To access information about specific researchers, select one of the departments listed below. You will be taken to a list of faculty members and their research projects. For more information about the researcher or their research, please click on the researcher’s name.
Milton's research covers a number of areas such as quantitative finance, risk management, derivatives (futures and options), portfolio management, financial markets, international business, and business strategy. His research also covers various types of insurance projects, including crop insurance, livestock insurance, weather insurance, optimal reinsurance modeling, and insurance premium computation.
Derek has a background in marketing, policy analysis, rural development and finance. His recent research has focused on the spatial dimensions of grain and oilseed markets; manure management; and firm location choices. Derek also published research regarding innovation in food processing and plant breeding.
Ryan's research focuses on the economic effects of international agreements on the trade and distribution of food. Current research projects include WTO disciplines on food export restrictions, implementation of the new Food Assistance Convention, the effects of the TRIPS Agreement on developing-country protection of intellectual property rights, and the distributional effects of Canadian food-trade policies.
Economic evaluation of nutritional interventions: current status and future directions
Comparison of economic returns to organic vs. conventional cropping systems
Market power in Canadian beef packing
Economic valuation of the potential health benefits from foods enriched with plant sterols in Canada
Animal identification in Canada
Effects of market access reforms on the Canadian dairy industry
Viability of a producer-controlled saskatoon marketing association
Impact of livestock identification and recording systems on a hypothetical disease outbreak
Global literature review and assessment model for nutrition economics
A cost-benefit analysis of traceability in the Ontario livestock sector
Integrated grain-based cropping systems for biological and economic sustainability
Aggregate index measures of Canadian agricultural output price risk, and relations to domestic agricultural policies and international trade
Multivariate stochastic technologies
Index number theory and risk
Julieta's research is in the areas of commodity futures markets, market efficiency, risk management, market microstructure and time series analysis. Current research projects focus on the estimation of the cost of liquidity in electronic markets, hedging in the presence of both price and currency risk, and alternative marketing strategies for wheat in Canada.
Bisecting Pearson’s Kurtosis
Factors affecting the use of futures hedging by commodity producing firms: a multi-factor model approach
Successful conversion of sow group housing
Sow housing: risk factors and assessment techniques for lameness, productivity and longevity in group and individually housed gestating hogs
Sow longevity: modeling as a method of economic analysis
Bio-economic analysis of lignocellulosic biomass production and utilization for a Canadian cellulosic biofuel biorefinery
Chad conducts research in the area of environmental and natural resource economics. His recent research has examined economic aspects of conservation easements, land use conversion, invasive species and international trade, adoption of beneficial management practices, and consumer responses to carbon taxes. Recent research has been published in the American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, the Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, the American Journal of Agricultural Economics, and Land Economics.
Brian has research interests in commodity pricing and risk management, agricultural outlook, trade and co-operatives. Research includes Manitoba sector profiles on crops, hogs, cattle and supply management as well as case studies on Granny's Poultry Cooperative (Manitoba) Ltd. and Red River Cooperative Ltd. Prior to the UM, Brian was in senior management in grain marketing including extensive trade negotiation experience.
Research interests include forage evaluation for beef and dairy production systems, mitigation of enteric methane emissions from ruminant livestock, life-cycle assessment and carbon footprinting of livestock commodities. Current areas of research include environmental footprinting of the Canadian beef industry, forage evaluation for improved resilience of cow-calf production systems, lipid supplementation for enteric methane abatement.
Natural means of controlling gut health and optimizing performance in early-weaned pigs: Research on a new generation enzyme-antibody supplement
Digestible amino acid contents in feedstuffs for poultry: A basis for accurate feed formulation
Effect of BGL/Y5 on performance and nutrient digestibility in piglets and growing-finishing pigs fed wheat or wheat and barley-based diets
Investigating the efficacy of thermostable xylanase variant Y5 in wheat-based weaner and growing-finishing pig diets
Wheat-based distillers dried grain as an animal feed
Dietary nitrogen and gut health benefits associated with the use of low-protein amino acid supplemented diets in pork production
Environmental implications of feeding HAP barley to non-ruminants
Mitigating phosphorus release into the environment from swine production units in Manitoba
Phytase and carbohydrase enzyme evaluation studies in poultry and swine
Current research focus includes (i) studies on the regulation of oxidative stress, inflammation and lipid metabolism in human and animal health and disease (ie. fatty liver disease, acute kidney injury, dyslipidemia, diabetes and metabolic disorders); (ii) mechanistic studies of natural products, supplements and feed in cell and animal models; and (iii) clinical and epidemiological studies in healthy and high risk populations to identify risk factors for obesity, cardiovascular disease, gestational diabetes and its impact on mother-infant health.
