Dr. Phillip Gardiner
Canada Research Chair, Physical Activity & Health Studies,
Director, Health, Leisure & Human Performance Research Institute,
Faculty of Kinesiology and Recreation Management
Member, Spinal Cord Research Center, Dept. of Physiology

University of Manitoba
Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3T 2N2
Phone: (204) 977-5622
Fax: (204) 261-4802
E-mail: phillip.gardiner@umanitoba.ca


  • Ph.D. (Physical Education: exercise physiology) University of Alberta
  • M.P.E. (Physical Education) University of Windsor
  • B.P.H.E. (Physical Education) University of Windsor

Dr. Gardiner spent 2 years after his Ph.D. (1976 to 1978) as a USPHS Postdoctoral Fellow in the laboratory of Dr. V. Edgerton, UCLA.

Research Interests:

My main research interest is in the adaptations that occur in the nervous and neuromuscular systems as a result of increased and decreased physical activity, aging, spinal cord injury, stroke, obesity and type 2 diabetes.  Adaptations that are of interest include electrophysiology, morphology, and gene expression.

Research Key Words:

Motoneuron, spinal cord, physical activity, electrophysiology, neuroscience, aging, spinal cord

Recent Publications:

Krysciak K, Celichowski J, Drzymala-Celichowska H, Gardiner PF, Krutki P,  “Force regulation and electrical properties of motor units in overloaded muscle”,  Muscle & Nerve 2015 Apr 21. doi: 10.1002/mus.24690. [Epub ahead of print]

Chopek, J., Sheppard, P., Gardiner, K., and Gardiner, P., “Serotonin receptor and KCC2 gene expression in lumbar flexor and extensor motoneurons post-transection with and without passive cycling”, J Neurophysiol 113: 1369-1376, 2015.

Krutki, P., Haluszka, A., Mrówczynski, W., Gardiner, PF., Celichowski, J.. “Adaptations of motoneuron properties to chronic compensatory muscle overload”, J Neurophysiol. 113: 2769-2777, 2015.

MacDonell, CW., Power, KE., Chopek, JW., Gardiner, KR., Gardiner, PF.,  “Extensor motoneurone properties are altered immediately before and during fictive locomotion in the adult decerebrate rat.”,  J Physiol. 2015 Mar 25. doi: 10.1113/JP270239. [Epub ahead of print]

Sran, B., McDonald, G., Steinman, A., Gardiner, P., and Giesbrecht, G., “Comparison of heat donation through the head or torso on mild hypothermia rewarming”, Wilderness and Environmental Medicine 25: 4-13, 2014.

Chopek, J., MacDonell, C., Gardiner, K., and Gardiner, PF., “Daily passive cycling attenuates the hyperexcitability and restores the responsiveness of the extensor monosynaptic reflex to quipazine in the chronic spinal transected rat”,  J Neurotrauma 31: 1083 – 1087, 2014.

Morissette, M., Susser, S., Stammers, A., O'Hara, K., Gardiner, P., Sheppard, P., Moffatt, T., and Duhamel, T., "Differential regulation of the fiber type specific gene expression of the sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium-ATPase (SERCA) isoforms induced by exercise training.", J. Appl. Physiol. 117:544-555, 2014.

Hui AL, Ludwig S, Gardiner P, Sevenhuysen G, Dean HJ, Sellers E, McGavock J, Morris M, Shen GX, Jiang D.,  “Effects of lifestyle intervention on dietary intake, physical activity level, and gestational weight gain in pregnant women with different pre-pregnancy Body Mass Index in a randomized control trial”,  BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2014 Sep 24;14(1):331. [Epub ahead of print]

Gardiner, P., and Edgerton, V., “The sensorimotor nervous system”, book chapter in History of Exercise Physiology, Human Kinetics Publishers, Champaign, IL, 2014.

Chopek, J., MacDonell, C., Power, K., Gardiner, K., and Gardiner, P., “Removal of supraspinal input reveals a difference in the flexor and extensor monosynaptic reflex response to quipazine independent of motoneuron excitation”, J Neurophysiol 109 : 2056-2063, 2013.

Woodrow, L., Sheppard, P., and Gardiner, P., “Transcriptional changes in rat alpha-motoneurons resulting from increased physical activity”, Neuroscience 255: 45-54, 2013.  

Hui, A., Back, L., Ludwig, S., Gardiner, P., Sevenhuysen, G., Dean, H., Sellers, E., McGavock, J., Morris, J., Bruce, S., Murray, R., and Shen, G., “Lifestyle intervention on diet and exercise reduced excessive gestational weight gain in pregnant women under a randomised controlled trial”, Br. J. Obster. Gynecol. 119 (1): 70-77, 2012.

MacDonell, C., Button, D., Beaumont, E., Cormery, B., and Gardiner, P., “Plasticity of rat motoneuron rhythmic firing properties with varying levels of afferent and descending inputs”, J. Neurophysiol. 107 (1): 265-272, 2012.

Wittmeier KD, Wicklow BA, Macintosh AC, Sellers EA, Ryner LN, Serrai H, Gardiner PF, Dean HJ, and McGavock JM., “Hepatic Steatosis and Low Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Youth With Type 2 Diabetes”, Obesity 20 (5): 1034-1040, 2012.

Verret, C., Guay, M., Berthiaume, C., Gardiner, P., and Beliveau, L., A physical activity program improves behaviour and cognitive functions in children with ADHD: An exploratory study. Journal of Attention Disorders16 : 71-80, 2012.

Cahill, F., Pretorius, T., Kalmar, J., Gardiner, P., and Giesbrecht, G., Whole body hypothermia has central and peripheral influences on elbow flexor performance. Experimental Physiology, 96, 528-538, 2011.

Chopek, J., and Gardiner, P., Life-long carolic restriction: Effect on age-related changes in motoneuron numbers, sizes and apoptotic markers. Mechanisms of Ageing and Development, 131, 650-659, 2010.

Ogborn, D., and Gardiner, P. Effects of exercise and muscle-type on BDNF, NT-4/5 and TrkB expression in skeletal muscle. Muscle & Nerve, 41, 385-391, 2010.

Verret, C., Gardiner, P., and Beliveau, L., Fitness level and gross motor performance of children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 27, 337-351, 2010.



Gardiner, P., Neuromuscular Aspects of Physical Activity. Champaign, IL : Human Kinetics, Publishers, 2001.

Macintosh, B., Gardiner, P., & McComas, A., Skeletal Muscle Form & Function, 2nd Edition. Champaign, IL : Human Kinetics, Publishers, 2006.

Gardiner, P., Advanced Neuromuscular Exercise Physiology : Human Kinetics, Publishers, 2011.

Research Awards: