Dr. Rotimi Aluko

Position: Professor

Office:

University of Manitoba
Department of Human Nutritional Sciences
W567 Duff Roblin Building
University of Manitoba
Winnipeg, MB R3T 2N2 Canada

Phone No.:
(204) 474-9555

Fax No.:
(204) 474-7593

E-mail:
rotimi.aluko@umanitoba.ca

Dr. Aluko’s work focuses on the production of bioactive peptides through enzymatic hydrolysis of food proteins. Of special interest are the antihypertensive, antioxidant, anticholinesterase and antiproliferative peptides. In addition to optimized enzymatic release of peptides, his research program also investigates their structure-function properties using in vitro, in vivo and chemometric approaches.

Education:

1996 Ph.D. University of Guelph
1985 M.Sc. Ahmadu Bello University, Nigeria
1982 B.Sc. University of Lagos, Nigeria

Areas of Specialization:

  • Protein Chemistry
  • Food enzymology
  • Functional foods and nutraceuticals
  • QSAR of bioactive peptides

Research Interests:

Protein Chemistry: Structure-function properties of plant seed proteins; enzymatic modifications to improve protein functionality; characterization of protein-stabilized emulsions.

Functional foods and nutraceuticals: Isolation, characterization and biological activity of peptides derived from enzymatic hydrolysis of food proteins.

Textbook
1. Aluko, RE. 2012. Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals. Springer Science + Business Media, LLC: New York. 155 pages.
Website: http://www.springer.com/food+science/book/978-1-4614-3479-5?cm_mmc=event-_-bookAuthor-_-congratulation-_-0&cm_mmc=EVENT-_-BookAuthorEmail-_-

Recent Articles in Refereed Publications (past 5 yrs)
Click here (http://scholar.google.ca/citations?user=tm5Q5O4AAAAJ&hl=en) to check full list of publications and citation records

