Joseph Henry Ellis:

An Inventory of His Map Collection at the University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections

Revisions and Additions by Kathleen Epp, 1992 and John Richthammer, 1996.
University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections
Winnipeg MB
(1996)

Finding aid encoded by Julianna Trivers (July 2002)
Finding aid written in English.

Revision History

  • July 26, 2005 - MC 2 converted from EAD 1.0 to 2002 by v1to02.xsl (sy2003-10-15).

Table of Contents

Collection Summary

Biography of Joseph Henry Ellis

Scope and Contents of the Papers

Organization of the Maps:

Restrictions on Use

Custodial History

Other Finding Aids

Detailed Description of the Collection

Canada & Manitoba (Various) 1951 and n.d.

Early Settlement and Physiographic Regions in Manitoba 1811-1970 and n.d.

Various Manitoba Municipalities [ca. 1921]-1966

Agriculture Conferences 1920-1960

Charts [ca. 1945] and n.d.

Manitoba Crop Values, Acreage, Fertilization, Supply Votes, Distribution and Animal Units

Various Studies of Southeastern Manitoba [ca. 1941] n.d.

Southern Manitoba Limestone Regions n.d.

Utilization of Farmland 1941-1959

Distance and Clearing Acre Value n.d.

Livestock, Grazing Leases, Permits and Price Averages [ca. 1957-1961?]

Crop Reporting Districts [ca. 1960?]

Drainage in Manitoba [ca. 1961] and n.d.

University of Manitoba Fertility/Crop Fields, [ca. 1919] and 1953

Pasquia Area [ca. 1954-1965] and n.d.

Piney District n.d.

The Pas, MB: Monthly Temperature & Precipitation [ca. 1954-1968]

Rural Municipality of Thompson n.d.


Collection Summary

Repository:
University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections
331 Elizabeth Dafoe Library, Winnipeg MB R3T 2N2

Creator:
Joseph Henry Ellis

Title:
The Dr. Joseph Henry Ellis Collection

Dates:

Quantity:
266 maps.

Identification:
MC 2

Language
English.

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Biography of Joseph Henry Ellis

Joseph Henry Ellis was born on February 11, 1890 in Coventry, England and emigrated to Canada in 1907. From that year, until 1914, he worked on a farm at Glenboro, Manitoba and at the Brandon Experimental Farm. He received a Bachelor of Science degree in agriculture from the Manitoba Agricultural College in 1918, and following graduation accepted a position as experimentalist and lecturer in soil management in the field husbandry department. In 1927 he received a Master of Science degree from the University of Minnesota and became the first head of the soils division (later to become the Department of Soil Science), a post he held until 1955.

Throughout this period Professor Ellis lectured and participated in soil surveys to map and classify the soils of Manitoba. Elements of his classification system were later incorporated into the Canadian soil classification system. Many of the published and unpublished reports of these investigations are contained in this collection.

Following his tenure as head of the Department of Soil Science, Professor Ellis acted as a consultant for the Federal Department of Mines and Natural Resources, and the Manitoba Department of Agriculture.

Ellis was married in 1918 to Beatrice Carruthers. They had six children: James Ellis, Hugh Ellis, Majorie Josephine Ellis (1924-1991), Jane McTavish, Constance MacDonald and Elnora Marie Ellis (1928-1954). They celebrated their 50th wedding anniversary at 952 North Drive in Winnipeg, their home of many years. Dr. Ellis died at the age of 83 on December 6, 1973 at Victoria Hospital and was buried in the family plot at Brookside Cemetery in Winnipeg. His widow, Beatrice Carruthers Ellis, survived him until 1987 when she died at the age of 100.

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Scope and Contents of the Papers

The fonds consists of biographical material, correspondence, land inspection reports, special project reports, course materials, awards, surveys, financial records, maps, charts and graphs, and photographs. Many of the published and unpublished reports and mappings related to Ellis' soil investigations into the soils of Manitoba.

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Organization of the Maps:

This collection is organized into series.

