Resources: Disruption of All Forms of Racism

Time to dismantle systemic racism in medicine in Canada

Let’s talk: Whiteness and health
Let’s talk: Racism and health equity

Billie Allan and Janet Smylie. (2015). First Peoples, second class treatment: The role of racism in the health and well-being of Indigenous peoples in Canada. Toronto, ON: The Wellesley Institute.

BIPOC doctors in Canada talk about experiences in medicine

Jenny Burman. (2016). Multicultural feeling, feminist rage, Indigenous refusal. Cultural Studies ↔ Critical Methodologies, 16(4), 361-372.

Canadian Public Health Association. (2018). Racism and public health. 

Angela Y. Davis. (1998). Masked racism: Reflections on the prison industrial complex.


Tania Dick It has eaten a hole in my heart’: Indigenous nurses call out systemic racism with life and death consequences. (2018).

Philomena Essed. (2001). Towards a methodology to identify continuing forms of everyday discrimination.

Alicia Garza. (2014). A herstory of the #BlackLivesMatter movement. The Feminist Wire.

Structural racism and health inequities

Gilbert C. Gee and Chandra L. Ford. (2011). Structural racism and health inequities: Old issues, new directions. Du Bois Review, 8(1), 115-132.

Lynn Gehl. (2013).  Indian Rights for Indian babies: Canada’s ‘unstated paternity’ policy. First Peoples Child & Family Review, 8(2), 55-73.

Joyce A. Green. (1995). Towards a détente with history: confronting Canada’s colonial legacy. International Journal of Canadian Studies, 12, 85-105.

Llana James, Sally Abudiab, and Samira Said Omar. (2019). Racialization and racism: Uncovering the implicit in rehabilitation sciences and research.

Evelyn Nakano Glenn. (2015). Settler colonialism as structure. Sociology of Race and Ethnicity, 1(1), 52-72.

Brenda L. Gunn. (2017). Ignored to death: Systemic racism in the Canadian healthcare system.

Kathleen Osta and Hugh Vasquez (2019). Don’t talk about implicit bias without talking about structural racism. National Equity Project.

Bonita Lawrence, and Enakshi Dua. (2005). Decolonizing antiracism. Social justice, 32(4), 120-144.

Samantha Loppie, Charlotte Reading & Sarah de Leeuw. (2014). Aboriginal experiences of health and its impacts

Dian Million. (2000). Telling secrets: Sex, power and narratives in Indian Residential social histories. Canadian Woman Studies, 20(2), 92-104.

Jennifer C. Mueller. (2017). Producing colorblindness: Everyday mechanisms of white ignorance. Social Problems, 64(2), 219-238.

Sheryl Nestel. (2012). Colour coded health care: the impact of race and racism on Canadians’ health. Toronto, ON: Wellesley Institute.

Ijeoma Oluo (2017). White people: I don’t want you to understand me better, I want you to understand yourselves better. Medium.

Jonathan Ore. (2018). You don’t belong here’: Integrating Indigenous ‘cultural humility’ into health care.

Pamela Palmater. (2016). Shining light on the dark places: Addressing police racism and sexualized violence against Indigenous women and girls in the national inquiry. Canadian Journal of Women and the Law, 28(2), 253-284.

Gordon Pon, Kevin Gosine, and Doret Phillips. Immediate response: Addressing anti-Native and anti-Black racism in health care. International Journal of Child, Youth and Family Studies, (3&4), 385-409.

Sherene H. Razack. (2011). Timely deaths: Medicalizing the deaths of Aboriginal people in police custody. Law Culture and the Humanities, 9(2), 352-374. 

Ruth Roach Pierson. (2004). White academic women and imperialist and racist knowledge production. Atlantis: A Women’s Studies Journal, 2, 

Scott Rutherford. (2010). Colonialism and the Indigenous present: An interview with Bonita Lawrence. Race & Class, 52(1), 9-18.

Carol Schick. (2014).  White resentment in settler society. Race Ethnicity and Education, 17(1), 88-102.

Carol Schick, & Verna St. Denis. (2005). Troubling national discourses in anti-racist

curricular planning. Canadian Journal of Education, 28(3), 295-317.

Leanne Simpson. (2014). An Indigenous view on #BlackLivesMatter. Yes Magazine.

Hephzibah V. Strmic-Pawl. (2015). More than a knapsack: The white supremacy flower as a new model for teaching racism. Sociology of Race and Ethnicity, 1(1), 192-197.

Shirley Anne Tate and Damien Page. (2018). Whiteliness and institutional racism: Hiding behind (un)conscious bias. Ethics and Education, 13(1), 141-155.

Michelle van Ryn, Diana J. Burgess, John F. Dovidio, Sean M. Phelan, Somnath Saha, Jennifer Malat, Jooan M. Griffin, Steve S. Fu, and Sylvia Perry.The impact of racism on clinician cognition, behavior and clinical decision making. Du Bois Review, 8(1), 199-218.