181. Alashi AM, Taiwo KA, Oyedele D, Adebooye OC, Aluko RE. 2019. Polyphenol composition and antioxidant properties of vegetable leaf-fortified bread. J. Food Biochem. e12625.
180. Aderinola TA, Fagbemi TN, Enujiugha VN, Alashi AM, Aluko RE. 2019. In-vitro antihypertensive and antioxidative properties of trypsin-derived Moringa oleifera seed globulin hydrolysate and its membrane fractions. Food Sci. Nutr. In press.
179. Marie GCU⁠⁠, Perreault V⁠, Henaux L⁠, Carnovale⁠ V⁠, Aluko RE, Marette A⁠, Doyen A, Bazinet L. (2019). Impact of a high hydrostatic pressure pretreatment on the separation of bioactive peptides from flaxseed protein hydrolysates by electrodialysis with ultrafiltration membranes. Sep. Purif. Technol. 211, 242-251.
178. Nwachukwu ID, Aluko RE. 2019. A systematic evaluation of various methods for quantifying food protein hydrolysate peptides. Food Chem. 270, 25–31.
177. Aluko RE. 2019. Food protein-derived renin-inhibitory peptides: in vitro and in vivo properties. J. Food Biochem. e12648.
176. Budseekoad S, Yupanqui CT, Alashi AM, Aluko RE, Youravong W. 2019. Anti-allergic activity of mung bean (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek) protein hydrolysates produced by enzymatic hydrolysis using non-gastrointestinal and gastrointestinal enzymes. J. Food Biochem.
175. Aderinola TA, Fagbemi TN, Enujiugha VN, Alashi AM, Aluko RE. 2018. Amino acid composition and antioxidant properties of Moringa oleifera seed protein isolate and enzymatic hydrolysates. Heliyon, 4, e00877.
174. Ijarotimi SO, Malomo SA, Alashi AM, Nwachukwu ID, Fagbemi TN, Osundahunsi OF, Aluko RE. 2018. Antioxidant and antihypertensive activities of wonderful cola (Buchholzia coriacea) seed protein and enzymatic protein hydrolysates. J. Food Bioact. 3, 133-143.
173. Olagunju AI, Omoba OS, Enujiugha VN, Alashi AM, Aluko RE. 2018. Pigeon pea enzymatic protein hydrolysates and ultrafiltration peptide fractions as potential sources of antioxidant peptides. LWT Food Sci. Technol. 97, 269-278.
172. Olagunju AI, Omoba OS, Enujiugha VN, Aluko RE. 2018. Development of value-added nutritious crackers with high antidiabetic properties from blends of acha (Digitaria exilis) and blanched pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) flours. Food Sci. Nutr. In press.
171. Olagunju AI, Omoba OS, Enujiugha VN, Alashi AM, Aluko RE. 2018. Antioxidant properties, ACE/renin inhibitory activities of pigeon pea hydrolysates and effects on systolic blood pressure of spontaneously hypertensive rats. Food Sci. Nutr. In press.
170. Budseekoad S, Yupanqui CT, Sirinupong N, Alashi AM, Aluko RE, Youravong W. 2018. Structural and functional characterization of calcium and iron-binding peptides from mung bean protein hydrolysate. J. Funct. Foods. 49, 333-341.
169. Zhang C, Alashi AM, Singh N, Liu K, Chelikani P, Aluko RE. 2018. Beef protein-derived peptides as bitter taste receptor T2R4 blockers. J. Agric. Food Chem. 66, 4902−4912.
168. Alashi AM, Blanchard CL, Mailer RJ, Agboola SO, Mawson AJ, Aluko RE. 2018. Influence of enzymatic hydrolysis, pH and storage temperature on the emulsifying properties of canola protein isolate and hydrolysates. Int. J. Food Sci. Technol. 53, 2316–2324.
167. Djibril Moussa MI, Alashi AM, Sossa-Vihotogbé CNA, Akponikpè PBI, Djènontin AJ, Baco NM, Akissoé NH, Aluko RE. 2018. Inhibition of renin-angiotensin system enzymes by leafy vegetables polyphenol extracts related to fertilizer micro-dosing and harvest time. Acta Horticulturae. In press
166. Olarewaju OA, Alashi AM, Aluko RE. 2018. Trypsin inhibitory activity of aqueous extracts from Amaranthus viridis, Solanum macrocarpon, and Telfairia occidentalis vegetable leaves. Acta Horticulturae. In press
165. Olarewaju OA, Alashi AM, Aluko RE. 2018. Antihypertensive effect of aqueous polyphenol extracts of Amaranthus viridis and Telfairia occidentalis leaves in spontaneously hypertensive rats. J. Food Bioact. 1, 166-173.
164. Olarewaju OA, Alashi AM, Taiwo KA, Oyedele D, Adebooye OC, Aluko RE. 2018. Influence of nitrogen fertilizer micro-dosing on phenolic content, antioxidant and anticholinesterase properties of aqueous extracts of three tropical leafy vegetables. J. Food Biochem. 42, e12566.
163. Alashi AM, Taiwo KA, Oyedele D, Adebooye OC, Aluko RE. 2018. Antihypertensive properties of aqueous extracts of vegetable leaf-fortified bread after oral administration to spontaneously hypertensive rats. Int. J. Food Sci. Technol. 53, 1705–1716.
162. Nwachukwu ID, Aluko RE. 2018. Physicochemical and emulsification properties of flaxseed (Linum usitatissimum) albumin and globulin fractions. Food Chem. 255, 216-225.
161. Fu Y, Therkildsen M, Aluko RE, Lametsch R. 2018. Exploration of collagen recovered from animal by-products as a precursor of bioactive peptides: Successes and challenges. Crit. Rev. Food Sci. Nutr. In press
160. Adebooye OC, Alashi AM, Aluko RE. 2018. A brief review on emerging trends in global polyphenol research. J. Food Biochem. 42, e12519.
