________________ CM . . . . Volume XVIII Number 7 . . . . October 14, 2011


Les Porteurs D’Espoir = Hope Builders.

Fernand Dansereau (Director). Monique Simard & Christian Medawar (Producers). Yves Bisaillon (Executive Producer).
Montreal, PQ: National Film Board of Canada, 2010.
89 min., 26 sec., DVD, $99.95.

Order Number: 153C 9910 199.

Grades 6 and up / Ages 11 and up.

Review by Barbara McMillan.

**** /4



This film grew out of a sense of hopelessness. Scientists say it would require the resources of four or five planets like ours for everyone on Earth to have the same standard of living we enjoy in the west. How to convince the world’s populations that the consumer society is not the best issue to aspire to? How can we develop a more environmentally friendly way of life? How can we invent a new model of happiness? Will it take wars and natural disasters for us to change our ways? An elementary school teacher from Quebec believes that the answer lies in educating children. Claude Poirier promotes an educational approach known as action research that gets students thinking about the environment and gives them the tools they need to do something about it. (Fernand Dansereau, Director)

While there have been a small number of first-rate dramatic films about teaching, few documentaries filmed in classrooms exist. I have a copy of the much beloved Être et Avoir (To Be and to Have) released in 2002, but know of no others. This is one reason I accepted the offer to review Fernand Dansereau’s Les Porteurs d’Espoir. Another reason was the teaching portrayed in the film was focused on preparing one class of Grade 6 children “to take up environmental challenges.” With all that has been written about children and environmental education and education for sustainability, I must admit I was curious to see the “action research” approach promoted by Claude Poirier.

      Les Porteurs d’Espoir begins in the classroom of Dominique Leduc, known to his 24 students as Mr. Dominique. It’s late-September, early-October in McMasterville, Quebec, and the students are responding to the question, “Are you optimistic or pessimistic when it comes to your future and that of the environment?” When students have voted and explained their particular stance, Mr. Dominique continues his questioning by asking, “What does science mean to you?” Following a good response from Ti-Brin, he says, “We’re going to explore and carry out a scientific procedure. We’re going to choose something that bothers us in our environment, and we’re going to undertake a ‘research-action’ to solve a community problem.” Thus begins the action research and the students’ gradual identification of the environmental challenge they will spend the school year attempting to resolve.

      Fernand Dansereau, his cinematographer Julien Fontaine, soundman Stéphane Barsalou, and crew have created an exceptional film. It portrays inquiry, experiential, and service learning with the clarity necessary for teachers to duplicate the approach in their classrooms, and this clarity comes by showing setbacks and frustrations alongside supports and successes. It’s an absolute joy to witness the teaching that enables and encourages students’ development of collaborative, communicative, and critical thinking skills that serve them well in garnering community support for their park renewal and anti-vandalism projects and will continue to serve them well throughout life.

     The 89 ½ minutes of Les Porteurs d’Espoir are beautifully filmed and edited. Viewers will observe the children, who appear not to be aware of the camera, at work in their classroom, in the school, on the playground, and in the community during all four seasons. With the exception of the recording, in English, of Fernand Dansereau speaking at the beginning and ending of the film, the audio is in French with English subtitles provided. Although I suspect teachers will be the audience for this film, the Grade 6 to adult viewing level is there to indicate that the film could be shown as an example in classrooms where Poirier’s form of action-research is being undertaken with a group of students for the first time.

Highly Recommended.

Barbara McMillan is a teacher educator and a professor of science education in the Faculty of Education, the University of Manitoba.

To comment on this title or this review, send mail to cm@umanitoba.ca.

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