Physicist & Astronomer
Learn about this occupation – including typical duties, education required, salary and job outlook information, job boards and more.
Physicists conduct theoretical and applied research to extend knowledge of natural phenomena and to develop new processes and devices in fields such as electronics, communications, power generation and distribution, aerodynamics, optics and lasers, remote sensing, biotechnology, medicine and health. They are employed by electronic, electrical and aerospace manufacturing companies, telecommunications companies, power utilities, university and government research laboratories, hospitals and by a wide range of other processing, manufacturing, and research and consulting firms. Astronomers conduct observational and theoretical research to extend knowledge of the universe. They are employed by government and universities. (National Occupation Classification)
This profile also includes information about Health and Medical Physicists.
Find detailed information about the occupation, including typical duties and working conditions, in the links below:
- National Occupational Classification (NOC) - Canadian occupational descriptions
- O*NET Online - U.S. resource for occupational information:
- OCCinfo by alis - Alberta-based occupational information:
- Physics Career Planning Resources - highlight of specializations and more from Sloan Career Cornerstone Center
- A Day in the Life of a Physicist - The Princeton Review
- A Day in the Life of an Astronomer - The Princeton Review
- Careers in Astronomy - from the American Astronomical Society
- Careers in Health Physics - Health Physics Society
- Consider a Career in Medical Physics - Cancer Care Manitoba
- Med Phys 3.0 - career videos from the American Assoc. of Physicists in Medicine
- Article: A Career Bringing Physics to Medicine - Science Careers magazine
- A Physicist in Manufacturing - staff profile from General Electric
- Working in physics - profiles from the Institute of Physics (U.K.)
- Careers in Space - Scientists - from the Canadian Space Agency
U of M Academic Calendar
The Academic Calendar & Catalogue outlines program admission and course requirements. Use the left menu to navigate to a specific faculty and program. To determine which degree path suits your unique occupational goals, speak with a Career Consultant. For support with course registration and academic issues, speak with an Academic Advisor.
Faculty and Department Homepages
Visit the faculty and department homepage to learn about program application deadlines and processes, as well as additional in-house resources and opportunities.
Exploring Other Education Options
- Search Education Directories
- Graduate Programs & Residency Programs - Canadian Organization of Medical Physicists
- U.S. graduate and residency programs - overview from AAPM
Labour market information
Labour market information informs users of supply and demand for specific occupations and sectors. It includes such things as salary and job outlook information. These resources support informed career decision making and job search efforts.
- Trend Analysis: Job Market Report (Winnipeg Region) - Gov. of Canada Job Bank
- Occupational Outlook Handbook - Job outlook for the U.S.
- I want to be an astronomer. What will my salary be? - The Globe & Mail
- Economic Insights - Canadian Manufacturers & Exporters
- Canadian Industry Statistics: Computer & Electronic Manufacturing - Statistics Canada
- Salary Surveys - Health Physics Society (U.S.)
- Canadian Organization of Medical Physicists survey - select link for 2017 insights
Professional associations organize events and directories, job postings, career and labour market information. Student membership opportunities are also available. This is a great way to learn and network.
- Winnipeg Institute for Theoretical Physics
- Canadian Association of Physicists (CAP)
- Canadian Astronomical Society
- Royal Astronomical Society of Canada
- Canadian Organization of Medical Physicists
- Canadian College of Physicists in Medicine
- American Institute of Physics
- Health Physics Society
- American Astronomical Society
- American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM)
Directories, Industry Associations, and Sector Councils
These resources provide industry news, labour market information and a list of potential employers. Remember, there are usually multiple industries worth exploring.
- Manitoba Aerospace - scroll to view directory
- Information and Communication Technologies Association of Manitoba
- Physics Institutes and National Labs - international directory from Physlink
- Canadian Cancer Centres - list from Canadian Organization of Medical Physicists
- Departments and agencies - Government of Canada
- Universities Canada - member universities
- Association of American Universities - members
- Canadian Electricity Association - members
- Canadian Manufacturers and Exporters
- Semiconductor Industry Association
- Consumer Technology Association - member companies
Search occupations of interest in the industry-specific job boards below to learn about skill requirements, employers, job duties and available jobs. You may also wish to search more general online job boards.