________________ CM . . . . Volume XI Number 15 . . . .April 1, 2005

cover

Bold Privateers: Terror, Plunder and Profit on Canada's Atlantic Coast.

Roger Marsters.
Halifax, NS: Formac, 2004.
128 pp., pbk., $34.95.
ISBN 0-88780-644-9.

Subject Heading:
Privateering-History.

Grades 10 and up / Ages 15 and up.

Review by Thomas F. Chambers.

***½ /4

   

excerpt:

The settlements of the Acadian heartland were hardpressed by the summer of 1707, New England forces sacked Beaubassin (modern-day Fort Lawrence) and Minas in 1704. In June 1707, Port Royal suffered a joint attack of English and colonial forces, and would suffer another in August. The first attack left the town devastated: its houses burned, orchards cut down, crops uprooted and livestock slaughtered. Weakened by hunger and anxiety, the population kept watch on the river, waiting for another expedition to appear. In the second week of August sails rose on the horizon. Many in the town feared the worst.

The ships coasting up the Rivière Dauphin (today's Annapolis River) to Port Royal on August 12, 1707, however, carried a providential gift. A privateer from the French West Indian colony of Saint Domingue soon anchored off the fort, with two prizes in tow. One was laden with much-needed provisions, including 750 barrels of flour, 25 casks of butter, and large quantities of ham and lard to replenish the town's badly depleted food stores. When New England forces did return eight days later, Port Royal's population was well fed and its garrison supplemented by the privateer's crew, who fought courageously to repel the invaders. Acadia's energetic and hardheaded governor, Daniel d'Auger de Subercase, saw the privateers' arrival as a miraculous intervention of France's guardian spirit. He worked hard to keep them in Port Royal, paying special attention to their captain, Pierre Morpain.

 

Bold Privateers is an historical account of the men and the ships that plundered and pillaged Atlantic Canada and the New England coast from the late 17th century to the end of the War of 1812-1814. This was done with the tacit approval of the French and British, and later, the American governments. The men were rogues, little different from the pirates who terrorized the Caribbean and their bold deeds similar to what are today considered acts of terrorism. Certainly it took courage to attack unarmed settlements on the Newfoundland coast, but so too do the suicide bomb attacks in Palestine. Their actions were exciting, much like those of the legendary outlaws Bonnie and Clyde or Billy the Kid.

     The years covered in Bold Privateers were often treacherous ones for people living in the eastern part of North America. Until France's defeat by General James Wolfe in 1759, both the French and the English would do anything to harm their enemy. At stake was the control of North America and the settlements both countries had established since the start of the 17th century. This led to acts of daring and bravado and the elevation of the perpetrators to something akin to cult status. Similar acts were repeated during the American Revolution and the War of 1812 with American colonists replacing the French as Britain's adversaries. The role of the men in Bold Privateers has often been ignored in the retelling of these struggles. This book helps to redress the balance.

     There are eleven chapters in Bold Privateers. The first seven deal with individuals, most of whom will be unknown to readers. The most famous is Pierre Le Moyne D'Iberville who raided English settlements and fur trading posts at the end of the 17th century. The others, equally courageous, are Pierre Maisonnat, Pierre Morpain, Jean-Vincent d'Abaddie and his son, Bernard Anselme d'Abaddie, the third and fourth Barons of Saint-Castin, Joannis-Galand d'Olabaratz, John Rous and Sylvanus Cobb. Chapter eight deals with New Englanders who pillaged the Nova Scotia coastline prior to the American Revolution. Nova Scotia privateers who harassed French and Spanish ships at the time of the French Revolution are the subjects of Chapter 9. Chapters 10 and 11 are about two ships, Liverpool Packet and Sir John Sherbrooke, that terrorized New England shipping during the War of 1812-14.

internal art     Roger Marsters is a specialist in old books and documents for a Halifax book dealer. He has also acted as an interpreter at the Maritime Museum of the Atlantic in Halifax and previously wrote Shipwreck Treasures.

     Illustrations are an important part of Bold Privateers. They are spread throughout the book and make the stories come alive. Marsters has included pictures of the privateers and their ships, most in colour. There are numerous paintings of maritime scenes, a number a full page in size. They are very attractive, the kind associated with coffee table books. There are also pictures of pistols, cannons, swords, maps and many of the communities mentioned in the book. With a little imagination, readers can quite easily picture the events that transpired so long ago.

     Bold Privateers has an index and bibliography. It is a scholarly book, well written, historically accurate and will be enjoyed both by teenagers and their parents. It is meant for recreational reading.

Highly Recommended.

Thomas F. Chambers is a retired college teacher living in North Bay, ON.

To comment on this title or this review, send mail to cm@umanitoba.ca.

Copyright the Manitoba Library Association. Reproduction for personal use is permitted only if this copyright notice is maintained. Any other reproduction is prohibited without permission.
Published by
The Manitoba Library Association
ISSN 1201-9364
Hosted by the University of Manitoba.
 

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