Joan Durrant

Joan DurrantPosition:
Professor, Department of Family Social Sciences
Professor, Department of Community Health Sciences
Adjunct Professor, Arthur V. Mauro Center for Peace and Justice

Office:
University of Manitoba
Department of Family Social Sciences
313C Human Ecology Building
Winnipeg, MB R3T 2N2 Canada

Phone No.: (204) 474-8060

Fax No.: (204) 474-7592

E-mail: joan.durrant@umanitoba.ca

Education:
Ph.D. (1988) Child-Clinical Psychology
University of Windsor

Recent Awards:

2014    Children's Rights Supporter Award, Canadian Coalition for Children's Rights

2013    Canada’s 100 Most Powerful Women, Glencore Trailblazers and Innovators Award,
Women’s Executive Network (WXN)

2013    Human Rights Commitment Award, Manitoba Human Rights Commission.

2012    Health Promotion and Innovation Award of Excellence,
Canadian Institute of Child Health.

2012    Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal.  Conferred by the Government of Canada.

2012    Health Promotion and Innovation Award of Excellence,
             Canadian Institute of Child Health

2011    YMCA-YWCA Woman of Distinction Award,
             Education, Training and Mentorship category

2011    Canadian Red Cross, Manitoba Chapter Power of Humanity
            Award:  Humanitarian of the Year

2010    Sgt. Ian Logan Memorial Award for Leadership in Child Abuse Prevention,
            Provincial Advisory Committee on Child Abuse

2007    Dr. and Mrs. H. H. Saunderson Award for Excellence
             in Teaching, University of Manitoba

2006    Ted Freeman Award for Innovation in Education, Ontario Hospital Association.
             Awarded to the Joint Statement on Physical Punishment of Children and Youth

2005    University of Manitoba Merit Award for Research

2005    University of Manitoba Outreach Award

2004    University of Manitoba Merit Award for Service

Teaching Areas: 

FMLY 1010   Human Development in the Family
FMLY 3806   Children, Violence and Rights
FMLY 4604   Children in Adversity
FMLY 7620   Children and Violence

Research Interests:
My research focuses on preventing physical maltreatment of children.  I have a particular interest in understanding why parents strike their children as punishment - and how to support them in adopting positive approaches to resolving conflict with their children.  My research has taken me many times to Sweden, where I have studied the history and implementation of the world's first ban on physical punishment, as well as Swedish parents' approaches to parenting. 

I also am interested in the role of social policy in preventing child maltreatment, particularly law, human rights frameworks and public education.  In collaboration with Save the Children, I have developed a program called, Positive Discipline in Everyday Parenting (PDEP) that is being delivered in more than 30 countries.  My research on this program has been funded by a Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council Partnership Development Grant and a grant from Grand Challenges:  Stars in Global Health.  I lead a research team with members from academia, non-governmental organizations and the public sector.  We are developing a rights-based cross-cultural approach to evaluating the impact of PDEP on parents' knowledge, beliefs and behaviour.

Selected Publications:

Journal Articles

Durrant, J.E., Ateah, C.A., Stewart-Tufescu, A., Jones, A., Ly, G., Barker, L., Holden, G.W., Kearley, C., McAulay, J., Peters, R.DeV., Plateau, D.P., &Tapanya, S. (2014, in press).  Preventing punitive violence: Preliminary data on the Positive Discipline in Everyday Parenting (PDEP) program.  Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health, Special Issue on Child Abuse Prevention.

Durrant, J.E., Trocmé, N., Fallon, B., Milne, C., Black, T. (2009). Protection of children in Canada: An evaluation of the Supreme Court’s definition of reasonable force. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment and Trauma, 18, 1-24.

Durrant, J.E. (2008). Physical punishment, culture and rights: Current issues for professionals. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 29, 55-66.

Durrant, J.E., Sigvaldason, N., & Bednar, L. (2008). What did the Canadian public learn from the 2004 Supreme Court decision on physical punishment? International Journal of Children’s Rights, 16, 229-247.

Gonzalez, M., Durrant, J.E., Trocmé, N., & Brown, J. (2008). What predicts injury from physical punishment? A test of the typologies of violence hypothesis. Child Abuse & Neglect, 32, 752-765.

