Mohammad's study under the supervision of Dr. Peter Jones, and in collaboration with Dr. Benoît Lamarche's group at INAF (Institute of Nutrition and Functional Foods) in Laval, Quebec, was carried out between Jan. and Dec. 2011. RCFFN and INAF recruited 137 healthy men and women for the randomized, free-living, crossover trial, which consisted of two dietary phases, DAIRY and CONTROL (4 weeks each), separated by a 4-week washout period. During the DAIRY phase they provided participants with conventional low-fat and regular dairy products (milk, yogurt, and cheese) on a weekly basis and asked them to consume 3 servings per day of those products for the 4-wk period. During the CONTROL phase, they provided energy-equivalent products and asked participants to consume certain quantities of those everyday (again for the 4-week period) to match the amount of calories provided during the DAIRY phase. The novel findings of the study, the first and largest of its kind, are expected to ultimately help identify individuals who may benefit the most from consuming dairy foods, hence launching an important step towards an era of personalized dietary counselling. The study was supported by Dairy Farmers of Canada (DFC) and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC).