Ideal Forms and Actual Arrangements
The second issue regards the cultural values that structure domestic
and the actualization of idealized forms in on-the-ground arrangements.
The unit of description and analysis must be understood
in terms of the main principles of household formation and composition.
The domestic unit is not a mere physical assemblage but the result of
rules that create it.
In this regard we will investigate a range of postmarital residence rules
that specify where a couple will live after marriage
and often lead to complex extended family patterns.
For example, households in
Turkish villages are formed according to a strict
that a son must live in his natal household until his father dies.
This stipulation means that, when a man marries, his wife will normally
move in with his family and raise her
children under her mother-in-law’s roof along with her sisters-in-law.
Although residence rules are uniformly enforced according to cultural norms,
they are not always neatly observable in actual cases.
One survey of Turkish village domestic organization indicated that over
70% of all households included only nuclear family members.
This curious condition was not the result of a deviation from patrilocality.
It was just an accident product of the large death rate of men during
World War I. Since their fathers had uniformly died at an early age,
a generation of men began their domestic careers as heads of
independent households. In this particular case, the nuclear family
arrangement occurs within a dominant patrilocal system as an early stage
in the domestic cycle.