Project management is the application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to achieve activities within a project’s requirements. A project is temporary, in that it has a defined beginning and end, and therefore defined scope and resources. A project is unique in that it is not a routine operation, but a specific set of tasks designed to accomplish a singular goal. The Project Management Institute is the most prolific organization for project management associations.
Most projects follow a traditional methodology as outlined in the Project Management Body of Knowledge. The 5-phase methodology has been outlined below:
Other common methodologies include PRINCE2, a structured approach to project management that is used when projects can be delivered within a clearly defined framework. PRINCE2 (PRoject IN Controlled Environments, version 2) focuses on the output delivery of a predefined set of products and is sponsored by an organization called, AXELOS.
Other types of project management methodologies include the Waterfall Method (common in agile software project management where tasks follow each other in quick, sequential succession) and the Critical Path Method (CPM) (where a critical path representing the heaviest strain on resources is mapped throughout the life of the project to help Project Managers understand and optimize the schedule).
The Change Management & Project Services office uses each of the services described to work towards a unique solution for the initiatives presented. Other services include Change Management, Project Management, Process Improvement, and Business Analysis. By blending the tools and techniques described above, we will work with our customers to help define and create a solution that increases value for the unit, reduces waste, and achieves the requirement of the change/project.
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