Canada Research Chair in Arctic System Science: Tier 1 - seven years
Dr. Barber's CRC work involves field and theoretical research to expand scientific knowledge of the effects of global warming on sea ice in the Arctic, and to develop more effective tools to predict, and deal with, its potentially harmful effects. Throughout his work, Dr. Barber wants to expand scientific knowledge about both the physical and biological processes at work in the ocean-sea ice-atmosphere system. He also hopes to develop innovative modelling tools to predict changes in the system, both in space and over time, and to share his discoveries with key stakeholders, such as the Aboriginal peoples of the Arctic and private sector industry. Read more about David Barber.
Canada Excellence Research Chair in Arctic Geomicrobiology and Climate Change - seven years
Research in Arctic geomicrobiology and climate change will allow us to further existing knowledge in this important field and help scientists gain a better understanding of our climate and our environment. Dr. Rysgaard's CERC research will explore microbial activity and chemical transformations within sea ice and ocean sediments as they occur. His team will be the first to intensely investigate the Arctic at the micro-scale. Dr. Rysgaard's work will also provide tools for assessing Arctic resource development, sustainable development of these resources, and impacts on northern peoples. Read more about Søren Rysgaard.
Canada Research Chair in Arctic Environmental Chemistry: Tier 1 - seven years
Associated with the unprecedented opportunities for Arctic development is the risk of chemical contamination of its vulnerable ecosystems. Dr. Wang's CRC work involves laboratory-, mesocosm- and field-scale research to examine chemical and biogeochemical processes at freezing temperatures and their implications for the fate and effects of contaminants (e.g., mercury, oil) in the Arctic under a changing climate. Throughout his work, Dr. Wang wants to understand the interplay between chemical contamination and climate change, and to provide critically needed knowledge and tools to improve policies and practices leading to sustainable development in the Arctic. Read more about Feiyue Wang.
Senior Canada-150 Research Chair in Climate Forcing of Sea Ice - seven years
The world has turned its attention to the Arctic, largely because of the rapidly shrinking sea ice cover. The increase in open water area is already having profound impacts on the energy and freshwater balance of the Arctic. The University of Manitoba's Senior Canada-150 Research Chair will use satellite and in situ data, Indigenous knowledge, community-based monitoring and climate models to improve our understanding of the climate forcing of sea ice and how changes in sea ice contribute to the large-scale freshwater marine coupling of the Arctic Ocean. The Canada-150 program will examine coupling between marine, terrestrial and glacial reservoirs of freshwater and how changes couple across these sources. This will illuminate our understanding large-scale weather and ocean circulation patterns, polar ecosystems, marine biogeochemistry, the livelihoods of coastal communities, marine activity and resource extraction. The chair program has a seven-year budget of $16.75M cash and $17.7M in kind.
Canada Excellence Research Chair in Arctic Ice, Freshwater-Marine Coupling and Climate Change
The Arctic is undergoing an unprecedented rate of climate change. The observed changes in ice (glacial ice, sea ice, and permafrost) and river runoff are increasing freshwater inputs into the Arctic Ocean and adjacent seas and affecting commensurate physical, biological and geochemical processes. These changes are ubiquitous throughout the system, affecting all levels of ecosystem services, Inuit traditional use of marine areas, and global pressure to increase development in the Arctic. Changes in the Arctic also affect processes at lower latitudes, including connections to extreme weather, floods, droughts, and climate variability via the polar vortex, and global ocean circulation through export of freshwater to the deep-water convection areas of the North Atlantic. Our CERC program is built around the premise of integrating western science with Inuit/Indigenous knowledge through direct input from Inuit knowledge holders, community-based monitoring programs (CMBs), extensive in situ field studies, and international sharing of field and laboratory logistics. The chair program has a seven-year budget of $30M cash and >$250M in kind.