The Student Discipline Bylaw and related Procedures provide guidance to those individuals charged with administering disciplinary action ("Disciplinary Authority") while, at the same time, outline the prohibited conduct and the right of appeal.
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2.1 As members of the University Community, students have an obligation to act with academic integrity and in a fair and reasonable manner toward their peers, faculty, staff, administration and the physical property of the University. Academic integrity and personal conduct, both on-campus and off-campus in university-sanctioned activities, are critical elements in achieving these obligations.
2.2 Students will be subject to disciplinary action under this bylaw. (Excerpt from the University of Manitoba's Student Discipline Bylaw, 2009)
The purpose of this page is to
It is important to know the rules including the University of Manitoba's Student Discipline Bylaw and procedures, and the Academic Integrity regulations found in the Calendar under "General Academic Regulations and Requirements". The University also has policies on research ethics and intellectual property. You can obtain copies of these policies from the University Governance website, Office of the University Secretary (312 Administration Building) or Student Advocacy (519 University Centre).
There are handouts and online tutorials available on plagiarism and related topics. Your course outlines should make reference to cheating and plagiarism. Excellent writing guides are available in the Libraries and the Book Store. Every student involved in essay or report writing should follow an appropriate style guide in order to correctly and completely acknowledge all sources and forms of assistance. The Academic Learning Centre (201 Tier Building) provides support to students who need assistance with writing academic papers.
The University places a high value on academic honesty. It has implemented various measures in an attempt to curb academic dishonesty:
Despite everyone's best efforts, research suggests there is a fairly high level of cheating - well above the numbers of students detected. Some cheating and plagiarism is due to student ignorance of rules and obligations. One goal of this handout is to reduce academic dishonesty due to ignorance. Not knowing the rules is not an excuse.
Students who cheat, cheat their fellow students most of all.
If you run into a disciplinary authority who, in your opinion, is handling an academic dishonesty accusation poorly, seek advice from the Student Advocacy office. Here are examples of some improper reactions to academic dishonesty:
The disciplinary authority:
Various factors are considered by disciplinary authorities when determining outcomes for academic dishonesty:
The Student Discipline Bylaw outlines the specific disciplinary actions available for each disciplinary authority.
There is no rule about which disciplinary actions are applied for which violations, but there are patterns in the ways that disciplinary actions have been applied in the past. Patterns are not rules and disciplinary authorities are free to depart from them.
Failure (FDisc). This is the normal disciplinary action when the violation is considered intentional and is a first violation. Often a failing grade is given along with a grade classification DISC (disciplinary action).
A notation of academic dishonesty may also be added to the student's transcript. This may be removed by the student after the time period indicated in the decision letter has elapsed.
Severe disciplinary actions apply if there is evidence of planning or involvement of others in the violation. Suspension for one year or more is typical for a student who was previously found responsible, even if the violation resulting in suspension is less serious.
Suspension due to a disciplinary matter results in a transcript notation. After serving the suspension, a student may make a request in writing to the Registrar that this notice be removed.
Expulsion, unlike suspension, is deemed to be permanent. Expulsion is typically reserved for very serious cases which may also involve criminal prosecution.
Criminal prosecution is reserved for criminal acts, such as fraud, forgery, theft and impersonation.
The regulations on scholastic offenses in the Calendar describe a number of fraudulent acts. While innocent acts can sometimes be mistaken for cheating or plagiarism, this rarely happens with fraud. Fraud is usually a deliberate lie. For example, submitting a forged doctor's letter, failing to disclose information on an application or any other form of misrepresentation is fraudulent. Consequently, it is often dealt with more severely.
It is your right to know how information about you is retained, and for how long.
In tests and exams
In essays, reports and other assignments
Anyone who suspects someone else of committing a scholastic violation has several choices:
Before deciding to remain uninvolved, consider the big picture. Who benefits most from your lack of action? The wrong-doer. If you feel a moral obligation to try to make your university a more fair and honest place, try to find a way to get involved. Please contact the Student Advocacy office for advice.
Talking to the other person: Many University of Manitoba students hope to enter professions where peer monitoring is an important means of maintaining professional ethical standards. If you decide to talk to someone you suspect of academic dishonesty, make sure you are familiar with the policy on scholastic violations. Then consider the evidence you have that a dishonest act has or will take place. Be clear about your own motives and goals. You may want to consult someone you trust before undertaking the difficult task of talking to someone you suspect of wrong doing.
Reporting a suspect: There are two ways to make such a report: (1) by giving the instructor, head or dean a tip; (2) by giving evidence. When you give a tip, you need not disclose your identity. You are merely advising the instructor, head or dean that you suspect academic dishonesty took place (or will probably take place). It is up to that person to investigate and gather evidence needed to charge the offenders. You do not become a witness. A tip can be written, phoned or given in person.
Sometimes a tip will not be useful because the instructor is unable to find any evidence in support of the claims made. From the University's point of view it is always preferable to have a witness willing to state what they have seen or heard.
If you have any questions, please contact our office. The Student Advocacy office maintains a resource file on the topic of Academic Integrity for students and staff. Test your understanding of academic honesty by accessing our web-site.
The Student Advocacy office offers presentations and workshops on academic integrity and related topics. We maintain the Student Discipline website that provides helpful information for faculty and staff handling a discipline case. Visit us at umanitoba.ca/student/advocacy for more information and to view our educational materials including online tutorials.
We gratefully acknowledge permission to adapt "Cheating, Plagiarism and other Scholastic Offences" guide produced by the Office of the Ombudsman, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario.
Revised July 2012