University of Manitoba - Faculty of Agricultural & Food Sciences - AG e-news
AG e-news

the Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences newsletter


March 24, 2016


UPCOMING EVENTS

The TMPLR Research Study will hold a Winnipeg Free Pree News Café event from 2 to 4 pm on Thursday, March 24. The study will explore how diet, physical activity, sleep, genetics and gut microbiome interact to promote the health of Manitobans. This event will be an informal panel discussion about the TMPLR program, where different TMPLR team members will be talking about their research and roles in TMPLR.

The Faculty of Kinesiology and Recreation Management seminar series Body Talks will feature "What to Eat & When for Physical Activity" with Semone Myrie, Department of Human Nutritional Sciences and Jorie Janzen, Canadian Sport Centre Manitoba, on Thursday, March 24 at 5:00 pm on the steps of the Applied Research Centre located beside the Active Living Centre Agora. Free of charge, all are welcome.

The University is closed on Friday, March 25 for Good Friday.

A Plant Science Ph.D. Thesis Defense will be held on Monday, March 28 at 2 pm in Room 218 Agriculture Building. Jun Liu will defend his Ph.D. thesis entitled “Quantitative Trait Loci Controlling Sclerotinia Stem Rot Resistance and Seed Glucosinolate Content of Oilseed Rape (Brassica napus L.)”.

The Centre for Earth Observation Science and the IEEE Geoscience & Remote Sensing (GRS) & Aerospace and Electronics System (AES) Winnipeg Chapter are hosting the presentation "Measurements of Soil Moisture, Snow and Vegetation with GPS Interferometric Reflectometry" by Dr. Valery Zavorotny, Physical Sciences Division of NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory on Tuesday, March 29 at 10 am in 5th Floor CEOS Theatre, 535 Wallace Building.

A Soil Science M.Sc. Thesis Defense will be held on Wednesday, March 30, 1:00 pm in Room 346 Ellis Building. Ashley Soloway will present “A comparison of gap-filling methods for a long-term eddy covariance dataset from a northern old-growth black spruce forest”.

An Advanced Plant Science Seminar will be held on Thursday, March 31 in Room 130 Agriculture Building at 3:30 pm. Sean Asselin, Ph.D. student, Department of Plant Science will be presenting "Characterizing and Capitalizing on Variation in Maximilian Sunflower".  All are welcome to attend.  Refreshments at 3:00 pm in the Atrium.

The Final Oral Presentations for Project in Agroecology (AGEC 4550) will be held Friday, April 1 at 2:30 pm in Room 344 Ellis Building. Presentations will include Angie Cerilli on "Recycled Wallboard Gypsum as a Sulphur Nutrient Source for Canola", Colin Durand on "Phosphorus Sorption Capacities as Affected by Cropping System and Manure Application", Melody Caron on "Sediment Fingerprinting in the Lower Little Bow River Watershed using Cs-137", Jonathan Rosset on "Effects of Three Herbicides and their Mixtures on Soil Microbial Taxa" and Jeff Seward on "Predicting Nitrogen Mineralization from Manured Soils". Refreshments following seminars, everyone welcome!

A Soil Science Seminar will be held Wednesday, April 6, 12:30 pm in Room 346 Ellis Building. Don Flaten will present.

The Rh Awards Ceremony, Public Lecture and Reception will be held on Thursday, April 7 at 7 pm in Robert B. Schultz Lecture Theatre, St. John’s College.  Distinguished Professor David G. Barber receives the 2015 Dr. John M. Bowman Memorial Winnipeg Rh Institute Foundation Award, and discusses his research in the presentation "On thin ice: seven surprising results from the ongoing reduction of the arctic sea ice cover". We are happy to note that Joyce Slater, Human Nutritional Sciences, is one of this year`s Rh Award recipients!

The School of Agriculture will be offering two workshops to arboriculture students, hobbyists and anyone else who has an interest on Saturday, April 16.  The Tree Identification Workshop consists of a walking tour on campus, identifying and naming various tree species. Many individuals find this workshop to be a valuable learning experience. It gives them the opportunity to apply what they have learned from images and descriptions to actual species in the landscape.  The Tree Climbing Demonstration is a basic introduction to tree climbing. Instructors demonstrate how to safely use the equipment required for tree climbing, including a knot tying challenge!  Various techniques for setting a rope, entering the tree and managing a double rope climbing system will also be demonstrated.  This workshop is great for anyone interested in observing tree climbing.  To view workshop times and costs and to register, visit www.ManitobaArborists.ca.