  • Canada and Manitoba (Various)
  • Early Settlement and Physiographic Regions in Manitoba
  • Various Manitoba Municipalities
  • Agriculture Conferences
  • Charts
  • Manitoba Crop Values, Acreage, Fertilization, Supply Votes Distribution and Animal Units
  • Various Studies of S outheastern Manitoba c. 1941
  • Southern Manitoba Limestone Regions
  • Utilization of Farmland 1941-1959
  • Distance and Clearing Acre Value
  • Livestock, Grazing Leases, Permits and Price Averages
  • Crop Reporting Districts
  • Drainage in Manitoba
  • University of Manitoba Fertility/Crop Fields, [ca. 1919]
  • Pasquia Area
  • Piney District
  • The Pas, MB: Monthly Temperatures & Precipitation

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Restrictions on Use

No restrictions have been placed upon the collection. It is available to all those who wish to consult it on the condition that they abide by all copyright laws and regulations as passed by the Parliament of Canada and exercise proper care of all contained therein. Any excerpts or quotations from the Collection must not be used without acknowledgment and source attribution.

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Custodial History

The first accession of the Joseph Henry Ellis fonds was donated by Dr. R.A. Hedlin of the Department of Soil Science in 1980. The second accession was originally donated to the Provincial Archives of Manitoba, but in view of the fact that the University of Manitoba held the majority of the Dr. J.H. Ellis collection, it was transferred to the University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections by J. Ellis in 1992.

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Other Finding Aids

Manuscript Collection (MSS 19)

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Detailed Description of the Collection

Canada & Manitoba (Various) 1951 and n.d.
BoxFolder
1 Manitoba (southern portion) showing distribution of regional soils, 1951.
Total farmland in Canada, both unimproved and improved.
Black transparency/negative of Manitoba (southern portion) physiographic and landscape areas.
Print of above.

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Early Settlement and Physiographic Regions in Manitoba 1811-1970 and n.d.
BoxFolder
2 Boundaries of Manitoba 1870-1912 (including soil zone boundaries).
Black print of above.
Manitoba townships showing crop season of 1883.
Print of above.
Boundary of area in Manitoba to which the prairie farm rehabilitation act applied in the earlier years.
Manitoba counties as grouped into crop reporting districts 1884-1886.
Province of Manitoba, [ca. 1871].
Red River Settlement lots surveyed by Peter Fidler, 1814.
Big Eddy Settlement, 1959.
Selkirk Settlers route to Red River and subsequent crops, 1812-1813.
Manitoba showing crown lands as dominant.
Physiographic regions and landscape areas.
Physiographic regions of Manitoba.
Physiographic regions of Manitoba, figure 1
Forest areas of Manitoba.
Assiniboia boundaries, 1811-1834.
Manitoba crown lands: categorical disposition
Manitoba: land utilization
Topographic map of Winnipeg and surrounding districts.
Manitoba main, undeveloped and pioneer agricultural areas
Manitoba rural development area.
Manitoba areas to which A.R.D.A. and F.R.E.D. agreements applied (brown blueprint).
White copy of above.
Mean of supply votes during the component sessions of each legislature for the administration and maintenance of all departments of provincial government (exclusive of capital expenditures and statutory commitments), 1871-1970.
Mean of supply votes during the component sessions of each legislature for the administration and maintenance of the agricultural department of the province.
Physiographic regions and soil areas.

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Various Manitoba Municipalities [ca. 1921]-1966
BoxFolder
3 Farm and other population by municipalities (Siglunes-Grahamdale, Eriksdale, Coldwell, St. Laurent, Bifrost, Gimli), 1941-1956.
Grahamdale district 16, Woodlands district 9, Rockwood district 9, southern and northern districts, 1941-1956.
Southeastern Manitoba population of municipalities by census periods 1881-1921 and 1921-1956.
Population of Interlake area by census periods 1981-1956.
Quarter-sections involved in disposal of land by various procedures (exclusive of river lots), 1870-1958.
Population of unit areas (Bifrost, Siglunes-Grahamdale, Coldwell, Eriksdale) cresting in 1921 (census periods 1901-1956).
Same as above but including Rockwood, Armstrong-Fisher, Gimli, Woodlands, St. Laurent.
Farm and other populations by municipalities (Hanover, La Broquerie, Ste. Anne, Tache, Piney-Reynolds- Unorganized, Stuartburn, De Salaberry, Franklin), 1941-1956.
Population of Interlake area, 1871-1961.
Population of Westlake area, 1871-1961.
Gleyed grey wooded soils for Part Township 17, Range 8, E Manitoba.
Number of farm units, acres under cultivation and improved pasture of the Interlake area (1966 census).
Block diagram of area covered by the R.M. of Dufferin showing surface deposits and underlying rock strata.
Black print of same.
Soil association map of Turtle Mountain forest reserve, community pasture and grazing permittees' farms.