159. Nwachukwu ID, Aluko RE. 2018. Antioxidant properties of flaxseed protein hydrolysates: influence of hydrolytic enzyme concentration and peptide size. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 95, 1105–1118.
158. Gesinde FA, Udechukwu MC, Aluko RE. (2018). Structural and functional characterization of legume seed ferritin concentrates. J. Food Biochem. 42, e12498.
157. Chao D, Aluko RE. 2018. Modification of the structural, emulsifying and foaming properties of an isolated pea protein by thermal pretreatment. CyTA - Journal of Food, 16, 357-366.
156. Chao D, Jung S, Aluko RE. 2018. Physicochemical and functional properties of high pressure-treated isolated pea protein. Innov. Food Sci. Emerg. Technol. 45, 179-185.
155. Ijarotimi SO, Malomo SA, Fagbemi TN, Osundahunsi OF, Aluko RE. 2018. Structural and functional properties of Buchholzia coriacea seed flour and protein concentrate at different pH and protein concentrations. Food Hydrocolloids. 74, 275-288.
154. Famuwagun AA, Taiwo KA, Gbadamosi SO, Oyedele DJ, Aluko RE, Adebooye OC. 2017.  Extraction optimization and antioxidant properties of African eggplant (Solanum macrocarpon) leaf polyphenols. J. Food Quality. 2017, Article ID 2159183.
153. Lin H-C, Alashi AM, Aluko RE, Pan BS, Chang Y-W. 2017. Antihypertensive properties of tilapia (Oreochromis spp.) frame and skin enzymatic protein hydrolysates. Food Nutr. Res. 61:1, 1391666.
152. Nwachukwu ID, Kouritzin TM, Aluko RE, Myrie SB. 2017. The role of omega-3 fatty acids in skeletal muscle anabolism, strength, and function in healthy and diseased states. J. Food Biochem. 41, e12435.
151. Udenigwe CC, Okolie CL, Qian H, Ohanenye IC, Agyei D, Aluko RE. 2017. Ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase as a sustainable and promising plant source of bioactive peptides for food applications. Trends Food Sci Technol. 69, 74-82.
150. Akinyede AI, Malomo SA, Fagbemi TN, Osundahunsi OF, Aluko RE. 2017. Polypeptide profile, amino acid composition and some functional properties of calabash nutmeg (Monodora myristica) flour and protein products. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 94, 1361-1371.
149. Neves AC, Harnedy PA, O’Keeffe MB, Alashi AM, Aluko RE, FitzGerald RJ. 2017. Peptide identification in a salmon gelatin hydrolysate with antihypertensive, dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitory and antioxidant activities. Food Res. Int. 100, 112-120.
148. Davies-Hoes LD, Scanlon MG, Girgih AT, Aluko RE. 2017. Effect of pea flours with different particle sizes on antioxidant activity in pan breads. Cereal Chem. 94, 866-872.
147. Yang Y-J, He H-Y, Wang F-Z, Ju X-R, Yuan J, Wang L-F, Aluko RE, He R. 2017. Transport of angiotensin converting enzyme and renin dual inhibitory peptides LY, RALP and TF across Caco-2 cell monolayers. J. Funct. Foods. 35, 303-314.
146. O’Keeffe MB, Norris R, Alashi MA, Aluko RE, FitzGerald RJ. 2017. Peptide identification in a porcine gelatin prolyl endoproteinase hydrolysate with angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory and hypotensive activity. J. Funct. Foods. 34, 77-88.
145. Udenigwe CC, Girgih AT, Mohan A, Gong M, Malomo SA, Aluko RE. 2017. Antihypertensive and bovine plasma oxidation-inhibitory activities of spent hen meat protein hydrolysates. J. Food Biochem. 41, e12378.
144. Fu Y, Alashi AM, Young JF, Therkildsen M, Aluko RE. 2017. Enzyme inhibition kinetics and molecular interactions of patatin peptides with angiotensin I-converting enzyme and renin. Int. J. Biol. Macromol. 101, 207–213.
143. Arise AK, Nwachukwu ID, Aluko RE, Amonsou EO. 2017. Structure-composition and some functional properties of storage proteins extracted from bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea) landraces. Int. J. Food Sci. Technol. 52, 1211–1220.
142. Arise AK, Alashi AM, Nwachukwu ID, Malomo SA, Aluko RE, Amonsou EO. 2017. Inhibitory properties of bambara groundnut protein hydrolysate and peptide fractions against angiotensin converting enzymes, renin and free radicals. J. Sci. Food Agric. 97: 2834–2841.
141. Ajibola CF, Fagbemi TN, Aluko RE. 2017. Modulation of the secondary and tertiary structures of African yam bean seed (Sphenostylis sternocarpa) albumin, globulin and protein concentrate by pH and NaCl. J Food Biochem. 41, e12321.
140. Akinyede AI, Girgih AT, Osundahunsi OF, Fagbemi TN, Aluko RE. 2017. Effect of membrane processing on amino acid composition and antioxidant properties of marble vine seed (Dioclea reflexa) protein hydrolysate. J. Food Proc. Preserv. 41, e12917.
139. Fu Y, Young JF, Rasmussen MK, Dalsgaard TK, Lametsch R, Aluko RE, Therkildsen M. 2016. Angiotensin I–converting enzyme–inhibitory peptides from bovine collagen: insights into inhibitory mechanism and transepithelial transport. Food Res. Int. 89, 373–381.
