Location or Study Area: Canadian Arctic
Submitted by: Brian Horton
ArcticNet is a Network of Centres of Excellence of Canada that brings together scientists and managers in the natural, human health and social sciences with their partners from Inuit organizations, northern communities, federal and provincial agencies and the private sector. The objective of ArcticNet is to study the impacts of climate change and modernization in the coastal Canadian Arctic. Over 145 ArcticNet researchers from 30 Canadian Universities, 8 federal and 11 provincial agencies and departments collaborate with research teams in Denmark, Finland, France, Greenland, Japan, Norway, Poland, Russia, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the USA.
The central objective of the Network is to translate its growing understanding of the changing Arctic into impact assessments, national policies and adaptation strategies. The direct involvement of Northerners in the scientific process is a primary goal of the Network that will be fulfilled through bilateral exchange of knowledge, training and technology.
ArcticNet was formed in 2004 and will continue to operate until 2017. The Centre for Earth Observation Science (CEOS) was instrumental in the conception and formation of ArcticNet and is an active part of the intensive discussions regarding Arctic network-based collaboration following 2017.
CEOS leads seven of the thirty-six ArcticNet Research Projects. In addition, CEOS leads two of the Integrated Regional Impact Studies (IRIS 1 & IRIS 3), and contributes to many of the other projects.
Effects of Climate Change on Contaminant Cycling in the Coastal and Marine Ecosystems.
PI: Gary Stern; Robie Macdonald, and Feiyue Wang
Arctic Geomicrobiology and Climate Change
PI: Soeren Rysgaard
Carbon Exchange Dynamics in Coastal and Marine Ecosystems.
PI: Tim Papakyriakou
Freshwater-Marine Coupling in the Hudson Bay IRIS.
PI: David Barber (University of Manitoba); Kevin Sydor (Manitoba Hydro)
Impacts of Global Warming on Arctic Marine Mammals.
PI: Steven Ferguson
Long-Term Observatories in Canadian Arctic Waters.
PI: Igor Dmitrenko
Sea Ice, Climate Change and the Marine Ecosystem.
PI: David Barber)
Annual reports, compendium, publications available at ArcticNet
Integrated Regional Impact Assessments (IRIA) - forthcoming
These assessments will address the identified knowledge gaps and research challenges. Each IRIA corresponds to one of the main politico-physiographic/oceanographic regions of the coastal Canadian Arctic. Two IRIAs are being led by CEOS:
Principal Investigators: David Barber, Igor Dimitrenko, Steve Ferguson, Tim Papakyriakou, Gary Stern, Soeren Rysgaard, Fei Wang
UM Participants: All CEOS members are in one way, or another included in ArcticNet research. Additional U of M participants are also involved through work in their respective departments. See individual program descriptions for greater detail.
Others: ArcticNet maintains a directory of participants: http://www.arcticnet.ulaval.ca/aboutus/ni.php
The funding and support for ArcticNet research projects comes from many, many sources beyond ArcticNet including grants from agencies including NSERC, CRC, and CERC, government departments such as Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Environment Canada, Natural Resources Canada and Transport Canada, as well as industry partners including BP, Exxon Mobil, Manitoba Hydro, Omnitrax and others.
ArcticNet Integrated Regional Impact Study Regions. CEOS researchers are actively contributing to studies in each region. Credit: ArcticNet.
The CCGS Amundsen provides a base, a comprehensive array of sensors, and modern lab facilities in support of a large portion of the ArcticNet supported research activities. Credit: Dan Leitch.
The rosette, a sampling device for studies of water column properties, is being prepared for deployment. Credit: Schools on Board.
A view looking sternward from the bridge of the CCGS Amundsen.