Borys Shkandrij

An Inventory of His Papers at the University of Manitoba

Inventory prepared by Orest Martynowych
University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections,
Winnipeg, Manitoba

Finding aid encoded by Orest Martynowych (2016)
Finding aid written in English.

Collection Summary

University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections,
Winnipeg, Manitoba

Borys Shkandrij

Borys Shkandrij fonds


.50 m of textual records and other material


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Biography of Borys Shkandrij

Borys Shkandrij (pseudonym Bohdan Bora) was born on 11 April 1920 in the village of Pavlivka (Pavelche), near Ivano-Frankivsk (Stanislaviv), Ukraine (then part of Poland). He died on 20 August 1997 in Leeds, England. He was married to Olha nee Poloziuk (1923-2004) and they had two sons, Myroslav (b. 1950) and Oleh (b. 1954). In his youth, Borys Shkandrij attended the Ukrainian high-school in Ivano-Frankivsk, taught schoolchildren in Pavlivka, acted in the local village theatre and wrote for the village newspaper. Most of his siblings died during the Second World War. An older brother Zakhar was imprisoned after the war, supposedly for giving food to insurrectionists (the UPA), and died in an uprising in the Soviet concentration camp in the mid-1950s. The uprising was put down when tanks were sent in and he was one of the prisoners crushed. Borys volunteered for the Ukrainian Division Galicia (Halychyna) after the first formation of this division had been destroyed in the battle of Brody in July 1944. He attended training camp in Germany and was attached to the division as it retreated toward Italy. He spent the rest of the war in prisoner-of-war camps in Rimini, Italy, and then in Selby, Yorkshire, England, and was released in 1949. In England he worked in textile factories, often working night shifts for six days a week. He was for several years inspector of community-based Ukrainian schools in the United Kingdom, which gave lessons on Saturdays or Sundays, and he authored a textbook on teaching methodology for these schools (1970). In addition he wrote several articles for the London-based Ukrainian newspaper Dumka (Thought) and his poetry was often published in both Dumka and in the Munich-based Vyzvolnyi shliakh (Liberation Path). However, he never joined the OUN(B) party that ran these newspapers and turned down the offer of editing their newspaper Dumka. Borys Shkandrij is best known as a poet who wrote under the pseudonym Bohdan Bora. His first two books of poetry appeared in the Rimini prisoner-of-war camp in 1946. These were later republished, but with some changes to the originals, in his collection Buremni dni (Turbulent Times, 1982). A second book of poetry Tverd i nizhnist (Hard and Soft, 1972) contains poetry written in postwar emigration. Much of the poetry from the last twenty-five years of his life has not been collected or published.

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Scope and Contents of the Collection

The collection contains several volumes of Borys Shkandrij’s poetry (published under the pseudonym Bohdan Bora); anthologies in which his poetry has been published; and clippings of his poetry, as well as reviews of that poetry, published in newspapers and journals. It also contains unpublished poetry; manuscripts of talks and articles on literature and politics, on teaching, and on language; several note books; documents concerning the Association of Ukrainian writers in Great Britain (Tovarystvo ukrains’kykh literatoriv u Velykii Brytanii), and copies of over twenty articles/pamphlets authored by various Ukrainian writers between 1935 and 1990. Several documents of biographical interest, as well as selections from Borys Shkandrij’s correspondence, in particular letters from his son Myroslav Shkandrij, professor of Ukrainian and Russian literature at the University of Manitoba, are also included.

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Arrangement of the Papers

This collection is arranged into five series:

  • 1. Biographical/Personal
  • 2. Correspondence
  • 3. Publications
  • 4. Manuscripts
  • 5. Ukrainian Writers

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Restrictions on Access

No restriction on access.

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Restrictions on Use

No restrictions on use.

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Custodial History

The accession was donated by Prof. Myroslav Shkandrij in 2013.

