International Volcanic Field School in Russia

Story submitted by:  Skye Kushner
Supervisor:  Feiyue Wang

Over the month of August, I had the pleasure of participating in the 2018 International Volcanology Field School, Kamchatka session and the following 10th Biennial Workshop on Japan-Kamchatka-Alaska Subduction Processes (JKASP-2018). Both events took place in Kamchatka, Russia at a field camp for the field school and the city of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky for the conference. The whole trip was a great opportunity to see some amazing volcanoes and witness international collaboration of scientists all working from remote areas of Russia, North America, and Japan.
 The field school was held over two weeks at a base camp between Mutnovsky and Gorely volcanoes. The area is incredibly diverse in the types of volcanoes present, active and remnant volcanic features, and geologic diversity. Excursions were made every day to a new location including the summit of both volcanoes. A specific highlight for me was a trip to Russia’s largest geothermal power plant and an adjoining hydrothermal field on the flank of Mutnovsky volcano. This was my first time visiting a geothermal power plant, which was fascinating to see in person, and witnessing a hydrothermal field allowed me to draw some interesting comparisons to my project area in Costa Rica.
 The conference was held over a week and is designed to highlight geological and geophysical observations from researchers and volcanic observatory employees in Kamchatka (Russia), Alaska (USA), and Hokaiido (Japan). All these areas are linked by the same tectonic plate movements that are responsible for volcanism, but still have a wide variety of volcanic by-products. The entire region is still incredibly active, presenting one of the most opportune research stations for gathering geological and geophysical data. Two of the field excursions were offered through this conference: a visit to Klyuchevoye volcano and Khodutka hot springs by helicopter, and a climb up Avachinsky volcano totalling about 6,000 m of elevation gain in 4 miles.
 My participation in this field school and conference was made possible with support from the Clayton H. Riddell Faculty of Environment, Earth, and Resources, the Deep Carbon Observatory, and the University of Manitoba Graduate Students Association.

 

Skye pictured with a team of Cosmonauts.

Figure 1: Fumarolic field on Mutnovsky volcano, is a dacitic stratovolcano. The volcano contains four craters, three of which are dormant.

The view of Gorely volcano, a basaltic shield volcano, from base camp. A new burst of activity in 2010 was accompanied with heavy degassing and seismic activity. Since 2013 there has been a small plume at the top crater.

A panoramic view of the Kamchatka landscape from the top of a mound composed entirely of columnar rhyolite. Glaciers, ice fields, and volcanoes are all visible along the horizon.

The summit of Avachinsky volcano. Pictured is the new plug remaining after a VEI 4 eruption in 1945 within the main crater.