The Childhood Adversity and Resilience (CARe) Research Team
The Childhood Adversity and Resilience (CARe) Research Team is led by Dr. Tracie Afifi, Associate Professor in the Department of Community Health Sciences, and includes team members at the Masters, PhD and Post-Doctoral levels. The CARe Research Team uses quantitative statistical approaches to study the relationships between child maltreatment (physical punishment, physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, emotional neglect, physical neglect, and exposure to intimate partner violence), bullying, and mental and physical health outcomes across the lifespan. The overall goal of the CARe Research Team is to prevent childhood maltreatment and thereby change a child’s trajectory, improve health, and strengthen families. To reach this goal, the CARe Research Team works towards four objectives: 1) to understand the size and scope of child maltreatment using nationally-representative data; 2) to identify protective factors associated with decreased likelihood of child maltreatment and bullying; 3) to develop new evidence-based intervention strategies or modify existing programs; and 4) to evaluate new or modified intervention strategies and programs to determine effectiveness in preventing child maltreatment and bullying and associated mental and physical health impairment. 

The CARe Research Team is affiliated with the Manitoba Population Mental Health Research Group.


OUR TEAM:
(click to jump to a specific bio)


Dr. Tracie Afifi, PhD

2000-2003, Master of Science, Family Social Sciences, University of Manitoba, “Child Physical Abuse and Adolescent Motherhood”

2004-2009, Doctorate of Philosophy, Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, “Problem Gambling among Women in Canada”

Tracie Afifi

Dr. Afifi received her Bachelor of Science (BSc) in 1999 and her Master of Science (MSc) in 2003 at the University of Manitoba. Her MSc thesis research focused on the relationship between child physical abuse and adolescent motherhood. In 2009, she completed her Doctorate in the Department of Community Health Sciences at the University of Manitoba. Her dissertation research examined problem gambling among women in Canada. Following her PhD, Dr. Afifi did a Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) post-doctoral fellowship studying behavioral-genetics analysis of posttraumatic stress disorder at the University of Regina and the University of British Columbia. Dr. Afifi joined the faculty in the Department of Community Health Sciences with a cross appointment in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Manitoba in 2010. In 2014, she was promoted to Associate Professor, in 2016 she was granted tenure and in 2019 she was promoted to Professor.

Dr. Afifi primary research interests in the area of child maltreatment including: physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, emotional neglect, physical neglect, physical punishment, and exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV). She has used population-based data from Canada, the United States, and the Netherlands to investigate mental and physical health correlates of child maltreatment. Her work currently examines: the size and scope of the problem of child maltreatment in Canada; risk and protective factors related to child maltreatment; how to foster resilience following child maltreatment; effective child maltreatment intervention strategies; and how to effectively prevent child maltreatment. Dr. Afifi has published over 113 peer-reviewed journal publications and presented research findings in over 130 national and international conference proceedings. Dr. Afifi has participated in over 100 media interviews for print, radio, television, and social media resulting in over 1,500 known worldwide news stories.

Awards and Recognitions

2018 Recipient of The Royal-Mach-Gaensslen Prize for Mental Health Research from The Royal’s Institute of Mental Health Research
2017 Merit Award in Research from the University of Manitoba
2017 Member of the Royal Society of Canada (RSC), College of New Scholars, Artists, and Scientists
2016 CBC Manitoba Future 40
2014 RH Award from the University of Manitoba and the Winnipeg Rh Institute Foundation
2013-2018 CIHR New Investigator Award
2013 Merit Award in Research from the University of Manitoba
2013 Canadian Coalition for the Rights of Children, Children’s Rights Support Award


Dr. Ashley Stewart-Tufescu, PhD, RSW

2008-2010 Master of Science, “Post-traumatic stress symptoms in siblings exposed to intimate partner violence: The role of the mother-child relationship”

2011-2018 Doctor of Philosophy, “Assessing the transportability of a violence prevention parenting program in three diverse country contexts”


I am a post-doctoral fellow in the Departments of Community Health Sciences and Psychiatry working under the supervision of Dr. Afifi. Prior to joining the Childhood Adversity and Resilience (CARe) Research Team, my research focused on the prevention of punitive violence against children in local and international contexts including the development, contextualization, implementation and evaluation violence prevention programs.  My dissertation research examined the prevention of punitive violence in the chronic conflict setting of Gaza and the West Bank, in an urban and post-natural disaster context in Japan, and a remote and underserved region of Indonesia. My work utilizes a trauma-informed, rights-based approach to addressing child maltreatment.

