- A community based implementation of a low cost evidence based toolkit for improving brain development in newborns who suffered neonatal insults'.
- A South to South collaborative project to understand and address the HIV vulnerability of male sex workers in Nairobi, Kenya.
The proposed study has two overarching objectives: (1) to produce a reliable evidence base that can explain the individual, social, environmental and structural factors that shape the HIV-vulnerability of MSWs in Nairobi; and (2) to design and pilot test a community-based intervention that can address these various levels of vulnerability.
- Building capacity for sex workers and sex worker organizations in improving the HIV response ("Ashodaya Academy")
The University of Manitoba (UM) has been associated with Ashodaya Samithi, a sex worker organization based in Mysore, India for over a decade. Ashodaya Samithi, with UM support, runs Ashodaya Academy, a capacity building initiative among sex workers, sex worker organizations and key stakeholders.
- Canadian HIV Women's Sexual and Reproductive Health Cohort Study - Prioritizing the Health Needs of Positive Aboriginal Women (CHIWOS-PAW) Bridge Grant.
The overall goals and aim of this project are to: Incorporate Saskatchewan and Manitoba into the main CHIWOS study and conduct qualitative research in currently enrolling provinces (BC, ON, QC) consisting of sharing circles and/or retreats to further identify the needs and experiences of indigenous women in these provinces and to contextualize findings.
- Capacity building & training of AVAHAN partners in Mysore & Mandya: A learning site for CLSI programming - Phase II.
The purpose of Phase II on this project is to focus on enhancing community mobilization efforts in government HIV programmes and activities and add to the national programme and Avahan training plus offer learning opportunities to persons key to the HIV/AIDS response of the national programme.
- Closing a critical HIV prevention gap: Demonstrating safety and effective delivery of daily oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) as part of an HIV combination preventive intervention for sex workers in Kolkata and Mysore-Mandya, India.
The goal of the proposed project is to assess the use of oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) as an effective additional strategy to reduce the disproportionate burden of HIV among sex workers at two sites in India. This demonstration project will inform efforts to provide PrEP effectively within targeted HIV preventive intervention programs in India, and will potentially have a significant impact on similar efforts for sex workers globally.
- Developing and Applying Theoretical Frameworks in the Epidemiology of Sexually Transmitted Infections.
One of the goals of this grant is to quantify the natural history of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and in particular, research into the natural history of Chlamydia trachomatis through the secondary analysis of a large historical population based cohort, constructed from records held by Manitoba Health.
- Disentangling the role of biological and behavioural drivers of early HIV risk in female sex workers in India, Kenya and the Ukraine.
The goals of the proposed workshop are to develop feasible and innovative ways to leverage the existing infrastructure of a CIHR-funded research project on the behavioural drivers of early HIV risk among young FSWs and expand the biological research activities of the project, and to establish a multidisciplinary team through the workshop consultation process.
- Enhancing the Impact of HIV Prevention Programs for the Most At-Risk Populations in Kenya.
The purpose of this project is to support the government of Kenya to design and implement effective and efficient models for delivering HIV prevention programs for the most at-risk populations.
- Empowering vulnerable adolescent girls to improve their access to education and health.
This project is designed to promote improved access to education and health services and skills for adolescent girls from the lower caste communities in one of the Northern Karnataka districts, Bijapur, to reduce their vulnerability to HIV.
- Estimating female sex workers' early HIV risk and the implications for HIV epidemic control: A multi-country observational and mathematical modeling study.
The overall goal of this project is to characterize the factors that influence HIV risk during the transition period from first sex until self-declared entry into sex work, as well as during access gap (after entry into formal sex work but prior to HIV prevention program engagement) among young FSWs, and to examine the importance of early HIV risk for epidemic control.
- Feasibility study to assess acceptance of a pre-exposure prophylaxis demonstration among female & transgender sex workers in Mysore and Mandya, Karnataka, India.
- Global exchanges, local interventions: Meeting the HIV prevention and health care needs of men who have sex with men (MSM) in Canada, Kenya and China.
In this project, we propose to establish a community-based intervention research (CBIR) team and program to A) generate new knowledge around the barriers that inhibit MSM from accessing HIV-related health services; and B) to foster new opportunities for co-learning, by creating a dynamic global interchange of intervention knowledge as our team proceeds through intervention design, service delivery, surveillance, and refinement in Canada, Kenya and China.
- Global HIV Prevention Program Science Technical Support and Knowledge Management.
The purpose of this project is to elaborate the Program Science framework through the development and translation of knowledge and experience.
- Harnessing Mobile Phone Usage for HIV and Horizontal Health Systems Improvement: PMTCT.
The aim of this project is to address the possibility of integrating cell phone technology into prevention of mother to child transmission in HIV (PMTCT) services.
- Impact assessment of HIV prevention programming in Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka: The CHARME II Project.
