PALLAVI SWARANJALI, Carleton University
STEVEN BEITES, Laurentian University
KATIE GRAHAM, Carleton University
TED LANDRUM, University of Manitoba
FABRICATING IN SITU
SCOTT GERALD SHALL, Lawrence Technological University
Borrowed Intelligence: Leveraging Industrial Fabrication To Evolve Building Production
In 1920, the average US home represented an investment of about 20% of one’s income, whereas in 2010, the average home represented an investment of over
34% of one’s income. During this same time period, the waste produced by a single home had ballooned to over 3,000 pounds of solid wood waste and 1,800
pounds of engineered wood waste. These factors have curtailed homeownership and helped to created a growing population of renters, many of whom spend three
times more on rent than a homeowner spends on a mortgage — a situation that prevents these families from ever becoming homeowners and makes it difficult to
afford food, heat and other necessities.
If one performs an audit of other industries, a very different story emerges. In 1920, the automobile cost 71% of the average income and 12% of US citizens
owned a car. By 2010, the cost was 16% and 81% of US citizens owned a car.1 During this same period, the environmental footprint of the automobile shrank, as it
did in most other industries. For example, Samsung has, over the last decade reduced their waste by around 200% and IKEA has shifted production so that over
88% of their waste is either recycled or the energy used, recovered.
Grounded in these practices, a group of faculty, students, developers, activists and industry leaders are generating a new model of building production, specifically
engineered around the questions posed by affordable housing. This model, which brings together personalities and approaches from a range of industries, is
projected to decrease, by half, the cost and time associated with housing while, simultaneously, reducing the home’s environmental footprint and increasing its
appraised value. Moreover, as the techniques used are socially-responsive and digitally-derived, the intelligence gained from each generation can be embedded in
subsequent works — an arrangement that is present within most industries but absent in the production of affordable housing.
1 All statistics courtesy of the US Census reports for the time periods cited. US Census Bureau Reports 2010, 1980, 1950 and 1920.
NAHID AHMADI, Carleton University
DIETMAR STRAUB, University of Manitoba
JENNIFER SMITH, Auburn University
BRYAN HE, University of Manitoba
VALENTINA DAVILA, McGill University
LAWRENCE BIRD, Winnipeg
ELLEN GRIMES, School of the Art Institute of Chicago
NIKOLE BOUCHARD, University of Wisconsin
RYAN STEC, Carleton University
LANCELOT COAR, University of Manitoba
FEDERICO GARCIA LAMMERS & JESSICA GARCIA FRITZ, South Dakota State University
JOE KALTURNYK, Winnipeg
photo: Landon Lucyk [M2 Architecture]
The 2018 Atmosphere Symposium is co-chaired by: Lisa Landrum and Liane Veness with the support of the Faculty's Cultural Events Committee and the Centre for Architectural Structure and Technology (C.A.S.T.); web design and graphics support by Tali Budman (ED4 Architecture student), and administrative support from Brandy O’Reilly (Faculty of Architecture, Partners Program).
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