My current research interests focus on: (1) linking parent and child adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) with administrative health, justice and education outcomes over the life course, and (2) identifying protective factors and developing intervention strategies to promote parent-child resiliency and well-being in the context of maltreatment. In addition to my role with Dr. Afifi’s Childhood Adversity and Resilience (CARe) Research Team, I am also involved with the Manitoba Population Health Research Group, the Children’s Worlds: International Survey of Children’s Well-being Research Team, the Children’s Understanding of Well-being- Global and Local Contexts Project, Red River College’s Early Child Development Research Team, and Positive Discipline in Everyday Life.

Awards and Recognitions

2018 Children’s Hospital Research Institute of Manitoba Post-doctoral Health Research Fellowship
2018 Nahlah Ayed Prize for Student Leadership and Global Citizenship (Nominee)
2017 Applied Health Sciences Research Day Award- Oral Presentation
2016 Applied Health Sciences Research Day Award- 3MT
2014 Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada Doctoral Fellowship
2014 Applied Health Sciences Travel Award
2013 University of Manitoba Graduate Fellowship (Doctoral)
2012 Applied Health Sciences Research Day Award (Doctoral)
2011 University of Manitoba Graduate Fellowship (Doctoral)
2011 Applied Health Sciences Travel Award
2009 University of Manitoba Graduate Fellowship (Master’s)
2009 Canadian Student Health Research Forum- Dean of Graduate Studies Poster Award


Dr. Tamara Taillieu, MSc

2008-2011 Master of Science, Family Social Sciences, “The Impact of Aggressive Parental Disciplinary Strategies Implemented in Childhood on Externalizing and Internalizing Problem Behaviour in Early Adulthood”

2011-2019 Doctorate of Philosophy, Applied Health Sciences Program, “Violence and Pregnancy: Pregnancy, Maternal, and Child Outcomes from Birth to 5-Years Post-Delivery”

Tamara Taillieu

I am currently a full-time Instructor in Department of Community Sciences, and a part-time Research Associate with the Childhood Adversity and Resilience (CARe) Research Team and the Manitoba Population Health Research Group.  I completed my Doctorate in the Applied Health Sciences Program at the University of Manitoba in 2019.  My dissertation research focused on the relationship between violence during pregnancy and maternal and child health and social outcomes from the prenatal period to 5-years post-delivery.

Most of my research focuses on the effects of child maltreatment, intimate partner violence, and other traumatic events on physical and mental health across the lifespan.  I am also currently working on a number of projects examining the influence of various types of trauma on military personnel and first responder mental health and well-being.  My teaching responsibilities have included classes on human development, family diversity, family violence, children in adversity, and family violence prevention.

As a Research Associate with the CARe Research Team, I have been involved in all aspects of the research process including coding and statistical analyses using several large, epidemiological datasets; drafting and editing manuscripts for publication; and involvement in the design and implementation of primary data collection in Manitoba.

Graduate Awards and Recognitions

2019 Applied Health Sciences Nominee for Governor General’s Gold Medal
2017 Research Manitoba Health Research Postdoctoral Fellowship Award (Declined)
2016 Children’s Hospital Research Institute of Manitoba Silver Award for PhD Student Research Poster
2015 Evelyn Shapiro Award for Health Services Research
2015 Graduate Student Thesis Award in the Area of Child Development
2015 Marion Vaisey-Genser Graduate Award
2011 Manitoba Graduate Scholarship (Doctoral)
2011 University of Manitoba Graduate Fellowship (Doctoral)
2010 Alfred Rea Tucker Memorial Scholarship
2009 Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council Canada Graduate Student Master’s Scholarship
2008 Manitoba Graduate Scholarship (Master’s)
2008 University of Manitoba Graduate Fellowship (Master’s) (Declined)
2008 Faculty of Human Ecology Program Medal (Family Social Sciences)
2008 Shirley Joy Hechter Memorial Award


