Master of Science (M.Sc.) Program

The Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering's Master of Science program is a blend of courses and research culminating in the defence and submission of a research thesis.

 


Expected Time to Graduation: 2 years (approximate)

TUITION & FEES:    Full-Time    Part-Time

MAXIMUM TIME LIMITS:
(maximum time allowed in program)

  • 4 years (Full Time Status)
  • 6 year (Part Time Status)
  • 5 years if admitted to and began
    program PRIOR TO Fall 2013


MASTER'S REGULATION: 
The most up-to-date information regarding the ECE M.Sc. program may be found in Section 4 of the ECE Supplemental Guidelines.   ALL STUDENTS are responsible for knowing their program requirements.

UNIVERSITY & DEPT. REQUIREMENTS / EXPECTATIONS

PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS

ACADEMIC ADVISOR & DUTIES  

EXAMINING COMMITTEE & DUTIES  

CONVOCATION   

 

FORMS

AWARDS:  ACTIVATE / APPLY

ETHICS APPROVAL
Students conducting research which incorporates animals or humans MUST obtain Ethics Approval prior to the start of research. If you are not sure contact the Ethics Office directly.

PLAGIARISM & COPYRIGHTS 

AURORA-- University Registration System

IEEE EDITORIAL STYLE

POTENTIAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE MEMBERS

 

 

 


 

UNIVERSITY & PROGRAM EXPECTATIONS & REQUIREMENTS

 

CONTINUOUS REGISTRATION      

All students must maintain continuous registration year 'round, until graduation.  This means you must register in course Grad 7020 (Master's Registration) from the time you begin your graduate program until graduation.

You MUST register in Grad 7020

  • upon initial registration as a graduate student
  • during the Summer Terms -- regardless of whether you are taking courses
  • after you have concluded your course requirements
  • until you graduate

 

 

GPA REQUIREMENTS      

All students must maintain a minimum GPA of 3.0 each Term and in your Degree GPA.  Failure to maintain the minimum GPA may be cause to request that you withdraw from the graduate program.

     *In some cases, if you are receiving an award (e.g. UMGF) the minimum GPA requirement may be higher. In the case of the UMGF a 3.5 GPA is required to keep this award. 

 

 

OTHER REQUIREMENTS       

  1. Participation in GradCon
  2. Academic Advisor's Requirements
  3. Successful completion of the the Academic Integrity Tutorial within your initial term
  4. Submission of qualifying Progress Reports at least annually
  5. Submission of the Advisor Student Guidelines  
  6. Adherance to Copyright and Plagiarism regulations
  7. Adhearance to the Codes and Conduct of the University  
  8. University Research Integrity    
  9. et. al.

 

 


 

M.SC. PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS

COURSE REQUIREMENTS

12-CREDIT HOUR ECE MASTER OF SCIENCE PROGRAM

  • 12-CREDIT HOUR MASTER OF SCIENCE PROGRAM:   Students must successfully complete 12-credit hours of Advisor Approved courses from the Dept. of ECE's Graduate Program. 
    • READING COURSES:   Reading Courses may be taken by students in the ECE Master of Science Program with the consent of their Supervisor however, Reading Courses DO NOT count as a course approved for graduation from the 12-credit hour Master of Science ECE Graduate Program. 
      An additional ECE Graduate-Level course must be taken for each Reading Course taken up to acheive, at least, a total of 12-ECE Graduate Credit Hours of Advisor Approved courses
    • UNDERGRADUATE COURSES:   Students may enroll in Undergraduate Courses with the consent of their Supervisor however, regardless of department (of the course), the Undergraduate Course DOES NOT count for credit in the 12-credit hour Master of Science program.   
      An additional
      ECE Graduate-Level course must be taken for each Undergraduate Course taken up to acheive, at least, a total of 12-ECE Graduate Credit Hours of Advisor Approved courses  
    • NON-ECE GRADUATE COURSE:   Students may enroll in Non-ECE Graduate Courses with the consent of their Supervisor however, the Non-ECE Graduate Course DOES NOT count for credit in the 12-credit hour Master of Science program.  The student's supervisor may speak to the Graduate Chair and Graduate Committee and request permission for a non-ECE Graduate course to count for credit in a 12-credit hour Master of Science program.  
      However, if not approved an additional ECE Graduate-Level course must be taken for each Non-ECE Graduate Course taken up to acheive, at least, a total of 12-ECE Graduate Credit Hours of Advisor Approved courses.   
  • 24-CREDIT HOURS:  
    • Students may enroll in as many as 24-credit hours during their Master of Science program however
      • ALL courses will count towards the student's Cumulative GPA
      • Only the first 12-credit hours of ECE Graduate Courses count towards the degree
      • ALL courses must be approved by the student's Supervisor AND Department
      • Courses outside of the students research area are deemed AUXILLARY courses and usually require
        • Extra Fees and Charges
        • Approval of the Department and Faculty offering the course
    • As with any course, regardless as to whether a course counts towards the degree, if a grade of "C" or lower is received disciplinary action is taken.
  • CUMULATIVE GPA:  ALL courses taken which are not "AUDITED" are calculated into the student's Cumulative GPA.  The Cumulative GPA, usually, is used to determine awards/funding.