138. Fu Y, Young JF, Løkke MM, Lametsch R, Aluko RE, Therkildsen M. 2016. Revalorization of bovine collagen as a potential precursor of angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory peptides based on in silico and in vitro protein digestions. J. Funct. Foods. 24, 196-206.
137. Hayes M, Mora L, Hussey K, Aluko RE. 2016. Boarfish protein recovery using the pH-shift process and generation of protein hydrolysates with ACE-I and antihypertensive bioactivities in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Innov. Food Sci. Emerg. Technol. 37, 253-260.
136. Girgih AT, Nwachukwu ID, Onuh JO, Malomo SA, Aluko RE. 2016. Antihypertensive properties of a pea protein hydrolysate during short and long term oral administration to spontaneously hypertensive rats. J. Food Sci. 81, H1281-H1287.
135. Lafarga T, Gallagher E, Aluko RE, Auty MAE, Hayes M. 2016. Addition of bovine globulins to bread and determination of hypertensive effects in spontaneously hypertensive rats. J. Agric. Food Chem. 64, 1741−1750.
134. Arise AK, Alashi AM, Nwachukwu ID, Ijabadeniyi OA, Aluko RE, Amonsou EO. 2016. Antioxidant activities of bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea) protein hydrolysates and their membrane ultrafiltration fractions. Food & Funct. 7, 2431–2437.
133. Lafarga T, Aluko RE, Rai DK, O'Connor P, Hayes M. 2016. Identification of bioactive peptides from a papain hydrolysate of bovine serum albumin and assessment of an antihypertensive effect in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Food Res Int. 81, 91-99.
132. Malomo SA, Aluko RE. 2016. In vitro acetylcholinesterase-inhibitory properties of enzymatic hemp seed protein hydrolysates. J. Am Oil Chem. Soc. 93, 411–420.
131. Onuh JO, Girgih AT, Nwachukwu ID, Levari-Shariati, S, Raj P, Netticadan T, Aluko RE, Aliani M. 2016. A metabolomics approach for investigating urinary and plasma changes in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) fed chicken skin protein hydrolysates diets. J. Funct. Foods. 22, 20–33.
130. Nwachukwu ID, Udenigwe CC, Aluko RE. 2016. Lutein and zeaxanthin: production technology, bioavailability, mechanisms of action, visual function, and health claim status. Trends Food Sci. Technol. 49, 74-84.
129. Girgih AT, Nwachukwu ID, Iwar MI, Fagbemi TN, Aluko RE. 2016. Effect of peptide size on the antioxidant properties of giant African land snail (Archachatina marginata) meat protein hydrolysates. Curr. Top. Nutraceut. Res. 14, 109-117.
128. Girgih AT, Nwachukwu ID, Hasan FM, Fagbemi TN, Malomo SA, Gill TA, Aluko RE. (2016). Kinetics of in vitro enzyme inhibition and blood pressure lowering effects of salmon (Salmo salar) protein hydrolysates in spontaneously hypertensive rats. J. Funct. Foods 20, 43–53.
127. Ajibola CF, Malomo SA, Fagbemi TN, Aluko RE. 2016. Polypeptide composition and functional properties of African yam bean seed (Sphenostylis sternocarpa) albumin, globulin and protein concentrate. Food Hydrocolloids 56, 189-200.
126. He R, Girgih AT, Rozoy E, Bazinet L, Ju X-R, Aluko RE. (2016). Selective separation and concentration of antihypertensive peptides from rapeseed protein hydrolysate by electrodialysis with ultrafiltration membranes. Food Chem. 197, 1008–1014.
125. Girgih AT, Nwachukwu ID, Hasan FM, Fagbemi TN, Gill TA, Aluko RE. 2015. Kinetics of the inhibition of renin and angiotensin I-converting enzyme by Cod (Gadus morhua) protein hydrolysates and their antihypertensive effects in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Food Nutr. Res. 59, 29788.
124. Girgih AT, Nwachukwu ID, Iwar MI, Fagbemi TN, Aluko RE. (2015). Kinetics of renin and angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition by African giant land snail (Archachatina marginata) protein hydrolysate and membrane ultrafiltration peptide fractions. Austin J. Nutr. Food Sci. 3(4): 1071.
123. Wang Z, Ju X, He R, Yuan J, Aluko RE. 2015. Effect of high pressure treatment on rapeseed protein microparticle properties and gastrointestinal release behavior of the encapsulated peptides. Food Res. Int. 77, 549–555.
122. Malomo SA, Girgih AT, Onuh JO, Aluko RE. 2015. Structural and antihypertensive properties of enzymatic hemp seed protein hydrolysates. Nutrients 7, 7616-7632.
121. Malomo SA, Aluko RE. 2015. Conversion of a low protein hemp seed meal into a functional protein concentrate through enzymatic digestion of fibre coupled with membrane ultrafiltration. Innov. Food Sci. Emerg. Technol. 31, 151-159.
120. Girgih AT, Chao D, Lin L, He R, Jung S, Aluko RE. 2015. Enzymatic protein hydrolysates from high pressure-pretreated isolated pea proteins have better antioxidant properties than similar hydrolysates produced from heat pretreatment. Food Chem. 188, 510-516.
119. Aluko RE. 2015. Structure and function of plant protein-derived antihypertensive peptides. Curr. Op. Food Sci. 4, 44–50.
118. Alphonse PAS, Aluko RE. 2015. A review on the anti-carcinogenic and anti-metastatic effects of flax seed lignan secolariciresinol diglucoside (SDG). Discovery Phytomed. 2, 12-17.
