grade of gut or 2.5 out of 6 on a reverse grade point scale in the last two years of study, where the typical grading scale is:
UM Scale German Scale
A+ 0.7 - 1.0 (Sehr gut)
A 1.1 - 1.5 (Sehr gut)
B+ 1.6 - 2.0 (Gut)
B 2.1 - 2.5 (Gut)
C+ 2.6 - 3.2 (Befriedigend)
C 3.3 - 4.0 (Befriedigend)
D 4.1 - 4.3
F 4.4 - 6.0 (Nicht Ausreichend)

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master's program) plus successful completion of a Master's equivalent or Magistergrad from a recognized institution.

Ghana

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of an Honours Bachelor's Degree from a recognized institution;
  • A minimum grade of or standing of Second Class, Upper Division in the last two years of study. 
  • Note that most transcripts will indicate a grading scale.  This grading scale will be used for evaluation.

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master's program) plus successful completion of a Master's Degree from a recognized institution.

Hungary

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of a Egyetemi Oklevel from a recognized institution;
  • A minimum grade of 4 on a 5 point scale or jo (good) in the last two years of study, where the typical grading scale is:
UM Scale Hungarian Scale
A 5
B 4
C 3
D 2
F 1

To convert from a 4.0 scale to a 4.5 scale, first calculate the GPA on a 4.0 scale, and then convert to a 4.5 scale for the International Graduate Student Entrance Scholarship (IGSES) and International Graduate Student Scholarship (IGSS) using the following calculation:

   Calculated GPA/4 = x/4.5

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master's program) plus successful completion of a Master's degree from a recognized institution.

India

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of a 4-Year Bachelor's Degree or a 3-year Bachelor's Degree PLUS a 1-year Master's Degree from a recognized institution;
  • A minimum grade of B or higher with a minimum standing of Second Class, Upper Division in the last two years of study.

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master's program) plus successful completion of a Master of Philosophy (2 years) or Doctor of Philosophy (3 years) from a recognized institution, OR successful completion of a 4-Year Bachelor's Degree PLUS 2-Year Master's Degree from a recognized institution.

Please note that the education system varies between institutions within India. It is recommended that you contact the Faculty of Graduate Studies for further information regarding applications from India.

Indonesia

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of a Sarjana (S1) Degree with a minimum total of 144-160 credit hours from a recognized institution;
  • A minimum grade of 7 on a 10 point grading scale or a 3 on a 4 point grading scale in the last two years of study, where the typical grading scale is:
UM Scale Indonesian Scale
A 4 (Excellent)
B 3 (Good)
C 2 (Fair/Passed with Credit)
D 1 (Poor, Passed)
F 0 (Failure)

To convert from a 4.0 scale to a 4.5 scale, first calculate the GPA on a 4.0 scale, and then convert to a 4.5 scale for the International Graduate Student Entrance Scholarship (IGSES) and International Graduate Student Scholarship (IGSS) using the following calculation:

   Calculated GPA/4 = x/4.5

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master's program) plus successful completion of a Magister (S2) Degree from a recognized institution.

Iran

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of Kar shenasi (Bachelor’s) degree from a recognized institution;
  • A minimum grade of 15 on a 20 point grading scale in the last two years of study, where a typical grading scale is:

10 Passing Grade

UM Scale Iranian Scale
A+ 19-20
A 17-18.9
B+ 16-16.9
B 15-15.9
C+ 13.5-14.9
C 12-13.4
D 10-11.9
F 0-9.9

12 Passing Grade

UM Scale Iranian Scale
A+ 19-20
A 18-18.9
B+ 16.5-17.9
B 15-16.4
C+ 13.5-14.9
C 12-13.4
F 0-11.9

13 Passing Grade

UM Scale Iranian Scale
A+ 19-20
A 18-18.9
B+ 16.5-17.9
B 15-16.4
C+ 14-14.9
C 13-13.9
F 0-12.9

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master’s program) plus successful completion of a Karshenasi-arshad or Fogh-License from a recognized institution.

Israel

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of a Bachelor’s degree from a recognized institution;
  • A minimum grade of 75% or good in the last two years of study, where a typical grading scale is:
UM Scale Israeli Scale
A+ 95-100% (Excellent)
A 85-94% (Very good)
B+ 80-84% (Good)
B 75-79% (Good)
C+ 70-74% (Fair)
C 65-69% (Fair)
D 50-64% (Pass)
F 0-49% (Fail)
  • Grading scales may vary. Scales are usually indicated on official transcripts.