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Detailed Description of the Collection

Biographical/Personal []
11 Obituary and Eulogy 1997
2 Village and county of origin
3 Attestation of Secondary Studies 1941
4 Issue of “Osa,” London 1947
5 “Plast” Ukrainian Scouting Organization, sons’ summer camp materials, ca. 1964-1966
6 Artist's sketch of Borys Shkandrij 1946
7 Photo of Borys Shkandrij ca. 1946

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18 Shkandrij, Myroslav 1958, 1964-1965
9 Shkandrij, Myroslav 1976-1977
10 Shkandrij, Myroslav 1978-1981
11 Shkandrij, Myroslav. 1982
12 Shkandrij, Myroslav 1983-1984
13 Shkandrij, Myroslav 1985-1987
14 Shkandrij, Myroslav 1992-1999
115 Shkandrij, Oleh 1964-1966
16 Szarko, Bohdan 1987-1994
17 "Buremni dni" 1981-1983
18 General, Incoming 1969-1998
19 General, Outgoing 1981-1995

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120 “V dorozi: liryka,” 102 pp. 1946
21 “V dorozi: liryka,” 112 pp. 1946
22 “U vyriiu: poezii,” 97 pp. 1946
23 “U vyriiu: poezii,” 103 pp 1946
21 “Buremni dni: zbirka poezii,” 257 pp. [ 1982 ]
2 Poetry published in periodicals [ 1948-1995 ]
3 I. Kachurovs’kyi, “Italiia v ukrains’kii poezii,” (anthology) [ 1999 ]
4 V. Kachkin, “Khai sviatyt’sia imia tvoie,” vol. 10 (anthology) [ 2007 ]
5 Reviews of Bohdan Bora’s/Borys Shkandrij’s poetry in newspapers [ 1947-1997 ]
6 Reviews of Bohdan Bora’s/Borys Shkandrij’s poetry in journals and books [ 1954-2005 ]
7 Articles on teaching in “Uchytel’s’ke slovo” (London) [ 1963 ]

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28 “Shchyrist’” [poetry] 42 pp. ca. 1980
9 Poems 1994-1995
10 Notes on language
11 Talks and Articles on Teaching
31 Articles on Literature and Politics (1)
2 Articles on Literature and Politics (2)
3 Notes on Mykola Khvyl’ovyi
4 Poetry Note Book 1967-1995
5 Note Book (“Notatnyk I”) 1987-1988
6 Note Book (“Notatnyk II”) 1988-1989
7 Note Book (“Notatnyk III”) 1989-1993

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Ukrainian Writers
41 Tovarystvo ukrains’kykh literatoriv u Velykii Brytanii, Statutes and Circulars 1974-1976
2 Tovarystvo ukrains’kykh literatoriv u Velykii Brytanii, Membership list, Minutes 1975-1976
3 Tovarystvo ukrains’kykh literatoriv u Velykii Brytanii, Correspondence 1975-1977
4 Poets in Great Britain, Biographical data and sample poetry
5 Iu. Klen, “Slovo zhyve i mertve” 1935
6 D. Buchyns’kyi, “Ivan Kotliarevs’kyi” 1948/1959
7 I. Hubarzhevs’kyi, “Ukrains’ka Avtokefal’na Tserkva” 1948
8 V. Vynnychenko, “Proty Hor’koho” 1948/1980
9 B. Andrievs’kyi, “Na perelomi” 1956/1981
10 O. Kobets’, “Nezabutni dni i liudy ukrains’koho Renesansu” 1959
11 I. Chynchenko, “Trahediia v Brians’komu Lisi I Donbasi” 1973
12 S. Fedorivs’kyi, “Shestydesiatnyky” 1978
13 V. Lev, “Ukrains’ka literature pid Sovietamy v 40-kh rokakh” 1979
14 P. Holubenko, “Antonenko-Davydovych v svitli bol’shevyts’koi krytyky” 1980
15 T. Horokhovych, “Vasyl’ Holoborod’ko” 1980
16 V. Svoboda, “Partiine kerivnytstvo literaturoiu v Ukraini” 1980
17 F. Velykokhat’ko, “Dmytro Zahul: spohad” 1981
18 B. Tsymbalistyi, “Tavro bezderzhavnosty” 1982
19 S. Holubenko, “Talanovytyi ukrains’kyi pys’mennyk-futuryst” 1983
20 S. Holubenko, “Bat’ko ukrains’koho futuryzmu” 1983
21 V. Svaroh, “Nasha mova i prof. Pritsak” 1985
22 R. Fedoriv, “Mohyla na Ukraini” 1990

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