STAR was a collaborative research project that aimed to improve our understanding of Arctic storms, our knowledge of their hazards, and our ability to predict them. Field work was based out of Iqaluit, Nunavut and took place during the winter of 2007-08. STAR hopes to leave behind comprehensive datasets and new techniques that can be used by the scientific community for years to come. Visit the STAR website.
From 1999 to 2004/05, the Canadian Prairies experienced a severe drought. DRI was subsequently created as a research network for coordinating and integrating drought research in Canada. By studying this recent drought, DRI hopes to better understand the features, processes and feedbacks of drought formation in the Canadian Prairies, and to improve our ability to predict them. Visit the DRI website.
Between the Canadian islands of Ellesmere and Devon and the coast of Greenland lies a vast expanse of ice-free sea: a polynya. It is known as the North Water, and the heat coming off the ocean makes it one of the most productive ecosystems north of the Arctic Circle. Organisms as diverse as birds, mammals, and plankton take advantage of this microclimate for feeding, spawning, mating, and overwintering. However, until recently, the North Water was poorly understood. Therefore, NOW was created, an international research project to study and model the polynya. The research paid particular attention to the climatic and oceanographic processes that led to the North Water's formation, the biological production it supports, and its potential fate as climate change continues.
30% of the Arctic basin is made up of shallow coastal shelf regions. These are the areas in which the extent, thickness, and duration of sea ice is most variable, and where food webs are most vulnerable. Until recently, they were also areas that lacked sufficient data and understanding. In 2001, CASES, an international project run by Canadians, was created in hopes to better understand sea ice variability and change on the Mackenzie Shelf, and the subsequent ecological and biogeochemical consequences. Visit the CASES website.
In the 1990s, the effects of climate change were not yet obvious in the Arctic, but they were expected to begin at any time. C-ICE was created as a field program to collect accurate, precise, long-term data so that any changes in sea ice, snow cover, climate, or Arctic ecosystems could be detected.
Manitoba Agriculture was a joint project between CEOS, the Canadian Wheat Board, the Canadian Space Agency, the Canada Centre for Remote Sensing, and Westco. It examined crop variables such as soil fertility, topography, soil chemistry, and microwave backscatter, as well as their effects on crop yields.
From 1996-2003, CEOS collaborated with Natural Resources Canada's GlobeSAR-2 Program to assess drought in northeastern Brazil, particularly how SAR radar and optical wavelength data could be integrated to better identify salt-affected soil.
This joint project between CEOS and the Center for International Forestry Research researched temporal changes in Indonesian land-cover while establishing a classification protocol for Historic LandSat imagery and assessing the benefit of RadarSat imagery in this protocol.
CEOS, together with the Freshwater Institute of the Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada, prepared a water quality report and biotic risk assessment for Lake Malawi, used GIS modelling to map biodiversity levels, and trained graduate students from the surrounding countries in aquatic sciences.