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master’s program) plus successful completion of a Master’s degree from a recognized institution.

Italy

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of a Diploma di Laurea from a recognized institution;
  • A minimum grade of 23 on a 30 point grading scale in the last two years of study, where the typical grading scale is:
UM Scale Italian Scale
A+ 29-30
A 27-28
B+ 25-26
B 23-24
C+ 21-22
C 18-20
F 0-17

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master's program) plus successful completion of a Master's degree from a recognized institution.

Japan

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of a Gakushi-go (Bachelor's Degree) from a recognized institution;
  • A minimum grade of 70% or B equivalent in the last two years of study, where the typical grading scale is:
UM Scale Japanese Scale
A+ 90-100% (Shu or Superior)
A 80-89% (Shu or Superior)
B+ 75-79% (Yu or Excellent)
B 70-74%(Yu or Excellent)
C+ 65-69% (Ryo or Good)
C 60-64% (Ryo or Good)
F 0-59% (Fuka or Fail)

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master's program) plus successful completion of a Shushi Master's Degree from a recognized institution.

Jordan

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of a Bachelor’s degree from a recognized institution;
  • A minimum grade of 70% in individual courses or B equivalent in the last two years of study, where a typical grade is:
UM Scale Jordanian Scale
A+ 90-100% (Excellent)
A 80-89% (Very good)
B+ 75-79% (Good)
B 70-74% (Good)
C+ 65-69% (Acceptable)
C 60-64% (Acceptable)
D 50-59% (Poor)
F 0-49% (Failure)

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master’s program) plus successful completion of a Master’s degree from a recognized institution.

Kenya

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of an Honours Bachelor's Degree from a recognized institution;
  • A minimum grade of 60% or standing of Second Class, Upper Division in the last two years of study, where the typical grading scale is:
UM Scale Kenyan Scale
A+ 85-100% (First Class)
A 70-84% (First Class)
B+ 65-69% (Second Class, Upper Division)
B 60-64% (Second Class, Upper Division)
C+ 55-59% (Second Class, Lower Division)
C 50-54% (Second Class, Lower Division)
40-49% (Pass)
F 0-39% (Fail)

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master's program) plus successful completion of a Master's Degree from a recognized institution.

Korea, South

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of a 4-Year Haksa (Bachelor's Degree)  from a recognized institution;
  • A minimum grade of 3.0, 80% or B in the last two years of study, where the typical grading scale is:
UM Scale Korean Scale
A+ 95-100%
A 90-94%
B+ 85-89%
B 80-84%
C+ 75-79%
C 70-74%
D 60-69%
F 0-59%

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master's program) plus successful completion of a Soksa (Master's Degree) from a recognized institution.

Libya

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of a 4 or 5 year Bachelor's Degree from a recognized institution;
  • A minimum grade of 75% or B in the last two years of study, where the typical grading scale is:
UM Scale Libyan Scale
A+ 93-100% (Excellent)
A 85-92% (Excellent)
B+ 80-84% (Very Good)
B 75-79% (Very Good)
C+ 70-74% (Good)
C 65-69% (Good)
D 50-64% (Pass)
F 0-49% (Weak/Very Weak)

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master's program) plus successful completion of a Master's Degree from a recognized institution.

Malaysia

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of an Honours Bachelor's Degree  from a recognized institution;
  • A minimum grade of B or equivalent and a standing of Second Class Honours, Upper Division (Division 1) in the last two years of study, where the typical grading scale is:
UM Scale Malaysian Scale
A+ 85-100%
A 70-84%
B+ 65-69%
B 60-64%
C+ 55-59%
C 50-54%
D 40-69%
F 0-39%

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master's program) plus successful completion of a Sarjana or Master's Degree from a recognized institution.

