|Author: Carron , William , 1821-1876.
Title: Narrative of an expedition, undertaken under the
direction of the late Mr. Assistant Surveyor E. B. Kennedy,
for the exploration of the country lying between Rockingham
Bay and Cape York. / by Wm. Carron, one of the survivors
of the expedition. To which are added,
/ 1. The statement of the aboriginal native, Jackey Jackey,
who accompanied Mr. Kennedy.
/ 2. The statement of Dr. Vallack and Captain Dobson,
who rescued the survivors of the expedition; and
/ 3. The statement of Captain Simpson of the "Freak,"
who proceeded in search of Mr. Kennedy's papers, &c. [incl.
three additional statements by Matthew Clarke, John Davis,
& Mr. MacNate].
Published: Sydney: Printed by Kemp and Fairfax, Lower
George Street, 1849.
97 (i.e. 125) p. : fold. map. 23 cm.
Wm. Carron to his father Charles Carron, Sydney, 1855
Map Fragment, Map,
& Other Related ills. (tp
& 1856 Letter
Read the full-text
ed. of this book online at Project Gutenberg Australia
Map of Australia, locating Cape
York [extreme north-east]
See a brief account
of the 1848 Kennedy Expedition, with a Map
Note: A 1965 reprint of this work has the cover title:
"Kennedy's Expedition", & states: "Reproduced... from
a copy held in the Public Library of South Australia."
-- In October 2008, NLA Reference Librarian Andrew Sergeant
sent 3 images: "... the microfilm of the Mitchell Library's
copy [in State Library, New South Wales collections in
Sydney -- gd] contains a 2 page note written by Carron,
and includes his signature."
The sample of Carron 's handwriting in the June 10, 1856
Letter proved strikingly similar to the 1855 mss
"Dedication" to his father Charles Carron in RBR's copy
of the "Narrative..."
Appendices on pp. 80-. -- Imprint repeated in Colophon.
Online text: "This ebook is available from the Australian
Explorers Journals page" at http://gutenberg.net.au/ebooks02/0201121.txt
Contents: Ch.1: "We left Sydney on the 29th of April,
1848, in the barque "Tam O'Shanter' (Captain Merionberg);
in company with H.M.S. "Rattlesnake." [pp.-10]. --
Ch.2: "As I may now consider our expedition..." [pp.-29].
-- Ch.3: "July 18. - Having loaded the horses, we started
... [pp.-65]. -- Ch.4: "November 11. - We proceeded
along the valley a short distance, with the view of forming
our depo^t as near to Weymouth Bay as possible." [pp.-78].
"State of the Weather at Weymouth Bay, / From 14th November
to the 14th December, 1848." [Table, p.80]. --
No. I. / Statement of Jackey Jackey. [pp.-87]. --
No. II. / Capt. Dobson's statement. [pp.87-88]. -- Dr.
[Adoniah] Vallack's statement. [pp.88-99; "(Signed) AD.
No. III. / Extract ["From the private log of T. BECKFORD
SIMPSON, master of the brig "Freak" ...", pp.100-102].
Statement of Matthew Clarke. [pp.102-104]. --
Statement of John Davis [pp.104-122]. --
Mr. MacNate's statement [pp.123-97 (sic! for 125)] --
[p.125]: "(Signed) T. B. SIMPSON, / Master of the Freak.
/ THE END."
This is William Carron's 1849 record of Edmund Kennedy's
ill-fated expedition to Cape York in far north Queensland.