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Agriculture Conferences 1920-1960
BoxFolder
4 Registered attendance at Manitoba Agronomists Conference 1920-1960.
Manitoba Agronomists designation and continuity of committees 1920-1960.
Types of agriculture indicated by class of crops, in percent, on "improved" farmland (1961 census).

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Charts [ca. 1945] and n.d.
BoxFolder
5 Hierarchy of Dept. of Agriculture & Immigration, 1875-1954
Black print of previous chart.
Summary outline of individual and government responsibility for land and surface water management and of federal-provincial cooperation as a national land and water conservation policy.
Southeastern Manitoba annual production of lumber (million board feet), pulpwood, fuelwood and other cord products and annual production of piece products and round timber.

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Manitoba Crop Values, Acreage, Fertilization, Supply Votes, Distribution and Animal Units
BoxFolder
6 Agricultural land use by crop reporting districts, 1952-1957.
Black print of above.
Internal carryover of wheat, 1935-1936 to 1969-1970.
Five-year moving average of production and disposition of western Canadian wheat 1939-40 to 1969-70.
Western Canadian wheat disposition 1935-36 to 1969-70.
Western Canadian wheat supply 1935-36 to 1969-70.
Manitoba Agricultural College supply vote 1906-1924 and Department of Agriculture supply vote 1925-1959.
Farm land under cultivation by periods, 1883-1968.
Number of milk cows by years, 1925-1959.
Number of cattle other than milk cows by years,1925-1959.
Number of livestock pastured by years at Turtle Mountain forest reserve, 1938-1962.
Guide for textural classification (percent clay, silt and sand).
Frequency distribution of yields of wheat samples taken by W. Ferguson from area selected for alkai soil studies on farm of Nikolychuk, [ 1960. ]
Estimated value of net agricultural production 1925-1959.
Provincial mean yield of wheat by years 1908-1956 and average price per bushel at point of shipment 1908-1956.
Number of pigs in relation to acres of barley, 1896-1956.
Yield of wheat per acre and five-year moving average yields, 1925-1959.
Fertilizer applied to wheat stubble, 1958.
Fertilizer applied to wheat on fallow (two year average), 1958-1959.
Fertilizer applied to wheat on stubble, 1958-1959.
Fertilizer applied to wheat fallow, 1958.
Gross acre value of wheat crop by years, 1908-1955.
Cultivated acreage by census periods 1881-1956.
Cultivated acreage and population from the period of Red River Settlement to the 1950s (1831-1956).
Wheat, oats, barley and flax in percent of total grain acreage averages for five-year periods ending in census years, 1886-1956.
Animal units and acres of grasses and legumes averaged by five-year periods, 1893-1956.

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Various Studies of Southeastern Manitoba [ca. 1941] n.d.
BoxFolder
7 Rock formations in the Stony Mountain, Amaranth and Red River districts.
Increase or decrease in population by townships of Hanover, Whitemouth, Reynolds, Unorganized, La Broquerie, Franklin, De Salaberry, Stuartburn, Tache, Ste. Anne and Piney over 15 years, 1941-1956.
Contour map of southeastern Manitoba (detail from sectional maps from Topographical Survey of Canada).
Soil zones in southeastern Manitoba.
Approximate location of critical strandlines at Glacial Lake Agassiz.

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Southern Manitoba Limestone Regions n.d.
BoxFolder
8 Interlake high lime region (including Upper Assiniboine Delta).
Limestone region by cross-section between townships showing altitudes and underlying rock formations.
Black print of above.
High Lime region showing Central Laucstrine Basin, Southeastern (Lake Terrace) Complex, Western Uplands Region, Valders Drift Region and Pre-Cambrian region.
Smaller version of above.
Black print of same.
Same as above but highlighting rock formations and information about them.
Same as above but showing how the physiographic pattern of bays, lakes, surface flutings, etc. reflects the overall pattern of glacial ice flow in the high lime region. It also indicates that the Manitoba escarpment, backed by the Western Uplands, had a retarding and deflecting influence on glacial advance. Shifting centres of pressure within the ice mass gave further redirection to the glacial ice movement.