117. Alashi AM, Blanchard CL, Mailer RJ, Agboola SO, Mawson AJ, Aluko RE, Strappe P. 2015. Effects of canola proteins and hydrolysates on adipogenic differentiation of C3H10T/2 mesenchymal stem cells. Food Chem. 185, 226–232.
116. Aluko RE, Girgih AT, He R, Malomo SA, Li H, Offengenden M, Wu J. 2015. Structural and functional characterization of yellow field pea seed (Pisum sativum L.) protein-derived antihypertensive peptides. Food Res. Int. 77, 10-16.
115. Onuh JO, Girgih AT, Malomo SA, Aluko RE, Aliani M. 2015. Kinetics of in vitro renin and angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition by chicken skin protein hydrolysates and their blood pressure lowering effects in spontaneously hypertensive rats. J. Funct. Foods 14, 133-143.
114. Nwachukwu ID, Devassy JG, Aluko RE, Jones PJH. 2015. Cholesterol-lowering properties of oat β-glucan and the promotion of cardiovascular health: did Health Canada make the right call? Appl. Physiol. Nutr. Metab. 40, 535-542.
113. Cheung LKY, Aluko RE, Cliff MA, Li-Chan ECY. 2015. Effects of exopeptidase treatment on antihypertensive activity and taste attributes of enzymatic whey protein hydrolysates. J. Funct. Foods 13, 262–275.
112. Aluko RE. 2015. Antihypertensive peptides from food proteins. Annu. Rev. Food Sci. Technol. 6, 235-262. 
111. Girgih AT, He R, Hasan FM, Udenigwe CC, Gill TA, Aluko RE. 2015. Evaluation of the in vitro antioxidant properties of a Cod (Gadus morhua) protein hydrolysate and peptide fractions. Food Chem. 173, 652-659.
110. Malomo SA, Aluko RE. 2015. A comparative study of the structural and functional properties of isolated hemp seed (Cannabis sativa L.) albumin and globulin fractions. Food Hydrocolloids 43, 743-752.
109. Girgih AT, Alashi AM, He R, Malomo SA, Raj P, Netticadan T, Aluko RE. 2014.  A novel hemp seed meal protein hydrolysate reduces oxidative stress factors in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Nutrients 6, 5652-5666.
108. Nwachukwu ID, Girgih AT, Malomo SA, Onuh J, Aluko RE. 2014. Thermoase-derived flaxseed protein hydrolysates and membrane ultrafiltration peptide fractions have systolic blood pressure-lowering effects in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 15, 18131-18147.
107. Fitzgerald C, Aluko RE, Hossain M, Rai DK, Hayes M. 2014. The potential of a renin inhibitory peptide from the red seaweed Palmaria palmata as functional food ingredient following confirmation and characterization of a hypotensive effect in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). J. Agric. Food Chem. 62, 8352-8356.
106. Malomo SA, He R, Aluko RE. 2014. Structural and functional properties of hemp seed protein products. J. Food Sci. 79, C1512-C1521.
105. Girgih AT, He R, Aluko RE. 2014. Kinetics and molecular docking studies of the inhibitions of angiotensin converting enzyme and renin activities by hemp seed (Cannabis sativa L.) peptides. J. Agric. Food Chem. 62, 4135−4144.
104. He R, Aluko RE, Ju X. 2014. Evaluating molecular mechanism of hypotensive peptides interactions with renin and angiotensin converting enzyme. PLoS ONE 9(3): e91051.
103. Mundi S, Aluko, RE. 2014. Inhibitory properties of kidney bean protein hydrolysate and its membrane fractions against renin, angiotensin converting enzyme, and free radicals. Austin J. Nutr. Food Sci. 2(1): 11.
102. Girgih AT, Alashi AM, He R, Malomo SA, Aluko RE. 2014. Preventive and treatment effects of hemp seed (Cannabis sativa L.) meal protein hydrolysate against high blood pressure in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Eur. J. Nutr. 53, 1237–1246.
101. Girgih AT, He R, Malomo SA, Offengenden M, Wu J, Aluko RE. 2014. Structural and functional characterization of hemp seed (Cannabis sativa L.) protein-derived antioxidant and antihypertensive peptides. J. Funct. Foods 6, 384–394.
100. Alashi AM, Blanchard CL, Mailer RJ, Agboola SO, Mawson AJ, He R, Malomo SA, Girgih AT, Aluko RE. 2014. Blood pressure lowering effects of Australian canola protein hydrolysates in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Food Res. Int. 55, 281-287.
99. Onuh JO, Girgih AT, Aluko RE, Aliani M. 2014. In vitro antioxidant properties of chicken skin enzymatic protein hydrolysates and membrane fractions. Food Chem. 150, 366-373.
98. Alashi AM, Blanchard CL, Mailer RJ, Agboola SO, Mawson AJ, He R, Girgih AT, Aluko RE. 2014. Antioxidant properties of Australian canola meal protein hydrolysates. Food Chem. 146, 500-506.
97. He R, He H-Y, Chao D, Ju X, Aluko RE. 2014. Effects of high pressure and heat treatments on physicochemical and gelation properties of rapeseed protein isolate. Food Bioprocess Technol. 7, 1344-1353.
96. Doyen A, Udenigwe CC, Mitchell P, Marette A, Aluko RE, Bazinet L. 2014. Anti-diabetic and antihypertensive activities of two flaxseed protein hydrolysate fractions revealed following their simultaneous separation by electrodialysis with ultrafiltration membranes. Food Chem. 145, 66-76.