 

ECE MASTER OF SCIENCE PROGRAM

  • MANDATORY -- The ECE Departments requires, at least, 12-credit hours of Advisor Approved courses from the Dept. of ECE's Graduate Program (ECE courses at the 7000 level or higher). 
    *Special circumstances are considered on a case-by-case basis
  • Other courses, in addition to the mandatory 12-credit hours of ECE Graduate Courses, are allowed up to a total of 24-credit hours of Advisor Approved courses within a program.

 

 

 

M.Sc. ADVISORY COMMITTEE 

Unlike the Ph.D. program, the M.Sc. program does not mandate that students have an Advisory Committee.  Instead, the student's Academic Advisor (professor) act as the student's Academic and Thesis Advisor. All courses choices, thesis proposal, research, etc. MUST be approved by the Academic Advisor.  

 

 

 

THESIS PROPOSAL  

Student must submit a thesis proposal of no more than 40-pages to his/her Academic Advisor for approval.  Please consult with your Academic Advisor for additional requirements or methods of proposal review.

 

 

 

FGS FINAL THESIS GUIDELINES -- Writing your Final Thesis

 

 

 


 

THESIS -- THE DEFENCE

 

REGISTER FOR THE DEFENCE

  1. GRAD 7000:   In the Term you plan to defend, before the end of that term's Registration Revision period, please register for GRAD 7000
  2. Registration Instructions:  http://umanitoba.ca/student/records/registration/steps/step6.html

 

ALL PH.D. STUDENTS MUST defend their Final Ph.D. Orals Live / In-person

  • Students may not defend "at distance" (no Skype, teleconference, telephony, etc.). Students must be physically present at their Final Ph.D. Orals
  • Students must be registered as a graduate student of the Univesity of Manitoba at the time of their Final Ph.D. Oral.
    • For International Students this also means that your Study Visa must be up-to-date
      INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS:   It is up to the student to ensure that he / she holds the current and correct documents, as required by the IRCC, to be an enrolled student in Canada at the time of the Presentation

 

POSSIBLE CONVOCATION DATES

In order to graduate by a Graduation/Convocation Period, plan to submit your thesis to M-Space by the FGS M.Sc. Submission Deadline ("Last day for receipt of by Graduate Studies of Thesis/Practica...")  -- http://umanitoba.ca/faculties/graduate_studies/media/Information_for_Graduands.pdf

 

 

ANNOUNCEMENTS & ROOM BOOKING

  • ROOM BOOKING
    • Once your Academic Advisor has selected an Examining Committee he/she must poll the group to select
      • A Defence Date
      • A Defence Time
    • Once a Date & Time has been agreed upon send the info to the Graduate Student Advisor
      • Defence Date
      • Defence Time
    • The Graduate Student Advisor will book the presentation room and make announcements
      • Defence DATE & TIME must be given to the Graduate Student Advisor at least 10-working day in advance of the defence
  • ANNOUNCEMENT INFO
    Along with the ROOM BOOKING info, please also send the following information to the Graduate Student Advisor.  This info is required on the Appointment of Examiners Form 
    • Thesis Title
    • Internal Examiner
    • Internal External Examiner

 

 

APPOINTMENT OF EXAMINERS FORM   

  • SIGNATURES ON FORM  -- The following signatures are required on the form
    • Advisor
    • Co-Advisor
    • Department Signatures:  Graduate Chairperson or Department Head or equivalent (obtained by the Graduate Student Advisor)
  •  SUBMISSION OF FORM  -- Please return the form to the Graduate Student Advisor (who will obtain Department signatures)

