Indigenous pattern.

Indigenous pedagogy

  • Indigenous turtle artwork.
  • Truth

    When an “Anishinaubae’ says that someone is telling the truth, he says ‘w’daeb-awae’. It is at the same time a philosophical proposition that, in saying, a speaker casts his words and his voice only as far as his vocabulary and his perception will enable him. In so doing the tribe was denying that there was an absolute truth, that the best a speaker could achieve and a listener expect was the highest degree of accuracy. Somehow the one expression ‘w’daeb-awae’ sets the limits of a single statement as well as setting limits of all speech. (Johnston 101).

    Johnston, Basil. “One Generation from Extinction.” EdS. Moses, David Daniel and Goldie, Terry. An Anthology of Canadian Native Literature in English. Toronto, Ontario. Oxford University Press. 1992. 99-104.

  • Turtle

    Waynaboozhoo took the piece of Earth from the muskrat’s paw. At that moment, Mi-zhee-kay’ (the turtle) swam forward and said, “Use my back to bear the weight of this piece of Earth. With the help of the Creator, we can make a new Earth.” Waynaboozhoo put the piece of earth on the turtle’s back. All of a sudden the noo-di-noo’ (winds) began to blow. The wind blew from each of the Four Directions. The tiny piece of Earth on the turtle’s back began to grow. Larger and larger it became, until it formed a mi-ni-si’ (island) in the water. Still the Earth grew but still the turtle bore its weight on his back.” (Benton-Banai, 33).

    Edward-Benton-Banai. (1988). The Mishomis Book: The Voice of the Ojibway. The Great Flood. Hayward, Wisconsin. Indian country Communications Inc. (33).


1. History and oral traditions

This section includes resources about major topics in Indigenous History.

4. Equity, diversity, and inclusion

This section includes resources about Indigenous women, Two Spirited and LGBT2SQ people and inclusion.

7. Pedagogy, teaching, and place-based learning

This section includes information about place-based education and learning including Indigenous perspectives in curriculum.

Note: In September 2018, the Pulling Together series proudly shared these learning guides which you can also find online:

  • Foundations
  • Teachers and Instructors
  • Front Line Staff, Advisors, and Student Services
  • Leaders and Administrators
  • Curriculum Developers
  • Researchers (Under Development)


8. Decolonization, reconciliation, and calls to action

This section includes helpful links on how to decolonize education and how to participate in reconciliation.

Calls to action

This section includes information, reports and articles about the ‘94 Calls to Action’, reconciliation, awareness of MMIWG and the Indigenous historical legacy.

Community of practice

This section includes information, reports and articles about the ‘94 Calls to Action’, reconciliation, awareness of MMIWG and the Indigenous historical legacy.

10. Business, industry, and community development

11. Health and wellness

This section includes information about decolonizing health practices, anti-racism, cultural safety and other pertinent health issues.

Physical education

This section includes links about physical well-being.

Indigenous Games

This section includes links about culturally relevant Indigenous games and sports.

13. Manitoba, Canadian, and international

This section includes links to Manitoba Indigenous educational resources and information.

Indigenous organization websites in Manitoba

This section includes links to various Indigenous organizations in Manitoba.


This section includes links and information about Indigenous educational resources.

Canadian podcasts, blogs, and videos

Links to Indigenous blogs, podcasts, radio and other electronic and media communication.

Canadian online stores

This section includes links to online stores if you are wishing to purchase additional Indigenous educational resources.


This section includes various resources regarding international Indigenous peoples, health, cultural safety, economic and social conditions.


The purpose of this resource is to introduce and guide participants in their exploration of Indigenous scholarly materials, such as a book, an article, a document and paper using the UM Indigenous Pedagogy Portal: Indigenous resources, through a visual aid of Turtle, Mikinaak, a teacher of Truth. 

Currently, exemplars of Indigenous resources are not widely available and employing the 13 teachings or segments upon the shell of Mikinaak, turtle, scholars and students can begin surveying the 13 areas as a search tool within their own decolonizing academic educational practices that emphasizes true partnerships in many focuses of tertiary disciplines, that uses culturally appropriate Indigenous lenses in education.   

Disclaimer: This list of resources serves as an initial introduction to these topics and should not be considered all inclusive.  If you have resources that you feel should be included, please contact