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Utilization of Farmland 1941-1959
BoxFolder
9 La Broquerie
Piney - Reynolds - Unorganized
Stuartburn
Ste. Anne
Tache
Hanover
De Salaberry
Franklin
Morton
Winchester
Whitewater
St. Laurent
Armstrong - Pt. Fisher
Gimli
Coldwell
Eriksdale
Pt. Grahamdale
Rockwood
Siglunes - Pt. Grahamdale
Woodlands
Bifrost
Present utilization of farmland on farms of permittees located in "Plains Region".
Utilization of farmland on farms of permittees located in "Forest Area".

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Distance and Clearing Acre Value n.d.
BoxFolder
10 Percent of reduction from basic acre value to compensate for clearing overburden and breaking.
Amount to be subtracted from basic acre value for distance from market.

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Livestock, Grazing Leases, Permits and Price Averages [ca. 1957-1961?]
BoxFolder
11 Forest reserves, community pastures and crown land leased for hay and grazing, 1956-1957.
Number of horses on farms by years, 1925-1959.
Number of swine and sheep by years, 1925-1959.
Number of hay permits, grazing permits and grazing leases on crown lands, 1930-1931 to 1960-1961.
Grazing leases on crown land 1930-1931 to 1960-1961.
Grazing permits on crown land 1930-1931 to 1960-1961.
Revenue from hay permits, grazing permits and grazing leases on crown land, 1930-1931 to 1960-1961.
Utilization of revenue-bearing crown grasslands, 1930-1931 to 1960-1961.
Average price of cattle (calves, stockers and feeders) at St. Boniface stock yards, 1930-1961.
Average price of cattle (steers and all grades of cattle) at St. Boniface stock yards, 1930-1961.
Sliding scale of grazing lease rentals: based on Alberta system
Average daily gain in liveweight of cattle in Birch River Pasture, 1961-1962.
Sliding scale of grazing lease rentals: Saskatchewan system, 1960 rates.
Sliding scale of grazing lease rentals: Proposed and former rental (5 classes of no. of head per 1/4 section)
Sliding scale of grazing lease rentals: Proposed and former rental (5 classes of no. of head per 1/4 section)
Residual effect of early methods of animal husbandry in Britain.

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Crop Reporting Districts [ca. 1960?]
BoxFolder
12 Agricultural land use by crop reporting districts, 1952-1957.
Average yield of grain crops by years: Districts (1921-1961):
BoxFolder
12 No. 1 - Melita
No. 2 - Killarney
No. 3 - Red River
No. 4 - Winnipeg
No. 5 - Springfield
No. 6 - Eastern
No. 7 - Virden
No. 8 - Carberry
(1921-1962):
BoxFolder
12 No. 9 - Neepawa
(1921-1961):
BoxFolder
12 No. 10 - Russell
No. 11 - Dauphin
No. 12 - "Mid-Lake"
No. 12 - "Mid-Lake" (acreages of various classes of crops by years, 1921-1960)
No. 13 - Swan River
No. 14 - West Shore (acreages)
No. 15 - West Shore (average yield)

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Drainage in Manitoba [ca. 1961] and n.d.
BoxFolder
13 Bearings of glacial stria indicating changing directions of glacial ice movement across Manitoba.
Indications of the principles involved in improving the drainage of the fluted till-plain in the high-lime region of Manitoba where land has been alienated.
"V" and "W" field and parallel field drains.
Soil moisture regime under free drainage, 1961.
Soil moisture regime under retarded drainage, 1961.
Original/transparency of drainage ditches in central lowlands area east of Red River.
Map of same.
Original/transparency of southeastern Manitoba land use problem areas.
Map of same.
Watershed areas and drainage maintenance systems in Manitoba's southern portion.

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University of Manitoba Fertility/Crop Fields, [ca. 1919] and 1953
BoxFolder
14 Field 2 - crop management projects, 1915-1919 andField 4 - crop sequence project, 1918.
Field 6 - fertility projects, 1919, and Field 8 - soil cultivation projects, 1919.
Fertility field - organized 1919, revised 1946, map date 1953.