The goal of CHARME-India II is to assess HIV transmission dynamics and the collective impact of all HIV prevention programming in Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka, and enhance relevant analytical capacity within India.
- Improving infectious disease treatment outcomes among vulnerable populations.
The aim of the project is to improve HIV treatment outcomes among vulnerable populations in Manitoba specifically, in Canada, and more broadly in low and middle-income countries such as India.
- Improving the quality of lives of vulnerable adolescent girls in north Karnataka, India.
The overall goal of the adolescent girl program is to improve the quality of life of adolescent girls from vulnerable and marginalized communities in two districts (Bijapur and Bagalkot) of Karnataka state through increasing age at marriage; delaying sexual debut; and delaying entry into sex work.
- Increase uptake of newborn & maternal interventions in poorly performing rural districts of Karnataka.
The goal of the project is to support the state of Karnataka and India to improve maternal, neonatal and child health outcomes in rural populations through the development and adoption of effective operational and health system approaches within the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM).
- LINKAGES team - Projects in Malawi, Africa Region, Democratic Republic of Congo and Caribbean Region.
The overall goal of this project is to adapt the Avahan routine programmatic Monitoring System (MIS), develop and field test necessary tools, operation manuals, data collection formats and resources in both English and French and train key partners on different components of program monitoring system.
- mHealth and Prevention of Maternal to Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT): is Cell Phone Technology the Key to Improving Outcomes in Kenya?
The overall goal of this project is to determine if mobile phones could be used to improve PMTCT by way of strengthening health systems.
- Meeting critical health care & nutritional needs to improve maternal, neonatal and child health in vulnerable African populations.
The proposed project utilizes existing health and nutrition infrastructure and human resources in the Taita and Taveta Coast Region of Kenya as the platform for strengthening linkages between maternal, newborn and child health and nutrition.
- Philanthrocapitalism - sociality and citizenship in Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation Interventions.
- Population size estimations for key populations affected by HIV and Hepatitis C; within the 05 regional health authorities of British Columbia, Canada.
- Programmatic mapping and size estimation of key populations for HIV in Mali.
- Scaling up HIV prevention in Karnataka & southern Maharashtra, Phase II.
The goal of the phase II project is to build upon the work in Phase I, with the goal of completing the development and implementation of an effective, results-based and sustainable model for HIV prevention among female sex workers (FSW), and men who have sex with men and transgenders (MSM-T), within the context of the government of India's NACP III.
- Social, behavioural and transmission properties associated with diversity in HIV epidemics among people who inject drugs and other key populations.
The project proposes to utilize the unique datasets and specimen bank already collected as part of Pakistan's HIV second generation surveillance program to study how IDU epidemics emerge and overlap with epidemics among other key populations.
- Socio-cultural aspects of implementing HIV vaccine programs among MSM and FSWs in Asia and Africa.
This project will examine the social and cultural issues related to testing and introducing future HIV vaccines among men who have sex with men (MSM) and female sex workers (FSWs) in communities in India, Kenya and China, which will inform the design of appropriate and acceptable vaccination clinical trials and health promotion campaigns.
- Students for Global Maternal, Neonatal and Child Health: A Canadian-Kenyan Partnership.
The main objective of this project is to support a trans-disciplinary program of development internships or Canadian and Kenyan students focusing on increasing food security and securing the future of children and youth.
- Support to African Countries in the Design and Development of Targeted HIV Prevention Programs.
The goal of this initiative is to foster and disseminate lessons in HIV prevention programming learned within India and worldwide.
- To influence global HIV prevention practice by disseminating widely the approaches and learnings from scaled HIV prevention interventions in India - Part I.
The main objective of this project is to enhance the capacities of HIV programmers, policy makers and implementers from selected countries through exposure to lessons from scaled HIV prevention implementation under Avahan and India.
- To influence global HIV prevention practice by disseminating widely the approaches and learnings from scaled HIV prevention interventions in India - Part II.
The main objective of this project is to accelerate and deepen the dissemination of learning from site visits by providing limited in-country technical assistance and follow-up support.
- To Reduce HIV Incidence in Kenya by Expanding Adolescent Voluntary Male Circumcisions, Introducing Early Infant Male Circumcision and Increasing the Focus on Program Safety.
The main goal of this project is to support the Government of Kenya in implementing the second phase of its VMMC programme, which aims to sustain the gains achieved from the first phase of the programme through improved governance, capacity strengthening and resource mobilization.
- TSU Innovation Cell to Support the Uttar Pradesh Reproductive, Maternal, Nutrition and Child Health Program.
The goal is to integrate innovative methods and capabilities into the Uttar Pradesh reproductive, maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health (UP RMNCH+A) program to provide for very specific system shaping levers, interventions and tools to effectively change behaviours and maximize impact in saving and improving lives.