University Professors & Lecturers and College lnstructors
Learn about this occupation – including typical duties, education required, salary and job outlook information, job boards and more.
University professors (4011) are employed by degree-granting schools to teach and produce works of art or conduct research and publish their research findings. College, technical and vocational instructors (4021) provide instruction to adults in a wide variety of subject areas including vocational, technical, business or services training, trades, academic upgrading, university transfer courses and university degree program courses. (alis)
In addition to those below, you may find relevant career information and job search resources on the scientist and specialist pages relevant to your discipline (e.g. Biologist, Historian). Revisit the occupational index to also explore those pages.
Find detailed information about the occupation, including typical duties and working conditions, in the links below:
- National Occupational Classification (NOC) - Canadian occupational descriptions
- OCCinfo by alis - Alberta-based occupational information
- O*NET Online - U.S. resource for occupational descriptions and information
- Interview: Science Professor - from StudyinCanada.com
- A Day in the Life of a Professor - from The Princeton Review
- Sokanu - occupational profile and videos (U.S.): Professor, Distance Learning Coordinator, Graduate Teaching Assistant
- Teaching for a Living - article from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (2016)
- Learning to Earning 2012: Advice from Alumni - Career Services, Univ. of Manitoba
- Interview: University Professor (U.S.) - from Scitable by Nature Education
- Post-Secondary Instructor career profile - ECO Canada
- University Lecturer - profile from StatsLife, Royal Statistical Society (U.K.)
- Article: Joining The World Of Academia: Insight From An Associate Professor At York University - TalentEgg.ca
- How to Become A Professor In Canada (With Steps) - Indeed
University Professors are required to have a doctoral degree in the field of specialization. A master's degree in the field of specialization is required for university lecturers. University professors who are also practitioners in their field must have the appropriate licenses or certification. (NOC)
College Instructors are required to have a bachelor's degree, a college diploma or demonstrated expertise in the field of instruction. A master's degree in the field of instruction may be required and/or a certificate, diploma or degree in adult education. Instructors of trades are required to complete apprenticeship training and industry or trade certification; additional courses in teaching or a provincial teaching certificate may be required. (NOC)
U of M Academic Calendar
The Academic Calendar & Catalogue outlines program admission and course requirements. Use the left menu to navigate to a specific faculty and program. To determine which degree path suits your unique occupational goals, speak with a Career Consultant. For support with course registration and academic issues, speak with an Academic Advisor.
Faculty and Department Homepages
Visit U of M's faculty and department homepage to learn about program application deadlines and processes, as well as additional in-house resources and opportunities.
Exploring Other Education Options
Information for foreign-trained professionals - Canadian Information Centre for International Credentials
Explore Funding Options
Funding opportunities exist for Graduate students in Canada that can financially support you while professionalizing your CV.
- NSERC - Natural Science and Engineering Research of Canada
- SSHRC - Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council
- CIHR - Canadian Institutes of Health Research
Master's (All Programs):
- CGS-M - Canadian Graduate Scholarships - Master's Program
Labour market information
Labour market information informs users of supply and demand for specific occupations and sectors. It includes such things as salary and job outlook information. These resources support informed career decision making and job search efforts.
- Trend Analysis: Job Market Reports (Winnipeg Region) - Gov. of Canada Job Bank
- Occupational Outlook Handbook - Job outlook for the U.S.
- Comparing the average salaries of Canadian professors in 2018 - Maclean's magazine
- Article: Why Canada's professors are the best (best-paid, that is) - Toronto Star news
- Faculty Compensation Survey - American Association of University Professors
- Number and salaries of full-time teaching staff at Canadian universities (partial), 2019/2020 - The Daily from Statistics Canada
Professional associations may organize events and provide directories, job postings, career and labour market information. Student membership opportunities may also be available: engage, learn and network!
- Canadian Association of University Teachers (CAUT)
- American Association of University Professors (AAUP)
Directories, Industry Associations, and Sector Councils
These resources provide industry news, labour market information and a list of potential employers. Remember, there are usually multiple industries worth exploring.
- Universities Canada - member universities
- Colleges and Institutes Canada - member directory
- Listing of private vocational institutions in Manitoba - Government of Manitoba
- National Association of Career Colleges - listing for Canada
- International Association of Universities - 600+ members across 120 counties
- Association of American Universities (U.S.)
- Association of American College & Universities (U.S.) - member institutions
- National Association of Independent Colleges and Universities (U.S.)
Search occupations of interest in the industry-specific job boards below to learn about skill requirements, employers, job duties and available jobs. You may also wish to search more general online job boards.
These external resources may provide you with additional information about the occupation and opportunities to build experience.
- #GradGoals - online guide for University of Manitoba Master's and PhD students
- University of Manitoba Graduate Students Association (UMSGSA)
- Grad Steps: Professional Development Workshops - University of Manitoba
- Centre for the Advancement of Teaching & Learning - University of Manitoba
- University of Manitoba Faculty Association
- Academics Without Borders
- Inside Higher Ed. - news articles and career advice
- Article: College professors reveal what they love (and hate) about their jobs - BusinessNewsDaily.com
- University Affairs - Canada's magazine on higher learning, providing career advice and industry info
- Article: What I wish I knew as an early-career professor
- Canadian Network for Innovation in Education
- Academica Forum - Canadian post-secondary news and insights
- Science Careers magazine - North American-focused articles and career advice from the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
- Individual Development Plan (myIDP) - career exploration and planning tool for graduate students in natural and applied sciences
- Imagine PhD- career exploration and planning tool for the humanities and social sciences (North America)
- Times in Higher Education (THE) - provides global data, insight and career advice
- Canadian Association of Graduate Studies
- Academic Matters magazine - from the Ontario Confederation of University Faculty Associations
- Academe online - AAUP article features and columns
- Cheeky Scientist - Blog - resources and profiles of PhDs working in industry/non-academic positions
- Profile and Labour Market Outcomes of Doctoral Graduates from Ontario Universities (pdf) - Higher Education Quality Council of Ontario
- UBC PhD Career Outcomes Report - a University of British Columbia survey of 3,805 PhD students to learn about their career trajectory
- Employed and Engaged: An Overview of the 10,000 PhDs Project (pdf) - University of Toronto