 

 

DISTRIBUTION OF YOUR THESIS TO THE EXAMINING COMMITTEE

  1. FORM:   Appointment of Examiners Form
    Please submit your "Appointment of Examiners" form at least 10-working days PRIOR to your defence to the Graduate Student Advisor.
  2. WALK your thesis over to each Examiner. 
    1. If an Examiner is located off-campus ask him/her if it is OK to send them a PDF
    2. If an Examining Committee members ALSO wish a digitial copy of the thesis the student must supply a copy to the Examiner in enough time to allow the Examiner enough time to review the thesis
    3. Neither the student nor professor may contact the Examiners after the thesis has been distributed 
  3. DISTRIBUTION:  Students must distribute to their Examining Committee 4-8 weeks in advance of the defence
  4. BINDING THESES:  Theses should not be stapled. Please securely bind them and/or secure them in an envelope/folder.  Pages should not be able to slip out.
  5. CORRECTLY NUMBER your pages

 

 

THESIS DEFENCE:  M.Sc. THESIS PRESENTATION

  • Students must send his/her thesis to his/her Academic Advisor for review
    • The Academic Advisor must approve the thesis BEFORE distributing to their Examining Committee.
    • The Academic Advisor will pull together an Examining Committee after the M.Sc. Thesis is approved for distribution
    • Distribution of Thesis to Examining Committee
  • In order to graduate by the FGS Graduation Deadline Date, plan to make your MSc. Thesis Presentation at least 10-working days prior to the Graduation Deadline Date ("Last day for receipt of by Graduate Studies of Thesis/Practica...") -- http://umanitoba.ca/faculties/graduate_studies/media/Information_for_Graduands.pdf  
  • Advisor polls Examining Committee as to when a defence may take place
    • The Examining Committee approves the thesis and makes the Advisor aware if the thesis may go to defence
    • Date
    • Time
  • Students must be physically present at their defence.
  • Students must be registered as a graduate student of the University of Manitoba at their defence
  • INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS:   It is up to the student to ensure that he / she holds the current and correct documents, required by the IRCC, to be an enrolled student in Canada at the time of the Presentation
  • Approval of the Thesis Defence is NOT automatic.
    • unanimous approval of the thesis is required
    • the Examining Committee may require amendments, changes, etc. before the Final Thesis may be submitted to MSpace.
      • changes, updates, etc. may take a few weeks or more to accomplish and is checked and approved by the advisor

 

 

FINAL REPORT & FINAL REPORT FORM

  • Once Announcements are made the Graduate Student Advisor will send the Academic Advisor the FINAL REPORT
  • All Examiners must sign the the FINAL REPORT regardless of the success of the Defence.
  • The FINAL REPORT is returned to the Graduate Student Advisor AFTER the Defence
  • If the Graduate Student Advisor is away
    • Submit the ORIGINAL copy to FGS (500 University Centre)
    • Submit a PHOTOCOPY to the Graduate Student Advisor

 

 

 


 

AFTER THE DEFENCE 
 

 MSPACE

 

 

SUBMISSION OF FINAL THESIS:

 

  1. DEADLINE DATE:  Your FINAL APPROVED THESIS must be submitted to MSpace by 4 p.m. on the deadline date.  
  2. SUBMISSION OF FINAL THESIS

 

SUBMISSION OF FINAL PAPERWORK 

  1. All relevant Copyright Releases MUST be submitted by 4 p.m. on the deadline date
  2.  3rd Party Copyright Consent Form: Should now be online in your MSpace Thesis Submissions area.  If you do not remember submitting one please contact FGS directly (500 University Centre).  

 

 

CONFIRMATION OF ELIGIBILITY TO GRADUATE

ONCE you have successfully defended and submitted your Final Thesis to M-SPACE you may order a Confirmation of Eligibility To Graduate Letter.  

 

CONFIRMATION OF ELIGIBILITY TO GRADUATE LETTER:

To obtain a letter confirming you eligibility to graduate for your employer and/or Post-Graduate Work Permit please order directly through the REGISTRAR'S OFFICE, 400 University Centre.

 

FINAL TRANSCRIPTS

OFFICIAL FINAL TRANSCRIPTS:   After a successful Defence the Official Final Transcripts are available approximately10-working days after convocation or the graduation date stated by the Registrar's Office.