The Functional Foods and Natural Health Products (FFNHP) Graduate Research Symposium will be taking place on Wednesday, April 20, at the at the St-Boniface Hospital Albrechtsen Research Centre. This is a pre-conference event to the Therapeutic Applications of Functional Foods and Bioactives conference organized by the Canadian Centre for Agri-Food Research in Health and Medicine. The FFNHP Graduate Research Symposium is a one-day event consisting of poster presentations and competition, as well as presentations from invited guest speakers. Abstract submissions are currently open to all graduate students whose research is involved with functional foods and natural health products. Abstracts are due Friday, April 1, 2016. For more information, please visit our website at: http://taffbwpg.com or contact us at: FFNHP@umanitoba.ca

The Department of Food Science will be offering the short course "Pasteurization of Milk and Liquid Foods I" on June 1 and 2.  Please register by either fax or (474-7630), payment is accepted via cheque, money order or money transfer made out to the University of Manitoba and must be made prior to the commencement of the course. If you need any further information contact Gwendolyn.Band@umanitoba.ca. Cost is $575.00 per person (includes all instructional and practical sessions, course manual, nutrition breaks, parking, certificate upon completion). Registration Deadline is May 16, 2016


STAFF AND STUDENT NEWS

The Manitoba Personalized Lifestyle Research (TMPLR) program officially kicked off the recruitment phase of a research study examining how genetics and lifestyle interact to shape the health of Manitobans. Led by University of Manitoba researchers Drs. Peter Jones and Meghan Azad, the study brings together a team of scientists and health care professionals to understand how microorganisms in our bodies, genetics, and lifestyle – such as diet, activity and sleep – interact to shape our health. Read more at http://news.umanitoba.ca/lifestyle-research-program-seeks-participants/.

The Food Science Department mourns the loss of Anne Ismond, a retired academic who passed away on February 21, 2016. Anne came to the Department of Food Science as a PhD student after teaching for several years at the University of Winnipeg. She was the first graduate from the Interdepartmental PhD program in Food and Nutritional Sciences receiving her degree in 1984. She became a member of the academic staff in the Department immediately after graduation and was a valued member of the department for a number of years. A memorial service is planned for Saturday, May 7 at 2:00 pm at Cropo Funeral Chapel, 1442 Main Street, Winnipeg. In lieu of flowers, for anyone who wishes donations may be made to the Manitoba Heart and Stroke Foundation or to the Winnipeg Humane Society, to help them carry on their important work.

A number of awards were presented at the 2016 Degree Grads Farewell held March 12. Of particular note, Rob Duncan, Plant Science, was voted Professor of the Year and Anna Donohoe received the John Roth Memorial Award.

Sixty-nine second year Agriculture diploma students presented the farm plans they had developed to 50 panelists who evaluated their production and business knowledge and their communication skills.  Many industry representatives joined the 17 academic staff as evaluators.  Over 30 farmers volunteered their time to serve on the panels. Nine farm organizations had representatives participating, and three MAFRD staff and three representatives from financial institutions attended. 

Animal Science's Martin Nyachoti and two of his Ph.D. students, Atta Agyekum and Samuel Waititu, attended the 2016 Midwest Animal Science meeting in Des Moines, Iowa from March 13-16, 2016.  Atta made an oral presented entitled "Dietary D-xylose effects on growth performance and portal drained viscera nutrient fluxes, insulin production, and oxygen consumption in growing pigs" while Samuel made a poster presentation entitled "Weaned pig responses to Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide challenge when receiving dietary yeast-based nucleotides".

The Food Fight at the Forks - U of M edition was once again part of the Discover Agriculture in the City weekend held March 18-19 at The Forks. This year, 11 teams made up of students from Food Science and Human Nutritional Sciences competed with products like carbonated yogurt drink and chocolate dipped vegetable chips. The winning team, which included Mengyuan Zhang, Shangyi Qu, Apoorva Saul, Xiaotian Xu and Yu Weng, impressed the judges with a pulse-packed green salsa called Nutri Dip, made with chickpeas, green peas, and black beans.   The judges of the event were impressed that most of the competitors had worked high-fibre pulse crops into their innovation entries. A big thanks to Food Product Development professor Claudia Narvaez and her class for their enthusiastic participation, and to everyone that made the day such a great success, including emcee Ace Burpee and judges Judy Wilson, Doug Speirs and Jason Wortzman.

Also participating at Discover Ag in the City were 11 students from the Advanced Communication and Rural Leadership course, who designed and staffed interactive displays, and made presentations to the general public on The Forks stage. Two of the students, Ben Gilmore and Cooper Wiebe, helped promote the event by appearing on CTV Morning Live earlier in the week with their hands-on "farm yard" display.

Last Thursday, the Canadian Mennonite University hosted a Germinating Conversations event and the topic for this event was Theology and the Land.  Three academics made presentations: Martin Entz from Plant Science; Cathy Campbell, an Anglican priest; and Paul Derkesen, a theologian based at CMU. This was followed by response from three farmers Jeanette Sivilay, Abe Krahn and Reg Dyck (School of Agriculture farm management instructor).

