Titriş Höyük

Located in southern Turkey, on a tributary of the Euphrates River, Titris Höyük is the largest urban settlement in the region and was the capital of a small Early Bronze Age kingdom in the region. The site is an Early Bronze Age city. Several areas of the site were extensively excavated over a 10 year period (1990s) by Prof. Dr. Guillermo Algaze, Dept. of Anthropology, University of California, San Diego. The archaeological record of the two neighbourhoods suggests differences in socio-political organization. Prof. Dr. Haskel Greenfield and his former MA student, Adam Allentuck (PhD, Univ. of Toronto), conducted the zooarchaeological analysis of the animal remains from the site. The basic identification and analysis of the animal remains from the site are completed and being prepared for final publication. Zooarchaeology is an extremely useful means for reconstructing differences in consumption patterns between neighbourhoods in early urban sites. It allows a comparative analysis of neighborhoods, high versus low class, and public versus private areas in terms of food availability, consumption and discard. The results provide insights into the economy of the site and nature of neighborhoods in early urban environments. By implication, it will be able to address the nature of economic relations between different sectors of society. Comparison of data between neighbourhoods demonstrates that there is little evidence for social inequality between neighbourhoods with respect to animal remains. (i.e. taxa, age, and body parts). Domestic stock were not preferentially provisioned to consumers according to the neighbourhood in which they lived.

Official Titriş Höyük Excavation Website 


Dr. Haskel J. Greenfield, University Distinguished Professor
Co-Director Near Eastern and Biblical Archaeology Laboratory (NEBAL)
Professor, Anthropology; Associate Member, St. Paul’s College
204 272 1591
Haskel.Greenfield@umanitoba.ca