________________ CM . . . . Volume XI Number 6 . . . .November 12, 2004


Peace Walker: The Legend of Hiawatha and Tekanawita.

C.J. Taylor.
Toronto, ON: Tundra Books, 2004.
48 pp., cloth, $22.99.
ISBN 0-88776-547-5.

Subject Headings:
Hiawatha, 15th cent.-Legends.
Iroquois Indians-Folklore.

Grades 5 and up / Ages 10 and up.

Review by Ian Stewart.

**** /4



For generations the five nations lived peacefully and prosperously according to the ways of their ancestors... With time, however, the way of peace vanished. Clan laws permitted victims of injustices, such a theft or even murder, to seek compensation or revenge for the wrongs done to them. But it was difficult to be fair in revenge... Killing and hatred, suspicion and fear replaced peace...It was during those times of chaos that there came into power, in the territories of the Onondaga, a chief named Atotarho. His cruel leadership was to last the span of many lifetimes.


C.J. Taylor's beautifully illustrated and vividly written interpretation of the Iroquois legend of Hiawatha and Tekanawita is destined to become a classroom and library favorite. The legend recounts a time when the Five Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy despaired under an evil chief named Atotarho. There was no respite from his cruelty; his spies were well placed to report any voices that spoke ill of his reign and all were deathly afraid. Among the people, only the powerful chief Hiawatha, a former friend but now a determined foe of Atotarho, refused to do his bidding. The people of Hiawatha's tribe were so afraid of Atotharo's wrath that they had a powerful shaman drive Hiawatha mad and into the wilderness. Alone in the forest, he had visions of a time of peace and spoke to many tribes but was shunned by all the Iroquois peoples. The Huron people, who lived north of the Iroquois, also suffered under the brutality of Atotarho. There, the people shunned a young man named Tekanawita. During her pregnancy, Tekanawita's mother had a dream that her child would travel south and meet a great man. Together, they would unite all peoples against the evil chief and bring peace to the land. When the two outcasts met, they recognized their mutual destinies and worked tirelessly to unite the suffering people. After many years of fruitless pleading, the people finally agreed to challenge the evil chief. Tekanawita composed a peace song and led the people to face Atotarho. When faced with the combined determination of all the Iroquois, Atotarho was transformed into a giant pine tree. The people were reunited in peace, and the chosen leaders of the five tribes would meet under the tree to deliberate and work for the benefit of all their people.

     Students of all ages will shudder at the description of Atotarho: "Live snakes wriggled in and out of his gray hair and slithered up and down his scaly arms. His orange eyes could pierce the soul of a man...." They will be moved by the heartless way the two protagonists were treated by their craven tribesmen, and they will be entranced by the story's dramatic tension. This legend could be put to marvelous use in Canadian history courses as well. It provides a marvelous opportunity to reflect upon the achievements of the First Peoples original forms of self-governance. It also brings to mind the nature of democratic virtues and each individual's responsibility toward our free society.

Highly Recommended.

Ian Stewart teaches at David Livingstone School in Winnipeg, MB.

To comment on this title or this review, send mail to cm@umanitoba.ca.

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