High tannin forages can improve sustainability of cattle production systems
Use of tannin-containing legumes in beef cattle production systems
Examination of the multi-functionality of forages in Manitoba
Developing a strategy for forage and grassland management in Manitoba through an examination of the multi-functionality of forages, including net greenhouse gas emissions and nutrient utilization in forage-based beef cattle production systems
Nutrition to promote health of cattle and healthfulness of cattle products
Ruminal acidosis and nitrogen balance in dairy cows
Regulation of feed intake in dairy cows
Improving nutrient utilization by optimization of feeding time and feeding patterns
Modeling of livestock production systems, including nutrient flows, and reproductive performance
Optimizing the management of the dry period of dairy cows to achieve improved health, fertility and milk production
Evaluation of meat composition and quality of domesticated (beef and pork) and exotic species (water buffalo and bison) as well as an investigation into the factors that determine meat shelf life and palatability and application of novel technologies in order to improve them.
Chemical and nutritive characteristics of novel feed ingredients, including low-fibre, yellow-seeded canola, flax, and distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS). Non-starch polysaccharide (NSP) hydrolysis products, yeast-derived products and nucleotides as prebiotics and natural alternatives to antibiotic growth promoters in poultry and swine nutrition. Development of "new generation" enzyme supplements for animal feeds, including NSP and yeast degrading enzymes. Omega-3 fatty acids deposition in poultry and swine products.
Karin has a doctorate in Ruminant Nutrition from the University of Manitoba, where she is now Dean, in the Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences. An initiative led by Karin resulted in the establishment of the National Centre for Livestock and the Environment (NCLE). Completed in 2007, NCLE plays a major role in training and research related to the complex economic, social and environmental issues facing animal agriculture. The Centre's mission is to further the economic and environmental sustainability of integrated livestock and crop production.
Chengbo's research team mainly focuses on livestock nutrition/nutritional biochemistry related to non-ruminants. Research interests include 1) investigating molecular and cellular mechanisms of gut chemosensing in gut growth and health, 2) investigating roles of dietary components (feed ingredients and bioactive compounds) on modulation of molecular interactions between pathogens and host, 3) identification of antibiotic alternatives in poultry and swine, 4) Biotechnological and nutritional strategies to improve nutrient utilization efficiency for sustainable animal production.
Stefan leads a research group in the area of bioprocess engineering involving heat and mass transfer and engineering properties of biological materials. His most significant research contribution has involved the development of a processing technique for biological materials with superheated steam. Currently, Stefan has been involved with preprocessing of agricultural residues with SS as a pre-step to cellulosic conversion of biomass to fermentable sugars. Cost-effective pre-treatment of cellulosic biomass is a major challenge of cellulose-ethanol technology, which forms the basic goal of the ongoing project.
Phosphorus recovery through struvite precipitation from raw and anaerobically
digested hog manure
Bioenergy production in Manitoba using biomass cattail harvesting
Biofuel and value-added co-product synthesis from wheat dried distiller’s grain and stillage
Membrane bioreactor processes for integrated wastewater treatment and reuse
Removal of endocrine disrupting chemicals using membrane bioreactors
Anaerobic digestion of hog manure
Design and evaluation of a titrimetric off gas analysis system for fermentation of cellulosic biomass
Digvir Jayas is the Vice-President (Research and International) at the University of Manitoba. Digvir held a Canada Research Chair in Stored-Grain Ecosystems, and he conducts research related to drying, handling and storing grains and oilseeds and digital image processing for grading and processing operations in the Agri-Food industry. Digvir has authored or co-authored over 800 technical articles in scientific journals, conference proceedings and books dealing with issues of storing, drying, handling and quality monitoring of grains. He has collaborated with researchers in several countries but has had significant impact on develoment of efficient grain storage, handling and drying systems in Canada, China, India, Ukraine and USA.
Bioengineering for biofuels and bioproducts through microbial conversion of biomass and/or agri-industrial by-product ("waste") streams to biofuels, biopolymers, and chemical feedstocks. The primary focus of David's research is to understand the relationships between genome content, gene and gene product expression, metabolic pathway utilization, and end-product synthesis so that we may develop strategies to increase the efficiencies of product synthesis during fermentation. David's approach integrates microbiology, molecular biology and genome sciences with bioprocess engineering.
Over the past 15 years, Danny has established the Agricultural Ergonomics Laboratory dedicated to the application of ergonomics and safety engineering to the design of agricultural machines. Danny's long-term research goal is to develop the knowledge necessary to design mobile agricultural machines (MAMs) that minimize the impacts, both physical and mental, on the operator. He is specifically interested in the design of automation systems for MAMs because improperly designed automation systems may jeopardize the functioning of the entire human-machine system by reducing the operator's situation awareness of system status. To enable this type of research, a driving simulator has been developed using a cab from a late-model tractor donated by CNH Canada Ltd.
Anatomically and mechanically accurate modelling of skeletal anatomy and simulation of orthopaedic surgery
Improvement of the accuracy and precision of hyperspectral imaging systems
Geometric clustering and analysis of spectroscopic data
Geometric partitioning problems
Needless injectors for swine
|Ranjan Sri Ranjan
Impact of subirrigation/tile drainage on yield of corn and potato at a site located in Winkler, Manitoba. Water quality and quantity impact of on farm water management. Development of instrumentation for soil and water engineering. Design and evaluation of a capillary irrigation system. Remediation of contaminated soils. EM methods for salinity assessment. Measuring the impact of snow-melt infiltration under different cropping systems and landscapes.
|Qiang (Chong) Zhang
Qiang conducts research in the areas of animal and plant production environment, and grain storage systems. Specifically, his research deals with the impact and control of odour in animal operations, airborne transmission of animal diseases, energy efficient greenhouses, structural behavior transmission of PRRS (porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome), sustainable greenhouse production in northern climate conditions, and airflow in grain bulks.
Ale's research focuses on insect ecology at multiple spatial scales in human-dominated landscapes, with emphasis in ecosystem services, sustainable management of agricultural pests, and biological control. Current research projects include studying impacts of natural enemies on soybean aphids, fitness of different morphs of soybean aphid, effects of landscape structure on parasitism and predation of cereal leaf beetle, and mechanisms of plant resistance to wheat midge.
Rob's research group studies the biology, physiology and behaviour of native and managed pollinators. A major focus is on the study of how various stressors interact to affect the impact of diseases and parasites on honey bee colony survival and how pathogen spillover affects the survival of native bees. He uses integrated pest management principles to develop innovative approaches to control parasitic mites, fungal diseases, bacterial diseases and viruses (eg. gene silencing, proteomic markers for breeding resistant bees, manipulation of wintering environments).
Specialization in the field of veterinary entomology, including ecology, surveillance, and management of arthropod pests associated with livestock and wildlife. Current research includes geographic distribution of American dog ticks, blacklegged ticks, and other arthropods of veterinary importance, and ecology and surveillance of blacklegged ticks in Manitoba.
Harold studies the effects of dietary fats and protein on fatty acid metabolism in health and disease. His particular expertise is in oxylipins, which are signalling mediators (e.g., prostaglandins) derived from polyunsaturated fats. Examples of his work include targeted lipidomic analyses of oxylipins in healthy kidneys and in kidneys in inherited disease, diabetes, and obesity. His research provides evidence for the physiologic and metabolic basis of recommendations for dietary protein and fatty acids.
Trust's research addresses critical questions relating to the extent to which phytochemicals in grains and other plant-derived functional foods can confer health benefits. Her world class caliber research has offered a progressively more detailed investigation of the fundamental biochemistry of phytochemicals particularly phenolic and carotenoid constituents, including their structural identification and antioxidant actions at cellular level as well as an understanding of their biological activity and therefore, their physiological impact on tissues and animals.
Peter's program aims to determine the impacts of genetic variations on health outcomes which are modifiable by dietary intervention. To achieve this he investigates the biological impact of disease-associated genetic variations using molecular biology, cell biology and model organisms. Through collaborations he also participates in human studies.
Michael continues his research on the functional and health properties of yellow mustard gum. He is also collaborating on canola oil, focusing on the antioxidant canolol, as well as on hemp oil. Michael is also involved in a number of projects related to fetal alcohol syndrome including a nutritional approach for mitigating its detrimental effects on the new born infant.
Filiz's research program focuses on controlling and manipulating process parameters in order to produce high quality foods that are safe, nutritious and palatable. Her current research interests include the use of electromagnetic and mechanical waves as tools to investigate the changes in the physical and chemical properties of foods during various unit process operations. She is also interested in how different components of grains influence mechanical and functional properties of foods and food by-products.
| Christina Lengyel
The focus of Christina's research program is to examine nutrition and health-related issues of baby boomers and older adults residing in a variety of settings such as long-term care (LTC) facilities and in the community (rural and urban areas). More specifically, her current research is centered around the following five areas: 1) functional food usage and development for baby boomers and aging consumers; 2) body image and food choice of aging women; 3) food consumption and nutritional risk of older men in the Manitoba Follow-up Study (MFUS); 4) determinants of food and fluid intake in LTC (Making the Most of Mealtimes Study); and 5) food and eating perceptions at the end of life.
Semone is interested in exploring the role of early neonatal nutrition impact on metabolic system during early development and into adulthood, also known as developmental origins of adult diseases or early programming of adult diseases. Another recent area of interest is inherited metabolic diseases, formerly known as inborn error of metabolism. She has also studied sitosterolemia, a plant sterol storage disorder, which can lead to premature atherosclerosis. Her other research interests include nutrient absorption and bioavailability, particularly amino acids.
Claudia's research focuses on the development of suitable pre-harvest and post-harvest interventions to reduce the presence of pathogenic organisms in livestock and the associated risks to human health. Her current research is aimed at understanding E. coli O157:H7 associations with cattle colonic commensal bacteria. Her interests are primarily in meat and poultry product quality and safety. Claudia maintains research collaboration in the area of food safety and antimicrobial resistance areas with AAFC-Lacombe, Alberta.
The main focus of Harry's cereal chemistry research program is developing a better scientific understanding of key physicochemical factors affecting the utilization quality of western Canadian wheat for milling and baking. Ongoing projects include studies on the nature of water absorption and gluten strength of advanced breeder lines and cultivars of Canada Western Red Winter wheat which range widely in technologically relevant properties. Another project is aimed at clarifying the complex influence of genotype and the growing environment on the gluten strength of Canada Western Red Spring wheat which is the predominant wheat class in the Prairie region.
The conversion of agricultural materials into foods is critical to the safety, nutrient quality and palatability of our food supply. Understanding how this transformation occurs requires measurement of the properties of food materials and modeling interactions between different components during specific processing operations. Current research activities are focused on transformations in cereals, grain-legumes and vegetables, some of which is conducted with collaborators in the department of Physics & Astronomy and with industry support.
Joyce's research program is focused on food literacy and its role in well-being and human ecology. Joyce curently conducts research identifying critical food literacy competencies for youth as they transition to independent adulthood, and is analyzing the Canadian Community Health Survey to assess the food skill capabilities of Canadians. She also conducts applied research with several community partners. These projects include Utilization-Focused Evaluations of community food literacy programs, and identifying traditional and neo-traditional Indigenous foods in an urban context. Joyce is also conducting a pilot survey of youth food and nutrition habits and is planning to scale this up to the province.