Dilantha Fernando, Plant Science, was invited by the Indian Phytopathological Society to give a Plenary Lecture at the PGPR workshop at the ISP's 6th International Conference held in New Delhi, India from February 23-27. Dilantha's plenary talk was titled "Opening the black box: the superpowers of the PGPR world". Dilantha was also invited to Chair two sessions at this conference. The conference was attended by over 750 delegates from 35 countries.

Rotimi Aluko, Human Nutritional Sciences, has been appointed Editor-in-Chief for the Journal of Food Biochemistry effective March 28.

Ifeanyi Nwachukwu, a Ph.D. student in Rotimi Aluko’s lab, is a recipient of American Oil Chemists’ Society (AOCS) Honored Student Award for 2016, the Society’s highest award for student members. The award comes with an all-expense paid trip to Salt Lake City, Utah where he will make an oral presentation titled “A Comparative Study of the Structural and Functional Properties of Flaxseed (Linum usitatissimum) Albumin and Globulin Fractions” during the annual conference May 1-4, 2016.

A team of researchers led by Filiz Koksel (Food Science) spent the week of March 19 to 24 conducting experiments at the Canadian Light Source in Saskatoon, SK.  Filiz worked with George Belev of the BMIT beamline, Canadian Light Source, leading a team comprised of Reine-Marie Guillermic (Physics & Astronomy), Martin Scanlon (Food Science) and Xinyang Sun (Food Science) with researchers from the Department of Food and Bioproduct Sciences, University of Saskatchewan (Nicole Avramenko, Dr Mike Nickerson, Andrea Stone and Dr Aleksandar Yovchev).  Filiz’s tomography experiments (using CLS’s hard x-ray beamline) seek to interrogate the fast dynamics that affect the structure of dough in order to understand how sodium reduction in bread dough affects the gluten proteins in such a way that the crumb structure of the resulting loaf of bread is impaired.  Since Canadians receive a significant proportion of their daily sodium intake through bread, understanding how to produce bread loaves of good quality from low sodium recipes has evident population health benefits.

Abolfazl Hajihassani, Soil Science Ph.D. student, has been selected as the John M. Webster Outstanding Student from the Society of Nematologists in the USA. The award is available to students in the last year of their Ph.D. that have shown excellence in academics, publishing and outreach. Only one award is available per year and it is not always awarded each year. The prize is a $700.00 travel award and Abolfazl will be expected to make a 30-minute special presentation at this year’s Society of Nematologists annual meeting (July 17-21, 2016) in Montreal.

Biosystems Engineering alumna Diana Nicholson was named the University of Manitoba 2016 Outstanding Young Alumni - read more at http://news.umanitoba.ca/announcing-the-recipient-of-a-2016-distinguished-alumni-award-for-outstanding-young-alumni/


RECENT PUBLICATIONS

Lovemore Nkhtata Malunga, Peter Eck and Trust Beta (2016) Inhibition of intestinal alphaglucosidase and glucose absorption of feruloylated arabinoxylan mono-and oligosaccharides from corn bran and wheat aleurone. Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism, in press.

LEROUX AM, GASSMANN A, HOLLIDAY NJ.2013. Effects of temperature on pupal and egg development of /Euphranta connexa/, a candidate biological control agent for invasive swallow-worts (/Vincetoxicum/ spp.) in North America. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata DOI: 10.1111/eea.12432

HOLLIDAT AE, MATTINGLY TM, TORO AA, DONALD LJ, HOLLIDAY NJ.2016. Age- and sex-related variation in defensive secretions of /Chlaenius cordicollis/ and evidence for their role in sexual communication. Chemoecology DOI 10.1007/s00049-016-0210-4

Woyengo, T.A., A.I. Emiola, I.H. Kim and C.M. Nyachoti. 2016. Bioavailability of phosphorus in two cultivars of pea for broiler chicks. Asian-Austr. J. Anim. Sci. 29:396-403.

Adhikari, P.A., J.M. Heo, and C.M. Nyachoti. 2016. Standardized total tract digestibility of phosphorus in camelina (/Camelina sativa/) meal fed to growing pigs without or with phytase supplementation. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 214:104-109.

Mohammadi, G.M., C.M. Nyachoti, J.D. Hancock, and I.H. Kim. 2016. Effects of lactulose on growth, carcass characteristics, fecal microbiota, and blood constituents in broilers. Vet. Med. 61:90-96.

Munyaka PM, Sepehri S, Ghia JE‡ and Khafipour E‡. 2016. Carrageenan gum and adherent invasive /Escherichia coli/ in a piglet model of inflammatory bowel disease: impact on intestinal mucosa-associated microbiota. Front. Microbiol. 7:462. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2016.00462

Arrazuria R, Elguezabal N‡, Juste RA, Derakhshani H, and Khafipour E‡. 2016. /Mycobacterium avium/ subspecies /paratuberculosis/ infection modifies gut microbiota under different dietary conditions in a rabbit model. Front. Microbiol. 7:446. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2016.00446.