Mexico

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of a Licenciado / Licenciatura or Titulo from a recognized university;
  • A minimum grade of 8 on a 10 point grading scale or bien, where a typical grading scale is:
UM Scale Mexican Scale
A+ 9.5-10 (95-100% or Muy bien)
A 9-9.4 (90-94% or Muy bien)
B+ 8.5-8.9 (85-89% or Bien)
B 8-8.4 (80-84% or Bien)
C+ 7-7.9 (70-79% or Sufficient)
C 6-6.9 (60-69% or Sufficient)
F 0-5.9 (0-59% or Fail)

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master’s program) plus successful completion of a Maestria (Master’s) degree from a recognized institution.

Montenegro

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of a Diploma visokog obrazovanja from a recognized institution;
  • A minimum grade of 8 on a 10 point grading scale in the last two years of study, where the typical grading scale is:
UM Scale Montenegran Scale
A 9-10
B 8
C 7
D 6
F 1-5

To convert from a 4.0 scale to a 4.5 scale, first calculate the GPA on a 4.0 scale, and then convert to a 4.5 scale for the International Graduate Student Entrance Scholarship (IGSES) and International Graduate Student Scholarship (IGSS) using the following calculation:

   Calculated GPA/4 = x/4.5

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master's program) plus successful completion of a Magistar nauka from a recognized institution.

Morocco

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of a License, Maítrise or Diplôme d’Ingénieur d’État requiring 4 years of study from a recognized institution;
  • A minimum grade of 12 on a 20 point grading scale or Assez bien in the last two years of study; see France for more details.
UM Scale Moroccon Scale
A+ 18-20
A 16-17
B+ 14-15
B 12-13
C+ 11
C 10
F 0-9

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master’s program) plus successful completion of a Diplôme d’Études Supérieures (DES) from a recognized institution.

Netherlands

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of a Doctorandus/drs., Meester/mr. or Ingenieur/ir. from a recognized institution;
  • A minimum grade of 7 on a 10 point grading scale in the last two years of study, where the typical grading scale is:
UM Scale Dutch Scale
A+ 10
A 9
B+ 8
B 7
C+ 6.5 - 6.75
C 6.0 - 6.25
D 5
F 0 - 4

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master's program) plus successful completion of a Doctor/dr. from a recognized institution.

New Zealand

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of a 4 year Bachelor’s degree from a recognized university;
  • A minimum grade of B or a Second Class standing in the last two years of study.
UM Scale New Zealand Scale
A+ 9 = High First
A 8 = Clear / Bare First
B+ 7 = High Second
B 6 = Clear / Bare Second
C+ 5 = Satisfactory Pass
C 4 = Pass
D 3 = Restricted / Bare Pass
F 2 /1 = Failure

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master’s program) plus successful completion of a Master’s degree from a recognized institution.

Nigeria

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of a 4 year Bachelor's Degree from a recognized institution;
    National Diploma or Higher National Diploma (including any combination of these) are not equivalent to a 4 year Bachelor's Degree
  • A minimum grade of 60% or standing of Second Class, Upper Division in the last two years of study, where the typical grading scale is:
UM Scale Nigerian Scale
A+ 85-100% (First Class)
A 70-84% (First Class)
B+ 65-69% (Second Class, Upper Division)
B 60-64% (Second Class, Upper Division)
C+ 55-59% (Second Class, Lower Division)
C 50-54% (Second Class, Lower Division)
D 45-49% (Pass)
F 0-44% (Fail)
  • Some institutions may allow 40-44% as a Pass Class. Such a score would be equivalent to a D grade.

To convert from a 4.0 scale to a 4.5 scale, first calculate the GPA on a 4.0 scale, and then convert to a 4.5 scale for the International Graduate Student Entrance Scholarship (IGSES) and International Graduate Student Scholarship (IGSS) using the following calculation:

   Calculated GPA/4 = x/4.5

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master's program) plus successful completion of a Master's Degree from a recognized institution.

Pakistan

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of a 4 year Bachelor’s degree or a 3 year Bachelor’s degree PLUS a 1 year Master’s degree from a recognized institution;
  • A minimum grade of 55% or a standing of Second division, upper in the last two years of study, where a typical grading scale is:
UM Scale Pakistani Scale
A+ 80-100% (First Division)
A 60-79% (First Division)
B+ 57-59% (Second Division)
B 55-56% (Second Division)
C+ 45-54% (Second Division)
C 33-44% (Third Division)
F 0-32% (Fail)

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master’s program) plus successful completion of a 2 year Master of Philosophy or 3 year Doctor of Philosophy from a recognized institution OR successful completion of a 4 year Bachelor’s degree PLUS a 2 year Master’s degree from a recognized institution.