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Pasquia Area [ca. 1954-1965] and n.d.
BoxFolder
15 Fertilizer applied to wheat on fallow, 1957-1960
Fertilizer applied to wheat on fallow, 1958-1961
Fertilizer applied to wheat on stubble, 1957-1960
Fertilizer applied to wheat on stubble, 1958-1961
Land settlement project (cultivated acreage on leased crown lands), 1942-1965
Fertilizer trials with wheat, 1951-1954
Land settlement project (design for secondary drains)
Comparative average yields of grain and oil seed crops, 1957-1962
Crop adaptation (figure 3)
Grasses vs alfalfa (figure 4)
Effect of alfalfa on subsequent crop of oats (figure 5)
Five year average yields of wheat on stubble land (figure 6)
Farmsteads raised with earth from dugouts (figure 9)
Design of market, access and secondary roads
Pasquia area in general, 1956
General map of land settlement project
High water mark 1923
Revision of above
Signs in the Pasquia area
Reclamation: Riesen & Kuiper, 1951
Revision of above
Unsurveyed land in the Pasquia area, 1956
Soils of the Pasquia area, 1956
Revision of the above
Reclamation: The Blackwell Scheme, 1953
Revision of above
Suggested protective works, Manitoba soil survey, 1946
Proposed post-war project: Carrott River settlement scheme, 1944
Revision of above
Roads prior to 1956
Revision of above
Field observations by Kimball & Anderson, 1951
Revision of above
Plan of primary roads and drains, 1957
Drainage system proposed by G.F. Horsey for Dominion Department of the Interior, 1924. Map 1956
Revision of above
Drainage unit blocks, 1956.
Revision of above
Further revision of above
Dykes and drains completed, 1956
Revision of above
Reclamation: The P.F.R.A. Scheme, 1954
Revision of above
Reclamation: The Biezeveld Scheme, 1953
Revision of The Biezeveld Scheme, 1953
Revision of The Biezeveld Scheme, 1953
Revision of above
Simplified vegetation cover map, 1956
Revision of above
Reclamation: E.B. Patterson's 1st proposal draft, 1947
Reclamation: E.B. Patterson's lst proposal, 1947
Revision of above
Reclamation: E.B. Patterson's 2nd proposal draft, 1947
Reclamation: E.B. Patterson's 2nd proposal, 1947
Revision of above
Surface deposits, 1956
Revisions of above
Suggested protective works: Manitoba soil survey, 1946
Draft of above
Saskatchewan River reclamation project as constructed, 1960.
Map No. 2: land flooded in Pasquia area, 1948
Map showing E.B. Patterson's first reclamation proposal, 1947
Saskatchewan River reclamation project: topographical plan, 1954
Revision of above
Figure 4 of above series (design drainage system), 1954
Figure 6 of above series (design drainage system), 1954
Figure 7 of above series (Blackwell, 1953)
Figure 8 of above series (Wolski, 1953)
Figure 9 of above series (Biezeveld, 1953)
Figure 10 of above series (draining development for 1955-1956)
Location plan for Pasquia project road, contract no. 1, 1957
Contract no. 2 for above, 1957
Contract no. 3 for above

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Piney District n.d.
BoxFolder
16 Piney District

Transparency/original of and classification: agricultural and non-agricultural land

White copy of above

Soils of the Piney district

Legend for soils of the Piney district

Piney and nearby townships as census district no. 21

Six pages of information detailing various sections of land in the Piney district

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The Pas, MB: Monthly Temperature & Precipitation [ca. 1954-1968]
BoxFolder
17249-263 The Pas, MB: Monthly Temperature & Precipitation

Monthly precipitation (figure 1), Sep. 1954-Oct. 1954

Monthly precipitation (figure 1), Sep. 1955-Oct. 1956

Monthly precipitation (figure 1), 1963-1964

Monthly precipitation (figure 1), 1965-1966

Monthly precipitation (figure 1), 1967-1968

Monthly precipitation, 1968-1969

Monthly precipitation, 1969-1970

Monthly temperatures, 1910-1969

Monthly temperatures, 1910-1970

Monthly temperatures (figure 2), 1910-1964

Monthly temperatures (figure 2), 1910-1965

Monthly temperatures (figure 2), 1910-1968

Monthly temperatures (figure 2), 1910-1967

Monthly temperatures (figure 2), 1910-1966

Relationship of land price to assessment index (first approximation)

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Rural Municipality of Thompson n.d.
BoxFolder
18264 Landscape features: altitudes, native vegetation and soils
265 Drainage systems
266 Soil map

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