- NO, this is a form of academic dishonesty caled 'duplicate submission'. It may be difficult to understand why you cannot submit work that is your own. However, there are reasons why this is a academically dishonest.
There is the expectation when you take a course that you will do new and original work for the course requirements. A student in the course is expected to do the same amount of work as all other students. Further, if a student is to submit previously completed work a second time, that student has the unfair advantage of receiving feedback from the instructor who originally marked the paper.
Adding onto previous work (yours or others) is part of scholarship, however, even a researcher must reference him/herself when mentioning their previously completed work, published or unpublished.
If you are in this situation and you want to write a paper on the same topic as before, speak to your professor. Take your original paper and discuss what you might do to satisfy the course requirements, but still focus on the same topic. i.e. research a different aspect.
- Yes. When work is submitted by a group of individuals it is expected that all will share in the responsibility of ensuring the work meets the assignment requirements and that it is appropriately referenced. Make sure all the group members read and agree with each others' sections before compiling the project and submitting it to the instructor. Keep copies of all the work you completed individually.
- Yes. You are not permitted to bring unauthorized materials into the exam room, including cell phones.
- NO. Although it may be tempting to simply write in the results that are well-known, it is wrong to falsify your lab results. You can appreciate the potential for serious consequences if a student began this practice of 'fudging' their data in first year undergraduate courses and carried it into graduate school and into research labs. The honest thing to do in this situation is to state the results you did get and offer some reasons why your experiment did not work out.
- Yes. It is called 'padding' your bibliography or reference list. Do not include materials that you did not use or refer to in your paper.
- NO. You are responsible for safeguarding your own work. You might be seen as assisting your friend to plagiarize or to cheat.
- NO. If you are not sure of where you found the quote or an idea, do not make up or cite a source that is uncertain. This is not giving due credit to the original authors and it is academically dishonest. Either leave out the quote completely or talk to your instructor.
Always practice good referencing techniques and save all rough drafts of your papers.
- Yes. These sections of the paper are not authored by you, but by your friend. You would be misrepresenting yourself. It is good practice to have someone proofread your paper before submitting, but it is bad practice to have someone make direct changes to your paper.
- Yes. You are not to bring any unauthorized materials into the exam room. If you happen to be in this situation unintentionally, raise your hand and let the invigilator know what happened. Always check your pockets and leave all books, calculators (where not permitted), jackets etc. at the front of the room (or where directed).
- NO. If the expectation was for all students to submit their own individual work then this is a case of inappropriate collaboration. In this example the assignment was not worked on individually, it was worked on by three students. If you are having difficulties with an assignment, speak to your professor or T.A. Always keep rough drafts of your assignments to show that you did your own work.
- Yes. Never alter medical or other documents. This is considered fraud.
If you have any questions about academic integrity or about specific matters related to coursework, please email us at Student_Advocacy@umanitoba.ca. All inquiries are CONFIDENTIAL.