Durrant, J. E. (2006). From mopping up the damage to preventing the flood: The role of social policy in the prevention of violence against children. Social Policy Journal of New Zealand, 27, 1-17.

Moraes, S., Durrant, J.E., Brownridge, D., & Reid, G. (2006). Professionals' decision-making in cases of physical punishment reported to child welfare authorities: Does family poverty matter? Child and Family Social Work, 11, 157-169.

Ateah, C., & Durrant, J.E. (2005). Maternal use of physical punishment in response to child misbehavior: Implications for child abuse prevention. Child Abuse & Neglect, 29, 177-193.

Durrant, J.E., & Janson, S. (2005). Legal reform, corporal punishment and child abuse: The case of Sweden. International Review of Victimology, 12, 139-158.

Durrant, J.E. (2003). Legal reform and attitudes toward physical punishment in Sweden. International Journal of Children's Rights, 11, 147-174.

Durrant, J.E., Rose-Krasnor, L., & Broberg, A.G. (2003).  Maternal beliefs about physical punishment in Sweden and Canada.  Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 34, 586 604.

Trocmé, N., & Durrant, J.E. (2003). Physical punishment and the response of the Canadian child welfare system: Implications for legislative reform. Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law, 25, 39-56.

Durrant, J.E. (2000). Trends in youth crime and well-being in Sweden since the abolition of corporal punishment. Youth & Society, 31, 437-455.

Durrant, J.E. (1999). Evaluating the success of Sweden's corporal punishment ban. Child Abuse and Neglect, 23, 435-448.

Durrant, J.E., & Olsen, G.M. (1997). Parenting and public policy: Contextualizing the Swedish corporal punishment ban. Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law, 19, 443-461.

Durrant, J.E. (1994). The abolition of corporal punishment in Canada: Parents' versus children's rights.  International Journal of Children's Rights, 2, 129-136.

Books

Durrant, J.E. (2013). Positive Discipline in Everyday Parenting.  3rd Edition.  Stockholm: Save the Children.  Hard copies can be ordered from www.frp.ca.

Durrant, J.E., & Smith, A.B. (2011). Global pathways to abolishing physical punishment: Realizing children’s rights. New York: Routledge. Click here for more information.

Durrant, J.E. (2010). Positive discipline in everyday teaching. Bangkok: Save the Children. Click here for more information.

Book Chapters
McGillivray, A., & Durrant, J.E. (2012).  Child corporal punishment: Violence, rights and law.  In R. Alaggia, & C. Vine, (Eds.), Cruel but not unusual: Violence in Canadian families 2nd Ed.  (pp. 91-1179).  Waterloo: Wilfred Laurier Press.

Durrant, J.E. (2011).  The empirical rationale for prohibiting physical punishment of children.  In J. E. Durrant and Anne B. Smith (eds.), Global pathways to abolishing physical punishment: Realizing children’s rights.  New York: Routledge.

Smith, A.B., & Durrant, J.E. (2011).  Introduction to the global movement to ban physical punishment of children.  In J. E. Durrant and Anne B. Smith (eds.), Global pathways to abolishing physical punishment: Realizing children’s rights.  New York: Routledge.

Smith, A.B., & Durrant, J.E. (2011). Witnessing history and charting the future: Pathways to prohibition.  In J. E. Durrant and Anne B. Smith (eds.), Global pathways to abolishing physical punishment: Realizing children’s rights.  New York: Routledge.

Durrant, J.E. (2007). Corporal punishment: A violation of the rights of the child. In R. B.Howe & K. Covell (eds.), Children’s Rights in Canada: A Question of Commitment (p. 99-125).  Waterloo: Wilfred Laurier Press. http://www.wlupress.wlu.ca/press/Catalog/howe.shtml

Durrant, J.E. (2005). Corporal Punishment: Prevalence, predictors and implications for child behaviour and development. In S. Hart (Ed.), Eliminating corporal punishment: The way forward to constructive child discipline (p. 49-90). New York: UNESCO. http://publishing.unesco.org/details.aspx?Code_Livre=4332

Ateah , C.A. , Durrant, J.E., & Mirwaldt, J. (2004).  Physical punishment and physical abuse of children: Strategies for prevention.  In C. A. Ateah & J. Mirwaldt. (Eds.), Within our Reach: Policies, Programs and Practices to Prevent Abuse across the Lifespan. Halifax, NS: Fernwood Publishing and RESOLVE (Research and Education for Solutions to Violence and Abuse). http://www.fernwoodpublishing.ca

Durrant, J.E., Broberg, A.G., & Rose-Krasnor, L. (1999). Predicting use of physical punishment during mother-child conflicts in Sweden and Canada. In P. Hastings and C. Piotrowski (Eds.), New directions for child development. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Durrant, J.E. (1996). Public attitudes toward corporal punishment in Canada. In D. Frehsee, W. Horn, & K.-D. Bussman (Eds.), Violence against children in the family (pp. 107-118). Berlin: de Gruyter.