Philippines

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of a Bachelor's Degree (5 years)* AND Master's Degree (1 year)  from a recognized institution;
  • A minimum grade of 2.0 out of 5.0 on a reverse grading scale in the last two years of study, where the typical grading scale is:
UM Scale Filipino Scale
A+ 1.0
A 1.25 - 1.5
B+ 1.75
B 2.0
C+ 2.25
C 2.5
D 2.75 - 3.0
F 3.25 - 5.0

*Note that starting with 2018 high school graduates, we can accept a four year Bachelor's degree as admissible to a Master's program.

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master's program) plus successful completion of a Doctor of Philosophy Degree from a recognized institution.

Poland

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of a Magister or Magister inzynier from a recognized institution;
  • A minimum grade of 4 on a 5 point grading scale or Dobry in the last two years of study, where a typical grading scale is:
UM Scale Polish Scale
A 5 (Barbzo dobry - very good)
B 4 & 4.5 (Dobry - good)
C 3 & 3.5 (Dostateczny - Satisfactory)
F 1-2 (Nie Dostateczny - Unsatisfactory)


  For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master’s program) plus successful completion of a Doktor from a recognized institution.

Romania

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of Diploma de Licenta or Professional title from a recognized university;
  • A minimum grade of 7 on a 10 point grading scale in the last two years of study, where a typical grading scale is:
UM Scale Romanian Scale
A 9-10
B 7-8
C 5-6
F 1-4

To convert from a 4.0 scale to a 4.5 scale, first calculate the GPA on a 4.0 scale, and then convert to a 4.5 scale for the International Graduate Student Entrance Scholarship (IGSES) and International Graduate Student Scholarship (IGSS) using the following calculation:

   Calculated GPA/4 = x/4.5

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master’s program) plus successful completion of a Master’s degree or equivalent from a recognized institution.

Russian Federation

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of a Diplom spetsialista from a recognized institution;
  • A minimum grade of 4 on a 5 point grading scale in the last two years of study, where the typical grading scale is:
UM Scale Russian Scale
A 5 (Otlichno)
B 4 (Khorosho)
C 3 (Udovletvoritel’no)
F 2 (Neudovletvoritel’no)

To convert from a 4.0 scale to a 4.5 scale, first calculate the GPA on a 4.0 scale, and then convert to a 4.5 scale for the International Graduate Student Entrance Scholarship (IGSES) and International Graduate Student Scholarship (IGSS) using the following calculation:

   Calculated GPA/4 = x/4.5

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master's program) plus successful completion of a Kandidat or Kandidat nauk from a recognized institution.

Saudi Arabia

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of a Bachelor’s degree from a recognized institution;
  • A minimum grade of B or 80% in the last two years of study, where a typical grading scale is:
UM Scale Saudi Scale
A+ 95-100%
A 90-94%
B+ 85-89%
B 80-84%
C+ 75-79%
C 70-74%
D 60-69%
F 0-59%
  • Note that grading scales may differ slightly, but most institutions will indicate the grading scale on the official transcripts.

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master’s program) plus successful completion of a Master’s degree from a recognized institution.

Serbia

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of a Diploma visokog obrazovanja from a recognized institution;
  • A minimum grade of 8 on a 10 point grading scale in the last two years of study, where the typical grading scale is:
UM Scale Serbian Scale
A 9-10
B 8
C 7
D 6
F 1-5

To convert from a 4.0 scale to a 4.5 scale, first calculate the GPA on a 4.0 scale, and then convert to a 4.5 scale for the International Graduate Student Entrance Scholarship (IGSES) and International Graduate Student Scholarship (IGSS) using the following calculation:

   Calculated GPA/4 = x/4.5

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master's program) plus successful completion of a Magistar nauka from a recognized institution.

Singapore

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of an Honours Bachelor's Degree  from a recognized institution;
  • A minimum grade of B or Credit in the last two years of study, where the typical grading scale is:
UM Scale Singaporean Scale
A+ 90-100% (Excellent)
A 80-89% (Excellent)
B+ 75-79% (Credit)
B 70-74% (Credit)
C+ 65-69% (Good)
C 60-64 (Good)
D 50-59%(Pass)
F 0-49% (Fail)

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master's program) plus successful completion of a Master's Degree from a recognized institution.

Slovakia

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of Magister, Inzinier, Absolvent vysoke skoly or equivalent from a recognized institution
  • A minimum grade of Velmi Dobry or 2 on a reverse grading scale of 5 in the last two years of study, where a typical grading scale is:
UM Scale Slovakian Scale
A 1 (Vyborne - excellent)
B 2 (Velmi dobry - very good)
C 3 (Dobry - good)
F 4/5 (Nevyhovel - fail)
  • A grade of Zapocitane or Credit/Passed may be awarded in some courses. There is no letter grade assigned to this result.

To convert from a 4.0 scale to a 4.5 scale, first calculate the GPA on a 4.0 scale, and then convert to a 4.5 scale for the International Graduate Student Entrance Scholarship (IGSES) and International Graduate Student Scholarship (IGSS) using the following calculation:

   Calculated GPA/4 = x/4.5

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master’s program) plus successful completion of a Doctor of Philosophy degree from a recognized institution.

South Africa

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of an Honours Bachelor’s degree from a recognized institution;
  • A minimum grade of 70% or a standing of Second class, Division 1 in the last two years of study, where a typical grading scale is:
UM Scale South African Scale
A+ 87-100% (First Class / Distinction)
A 75-86% (First Class / Distinction)
B+ 73-74% (Second Class, division 1)
B 70-72% (Second Class, division 1)
C+ 60-69% (Second class, division 2)
C 50-59% (Third Class)
F 0-49% (Fail)

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master’s program) plus successful completion of a Master’s degree from a recognized institution.

Taiwan

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of a Bachelor's Degree  from a recognized institution;
  • A minimum grade of B or 70% in the last two years of study, where the typical grading scale is:
UM Scale Taiwanese Scale
A+ 90-100%
A 80-89%
B+ 75-79%
B 70-74%
C+ 65-69%
C 60-64
D 50-59%
F 0-49%

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master's program) plus successful completion of a Master's Degree from a recognized institution.

Thailand

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of a Bachelor's Degree from a recognized institution;
  • A minimum grade of 3.0 on a 4.0 point grading scale in the last two years of study, where the typical grading scale is:
UM Scale Thai Scale
A A
B B / B+
C C / C+
D D / D+

*To convert from a 4.0 scale to a 4.5 scale, first calculate the GPA on a 4.0 scale, and then convert to a 4.5 scale for the International Graduate Student Entrance Scholarship (IGSES) and International Graduate Student Scholarship (IGSS) using the following calculation:

   Calculated GPA/4 = x/4.5

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master's program) plus successful completion of a Master's Degree from a recognized institution.

Turkey

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of a Lisans diplomasi or Muhendis diplomasi from a recognized institution;
  • A minimum grade of Iyi, 7 on a 10 point grading scale or B equivalent in the last two years of study, where the typical grading scale is:
UM Scale Turkish Scale
A+ 10 (93-100% - Pek iyi)
A 9 (85-92% - Pek iyi)
B+ 8 (75-84% - Iyi)
B 7 (65-74% - Iyi)
C+ 6 (57-64% - Orta)
C 5 (50-56% - Orta)
F 0-4 (0-49% - Gecmez)

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master's program) plus successful completion of a Yuksek Lisans Diplomasi or Yuksek Muhendis Diplomasi from a recognized institution.

Ukraine

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of a Dyplom spetsialista (Specialist diploma) or Dyplom magistra (Master diploma) from a recognized institution;
  • A minimum grade of 4 on a 5 point grading scale or Good in the last two years of study, where the typical grading scale is:
UM Scale Ukrainian Scale
A 5 (Excellent)
B 4 (Good)
C 3 (Satisfactory)
D 2 (Unsatisfactory)
F 1 (Fail

To convert from a 4.0 scale to a 4.5 scale, first calculate the GPA on a 4.0 scale, and then convert to a 4.5 scale for the International Graduate Student Entrance Scholarship (IGSES) and International Graduate Student Scholarship (IGSS) using the following calculation:

   Calculated GPA/4 = x/4.5

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master's program) plus successful completion of a Dyplom Pro Prysudzhenia Naukovogo Stupenia Kandydata Nauk (Diploma of Doctor of Sciences) or Master equivalent from a recognized institution.

