The teaching of architecture began in 1913 as a four-year degree program within the Faculty of Arts. In 1920, the program became a part of the newly established Faculty of Engineering and Architecture. In 1938, a three-year diploma program in interior decoration was established. In 1945, the departments of Architecture and Interior Decoration were combined in the School of Architecture and Fine Arts. In 1948, the entire school was reorganized as the School of Architecture. The professional architecture degree became a five-year program; and a new four-year Bachelor of Interior Design degree was also introduced. In 1949, a one-year graduate program in Community Planning was established. In 1957, the Manitoba Legislature approved a grant for the construction of a building for the School of Architecture, the first in Canada to be designed exclusively for architecture education. In 1963, the school was reconstituted as the Faculty of Architecture and a two-year graduate program leading to the degree, Masters of City Planning, was introduced.
In 1966, the curriculum in Architecture was reorganized so that the degree, Bachelor of Environmental Studies, became the prerequisite for the professional programs in Architecture and Landscape Architecture. This was followed in 1970 with a new curriculum leading to the professional degree, Masters of Architecture, and two years later with new curriculum leading to a Masters of Landscape Architecture. In 1990, an admissions year of 30 credit hours of Arts and Sciences courses became a prerequisite for entry into Environmental Design.
In 1998, the Bachelor of Environmental Design (B.Env.D.) became an undergraduate program consisting of two years of shared design studies followed by a third year in one of the 'professional options'. These options included Architecture, City Planning, Interior Design, and Landscape Architecture. University 1 was introduced as a prerequisite for admission to the Environmental Design Program. In 2006, the Faculty of Architecture began to reform the Environmental Design Program to create a four-year undergraduate design program by including University 1 in its curriculum offerings. In 2007 the Faculty of Architecture introduced a four year design program consisting of two years of common 'Foundation Studies' (ED1/U1 and ED2) followed by two years of pre-professional 'Intermediate Studies' years (ED3 and ED4). The third and fourth years are referred to as the 'Option Years' and include Architecture, Interior Environments and Landscape + Urbanism (a shared option between City Planning and Landscape Architecture).
The B.Env.D. program is envisioned as a strong multidisciplinary undergraduate degree in its own right and provides a solid base of design education for students intending to pursue careers and/or graduate studies in a wide variety of disciplines, including the Faculty's masters degrees in Architecture, City Planning, Interior Design and Landscape Architecture, and at other institutions globally.