NCHA Sources and References


Mental Health: None

Physical Health: None

Social and Cultural: None


  • Canada’s Lower-Risk Cannabis Use Guidelines: Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 2017.


  • Canada’s Low-Risk Alcohol Drinking Guidelines: Canadian Centre on Substance Use and Addiction, 2017.
  • “Alcohol shortens your attention span for up to 48 hours…” University of Saskatchewan, 2014.
  • “Drinking may decrease arousal…” University of Saskatchewan, 2014.


  • “Even though smoking hookah may sound like a healthier alternative…” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2016.
  • “If you are a regular smoker, you may be spending thousands of dollars per year on smoking. Quitting smoking is like giving yourself a pay raise! Calculate your cost here: (link)” Health Promotion Agency, 2018.


  • “Students who get more than 6 hours per night consistently have higher GPAs than those who don’t” Kelly, Kelly, and Clanton, 2001.
  • “Your body does not adapt to less sleep – instead you become chronically sleep deprived” Sleep Health Foundation (2011).

Sexual Health

  • “Poor body image has shown to significantly decrease sexual satisfaction in women…” Pujols, Meston, and Seal, 2010.