The Tri-Council Policy Statement 2: Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Humans (TCPS) describes the policies of the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR), the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSCERC), and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC). The joint Policy expresses the three Agencies continuing commitment to the people of Canada to promote the ethical conduct of research involving human participants.
The University of Manitoba is committed to complying with the intent of the TCPS 2 with respect to ethic and ethical conduct for research involving human participants.
In accordance with the University of Manitoba policies, any undertaking in which a university affiliated faculty, staff or student investigates and/or collects data on human participants for research purposes must be approved by a University of Manitoba Research Ethics Board (REB) prior to implementation. This includes research carried out on University premises or conducted elsewhere.
If you are a Winnipeg Regional Health Authority (WRHA) researcher who is either (i) employed by the WRHA or have a written contract for service with the WRHA; or (ii) have privileges under the WRHA's Medical Staff By-Laws and are conducting your research at facilities owned by or operated by the WRHA or under the direction of the WRHA you may also submit or in some cases be required by WRHA to submit your research to a University of Manitoba REB.
The definition as per University of Manitoba Policy used in determining if an activity needs prior REB approval is as follows:
Human Research refers to any project that involves the collection of specimens, data or information from persons, through intervention or otherwise. Included are procedures that have a low degree of invasiveness (e.g. survey, interviews, naturalistic observations, exercise or psychometric testing, examination of patient records) as well as more invasive procedures (e.g. blood sampling, insertion of a cannula, administration of a substance).
This includes all types of research conducted with human participants. Specifically, prior ethics review and approval is required when research data are derived from, but not exclusively restricted to:
Prior ethics review and approval from an REB will not normally be required for:
UNCERTAIN IF ETHICS APPROVAL IS REQUIRED The researcher must seek the written opinion of the REB Chair by sending a one page summary of the proposal to the REB office.
WILL THE REB GRANT RETROACTIVE APPROVAL FOR QA or CHART REVIEW STUDIES? Retroactive approval will NOT be granted in any circumstances. If there is any possibility that the data generated may be interesting enough to consider publishing, the recommendation is that REB approval be obtained BEFORE the project is initiated.
ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH If you are planning to conduct research with human participants outside of Canada, the Tri-Council Policy Statement (Article 18.3) requires ethics approval at your institution and by an ethics board, where such exists, in the country where the research will be conducted. To find out more about this requirement, get in touch with REB staff.
Remember to factor in extra time for obtaining ethics approval from international ethics bodies often known as Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) or Research Ethics Committees (RECs).