Grade Point Average

This page serves as a source of general information regarding how various Grade Point Average calculations are made at the University of Manitoba.  Complete details can be found in the Grade Point Averages Policy.

Quality Points
Quality Points is the grade point value of the assigned Letter Grade multiplied by the credit hours of the course; e.g. 3 credit hours with a grade of “B” (3.0 points) = 3 credit hours x 3.0 = 9.0 quality points.

Grade Point Average (GPA)
The average grade of courses completed at the same Level, which is calculated by dividing the total quality points earned by the number of credit hours attempted. This calculation can be applied to determine the following types of GPA:

Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA)
Cumulative Grade Point Average is the calculated GPA of all courses, institutional and transferred, completed at the same level.

Degree Grade Point Average (DGPA)
Degree Grade Point Average is the calculated GPA of all courses accepted for credit by the University towards a designated degree.

Sessional Grade Point Average (SGPA)
Sessional Grade Point Average (SGPA) is the calculated GPA of all courses completed at the same Level during the Fall and Winter Terms of one academic year.

Term Grade Point Average (TGPA)
Term Grade Point Average is the calculated GPA of all courses completed during a single Term at the same Level.

Repeated Courses
When a course has been repeated or an equivalent course is taken, the highest grade will count towards the degree grade point average (DGPA). All attempts of the repeated course (or equivalent) will be included in the Term and Cumulative GPAs. Previous attempts of the repeated course (or equivalent) may be included in DGPA depending on faculty/school/college policy.

Note: The Limited Access registration rule will come into affect Winter 2018. Students are encouraged to review their faculty/school repeat rules or speak to an Academic Advisor.

Challenge for Credit
Challenge for Credit is a process whereby students have the opportunity to demonstrate that they have acquired a command of the general subject matter, knowledge, intellectual and/or skills that would normally be found in a university-level course.

Updated on March 2, 2017