Derakhshani H, De Buck J, Mortier R, Barkema HW, Krause DO, and Khafipour E†. 2016. The features of fecal and ileal mucosa-associated microbiota in dairy calves during early infection with /Mycobacterium avium/ subspecies /paratuberculosis/. Front. Microbiol. 7:426. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2016.00426.

Tun HM, Cai Z, and Khafipour E†. 2016. Monitoring survivability and infectivity of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDv) in the infected on-farm earthen manure storages (EMS). Front. Microbiol. 7:265.  doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2016.00265.

Zhang W*, Hartmann RJ*, Tun HR, Elson CO, Khafipour E‡ and Garvey WT‡. 2016. Deletion of the Toll-like receptor 5 gene per se does not determine the gut microbiome profile that induces metabolic syndrome: environment trumps genotype. PLoS One. 11: e0150943. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0150943.

De Nardi R, Marchesini G, Li S, Khafipour E, Plaizier JC, Gianesella M, Ricci R, Andrighetto I, and Segato S. 2016. Metagenomic analysis of rumen microbial population in dairy heifers fed a high grain diet supplemented with dicarboxylic acids or polyphenols. BMC Vet. Res. 12:29. doi.10.1186/s12917-016-0653-4.

Gulden, R.H., Tenuta, M., Mitchell, S., Fuentes, A.L. Daniell, J.J. 2015. Preceding crop and weed management history affect denitrification and denitrifier community structure throughout the development of durum wheat. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 212: 49-63.


IN THE NEWS

Rob Currie, Entomology, was quoted in "Building a better beehive" in the Manitoba Co-operator (March 17) - http://www.manitobacooperator.ca/country-crossroads/did-you-know/building-a-better-beehive/

Rob was also featured in the UM Today piece entitled "Bee Q&A" - http://news.umanitoba.ca/bee-qa/

Danny Mann, Biosystems Engineering, was featured in the article "Safety by design" in the Manitoba Co-operator (March 17) - http://www.manitobacooperator.ca/news-opinion/news/local/safety-by-design/

Don Flaten, Soil Science, was quoted in the article "Do soybeans need phosphorus?" in Grainews (March 15) - page 8 at http://www.agcanada.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/GNN160315.pdf

Doug Cattani, Plant Science, was quoted in the article "Perennial wheat more than pipedream" in Grainews (March 15) - page 21 at http://www.agcanada.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/GNN160315.pdf

John Thoroski, Food Science, was quoted in "Winnipegger introducing a new ‘old’ cheese to the market" in the Manitoba Co-operator (March 10) - http://www.manitobacooperator.ca/country-crossroads/winnipegger-introducing-a-new-old-cheese-to-the-market/

Cornell Crème was featured in the Farmers Voice (Spring 2016) and noted the contributions of the U of M dairy pilot plant to their success - read it on page 4 at http://www.kap.mb.ca/PDF/mfv_spring2016_proof5.pdf.

Peter Jones, Dylan MacKay and Meghan Azad were interviewed a number of times this week by CJOB, CTV and other media regarding the kick off of the TMPLR program recruitment phase. http://www.cjob.com/2016/03/21/wmn-u-of-m-researchers-looking-for-volunteers/  and http://winnipeg.ctvnews.ca/video?clipId=835256


GENERAL NEWS

The Department of Food Science, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, University of Manitoba invites applications for a full-time, tenure-track position at the rank of Assistant Professor, commencing September 1, 2016, or soon thereafter.  http://umanitoba.ca/cgi-bin/human_resources/jobs/view.pl?posting_id=91177

The ICAN-WISE Scholarship is a scholarship for women mentee-mentor academic research collaborations in natural sciences and engineering ($6,000 award).  For info, see: http://cwse-prairies.ca/pages/cwse_scholarships/scholarship_applications.php.  Application Deadline: April 8/16

The Manitoba Schools Science Symposium is an annual science fair held at the University of Manitoba for students in Grade 4 to 12.  They are currently recruiting judges for the fair. Please visit http://www.msss.mb.ca/sfiab/user_login.php?type=judge to login and complete the online registration.  The registration deadline is Friday April 8 at 4 pm.  For further information please contact the Judging Chair at judging@msss.mb.ca.

Fiscal Year End - Our fiscal year end of March 31, 2016 is fast approaching. Staff are reminded to make all purchases, travel and business claims soon. For year-end guidelines and schedule, please see Financial Services website at http://umanitoba.ca/admin/financial_services/comptrollers/yearend.htm.

AG e-news > March 24, 2016