Durrant, J.E. (1996). The Swedish ban on corporal punishment: Its history and effects.  In D. Frehsee, W. Horn, & K.-D. Bussman (Eds.), Violence against children in the family (pp. 19-25). Berlin: de Gruyter.

Durrant, J.E. (1995). Culture, cognition and child abuse. In K. Covell (Ed.), Readings in child and adolescent development: A Canadian perspective (pp. 28-48). Toronto: Nelson Canada.

Dissemination:
Ensom, R., & Durrant, J.E. (2011).  Joint Statement on Physical Punishment of Children and Youth: Update.  Canada's Children, 18, 28-29.

Ensom, R., & Durrant, J.E. (2010).  Physical punishment of children in sport and recreation: The times they are a-changin’.  Coaches PLAN, 17, 43-44. http://www.coachesofcanada.com/images/Plan/uniflip_publication_summer_2010

Durrant, J.E., Trocmé, N., Fallon, B., Milne, C., Black, T., Petrowski, N. (2009).  Physical punishment of children: Assessing the validity of the legal definition of "reasonable force." Centre of Excellence for Child Welfare Information Sheet #71E.  Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Factor-Inwentash Faculty of Social Work.  http://cwrp.ca/publications/547

Durrant, J.E., Ensom, R., & Coalition on Physical Punishment of Children and Youth (2006).  Physical punishment and children’s health.  IMPrint: Newsletter of Infant Mental Health Promotion, 45 (Spring), 1-5.

Durrant, J.E., Trocmé, N., Fallon, B., Milne, C., Black, T., & Knoke, D. (2006). Punitive Violence against Children in Canada. Public Health Agency of Canada Information Sheet #41E. Ottawa, ON: Public Health Agency of Canada.  www.cecw-cepb.ca/DocsEng/PunitiveViolence41E.pdf

Durrant, J., & Ensom, R. (2004). Physical Punishment of Children. Centre of Excellence for Child Welfare Information Sheet #7E. Toronto, ON: Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto. http://www.cecw-cepb.ca/files/file/en/PhysPun7E.pdf

Durrant, J.E., Ensom, R., and Coalition on Physical Punishment of Children and Youth (2004). Joint Statement on Physical Punishment of Children and Youth.  Ottawa: Coalition on Physical Punishment of Children and Youth. http://www.cheo.on.ca/en/physicalpunishment   http://www.cheo.on.ca/francais/4220.shtml

Durrant, J.E. (2000). A Generation without Smacking: The Status of Swedish Children and Youth Since the Passage of the 1979 Corporal Punishment Ban.  London, UK: Save the Children.  http://www.savethechildren.org.uk/en/54_2326.htm

Trocmé, N., Durrant, J., Ensom, R., & Marwah, I. (2004). Physical Abuse of Children in the Context of Punishment. Centre of Excellence for Child Welfare Information Sheet #8E.  Toronto, ON: Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto.  http://www.cecw-cepb.ca/DocsEng/PhysAbuse&Punishment8E.pdf

Durrant, J.E., & Rose-Krasnor, L. (1995).  Spanking: Should I or Shouldn't I?  Public education brochure.  Funded by the Family Violence Prevention Division, Health Canada. Winnipeg, MB: Author.  Click here for an order form

Unpublished Papers:
Durrant, J.E. (2006). Researching the Prevalence of Corporal Punishment: A Working Paper. Unpublished Manuscript. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba, Department of Family Social Sciences. Click here to read the paper.

Durrant, J.E. (2005). Law Reform and Corporal Punishment in Sweden: Response to Robert Larzelere, the Christian Institute and Families First.  Winnipeg: University of Manitoba, Department of Family Social Sciences. Click here to read the paper