Miyoung's research focuses on two major areas: i) studying the critical role of dietary lipids and nutrients in male reproductive systems in obese, diabetic and other metabolically challenged animal models; ii) studying the role of dietary lipids in retinal function focusing on retinal diseases such as diabetic retinopathy, macular degeneration and retinitis pigmentosa. Her lab approaches these research questions through preclinical (rats and mice) and clinical trials with interventions of lipids, antioxidants and alcohol.
Carla investigates the effects of various dietary components on obesity, insulin resistance and vascular health using animal models and human studies. Specific dietary components she is researching include omega-3 fatty acids, conjugated linoleic acid, and plant-based bioactives in crops such as buckwheat and pulses. She is also researching the effects of zinc on antioxidant and immune defense.
Belay's research is focused on investigating plant hormones in cereal crops with respect to their roles in regulating productivity and response to the changing environment. His research specifically identifies the molecular mechanisms underlying the metabolic pathways of plant hormones in cereals, and elucidates the functions of the associated genes in controlling important agronomic traits and conferring tolerance to stress conditions. The other theme of Belay's research is his interest in genomic analysis of cereal crops for enhanced feedstock characteristics and improved utility of bioproducts.
Anita specializes in wheat breeding and genetics. Her breeding program focuses on development of high yield, disease resistant, hard red and general purpose winter wheat cultivars that are adapted to the eastern prairies. Research interests include the inheritance of host resistance to diseases such as Fusarium head blight, leaf and stem rust, and leaf spotting diseases, molecular mapping of disease resistance genes, and development of statistical methods for analysis of unbalanced multi-environment field trials.
Breeding of perennial species for grain and oilseed utilization. Development of species for polyculture use. Utilization of perennial species for forage and reclamation.
Research projects in Fouad's lab cover both applied and basic aspects of plant-pathogen interactions and plant disease management. Basic research is set to investigate molecular and biochemical mechanisms of plant-pathogen interactions, including those involved in plant defense and pathogen counter-defense. Fouad is particularly interested in the role of secondary metabolites such as phenylpropanoids and terpenoids in defense, counter-defense, and their signaling. Applied research projects are on diagnosis and biological control of plant diseases in different crops. Crops of interest, either currently or previously studied, include corn, soybean, potato, sunflower, canola, carrot, date palm, olive, cucumber, saskatoons, and tomato. Fouad has several collaborations with colleagues in Canada and abroad on these and other projects.
Martin is professor of Cropping Systems and Natural Systems Agriculture at the University of Manitoba. In 1992, Martin founded the Glenlea long-term organic rotation study, Canada's oldest organic vs conventional comparison study. In the 1990's, Martin also conducted research on integrated systems such as no-till and crop-livestock integration. However since 2002, Martin has dedicated all of his research to improving organic agricultural systems. This effort has yielded innovations in agronomic management and plant genetics. For example, together with his staff and graduate students, Martin has developed a mulch-based system that allows no-till to be practiced in organic farming in certain years. Another example regards breeding crops specifically for organic production, a program that involves plant breeding colleagues at Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada and USC Canada. Since 2008, Martin and his students have conducted some of their work in southern and eastern Africa and in Asia. The focus of this work involves integration of legume plants into conservation agriculture systems.
Dilantha's research focus is on finding environmentally-friendly methods to manage diseases of field crops; mainly canola and wheat. Towards this goal, he works on developing and understanding biological control and their mechanisms; breeding for disease resistance and finding novel resistance sources; and understanding best field practices to enhance and improve useful microorganisms in soil that can help crops to grow better. In addition, Dilantha employs molecular strategies to understand host-pathogen interactions at the gene level.
Gene expression in fungal defense in plants
Chromolinkers – physical bridges between chromosomes
Phylogenomics of disease resistance genes in plants
The BIRCH bioinformatics system
The Biolegato graphic interface for biological data
An Integrated and Distributed Bioinformatics Platform for Genome Canada
Crop-weed interference and developing economic thresholds for difficult to manage weeds
Developing new harvest aids for dry bean production
Integrated weed management systems for canola
Harvest losses in canola
Management effects on the weed community
Agronomy and cropping systems research
Plant and soil interactions
Plant and soil management to address agricultural and environmental challenges
Genyi's research focuses on genomics and molecular biology in Brassica species. His research activities include genetic mapping, gene cloning, gene functional analysis, molecular marker development and gene manipulation in canola. The objectives are to increase canola yield and oil content, improve quality and achieve high levels of resistance to blackleg, sclerotinia and clubroot in Brassica crops using plant genomics tools.