United Arab Emirates

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of a 4 year Bachelor’s degree from a recognized university;
  • A minimum grade of 3.0 on a 4 point grading scale or good in the last two years of study, where a typical grading scale is:
UM Scale Emirati Scale
A 90-100% (4.0 or Distinction)
B 80-89% (3.0 or Very Good)
C 70-79% (2.0 or Good)
D 60-69% (1.0 or Pass)
F 0-59% (0 or Fail)

To convert from a 4.0 scale to a 4.5 scale, first calculate the GPA on a 4.0 scale, and then convert to a 4.5 scale for the International Graduate Student Entrance Scholarship (IGSES) and International Graduate Student Scholarship (IGSS) using the following calculation:

   Calculated GPA/4 = x/4.5

If letter grades have both +’s and -’s then use the following conversions:

U.M. Scale = U.A.E. Scale
A = A+
A- = A
B+ = B+
B = B
C+ = C+
C = C

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master’s program) plus successful completion of a Master’s degree in the fields of Engineering, Business or Environmental Sciences from a recognized institution; for all other disciplines, there is currently no Master’s degree equivalent.

United Kingdom

For entrance into the Master's program:

Please note that the education system varies between regions within the United Kingdom. A very general description is provided below, however, it is recommended that you contact the Faculty of Graduate Studies for further information regarding applications from the United Kingdom.

  • Successful completion of an Honours bachelor degree from a recognized institution within England, Ireland and Wales; OR, successful completion of an Honours bachelor degree or Master’s degree from a recognized university within Scotland (in many cases, a master’s degree is the first higher education degree offered in Scottish institutions);
  • Grading systems may vary greatly within the United Kingdom, however the British marking system is harsh in general; a suggested minimum grade of B or equivalent or a standing of Second class, lower division is required in the last two years of study where a typical grading scale is:
UM Scale British Scale
A+ 86-100% (First Class)
A 72-85% (First Class)
B+ 60-71% (Second class, upper division)
B 53-59% (Second class, lower division)
C+ 45-52% (Third Class)
C 38-44% (Third Class)
F 0-37% (Fail)

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master’s program) plus successful completion of a Master’s degree or equivalent where said degree requires successful completion of a first degree for admission from a recognized institution.

Venezuela

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of Licenciatura or Titulo profesional from a recognized institution;
  • A minimum grade of 7 on a 10 point grading scale or 14 on a 20 point grading scale in the last two years of study.
UM Scale 7pt Scale 20pt Scale
A+ 10 19-20
A 9 16-18
B+ 8 15
B 7 14
C+ 6 12,13
C 5 10,11
F 1-4 0-9

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master’s program) plus successful completion of a Maestria from a recognized institution.

Vietnam

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of a Bang tot nghiep cu nhan (with a minimum 4 years of study) or Bang tot nghiep dai hoc (with a minimum 4 years of study) from a recognized institution;
  • A minimum grade of 7 on a 10 point grading scale or Good / Binh / Kha in the last two years of study, where the typical grading scale is:
UM Scale Vietnamese Scale
A+ 10
A 9
B+ 8
B 7
C+ 6
C 5
F 0-4

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master's program) plus successful completion of a Thac sy or equivalent from a recognized institution.

Zimbabwe

For entrance into the Master's program:

  • Successful completion of an Honour’s Bachelor degree from a recognized institution;
  • A minimum grade of 70% with a standing of Second class, upper in the last two years of study, where a typical grading scale is:
UM Scale Zimbabwean Scale
A+ 90-100% (First Class)
A 80-89% (First Class)
B+ 75-79% (Second Class, upper)
B 70-74% (Second Class, upper)
C+ 60-69% (Second Class, lower)
C 50-59% (Third Class, lower)
F 0-49% (Fail)

For entrance into the PhD program:

  • Requirements listed above (see Master’s program) plus successful completion of a Master’s degree or Master of Philosophy from a recognized institution.

Reference materials

British Council's International Guide to Qualifications in Education
NAFSA: Handbook on the Placement of Foreign Graduate Students
NAFSA: A Guide to Educational Systems Around the World
U.B.C. Graduate Admissions Requirement
UNESCO International Association of Universities
World Education Series (WES)