Book chapters
12. Aluko RE. 2018. Antihypertensive foods: protein hydrolysates and peptides. In “Food Chemistry Encyclopedia”. Elsevier: Oxford. In press.
11. Aluko RE. 2018. Food protein-derived peptides: production, isolation, and purification. In RY Yada (ed), Proteins in Food Processing. Elsevier: Oxford. 2nd edition. Elsevier: Oxford. Chapter 15, pp. 389-41.
10. Aluko RE. 2017. Structural characteristics of food protein-derived bitter peptides. In N.A.M. Eskin and M. Aliani (eds.), Bitterness: Perception, Chemistry, and Food Processing. Wiley-Blackwell: New York. pp. 105-129.
9. Aluko RE. 2016. Hemp Seed (Cannabis sativa L.) Proteins: Composition, Structure, Enzymatic Modification and Functional or Bioactive Properties. In S. Nadathur, J.
Wanasundara, L. Scanlin (eds), Sustainable Protein Sources. Elsevier: Oxford. Chapter 7, pp. 121-132.
8. Aluko RE. 2015. ‘Amino acids, peptides and proteins as antioxidants for food preservation’. In F. Shahidi (ed.), Handbook of antioxidants for food preservation 1st edition. Woodhead Publishing: Cambridge, pp. 105-140.

Patents
1. Aluko, R.E., Wu, J., Aukema, H.M. Yellow field pea seed protein-derived peptides. United States Patent No. 8,815,806. Published August 26, 2014.
2. Wu, J., Muir, A., & Aluko, R.E. ACE inhibitory peptides from plant materials. United States Patent No. 7,566,690. Filed December 23, 2003; Granted July 28, 2009.
3. Wu J, Muir A, and Aluko, R.E. A process for preparing and angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory peptide containing hydrolysate. Indian Patent Number: 221818. Filed June 08, 2005; Granted July 7, 2008;
3. Wu, J., Muir, A., & Aluko, R.E. ACE inhibitory peptides from plant materials. European Patent 1,575,375. Filed 12/24/2003, published 09/21/2005.