ORDERING A TRANSCRITPS:    If you also require a Transcript, again, please order this directly through the REGISTRAR'S OFFICE, 400 University Centre.

 

 

GRADUATION CONFIRMED BY THE DEPARTMENT   

This procedure is conducted by the Facultly of Graduate Studies and the Department -- this procedure does not involve the student.

 

 

GRADUATION CONFIRMED BY UNIVERSITY SENATE  

  • This procedure is conducted by the Facultly of Graduate Studies -- this procedure does not involve the student.
  • Once the University Senate confirms your graduation you name will appear on the ECE / BME Events emailed to all students and faculty, usuallly weekly. 
    • In many cases this is done AFTER you order and receive your CONFIRMATION OF ELIGIBILITY TO GRADUATE LETTER. 

 

 


SPECIAL HARD BOUND COPIES

As a courtesy you should ask your Advisor if he/she would like a copy of your thesis.  If he/she does desire a copy of thesis you should provide him a hard-bounded copy.  This can be ordered from the Digital Copy Centre (on-campus) in the University Centre http://umsu.ca/umsu-businesses-umsumenu-9/digital-copy-centre-umsumenu-58

You should ALSO keep a bound copy for yourself.  You may need a copy someday and a bound copy is easier to keep when you're traveling or if you have to store it.

 

 

 NOTIFICATION OF GRADUATE TO THE UNIVERSITY
The Department will send notification of graduation to the Faculty of Graduate Studies AFTER successful completion of defence and all departmental requirements for graduation have been fulfilled

 

 


 

ACADEMIC ADVISOR

 

M.SC. ACADEMIC ADVISOR  & DUTIES

The ECE Academic Advisor:  

  • Must hold an appointment in the Dept. of the Electrical & Computer Engineering
  • Must be a member of the Faculty of Graduate Studies
  • Should the Academic Advisor not be a member of FGS or Adjunct of the ECE, the prospective Academic Advisor must
    • be approved by the Dept. of ECE
    • be approved by FGS
    • operate with a will co-advisor who is holds an appointment with ECE and who is a member of FGS
  • Must be identified at the time of admissions
  • Advisement:  Recommends and approves the course plans of the student
    • Additional Required Credit Hours: The Academic Advisor can require that a student must enroll-in more than the minimum number of credit-hours mandated by the department
  • Advisement:  Recommends and approves the student's research plans
  • Approves the student's Thesis Proposal
  • Advisement:  Meets with the student to discuss
    • Academics Progress
    • Research Progress
    • Failed or Marginal Grades
    • Advisor Student Guidelines
    • Fills-in Progress Reports
    • et. al.
  • Reviews the Student's M.Sc. Thesis BEFORE student is allowed to distribute to Examining Committee
  • Selects an Examining Committee  
  • Assembles the Examining Committee for the M.Sc. Thesis Presentation 
    • Polls Examining Committee for day and time of defence
    • Selects the Date and Time of the defence
  • Chairs the M.Sc. Thesis Presentation
    • Read and Review the M.Sc. Thesis prior to the Defence.
    • Review the student's presentation and ask questions pertaining to the M.Sc. Thesis
    • Discuss the merits of the M.Sc. Thesis according to the following categories
      1. Acceptable, without modification or with minor revision(s)
      2. Acceptable, subject to modification and/or revision(s)
      3. Not acceptable

                 If two or more examiners do not approve the thesis, then the student is deemed to have failed the distribution

  • Obtains the signatures of the Examining Committee members after the M.Sc. Thesis Presentation
    • Submits the Final Report for the M.Sc. Thesis Presentation to the Graduate Student Advisor  OR
    • should the student fail the M.Sc. Thesis Presentation Arranges for another defence and explains situation to the student

 

 For additional requirements please see 4.5 Student's Advisor / Co-Advisor in the Academic Guidelines

 

 


 

EXAMINING COMMITTEE

 

EXAMINING COMMITTEE & DUTIES

The Examining Committee must consist of a minimum of three(3) members (including the advisor/co-advisor). 