Karani R, Varpio L, May W, Horsley T, Chenault J, Miller KH, O’Brien B. (2017). Commentary: Racism and bias in health professions education: how educators, faculty developers, and researchers can make a difference. Academic Medicine, 92(11), S1-S6.

Karina L. Walters, Selina A. Mohammed, Teresa Evans-Campbell, Ramona E. Beltran, David H. Chae, and Bonnie Duran. (2011). Bodies don’t just tell stories, they tell histories: Embodiment of historical trauma among American Indians and Alaska Natives. Du Bois Review, 8(1), 179-189.

Derald Wing Sue. (2006). The Invisible Whiteness of Being: Whiteness, White Supremacy, White Privilege, and Racism. In M. G. Constantine & D. W. Sue (Eds.), Addressing racism: Facilitating cultural competence in mental health and educational settings (p. 15–30). John Wiley & Sons Inc. [Ebook UM].

‘The unspoken ones’: How race and culture complicate Asian-Canadians’ access to mental health care. (2018).


PGME Indigenous health Library guide at UM

PGME Indigenous health Library guide at UM

Black experiences in health care (Canada) report 2020

National Collaborating Centre for Indigenous Health

Special Issue British Medical Journal BMJ: racism in medicine

Brian Sinclair: Ignored to death


Sara Ahmed (2012). On being included: Racism and diversity in institutional life. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Billie Allan and Janet Smylie. (2015). First Peoples, second class citizens: The role of racism in the health and well-being of Indigenous Peoples in Canada. Toronto, ON: Wellesley Institute.

Dayna Bowen Matthew. (2018). Just medicine: A cure for American inequality in health care. New York, NY: New York University Press.

Desmond Cole (2020). The skin I’m in: A year of black resistance and power. Toronto, ON: Doubleday Canada.

Sheila Cote-Meek (2014). Colonized classroom: Racism, trauma and resistance in post-secondary education. Winnipeg, MB: Fernwood Publishing.

Margo Greenwood, Sarah de Leeuw, Nicole Marie Lindsay. (Eds.). (2018). Determinants of Indigenous Peoples’ health: Beyond the social. Second edition. Toronto, ON: Canadian Scholars’ Press.

Mary Jane Logan McCallum and Adele Perry. (2018). Structures of indifference: An Indigenous life and death in a Canadian city. Winnipeg, MB: University of Manitoba Press.

Reni Eddo-Lodge. (2017). Why I’m no longer talking to white people about race. New York, NY: Bloomsbury Publishing.

Joe R. Feagin. (2012). The white racial frame: Centuries of racial framing and counter framing. New York, NY:  Routledge.

Joyce Green (2017). (Ed.). Making space for Indigenous feminism. Second edition. Winnipeg, MB: Fernwood Publishing.

Pumla Gobodo-Madikizela. (2003). A human being died that night: A South African woman confronts the legacy of Apartheid. New York, NY: First Mariner Books.

Celia Haig-Brown. (1988). Resistance and renewal: Surviving the Indian Residential School. Vancouver, BC: Arsenal Pulp Press.

Incite! Women of color against violence. (2006). (Eds.) Color of violence: The incite! Anthology. Cambridge, MA: South End Press.

Ibram X. Kendi. (2019). How to be an antiracist. New York, NY: One World Publishing.

Eva Mackey. (2002). The house of difference: Cultural politics and national identity in Canada. Toronto, ON: The University of Toronto Press.

Eva Mackey (2016). Unsettled expectations: Uncertainty, land and settler decolonization. Winnipeg, MB: Fernwood Publishing.

Resmaa Menakem. (2017). My grandmother’s hands: Racialized trauma and the pathway to mending our hearts and bodies. Las Vegas, NV: Central Recovery Press.

Layla F. Saad. (2020). White supremacy and me: Combat racism, change the world, and become a good ancestor. Naperville, IL: Sourcebooks.

Paula C. Madden. (2009). African Nova Scotian-Mi’kmaw relations. Winnipeg, MB: Fernwood Publishing.

Robyn Maynard. (2017). Policing Black lives: State violence in Canada from slavery to the present. Winnipeg, MB: Fernwood Publishing.

Ijeoma Oluo. (2019). So you want to talk about race. New York, NY: Seal Press.

Sherene H. Razack (2002). (Ed.) Race, space, and the law: Unmapping a white settler society. Toronto, ON: Between the Lines.

Sherene H. Razack. (2015).  Dying from improvement: Inquiries into Indigenous deaths in custody. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press.

Sherene H. Razack, Malinda Smith, and Sunera Thobani. (2010). (Eds.). State of race: Critical race feminism for the 21st century. Toronto, ON: Between the Lines

Rebecca Skloot. (2011). The immortal life of Henrietta Lacks. New York, NY: Broadway Books.

Leanne Simpson and Kiera L. Ladner. (2010). (Eds.). This is an honour song: Twenty years since the blockades. Winnipeg, MB. Arbeiter Ring Publishing.

Andrea Smith. (2005). Conquest: Sexual violence and American Indian Genocide. Cambridge, MA: South End Press.

Carol Tator and Frances Henry. (2006). Racial profiling in Canada: Challenging the myth of ‘a few bad apples.’ Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press.

Sunera Thobani. (2012). Exalted subjects: Studies in the making of race and national identity in Canada. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press.

Damon Tweedy. (2016). Black man in a white coat: A doctor’s reflections on race and medicine. New York, NY: Picador.

Harriet A. Washington. (2006). Medical Apartheid: The dark history of medical experimentation on Black Americans from colonial times to the present. New York, NY: Broadway Books.


All my relations. Hosts, Matika Wilbur and Adrienne Keene.

Coffee & Books. Host, Marc Lamont Hill

Alicia Garza podcast 

Interview with Tarana Burke May 29 2020 40 mins 

About race. Host, Reni Eddo-Lodge

Seeing white podcast

Intersectionality matters! Host Kimberle Crenshaw

The secret life of Canada. Hosts Leah-Simone Bowen and Falen Johnson.

The future is beautiful. Host Amisha Ghadiali


Chimamanda Adichie. (2009). The danger of a single story. Ted Talk. (20 mins).

 What systemic racism in Canada looks like (2020). CBC. 10 minutes.

CIARS Webinar 1 hour 42 minutes

CIARS Town Hall Series

Rising up During Covid-19: Solidarity, Anti-Black Racism and Health

Here is the citation in APA format. Please cite the speakers and the moderator if you are using the resource in your work.  

Chow, O. (2020, July 15). Rising up During Covid-19: Solidarity, Anti-Black Racism and Health. [Webinar] Centre for Integrative Anti-Racism Studies. Retrieved from…

Dei, G.S. (2020, July 15). Rising up During Covid-19: Solidarity, Anti-Black Racism and Health. [Webinar] Centre for Integrative Anti-Racism Studies. Retrieved from…

Lewis, K. (2020, July 15). Rising up During Covid-19: Solidarity, Anti-Black Racism and Health. [Webinar] Centre for Integrative Anti-Racism Studies. Retrieved from…

Nnorom, O. (2020, July 15). Rising up During Covid-19: Solidarity, Anti-Black Racism and Health. [Webinar] Centre for Integrative Anti-Racism Studies. Retrieved from…

Odozor, E. (2020, July 15). Rising up During Covid-19: Solidarity, Anti-Black Racism and Health.[Webinar] Centre for Integrative Anti-Racism Studies. Retrieved from…

Prescod, C. (2020, July 15). Rising up During Covid-19: Solidarity, Anti-Black Racism and Health. [Webinar] Centre for Integrative Anti-Racism Studies. Retrieved from…

Taylor, P.M. (2020, July15). Rising up During Covid-19: Solidarity, Anti-Black Racism and Health. [Webinar] Centre for Integrative Anti-Racism Studies. Retrieved from…

Marcia Anderson. (2016).  Indigenous Knowledge to Close Gaps in Indigenous Health TEDx UManitoba (19 minutes)

Alicia Garza, Patrisse Cullors, and Opal Tometi: An interview with the founders of Black Lives Matter. (2016). Ted Talk. (16 minutes).

Tamara Bernard. (2016). We are more than murdered and missing. (14 minutes) TEDxThunderBay. 

Tarana Burke 16 mins: Metoo is a movement not a moment.

Canada’s dark secret. (2017) (47 minutes).

Kimberlé Crenshaw. (2017). What Intersectionality Really Means for Movements. (24 mins).

Kimberlé Crenshaw. (2016). The urgency of intersectionality. TedTalk (19 mins). 

Philomena Essed. (2014).  The 5 R’s of resisting racism (18 mins).

Tiffany Jana. (2014). The power of privilege. Ted Talk (15 mins).

Stuart Hall. (1996). Race the floating signifier (62 minutes). Available via Kanopy streaming (through the Winnipeg Public Library).

Tasha Hubbard (2019). Nîpawistamâsowin: We will stand up. (1 hour 38 minutes).

Ibram X Kendi. (2018). Expanding the table for racial equity: Structural racism (1 hour 12 minutes). 

Ibram X Kendi. (2019). How to be an antiracist. (54 mins) 

Our sisters in spirit MMIWG. (2018). (35 mins). 

Shelagh MacKenzie. (1991). Remember Africville.

Lillian Medville. (2018).  Your privilege is showing. TedTalk. (13 mins).

Pam Palmater. (2017). Building communities that make change. (20 mins)..

Pam Palmater. (2015).  Cultural genocide. (30 mins).

Raoul Peck. (2016). I am not your Negro. (1 hour 35 minutes). (available to stream via Kanopy – the Winnipeg public library)

Tricia Rose (2017). How structural racism works. (60 mins).