________________ CM . . . . Volume VIII Number 11 . . . . February 1, 2002

cover Nibbling on Einstein's Brain: The Good, the Bad & the Bogus in Science.

Diane Swanson. Illustrated by Warren Clark.
Toronto, ON: Annick Press, 2001.
104 pp., pbk. & cl., $16.95 (pbk.), $24.95 (cl.).
ISBN 1-55037-686-1 (pbk.), ISBN 1-55037-687-X (cl.).

Subject Headings:
Science-Methodology-Juvenile literature.
Fraud in science-Juvenile literature.

Grades 3-7 / Ages 8-12.

Review by Julie Chychota.

**** / 4

exerpt:

Media Alert 11: Leading You On

You're stuck with washing the dishes again and you're not amused -- even though Dad has tried to make life easier by providing "Sudsy, the Super Soap." As you struggle with a sticky casserole dish, the words from Sudsy's TV commercial burn in your ears: "No dish soap breaks down grease faster than Sudsy." In fact, it doesn't seem to work faster than any other soap you've tried. But does the commercial really say Sudsy is the fastest or does it just imply that -- and count on you to think that's what is meant? In research tests, all brands of dish soap may have attacked grease just as fast as Sudsy -- but not any faster.

Here's another approach to watch out for. Suppose an ad says, "Medical researchers rate AXC -- the stomach-soothing ingredient in Feeling Jolly -- as the best treatment for upset stomachs." The ad isn't claiming anything it shouldn't, even though all stomach-soothing medicines contain the ingredient AXC. But the advertisers may be hoping you'll assume AXC is found only in Feeling Jolly and buy their product. (p.56)

For a mere $16.95, for the paperback version, a reader can indulge in repeat trips to the savory buffet of scientific reasoning served up by Diane Swanson in Nibbling on Einstein's Brain: The Good, the Bad & the Bogus in Science. By filling the book with references to common experiences -- everything from dentists to dish soap, breakfast cereal to blood circulation, car collisions to cough syrup, roadkill to rashes -- Swanson impresses upon readers that science "is not just a mountain of discoveries and a mass of facts," but rather "a way of figuring things out and evaluating information" (p. 5). The book introduces "scientific method" to its readers, encouraging them to exercise a healthy portion of skepticism, and to develop their critical thinking skills, so that they can better evaluate "the good, the bad and the bogus."

nibbling

     Sandwiched between the tastefully designed covers, which portray atomic structures (staple icons of science) against a background blend of primary colors, are five chapters that emphasize the many ways science impacts one's everyday life. Chapter one spotlights a few examples of bad science and flawed research, such as that which led to Radiothor, a harmful radioactive concoction marketed as "medicine" in the 1920s. This chapter, however, also recounts the many benefits of science. It explains the differences between five main scientific disciplines and identifies five principles to foster good scientific practices, thereby whetting readers' appetites for the "main course" represented by the three subsequent chapters. "Science Watch," for example, introduces 21 "Baloney Busters" -- ways to challenge the research, analysis, and conclusions of experimental findings according to "scientific method." "Media Watch" then follows up with 11 considerations readers should keep in mind when they review scientific reporting and/or critique advertisements promoted in the media. Finally, "Mind Watch" teaches readers to think past hearsay, preconceptions, proverbial wisdom, superstition, and circular reasoning before they accept or reject scientific breakthroughs. Chapter five concludes with a light summary of strategies readers may use to defend themselves against bad science.

     As far as overall presentation is concerned, Nibbling on Einstein's Brain wins points from this reviewer for its attractive layout. The book consists mainly of black type, and black and white cartoon illustrations, with teal green-shaded accents. Pages are reminiscent of collage, since they contain philosophical bites in speech/thought balloons, various font styles, and angled blocks of text. Delectable tidbits of quotations from members of the scientific community grace many pages, while "your turn" sections sprinkled throughout give readers something to chew over. Here, the book presents readers with commonplace scenarios to which they may apply what they have learned. ("Solutions" are provided on p. 100.) Only two minor things prove to be disappointing: the Table of Contents collapses in on itself like a fallen cake, in disregard of the text's repeated appeal to order and clarity; additionally, the illustrations, although amusing, are more decorative than functional, and not as "satirical" as the accompanying "Press Release" leads one to believe.

     Additional aids that will help readers digest scientific information have been well thought out and strategically placed. Each chapter, for instance, concludes with a checklist summarizing the key points addressed therein. A section entitled "Where to Get Help" lists magazines, Internet sites, and books that one can consult for further information. A glossary and an index direct readers to the definitions and/or locations of specific terms. Furthermore, within the text itself, much internal cross-referencing occurs. With the release of Nibbling on Einstein's Brain, Annick Press continues its tradition of publishing books that promote dialogue, that nudge readers to respond as a result of reading. This underlying intent is especially evident in the use of the second-person, which places the onus upon the reading "you."

     Although language and sentence structure are relatively simple to comprehend, the content seems better suited to children ages 10-14 than to those ages 8-12 (the age range the book's "Press Release" assigns), for it begs a reader sophisticated enough to be cognizant of his/her own reasoning processes and motivations, as well as those of others, be they individuals or organizations.

     On the whole, the book is effectively organized, and successfully educates in an entertaining manner. The variety of visual stimuli it contains should give it a competitive edge in capturing readers' attention. Since it urges readers to ask questions to increase their "scientific literacy," and given the fact that it lists a number of resources to consult towards that end, Nibbling on Einstein's Brain seems ideally suited as a book not only for the true young science buff or media critic, but also for those young persons who may already be scraping together ideas for next year's science fair project. Teachers, parents, librarians, and other adults who want to make science attractive to young people will snap up Nibbling on Einstein's Brain with gusto.

Highly Recommended.

Julie Chychota has an M.A. in English Lit. and is currently taking courses in Library Studies.

To comment on this title or this review, send mail to cm@umanitoba.ca.

Copyright the Manitoba Library Association. Reproduction for personal use is permitted only if this copyright notice is maintained. Any other reproduction is prohibited without permission.

Published by
The Manitoba Library Association
ISSN 1201-9364

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