 

  • EXAMINING COMMITTEE MEMBERSHIP
    The Examing Committee, at minimum, should consist of
    1. The Academic Advisor and Co-Advisor:   The Academic Advisor acts as the Defence Chairperson
    2. INTERNAL EXAMINER:                         At least one of the Examiners must be from the Academic Advisor's Home Department
    3. INTERNAL/EXTERNAL EXAMINER:   At least one of the Examiners must be from outside of the Academic Advisor's Home Department but in the research area of the student's thesis
  • QUALIFICATIONS OF THE EXAMINERS
    1. two of whom must be members of the Faculty of Graduate Studies
    2. one of whom must hold a primary appointment from within the unit
    3. one of whom must hold no appointment within the unit
    4. hold a Master’s degree or equivalent
  • RECOMMENDATION OF EXAMINERS
    The Examiners are recommended by the Academic Advisor using this FORM:  http://umanitoba.ca/faculties/graduate_studies/media/PhDProgramOfStudy_v6.pdf 
    • Once the Form is Filled-in and Signed submit it to the Graduate Student Advisor
    • The FORM must be submitted at least 10-working days in advance of the distribution of the Thesis 
  • APPROVAL OF EXAMINERS  
    The Examiners must be approved, PRIOR to the distribution of the Thesis,  by the
    • The Department
    • The Dean of Faculty of Graduate Studies
  • CHANGES TO THE EXAMINING COMMITTEE
    • The composition of, and any changes to, the examining committee, including the advisor/co-advisor, must be approved by the Faculty of Graduate Studies.
  • DUTIES OF THE EXAMINING COMMITTEE
    • Read and Review the M.Sc. Thesis prior to the Defence.
    • Review the student's presentation and ask questions pertaining to the M.Sc. Thesis
    • Discuss the merits of the M.Sc. Thesis according to the following categories
      1. Acceptable, without modification or with minor revision(s)
      2. Acceptable, subject to modification and/or revision(s)
      3. Not acceptable

                 If two or more examiners do not approve the thesis, then the student is deemed to have failed the distribution

 

 

 

CURRENT COURSE OFFERINGS

REGISTRATION (Annual)

ACADEMIC GUIDELINES

ECE SUPPLEMENTAL REGULATIONS

UNIVERSITY SCHEDULE
(exams, registration, payments, etc.)

GRADUATE CALENDAR / CATALOG

CODE OF CONDUCT--Plagiarism

CHEATING, PLAGIARISM, ETC.
 (students, instructors, TAs)

EXAM & FINAL GRADES

COMPUTER ACCTS, FORMS...

 

PROGRAMS

  1. Ph.D.
  2. M. Sc.
  3. M.Eng.
  4. Occasional
  5. IIS / Overview 
  6. Course Category (AX,AU,OS)
  7. Summer Registration (Mandatory)

 

PROGRAM INFORMATION

  1. Progress Reports  (Mandatory)
  2. ASG--Advisor Student Guidelines 
      (Mandatory)
  3. GradCon (Mandatory)
  4. LEAVES OF ABSENCE
  5. FAILED GRADES
    1. What to do
    2. Grade Appeals
    3. Student Advocacy
  6. SUPPLEMENTAL GUIDELINES
    1. Advance Credits (4.4.5)
    2. Transfer Credits (4.4.6)
    3. Transfer to Ph.D. (5.1.3)
  7. Transfer Credits
  8. Transfer M.Sc. to Ph.D.
  9. Switch M.Sc. to M.Eng.
  10. Switch Ph.D. to M.Sc.
  11. Switch M.Sc. to M.Eng.
  12. CHANGE REQUESTS:
      Advisor or Committee Member
  13. GRADES: CO, IP, Incomplete
  14. Deferred Exam Form 
  15. Concurrent / Dual Registration
  16. Voluntary Withdrawal
  17. Authorized Withdrawal

 

RESEARCH INTEGRITY

   -- Plageriarims Software: iThenticate

RESEARCH ETHICS & COMPLIANCE

   -- Templates, Guidelines, & Forms

ENVIRONMENT HEALTH & SAFETY

ECE GRADUATE COMMITTEE MEMBERS

 

FUNDING, AWARDS, JOBS

  1. TRAVEL AWARDS
  2. NSERC (Canadians Only)
  3. UMGF  (All Grads)
  4. IGSS (Int'l Students)
  5. Funding & Award $$
  6. JOBs

 

TUITION & FEES   

  1. Master
    1. Full-Time
    2. Part-Time
  2. Ph.D.
  3. Other Fees
    1. Compulsory Fees
    2. Incidental Fees 
    3. Cost of Living Expenses
  4. Tuition Installment Plan
    (International Students Only)