Janique Fortier, MSc

2015-2017, Master of Science, Community Health Sciences, “The Early Development Instrument (EDI) in Manitoba: Linking School Readiness in Kindergarten to Grade 7 and 8 School Outcomes ”
 
Janique FortierI am a research associate in the department of Community Health Sciences. I received a Masters of Science in Community Health Sciences in 2017 and a Bachelor of Arts (Honours) in Psychology in 2015.  My research interests are broad ranging from mental health, childhood experiences, to all things related to population health and health equity. My experience with the Childhood Adversity and Resilience (CARe) Research Team has allowed me to wear many hats, including: coding and analyzing large and representative datasets, helping to design a primary data collection, literature reviews, designing infographics, and writing for publishing in peer-review journals.

Graduate Awards and Recognitions

2016 Evelyn Shapiro Award for Health Services Research
2016 Research Manitoba/ University of Manitoba Graduate Fellowship Master’s Studentship
2015 Western Regional Training Centre Fellowship


Samantha Salmon, BA

2015-present, Master of Science, Community Health Sciences

I am a Student Research Assistant with the Childhood Adversity and Resilience (CARe) Research Team and am in my second year of the Master of Science in Community Health Sciences program, with a focus on applied biostatistics. While earning a Bachelor of Arts in Health Sciences at Simon Fraser University, I developed research interests in mental health, child and youth development, and strategies to prevent child maltreatment.
Before arriving at University of Manitoba, I worked as a Student Research Assistant for the BC Healthy Connections Project in the Children’s Health Policy Centre at Simon Fraser University and as the Evaluation Analyst at Mosaic Primary Care Network in Calgary, AB.

Within the Childhood Adversity and Resilience (CARe) Research Team, I assist with literature reviews, data analysis, interpretation, and preparation of manuscripts for publication, as well as helping to design surveys for primary data collection.


Shannon Struck, BSc, B.H.Ecol.

2016- present, Master of Science, Community Health Sciences

Shannon Struck

I am in my second year of the Master of Science in Community Health Sciences program at the University of Manitoba. I hold undergraduate degrees in Science and Human Ecology specializing in Mathematics, Family Studies and Child Studies.  As a certified Early Childhood Educator, I have worked for over 20 years in early childhood, youth and parenting support programs.  

My current research interests include the impact of early childhood experiences on developmental health; social and structural determinant of child health; and community programs promoting healthy child development and positive parenting.  

As a Student Research Assistant member of the Childhood Adversity and Resilience (CARe) Research Team, I aid with the formulation of research questions, literature searches, data coding and analysis, preparation of manuscripts including writing and editing, survey development and research dissemination.

Graduate Awards and Recognitions

2018     Evelyn Shapiro Award for Health Services Research
2018     Joseph Armand Bombardier: Canada Graduate Scholarship-Master’s: Social Sciences & Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC)
2018     Faculty of Graduate Studies Tri‐Council Top‐Up Award
2018     Graduate Enhancement of Tri-Council Stipend
2017     Manitoba Training Program in Health Services Research Studentship


Isabel Garces Davila, MA

2013-2017 Master of Arts, Applied Health Services Research, University of New Brunswick “Access to Mental Health Services among Youth: An Analysis of Survey and Census Data"

2017- present Doctorate of Philosophy, Community Health Sciences

isabel

I am a second-year PhD Student in the Community Health Sciences program at the University of Manitoba. My main research interests include Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs), effects of ACEs in adulthood, parental psychopathology, substance use disorders in adolescents and young adults, and concurrent mental and substance use disorders among youth. Another line of research that interests me is related to the availability and efficiency of mental health service delivery, appropriate treatments for mental illness in childhood and adolescence, and patient engagement.

As a Student Research Assistant member of the Childhood Adversity and Resilience (CARe) Research Team, I aid with the formulation of research questions, literature searches, data coding and analysis, preparation of manuscripts including writing and editing, survey development and research dissemination.

Graduate Awards and Recognitions

2017-2018 Manitoba Training Program for Health Services Research
2017-2021 University of Manitoba Graduate Fellowship
2017-2018 International Student Entrance Scholarship