In 1848, Kennedy led the first expedition to seek a route
to the tip of Cape York. William Carron was the expedition's
botanist, and one of its three survivors. His notes were
lost during the expedition, and the story had to be reconstructed
Twelve Australians and the aboriginal guide Jackey Jackey
(d.1854) were delivered to Rockingham Bay by ship with
their supplies, carts, and horses in June 1848. Initial
progress was slow, the carts proving difficult in crossing
swamps and rivers. Later, some members of the expedition
fell ill. In mid August irregularities were discovered
in the sharing out of rations and Carron took over this
duty. Numerous groups of Aborigines were seen, some friendly,
others threatening and in some of the encounters spears
were thrown and shots were returned. For example, on 9
Oct (p.60), "a great many natives came in all directions
and making a great noise ... followed us at some distance,
continually throwing spears after us for some time". By
13 November (p.66) Kennedy, Jackey and three others struck
out in an attempt to reach the Cape quickly and bring
help, leaving the weaker members near Weymouth Bay. --
Douglas, one of the Cape party, accidentally shot himself,
so Kennedy and Jackey left the three men at `Pudding Pan
Hill', Shelburne Bay, and pressed on. Nearing the tip
of the Cape York, Kennedy was fatally speared. Jackey
buried him and managed to slip away down what was later
named the Escape River where he was taken on board the
supply ship "Ariel" waiting for the expedition party in
Albany Passage, and directed the rescuers. The three men
at Pudding Pan For an account of Kennedy's 1848 expedition,
along with sundry maps, portraits, & lengthy excerpts
from Carron's book, see Ch.9.2 of Ernest Favenc's "EXPLORERS
OF AUSTRALIA AND THEIR LIFE-WORK" at gutenberg.net.au/ausexplore2/0-favenc-online.htm
For biographical accounts of Carron, Kennedy & Jackey,
see their entries in the online "Australian Dictionary
of Biography Online Ed." at
"DICTIONARY OF AUSTRALIAN BIOGRAPHY" at
A brief biography of Carron : "William Carron was born
in 1821 at Pulham, Norfolk, England. - Carron was a gardener
in England. He arrived in Sydney in 1844 in charge of
plants for Alexander McLeay's garden and was was botanist
to Edmund Kennedy's expedition to Cape York 1848. - He
was a clerk in the Department of the Superintendent of
Convicts from 1848-53 and from 1866-1875 he was a collector
for the Sydney Botanic Gardens and collected information
on forest reserves for the New South Wales Lands Department.
- He was appointed inspector of forests and forestry ranger,
Clarence district of New South Wales, in 1876. - Carron
died at Grafton, New South Wales, in 1876."
(http://gutenberg.net.au/pages/ carron. html)." --
"Read of Kennedy's expedition by William CARRON: In 1848
the Assistant-Surveyor of New South Wales, Edmund Kennedy,
led an expedition to explore Cape York Peninsula. In the
previous year he had discovered the Thomson River and
established that the Barcoo River was part of Cooper's
Creek. - Arriving at Rockingham Bay (north of Townsville)
in May, Kennedy's party, after much privation and toil,
reached Weymouth Bay, where they established a depot.
- Kennedy, with four others, Costigan, Dunn, Luff, and
a native, Jacky Jacky, left this depot in an endeavour
to reach Cape York, where a relief ship was expected.
Kennedy and Jacky Jacky continued north, after leaving
the others at Shelburne Bay. - Only the native reached
Cape York, for in a skirmish with blacks Kennedy was killed.
- Jacky Jacky guided the ship's relief party to Shelburne
Bay, but Costigan, Dunn, and Luff had perished. At the
Weymouth Bay depot, only two survivors were found." [here
follows the partly col. map
entitled "Kennedy's Expeditions 1847 & 1848"]
Local Note: RBR copy donated in September 2008 by Jim
Dangerfield, who stated that he had obtained this historical
document from family members in England, & that it recorded
an "event quite famous in Australian history." -- In rather
poor comdition, with covers & many pages loose. --
The "folded map" mentioned in other catalogue records
consulted in 1st Search/WorldCats has been largely removed
for preservation purposes. A remnant of it shows mss.
annotations regarding the topography of the area explored
in the right hand, truncated margin (see ill.).
This map fragment is precariously attached to the [loose]
fly-leaf, on the verso of which one finds the following
dedication/inscription in neat ink handwriting: "C. Carron
. -- 1855 -- / The gift of his Son. / William Carron --
/ -- Sydney - " (see
ill.). Both the Map Remnant & the Dedication have
been scanned to be available for general viewing on the
Queensland Discovery and exploration History Sources.
Kennedy, Edmund Besley Court, 1818-1848 Diaries.
Other Title(s): Kennedy's expedition.
Holdings: Archives & Special Collections DU 260 C3 1849
Winnipeg, MB; R3T 2N2
Archives & Special Collections
Phone: (204)474-9986 ; Fax: (204)474-7913
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