 

NEW STUDENTS

  1. Quick, General Info
  2. General Info & Services
  3. Registration Procedures
  4. Registering for Courses
  5. Acceptance of Offer (Letter)
  6. Paying Tuition & Fees
  7. Office Space & Mail
  8. Grad Students With Children
  9. Student University Guide
  10. Orientation
    1. ECE (mandatory)
    2. FGS (TBA via emails)
    3. University
    4. International Students

 

GRADUATION / CONVOCATION

  1. THESIS DEADLINES
  2. Thesis Info
  3. Thesis Guidelines
  4. Thesis Checklist
  5. Thesis Online Submission
  6. THESIS SAMPLES
    1. Title Page
    2. Table of Contents
  7. Plageriarims Software: iThenticate
  8. ECE Graduand Info
         APEGM, Iron Ring, Letters, etc.
  9. CONVOCATION !
  10. JOBs

 

 


UNIVERSITY OF MANITOBA SERVICES

 

INTERNATIONAL STUDENT

  1. International Centre for Students (ICS)
  2. ICS Post-Secondary Handbook
  3. Study Permit Info
  4. Off-Campus Work Permits
  5. FORMS
  6. Exchange Pgm
    (Canadian & Intentional)

 

FACULTY OF GRADUATE STUDIES (FGS)

  1. FGS: Thesis Guideline & Forms
  2. Thesis Info
  3. Important Dates
  4. FORMS
    1. Programs & Thesis
    2. Awards & Scholarships
  5. WORKSHOPS

 

REGISTRAR'S OFFICE

  1. Transcripts
  2. Important Dates
  3. Convocation
  4. FORMS

 

ENGINEERING LIBRARY
(Donald W. Craik Library)

 

CAREER SERVICES

  

STUDENT ADVOCACY

 

ACCESSIBILITY SERVICES

 

STUDENT GROUPS

  1. UMGSA
    1. Travel Grant
    2. Emergency Grant
    3. Special Projects Grant
    4. Student Award
    5. Teaching Award
  2. UMSU
    1. Tax Information
    2. HEALTH / DENTAL Benefits
    3. U-PASS  

 

   ECE GRAD STUDENT GROUP (ECE GSA)

 

   ENGINEERING STUDENT GROUPS

 


MANITOBA / CIC INFO / SERVICE CANADA

MANITOBA HEALTH INSURANCE

  1. Health Card
  2. Benefits
  3. Online Enrollment

 

CIC: CITIZENSHIP & IMMIGRATION CANADA  

  1. CIC web site  
  2. VISA to Study in Canada  
  3. RE-NEW / EXTEND Study Visa 
  4. Application Processing Time 
  5. Change Program / Institution  
  6. Student Work Permit  
  7. Post-Graduate Work Permit  
  8. Letters of Invitation  
  9. FORMS & GUIDES   

 

SERVICE CANADA

  1. APPLY:  Social Insurance Card (SIN Card) to Work
  2. APPLY:  Universal Child Care
  3. Online Services

MANITOBA PROFESSIONAL ASSN.


ENGINEERS GEOSCIENTISTS MANITOBA (formally APEGM)
Association of Professional Engineers & Geoscientists of the Province of Manitoba

 

 


CONFERENCE PAPER/THESIS HELP

 

UofM Writing Style: Papers, Thesis, etc.

  1. APA Style
  2. APA Basic Style Guide
  3. APA Style Tutorial

 

IEEE Writing Style: IEEE Papers

  1. IEEE Style
  2. IEEE Citation Reference
  3. IEEE Artical Preparation & Submission

 

Help from other universities

  1. Graduate Student Writing Kit
  2. Thesis Proposal
    1. How to write a thesis proposal
    2. Successful thesis proposals
    3. Components of a thesis proposal
    4. M.Sc. Thesis Proposal
    5. Ph.D. Thesis Proposal
      1. Guideline 01
      2. Guideline 02
  3. Research Papers:
    1. Lit. Reviews
      1. Lit. Reviews
      2. Example 01
      3. Example 02
    2. Abstracts
      1. Writing an Abstract
      2. Abstract Presentations
      3. Examples
    3. Effective Outlines
    4. Citing References
      1. APA Style