Claudio is interested in understanding the physiological and molecular mechanisms of plant responses to waterlogging and flooding conditions, a topic relevant to all Manitoba growers in some years. Claudio is also interested in investigating and seed development with emphasis on the genetic network governing embryonic growth in vivo and in vitro.
The overall goal of Wole's research program is to generate new knowledge on the transformation and transport of nitrogen and phosphorus in the soil and to devise management practices that minimize the export of these nutrients from the soil to adjacent environments. Wole is also interested in finding fertilizer formulations that will improve phosphorus use efficiency in the field. He therefore uses spectroscopic techniques including XANES, Liquid and Solid State NMR for phosphorus speciation in order to better understand phosphorus reaction products in the fertilizer band, and phosphorus composition in animal manures.
Brian is a micrometeorologist working on the exchange of greenhouse gases, water and energy in agricultural and forest ecosystems. His work involves direct measurements of these exchanges, typically at the field scale, as well as modeling at multiple scales. Many of these studies are related to climate change mitigation and adaptation.
Paul's research is in the area of agroclimatology and the impact of weather on soil and crops. He was a principal investigator with the Soil Moisture Active Passive Validation Experiment 2012 (SMAPVEX12) which is looking specifically at monitoring surface soil moisture using microwave remote sensing. Paul has looked at how weather impacts crop yield and quality, recently canola quality, canola sclerotinia risk and phenological development rate. He has also measured the impact of tall stubble on canola seedling microclimate and subsequent yield performance.
Annemieke is a professor in the Department of Soil Science and the Prairie NSERC Chair for Women in Science and Engineering. Her research program focuses on the fate of pesticides, natural steroid estrogens and antibiotics in soil and water, and on community-engagement in water resource management. Annemieke is an associate editor for the Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part B: Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes, and an elected member on the Subcommittee on Crop Protection Chemistry of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry.
Don's research focuses on soil fertility, crop nutrition and nutrient management, including effects of agricultural management practices on N, P, K, S and micronutrients supplied from soil reserves or various forms and types of fertilizers and livestock manures, as well as their impact on crop uptake, yield and quality, and agricultural and environmental sustainability (e.g., water quality and greenhouse gas emissions).
David is a Professor of Landscape Ecology. His research and training spans the areas of land use and management, and soil and water conservation, from the field scale to the watershed scale. David has established himself as an international expert in soil erosion processes and their impacts on biophysical processes within landscapes. In 2010, he was awarded the Senior Research Chair in Watershed Systems Research, charged with the task of improving the quality of water resources in Lake Winnipeg and its watershed.
Greenhouse Gas Mitigation of Soil Emissions from Agriculture
Controllers of Greenhouse Gas Emission in the Subarctic Environment of Churchill, Manitoba
Control of Early Dying of Potato
Nematode Ecology and Use as Bioindicators of Soil Health
Benefit of Mycorrhizal Association of Crop Plants
Nutrient Dynamics of Perennial Land Receiving Liquid Hog Manure
Scanning Electron Microscopy of Pratylenchus spp. From Manitoba
Soil Food Webs in Response to Soil Warming of a Boreal Forest Soil
Francis’ research interests include remediation of contaminated sites, reclamation of disturbed sites, drilling waste management, and non-traditional fertilizers and organic amendments. Current projects include in situ remediation of end-of-life municipal lagoons using wetland and terrestrial phytoremediation approaches; dissipation of veterinary antimicrobials in the environment; nutrient dynamics and fertilizer value of organic and other byproducts (anaerobically-digested manure, liquid manure-derived struvite); drinking water quality in First Nations communities; and amelioration of long-term stockpiled soils.